Sablon:es-IPA

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  • IPA: /ˌes ˈipa/, [ˌes ˈi.pa]
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This template uses Module:es-pronunc to convert from spelling to pronunciation.

Usage[szerkesztés]

Parameters[szerkesztés]

Normally, call this template with no parameters, and it will automatically generate the pronunciation for the page name.

NOTE: The invocation of {{es-IPA}} should occur on a line by itself. Do not put a bullet mark (*) before it. The bullet mark is generated by the template.

|1=
Phonetic respelling of word or phrase. Needed for some terms whose pronunciation does not match the normal rules. It can also be used to specify the word or phrase to generate the pronunciation for, when used on a documentation or test page.
|bullets=
Number of bullet marks to place before the generated pronunciation. Defaults to 1.
|pre=
Text to place before the generated pronunciation.
|post=
Text to place after the generated pronunciation.
|ref=
Text to place after the generated pronunciation, but without a space between the pronunciation and the text. Intended for references.
|style=
Style restriction. If specified, only pronunciations for the matching style are generated. Examples:
  • distincion for distinción-only (as used in Spain, where s and c/z have different pronunciations);
  • seseo for seseo-only (as used in Latin America, where s and c/z have the same pronunciations);
  • lleismo for lleismo-only (as used in parts of Spain and Latin America, where y and ll have different pronunciations);
  • yeismo for yeismo-only (as used in most of Spain and Latin America, where y and ll have the same pronunciations);
  • rioplatense for rioplatense-only (Argentinian/Uruguayan accents);
  • sheismo for sheismo-only (as used in Buenos Aires, where y and ll are pronounced as /ʃ/);
  • zheismo for zheismo-only (as used in Argentina and Uruguay outside of Buenos Aires, where y and ll are pronounced as /ʒ/);
  • -rioplatense to suppress rioplatense accents;
  • distincion+lleismo to only indicate the accent that involves both distinción and lleismo).
In general, writing STYLE1+STYLE2 restricts to only where both styles apply; writing STYLE1,STYLE2 restricts to where either style applies; and -STYLE restricts to where the specified style does not apply. You can combine them, e.g. STYLE1+STYLE2,-STYLE3 means either the case where both STYLE1 and STYLE2 applies, or the case where STYLE3 does not apply.

Examples[szerkesztés]

  • {{es-IPA|guerra}}: IPA: /ˈɡera/, [ˈɡe.ra]
  • {{es-IPA|huevo}}: IPA: /ˈwebo/, [ˈwe.β̞o]
 
  • {{es-IPA|llegar}}: IPA: (most of Spain and Latin America) /ʝeˈɡaɾ/, [ɟ͡ʝeˈɣ̞aɾ]
  • IPA: (rural northern Spain, Andes Mountains) /ʎeˈɡaɾ/, [ʎeˈɣ̞aɾ]
  • IPA: (Buenos Aires and environs) /ʃeˈɡaɾ/, [ʃeˈɣ̞aɾ]
  • IPA: (elsewhere in Argentina and Uruguay) /ʒeˈɡaɾ/, [ʒeˈɣ̞aɾ]
  • {{es-IPA|sueño}}: IPA: /ˈsweɲo/, [ˈswe.ɲo]
  • {{es-IPA|tendrá}}: IPA: /tenˈdɾa/, [t̪ẽn̪ˈd̪ɾa]
  • {{es-IPA|tener}}: IPA: /teˈneɾ/, [t̪eˈneɾ]

Distinción vs. seseo[szerkesztés]

For corazón (heart):

  • IPA: (Spain) /koɾaˈθon/, [ko.ɾaˈθõn]
  • IPA: (Latin America) /koɾaˈson/, [ko.ɾaˈsõn]

For cebolla (onion):

 
  • IPA: (most of Spain) /θeˈboʝa/, [θeˈβ̞o.ʝa]
  • IPA: (rural northern Spain) /θeˈboʎa/, [θeˈβ̞o.ʎa]
 
  • IPA: (most of Latin America) /seˈboʝa/, [seˈβ̞o.ʝa]
  • IPA: (Andes Mountains) /seˈboʎa/, [seˈβ̞o.ʎa]
  • IPA: (Buenos Aires and environs) /seˈboʃa/, [seˈβ̞o.ʃa]
  • IPA: (elsewhere in Argentina and Uruguay) /seˈboʒa/, [seˈβ̞o.ʒa]

Glides[szerkesztés]

 
  • {{es-IPA|enyesar}}: IPA: (everywhere but Argentina and Uruguay) /enʝeˈsaɾ/, [ẽɲ.ɟ͡ʝeˈsaɾ]
  • IPA: (Buenos Aires and environs) /enʃeˈsaɾ/, [ẽnʲ.ʃeˈsaɾ]
  • IPA: (elsewhere in Argentina and Uruguay) /enʒeˈsaɾ/, [ẽnʲ.ʒeˈsaɾ]
  • {{es-IPA|aniego}}: IPA: /aˈnjeɡo/, [aˈnje.ɣ̞o]
 
  • {{es-IPA|abyecto}}: IPA: (everywhere but Argentina and Uruguay) /abˈʝeɡto/, [aβ̞ˈʝeɣ̞.t̪o]
  • IPA: (Buenos Aires and environs) /abˈʃeɡto/, [aβ̞ˈʃeɣ̞.t̪o]
  • IPA: (elsewhere in Argentina and Uruguay) /abˈʒeɡto/, [aβ̞ˈʒeɣ̞.t̪o]
  • {{es-IPA|abierto}}: IPA: /aˈbjeɾto/, [aˈβ̞jeɾ.t̪o]
  • {{es-IPA|tierra}}: IPA: /ˈtjera/, [ˈt̪je.ra]

Lateral consonant assimilation[szerkesztés]

  • {{es-IPA|alzar}}: IPA: (Spain) /alˈθaɾ/, [al̟ˈθaɾ]
  • IPA: (Latin America) /alˈsaɾ/, [alˈsaɾ]
  • {{es-IPA|alto}}: IPA: /ˈalto/, [ˈal̪.t̪o]
  • {{es-IPA|colcha}}: IPA: /ˈkolt͡ʃa/, [ˈkolʲ.t͡ʃa]

Nasal consonant assimilation[szerkesztés]

  • {{es-IPA|ánfora}}: IPA: /ˈanfoɾa/, [ˈãɱ.fo.ɾa]
  • {{es-IPA|encía}}: IPA: (Spain) /enˈθia/, [ẽn̟ˈθi.a]
  • IPA: (Latin America) /enˈsia/, [ẽnˈsi.a]
  • {{es-IPA|antes}}: IPA: /ˈantes/, [ˈãn̪.t̪es]
  • {{es-IPA|ancha}}: IPA: /ˈant͡ʃa/, [ˈãnʲ.t͡ʃa]
 
  • {{es-IPA|cónyuge}}: IPA: (everywhere but Argentina and Uruguay) /ˈkonʝuxe/, [ˈkõɲ.ɟ͡ʝu.xe]
  • IPA: (Buenos Aires and environs) /ˈkonʃuxe/, [ˈkõnʲ.ʃu.xe]
  • IPA: (elsewhere in Argentina and Uruguay) /ˈkonʒuxe/, [ˈkõnʲ.ʒu.xe]
  • {{es-IPA|rincón}}: IPA: /rinˈkon/, [rĩŋˈkõn]

Obstruents[szerkesztés]

  • {{es-IPA|jazmín}}: IPA: (Spain) /xaθˈmin/, [xaθ̬ˈmĩn]
  • IPA: (Latin America) /xasˈmin/, [xazˈmĩn]
  • {{es-IPA|rasgo}}: IPA: /ˈrasɡo/, [ˈraz.ɣ̞o]
  • {{es-IPA|Afganistán}}: IPA: /afɡanisˈtan/, [av.ɣ̞a.nisˈt̪ãn]
  • {{es-IPA|obtener}}: IPA: /obteˈneɾ/, [oβ̞.t̪eˈneɾ]
  • {{es-IPA|optimista}}: IPA: /obtiˈmista/, [oβ̞.t̪iˈmis.t̪a]
  • {{es-IPA|adminículo}}: IPA: /admiˈnikulo/, [að̞.miˈni.ku.lo]
  • {{es-IPA|atmosférico}}: IPA: /admosˈfeɾiko/, [að̞.mosˈfe.ɾi.ko]
  • {{es-IPA|amígdala}}: IPA: /aˈmiɡdala/, [aˈmiɣ̞.ð̞a.la]
  • {{es-IPA|anécdota}}: IPA: /aˈneɡdota/, [aˈneɣ̞.ð̞o.t̪a]

Diphthongs[szerkesztés]

  • {{es-IPA|ahorita}}: IPA: /aoˈɾita/, [a.oˈɾi.t̪a]
  • {{es-IPA|huevo}}: IPA: /ˈwebo/, [ˈwe.β̞o]
  • {{es-IPA|poeta}}: IPA: /poˈeta/, [poˈe.t̪a]
  • {{es-IPA|beatitud}}: IPA: /beatiˈtud/, [be.a.t̪iˈt̪uð̞]