Szerkesztő:Matthias Buchmeier/en-arb-a

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# English :: Standard_Arabic dictionary extracted from http://en.wiktionary.org/
# License :: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License; GNU Free Documentation License
# Version :: 20191220
# Size :: 21819 English glosses; 25181 Standard_Arabic translations
# URL :: http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/User:Matthias_Buchmeier
a {article} (an) SEE: an ::
a {n} (name of the letter A, a) :: إي {m} /ʾey/ [English], آ {m} /ʾā/ [Latin, etc.]
Aachen {prop} (city in North Rhine-Westphalia) :: آخن {m} /ʾāḵin/
aardvark {n} (mammal) :: خنزير الأرض {m} /ḵinzīr al-ʾarḍ/
aardwolf {n} (the mammal species Proteles cristatus) :: ذئب الأرض {m} /ḏiʾb al-ʾarḍ/, عسبار {m} /ʿisbār/
Aaron {prop} (biblical brother of Moses) :: هارون {m} /hārūn/
Aaron {prop} (male given name) :: هارون /hārūn/
Aaronic {adj} (pertaining to Aaron) :: هاروني
aba {n} (coarse, often striped, felted fabric from the Middle East, woven from goat or camel hair) SEE: abaya ::
abaca {n} (plant) :: قنب مانيلا {m} /qanab manilā/
aback {adv} (backwards) :: إلى الخلف /ʾilā l-ḵalf/
aback {n} (abacus) SEE: abacus ::
abacus {n} (calculating frame) :: معد {m} /miʿad/, معداد {m} /miʿdād/
abacus {n} (uppermost member of the capital of a column) :: ناصية {f} /nāṣiyya/
Abadan {prop} (city in Iran) :: عبادان /ʿabādān/
Abaddon {prop} (the destroyer) :: ابادون {m} /abadūn/
Abaddon {prop} (Hell) :: جحيم {m} /jaḥīm/
abaft {prep} ((nautical) behind; toward the stern relative to some other object or position; aft of) :: خلف /ḵalf/
abaft {adv} ((nautical) on the aft side) :: في مؤخرة /fī muʾaḵḵara/
abaka {n} (plant) SEE: abaca ::
Abakan {prop} (city in Russia) :: أباكان {m} /ʾabakān/
abalone {n} (edible univalve mollusc) :: أذن البحر {f} /ʾuḏun al-baḥr/
abandon {v} (to give up control of, surrender) :: انصرف /inṣarafa/, ينصرف /yanṣarifu/
abandon {v} (to leave behind or desert; to forsake) :: ترك /taraka/, يترك
abandoned {adj} (no longer maintained, forsaken, deserted) :: مهجور {m} /mahjūrr/, متروك {m} /matrūk/
abandonment {n} (act of abandoning) :: هجران {m} /hijrān/, هجران {m} /hujrān/, هجر {m} /hajr/
abase {v} (to lower so as to cause pain or hurt feelings) :: ذل /ḏall/
abasement {n} (the act of abasing) :: ذل {m} /ḏull/
abatable {adj} (Capable of being abated) :: قابل للتخفيف {m} /qābil li-t-taḵfīf/
abate {v} (to bring down or reduce to a lower state) :: نقص /naqqaṣ/
abate {v} (to bring down a person physically or mentally) :: أضعف /ʾḍʿaff/
abate {v} (to decrease or make less in strength) :: ضعف /ḍaʿuff/
abate {v} (to be defeated) :: هزم /hazam/
abatement {n} (the act of abating or the state of being abated) :: تقليل {m} /taqlīl/, إنقاص {m} /ʾinqāṣ/, إضعاف {m} /ʾiḍʿāf/
abatis {n} (means of defense) :: حظار {m} /ḥiẓār/
abattoir {n} (public slaughterhouse) :: مسلخ {m} /maslaḵ/, مجزر {m} /majzar/
abaya {n} (coarse, often striped, felted fabric from the Middle East, woven from goat or camel hair) :: عباية {f} /ʿabāya/, عباءة {f} /ʿabāʾa/
Abbas {prop} (A male given name) :: عباس {m} /ʿabbās/
Abbasid {adj} (relating to the Abbasids) :: عباسي /ʿabbāsiyy/
abbatial {adj} (belonging to an abbey) :: ديري /dayriyy/, ديراني /dayrāniyy/
abbess {n} (female superior of a nunnery) :: رئيسية دير {f} /raʾīsiyya(t) dayr/
abbey {n} (monastery headed by an abbot) :: دير {m} /dayr/
abbot {n} (superior or head of an abbey or monastery) :: رئيس الدير /raʾīs ad-dayr/
Abbott {prop} (surname) :: أبوت {m} {f} /ʾabut/, أبوت {m} {f} /ʾabot/
abbreviate {v} (to make shorter) :: إختصر /ʾiḵtaṣara/
abbreviation {n} (shortened or contracted form of a word or phrase) :: اختصار {m} /iḵtiṣār/
abbreviator {n} (one who abbreviates) :: مختصر {m} /muḵtaṣir/
abbreviature {n} (abbreviation) SEE: abbreviation ::
ABC {n} (alphabet) SEE: alphabet ::
ABC book {n} (primer) SEE: primer ::
abdelavi {n} (variety of melon) :: عبد اللاوي /ʿabd al-lāwī/, عبدلاوي {m} /ʿabdallāwī/
abdest {n} (Islamic act of washing parts of the body) :: وضوء /wuḍūʾ/
abdicate {v} (to depose) SEE: depose ::
abdomen {n} (belly) :: بطن {m} /baṭn/, جوف {m} /jawf/
abduct {v} (to take away) :: يخطف /yaḵṭiff/
Abdullah {prop} (Muslim given name) :: عبد الله {m} /ʿabdu llāh/
abearance {n} (behavior) SEE: behavior ::
abecedarium {n} (a book used to teach the alphabet) SEE: primer ::
Abel {prop} (biblical character) :: هابيل {m} /hābīl/
Abha {prop} (city in Saudi Arabia) :: أبها /ʾabhā/
abide {v} (dwell) :: يبقى /yabqā/
abide {v} (abide by) SEE: abide by ::
abide by {v} (accept a decision or law and act in accordance with it) :: التزم /iltazama/
Abidjan {prop} (the largest city of Côte d'Ivoire) :: أبيدجان {m} /ʾabīdjān/
ability {n} (quality or state of being able) :: قدرة {f} /qudra/, مقدرة {f} /maqdira/, استطاعة {f} /istiṭāʿa/, وسع {m} /wusʿ/
abiogenesis {n} (origination of living organisms from lifeless matter) :: تولد تلقائي
a bird in the hand is worth two in the bush {proverb} (small but certain advantage is preferable) :: عصفور في اليد أفضل من عصفورين على الشجرة /ʿuṣfūrun fī l-yadi ʾafḍalu min ʿuṣfūrīna ʿalā š-šajarati/
a bit {adv} (a little) SEE: a little ::
abjad {n} (writing system) :: أبجد {m} /ʾabjad/
Abkhazia {prop} (territory in the Caucasus, see also: Republic of Abkhazia) :: أبخازيا {f} /ʾabḵāzyā/
ablaze {adj} (on fire) :: مشتعل {m} /muštaʿil/
able {adj} (permitted to) :: قادر /qādir/
able {adj} (skillful) :: قادر /qādir/, قدير /qadīr/, بارع /bāriʿ/, ماهر {m} /māhir/
able {adj} (healthy) SEE: healthy ::
able {v} (enable) SEE: enable ::
ablution {n} (the act of washing or cleansing) :: وضوء {m} /wuḍūʾ/, غسل {m} /ḡusl/, اغتسال {m} /iḡtisāl/
ablution {n} (the water used in cleansing) :: وضوء {m} /waḍūʾ/
abnegation {n} (denial; renunciation) :: نكران تنازل
abnormal {adj} (not conforming to rule or system) :: غير طبيعي /ḡayr ṭabīʿiyy/
aboard {adv} (on board) :: على ظهر /ʿalā ẓahr/, على متن /ʿalā matn/
abode {n} (obsolete: act of waiting) :: بقاء {m} /baqāʾ/
abode {n} (stay or continuance in a place; sojourn) :: إقامة {f} /ʾiqāma/
abode {n} (omen) SEE: omen ::
abolish {v} (to end a law, system, institution, custom or practice) :: أبطل /ʾabṭala/, ألغى /ʾalḡā/
abolish {v} (to destroy) :: دمر /damar/
abolishment {n} (The act of abolishing) :: إلغاء {m} /ʾilḡāʾ/, إبطال {m}
abolition {n} (act of abolishing) :: إلغاء {m} /ʾilḡāʾ/, ابطال {m} /ibṭāl/
abomasum {n} (fourth or digestive stomach of a ruminant) :: إنفحة {f} /ʾinfaḥa/
abominable {adj} (hateful; detestable; loathsome) :: بغيض {m} /baḡīḍ/
abominate {v} (to feel disgust towards, to hate in the highest degree) :: مقت /maqat/, تطير /taṭayyar/
aborigine {n} (aboriginal inhabitant of a country) :: ساكن أصلي /sākin ʾaṣliyy/
abort {v} (to miscarry) :: يجهض /yujhiḍ/
abortion {n} (miscarriage) :: إجهاض {m} /ʾijhāḍ/, إخفاق {m} /ʾiḵfāq/, خسارة {f} /ḵasāra/
abortion {n} (induced abortion) :: خداج {m} /ḵidāj/
abortive {n} (that which is born or brought forth prematurely; an abortion) :: سقط {m} /saqṭ/
abound {v} (to be plentiful) :: كثر /kaṯur/, توفر /tawafar/
abound with {v} (abound) SEE: abound ::
about {prep} (on every side of) :: حول /ḥawla/
about {prep} (near, approximately, regarding time, size or quantity) :: حوالي {m} /ḥawālī/
about {prep} (concerned with, engaged in) :: عن /ʿan/
about {prep} (concerning) :: عن /ʿan/
about to {phrase} (indicating imminence) :: على وشك /ʿalā wašk/ [followed by a verbal noun in the definite form]
above {prep} (over, on top of) :: أعلى /ʾaʿlā/
above {prep} (in or to a higher place) :: فوق
above {prep} (farther north) :: شمالي /šamāliyy/
above {prep} (superior to, surpassing) :: أعلى /ʾaʿlā/
above {prep} (more) :: أكثر /ʾakṯār/
abovementioned {adj} (abovementioned) SEE: above-mentioned ::
above-mentioned {adj} (mentioned or named before; aforesaid) :: المذكور آنفا /al-maḏkūru ʾānifan/, السابق ذكره /as-sanbiqu ḏikruhu/, السابق الذكر /as-sābiqu ḏ-ḏikri/
above-named {adj} (mentioned or named before) SEE: above-mentioned ::
Abqaiq {prop} (gated community and oil-processing facilities) :: بقيق
Abraham {prop} (prophet in the Old Testament) :: إبراهيم {m} /ʾibrāhīm/, إبرهيم {m} /ʾibrāhīm/ [archaic], إبرهۧم {m} /ʾibrāhīm/ [archaic]
Abraham {prop} (male given name) :: إبراهيم {m} /ʾibrāhīm/, أبراهام {m} /ʾabrāhām/
Abraham {prop} (surname) :: إبراهيم {m}, إبراهيم {m} /ʾibrāhīm/
Abraham {prop} (14th sura of the Qur'an) :: إبراهيم {m} /ʾibrāhīm/
abroad {adv} (in foreign countries) :: [where] في الخارج /fī l-ḵārij/ (place), الى الخارج /ilā l-ḵārij/ (direction)
abroad {prep} (throughout) :: في الخارج /fī l-ḵārij/
absence {n} (state of being away) :: غياب {m} /ḡiyāb/
absent {adj} (being away from a place) :: غائب /ḡāʾib/
absinthium {n} (Artemisia absinthium) SEE: wormwood ::
absolute {adj} (free from limitations or conditions) :: مطلق {m} /muṭlaq/, غير مشروط {m} /ḡayr mašrūṭ/
absolute {n} (that which is independent of context-dependent interpretation) :: مطلق {m} /muṭlaq/
absolutely {adv} (in an absolute manner) :: مطلقا /muṭlaqan/
absolute monarchy {n} (rule) :: ملكية مطلقة {f} /malikiyya muṭallaqa/
absolute value {n} (numerical value of a real number) :: قيمة مطلقة {f} /qīma(t) muṭlaqa/
absolute zero {n} (coldest possible temperature) :: صفر مطلق {m} /ṣifr muṭalliq/
absolve {v} :: أحلت
absorb {v} (to include so that it no longer has separate existence) :: اتسع /ittasaʿa/, احتوى /iḥtawā/
absorb {v} (to suck up or drink in) :: امتص /imtaṣa/, تشرب /tašarraba/
absorb {v} (to learn) :: استوعب /istawʿaba/, وعى /waʿā/
absorb {v} (to occupy fully) :: احتل /iḥtalla/, شغل /šaḡala/, استغرق /istaḡraqa/
absorb {v} (to consume completely) :: استنفذ /istanfaḏa/
absorb {v} (to endure) :: تحمل /taḥammala/, قاسى /qāsā/
absorb {v} (physics: to take up by chemical or physical action) :: اتخذ /ittaḵaḏa/
absorb {v} (finance: to assume or pay for) :: دفع /dafaʿa/, تحمل /taḥammala/
absorbent {adj} (absorbing) :: ممتص /mumtis/
abstain {v} (refrain from) :: امتنع /imtanaʿa/
abstract {adj} (apart from practice or reality; not concrete) :: تجريدي /tajrīdiyy/
abstract away {v} (to ignore, omit) SEE: ignore ::
abstract noun {n} (noun that denotes an abstract concept) :: اسم معنى /ism maʿnan/
absurdism {n} (absurdity) SEE: absurdity ::
absurdism {n} (philosophy which holds that the universe is chaotic and irrational) :: عبثية /ʿabaṯiyya/
absurdity {n} (the quality of being absurd) :: ساخافة
Abu Dhabi {prop} (capital of UAE) :: أبو ظبي {m} /ʾabū ẓaby/
Abuja {prop} (The capital city of Nigeria) :: أبوجا {f} /ʾabujā/
abundance {n} (ample sufficiency) :: كثرة {f}
abuse {n} (corrupt practice) :: تعسف {m} /taʿassuf/, طغيان {m} /ṭuḡyān/, ظلم {m} /ẓulm/, جور {m} /jawr/
abuse {n} (improper usage) :: اساءة استخدام {f} /isāʾa(t) istiḵdām/
abuse {n} (insulting speech) :: مسبة {f} /masabba/, شتيمة {f} /šatīma/
abuse {n} (physical maltreatment) :: إيذاء جسدي {m} /ʾīḏāʾ jasadiyy/
abuse {n} (sexual violation or assault) :: انتهاك جسدي {m} /intihāk jasadiyy/
abuse {v} (to use improperly) :: أساء استعمال /ʾasāʾa istiʿmāla/
abuse {v} (to hurt) :: آذى /ʾāḏā/
abuse {v} (to insult) :: أهان /ʾahāna/, سب /sabba/, شتم /šatama/
abuse {v} (to rape) :: اغتصب /iḡtaṣaba/, انتهك /intahaka/
abuse {v} (to deceive) :: خدع /ḵadaʿa/, غش /ḡašša/, ضلل /ḍallala/
abuse {n} (delusion) SEE: delusion ::
Abydos {prop} (ancient city in Egypt) :: أبيدوس
abysm {n} (abyss) SEE: abyss ::
abyss {n} (hell, bottomless pit) :: هاوية {f} /hāwiya/
abyss {n} (bottomless or unfathomed depth) :: هاوية {f} /hāwiya/, هوة {f} /huwwa/
Abyssinia {prop} (historical name of Ethiopia) :: الحبشة {f} /al-ḥabaša/
Abyssinian {prop} (Amharic) SEE: Amharic ::
academic {adj} (belonging to the school or philosophy of Plato) :: أكاديمي {m} /ʾakādīmiyy/
academic {adj} (belonging to an academy or other higher institution of learning) :: أكاديمي {m} /ʾakādīmiyy/
academic {adj} (scholarly; literary or classical, in distinction from scientific) :: أكاديمي {m} /ʾakādīmiyy/
academic {adj} (having an aptitude for learning) :: أكاديمي {m} /ʾakādīmiyy/
academic {adj} (conforming to set rules and traditions) :: متقيد بالقوانين {m} /mutaqayyid bil-qawānīn/, ملتزم بالقوانين {m} /multazim bil-qawānīn/
academic {n} (Platonist) :: أكاديمي {m} /ʾakādīmiyy/
academic {n} (senior member of an academy, college, or university) :: أستاذ {m} /ʾustaḏ/
academic {n} (person who attends an academy) :: جامعي {m} /jāmiʿiyy/
academician {n} (member of an academy) :: أكاديمي {m} /ʾakādīmiyy/
academy {n} (learned society) :: مجمع {m} /majmaʿ/, أكاديمية {f} /ʾakādīmiyya/
academy {n} (specialized school) :: مجمع {m} /majmaʿ/, أكاديمية {f} /ʾakādīmiyya/
academy {n} (college or university) :: مجمع {m} /majmaʿ/, جامعة {f} /jāmiʿa/, معهد {m} /maʿhad/, أكاديمية {f} /ʾakādīmiyya/
acajou {n} (cashew tree) SEE: cashew ::
acajou {n} (cashew nut) SEE: cashew nut ::
accelerate {v} (to cause to move faster) :: تسريع
accelerate {v} (to hasten) :: إستعجال
accelerate {v} (to become faster) :: إسراع
acceleration {n} ((physics)) :: تسارع {m} /tasāruʿ/
accent {n} (stronger articulation) :: نبر {m} /nabr/
accent {n} (orthography: mark to indicate accent) :: علامة نبر {f} /ʿalāmat nabr/
accent {n} (distinctive pronunciation associated with a region, social group, etc.) :: لكنة {f} /lukna/, تلفظ {m} /talaffuẓ/, نطق {m} /nuṭq/
accent {n} (prosody: stress on syllables of a verse) :: نبر {m} /nabr/
accept {v} (to receive with consent) :: قبل /qabila/, وافق /wāfaqa/
accept {v} (to admit to a place or a group) :: اعترف /iʿtarafa/
accept {v} (to agree to) :: قبل /qabila/, وافق /wāfaqa/
acceptance {n} (act of accepting) :: قبول {m} /qabūl/
acceptancy {n} (acceptance) SEE: acceptance ::
accepting {adj} (characterized by acceptance) :: متقبل {m} /mutaqabbil/
access {n} (way or means of approaching) :: معبر {m} /maʿbar/, منفذ {m} /manfaḏ/
access {n} (act of approaching or entering) :: دخول {m} /duḵūl/, ولوج {m} /wulūj/
access {n} (right or ability of approaching or entering) :: حق ولوج {m} /ḥaq wulūj/
access {v} (to gain or obtain access to) :: ولج /walaja/, ذلف /ḏalafa/, نفذ /nafaḏa/, عبر /ʿabara/
accessory {adj} (having a supplementary function) :: كمالي
accessory {adj} (assisting a crime) :: مساعد
accident {n} (unexpected event with negative consequences) :: حادث {m} /ḥādiṯ/
accident {n} (chance event) :: مصادفة {f} /muṣādafa/
accident {n} (chance) :: صدفة {f} /ṣudfa/
accident {n} (transport: unintended event that causes damage) :: حادث {m} /ḥādiṯ/
accident {n} (philosophy: appearance, manifestation) :: عرض {m} /ʿaraḍ/
acclamation {n} (election of a standby) :: تزكية {f} /tazkiya/
accoil {v} (nautical sense) SEE: coil ::
accommodation {n} (lodging) :: إقامة /ʾiqāma/
accompaniment {n} (music: that which gives support or adds to the background) :: مصاحبة {f} /muṣāḥaba/
accompany {v} (to perform an accompanying part or parts in a composition) :: صاحب /ṣāḥaba/, رافق /rāfaqa/
accompany {v} (to attend as a companion) :: رافق /rāfaqa/
accompany {v} (to keep company) :: رافق /rāfaqa/
accomplish {v} (to finish successfully) :: أدى /ʾaddā/
accomplishment {n} (the act of accomplishing) :: تنفيذ {m} /tanfīḏ/
accord {n} (agreement or concurrence of opinion) :: تفاهم {m} /tafāhum/
according to {prep} (based on statement) :: طبقا ل /ṭibqan li-/, وفقا ل /wafqan li-/
according to {prep} (in proportion) :: بالنسبة ل /bi-n-nisba(t) li-/
accordion {n} (A small, portable, keyed wind instrument) :: أكورديون {m} /ʾakurdiyūn/
account {n} (a registry of pecuniary transactions) :: حساب {m} /ḥisāb/
account {n} (an authorization to use a service) :: حساب {m} /ḥisāb/
accountant {n} (a reckoner, or someone who maintains financial matters for a person(s)) :: محاسب {m} /muḥāsib/, محاسبة {f} /muḥāsiba/
accountant {n} (one who is skilled in, keeps, or adjusts, accounts) :: محاسب {m} /muḥāsib/, محاسبة {f} /muḥāsiba/
accountant {n} (one whose profession includes organizing, maintaining and auditing the records of another) :: محاسب {m} /muḥāsib/, محاسبة {f} /muḥāsiba/
accounting {n} (development and maintenance of system for recording and analyzing financial transactions) :: محاسبة {f} /muḥāsiba/
accounts receivable {n} (total monetary amount) :: حساب مدين {m} /ḥisāb madīn/
accourage {v} (encourage) SEE: encourage ::
Accra {prop} (capital of Ghana) :: أكرا {f} /ʾakrā/
accreditation {n} (giving of credentials) :: اعتماد {m} /iʿtimādun/
accreditation {n} (the granting of approval of achieving an official standard of some sort) :: اعتماد {m} / iʿtimādun/
accuracy {n} (state of being accurate) :: دقة {f} /diqqa/
accurate {adj} (exact or careful conformity to truth) :: مضبوط /maḍbūṭ/, دقيق /daqīq/
accusation {n} (act of accusing or charging with a crime) :: اتهام {m} /ittihām/
accusative {n} (accusative case) :: منصوب {m} /manṣūb/
accusative case {n} (case used to mark the immediate object) SEE: accusative ::
accuse {v} (attribute blame to someone) :: اتهم /ittahama/
accused {n} (defendant) :: متهم /muttaham/
accused {adj} (having been accused) :: متهم /muttaham/
accusee {n} (one who is accused) :: متهم {m} /muttaham/
accuser {n} (one who accuses) :: متهم {m} /muttahim/
ace {n} (card with a single spot) :: آس {m} /ʾās/
ace {n} (very small quantity or degree) :: ذرة {f} /ḏarra/
acedia {n} (boredom) SEE: boredom ::
acerola {n} (fruit) :: كرز هندي {f} /karz hindiyy/
acetamide {n} (amide of acetic acid) :: أسيتاميد
acetone {n} (the organic compound (CH3)2CO) :: أسيتون {m} /ʾasitūn/
ache {v} (be in pain) :: ألم /ʾalima/, آلم /ʾālama/, أوجع /ʾawjaʿa/
ache {n} (dull pain) :: ألم {m} /ʾalam/, وجع /wajaʿ/
achievement {n} (act of achieving or performing) :: إنجاز {m} /ʾinjāz/
achievement {n} (a reward in video games) :: إنجاز {m} /ʾinjāz/
Achilles {prop} (Greek mythical hero) :: أخيل {m} /ʾaḵīl/
Achilles heel {n} (vulnerability in an otherwise strong situation) :: نقطة ضعيف {f} /nuqṭa(t) ḍaʿīf/
Achilles tendon {n} (strong tendon in the calf of the leg) :: وتر أخيل {m} /watar ʾaḵīl/, عرقوب {m} /ʿurqūb/
acid {adj} (sour, sharp, or biting to the taste) :: حامض /ḥāmiḍ/
acid {adj} (sour-tempered) :: لاذع /lāḏiʿ/
acid {n} (a sour substance) :: حامض {m} /ḥāmiḍ/, حمض {m} /ḥamḍ/
acid {n} (in chemistry) :: حامض {m} /ḥāmiḍ/
acid {n} :: حمض {m} /ḥāmḍ/
acidity {n} (quality of sourness to the taste) :: حموضة {f} /ḥumūḍa/
acidness {n} (acidity) SEE: acidity ::
acidosis {n} (abnormally increased acidity of the blood) :: حماض {m} /ḥummāḍ/
acid rain {n} (unusually acidic rain) :: مطر حمضي {m} /maṭar ḥamḍiyy/
acknowledge {v} (to own with gratitude) :: شكر /šakara/
acne {n} (a skin condition) :: حب الشباب {m-p} /ḥabb aš-šabāb/
aconite {n} (herb wolfsbane) :: بيش {m} /bīš/
acorn {n} (fruit of the oak tree) :: بلوط {m} /ballūṭ/ (collective), بلوطة {f} /ballūṭa/ (singulative)
A Coruña {prop} (city in Galicia) :: لا كورونيا {f} /lā kūrūniyā/
acoustic guitar {n} (hollow-body guitar) :: غيتار صوتي {f} /gitār ṣawtiyy/
acqua alta {n} (regular flooding in Venice) :: أكوا ألتا {f} /ʾakkwā ʾaltā/
acquire {v} (to get) :: حصل /ḥaṣala/
acquire {v} (to gain, usually by one's own exertions; to get as one's own) :: اكتسب /iktasaba/, كسب /kasaba/, ربح /rabiḥa/
acquired immune deficiency syndrome {n} (infectious disease caused by HIV) :: متلازمة نقص المناعة المكتسب {f} /mutalāzimat naqṣ al-manāʿa l-muktasab/
acre {n} (unit of surface area) :: آكر {m} /ʾākir/
Acre {prop} (city) :: عكا /ʿakkā/
acrobat {n} (an athlete who performs acts requiring skill, agility and coordination) :: بهلوان {m} /bahlawān/
acrobatics {n} (art of performing acrobatic feats) :: بهلوانيات {f} /bihlawāniyyāt/
acronym {n} (any abbreviation formed by initial letters) :: اختصار {m} /iḵtiṣār/
acronym {n} (word formed by initial letters) :: اختصار {m} /iḵtiṣār/
across {prep} (from the far side) :: عبر /ʿabra/
across {prep} (on the opposite side) :: عبر /ʿabra/
across {prep} (from one side to another) :: عبر /ʿabra/
act {n} (deed) :: عمل {m} /ʿamal/
act {n} (statute) :: قانون {m} /qānūn/
act {v} (to perform a theatrical role) :: مثل /maṯṯala/
acting {n} (occupation of an actor) :: تمثيل {m} /tamṯīl/
actinium {n} (chemical element) :: أكتينيوم {m} /ʾaktinyum/
action {n} (something done so as to accomplish a purpose) :: عمل {m} /ʿamal/
action movie {n} (a type of motion picture) :: فيلم أكشن /fīlmu ʾakšin/; فيلم حركة /fīlmu ḥarakatin/
actions speak louder than words {proverb} (it is more effective to act than speak) :: الأعمال أعلى صوتا من الكلمات /al-ʾaʿmāl ʾaʿlā ṣawtan min al-kalimāt/
action word {n} (verb) SEE: verb ::
activate {v} (to put into operation) :: فعل /faʿʿala/
activate {v} (to activate a software functionality) SEE: enable ::
activator {n} (chemical increasing transcription) :: منشط
active {adj} (having the quality or power of acting) :: نشيط /našīṭ/, عامل /ʿāmil/
active {adj} (quick in physical movement) :: نشيط /našīṭ/
active {adj} (in action) :: شغال /šaḡḡāl/, عامل /ʿāmil/
active {adj} (given to action rather than contemplation) :: حرك /ḥarik/
active {adj} (brisk; lively) :: فاره /fārih/, حرك /ḥarik/
active {adj} (in grammar) :: فاعل /fāʿil/, معلوم /maʿlūm/
actively {adv} (in an active manner) :: بنشاط /binašāṭin/
active participle {n} (active participle) :: اسم الفاعل {m} /ismu l-fāʿili/
active voice {n} (the form in which the subject of a verb carries out some action) :: صيغة معلوم {f} /ṣīḡat maʿlūm/, مبني معلوم {m} /mabniyy maʿlūm/
activist {n} (one who is politically active) :: ناشط {m} /nāšiṭ/, ناشطة {f} /nāšiṭa/
activistic {adj} (activist) SEE: activist ::
activity {n} (state or quality of being active) :: نشاط {m} /našāṭ/
actor {n} (person who performs in a theatrical play or film, see also: actress) :: ممثل {m} /mumaṯṯil/, ممثلة {f} /mumaṯṯila/
actor {n} (plaintiff) SEE: plaintiff ::
actress {n} (female actor, see also: actor) :: ممثلة {f} /mumaṯṯila/
Acts {prop} (Book of Acts) SEE: Acts of the Apostles ::
Acts of the Apostles {prop} (fifth book of the New Testament) :: أعمال الرسل {p} /ʾaʿmāl ar-rusul/
actual {adj} (existing in act or reality, not just potentially) :: حقيقي /ḥaqīqiyy/, واقعي /wāqiʿiyy/, فعلي /fiʿliyy/
actual {adj} (in action at the time being) :: حاضر /ḥāḍir/, راهن /rāhin/
actually {adv} (In act or in fact; really; in truth; positively) :: فعلا /fiʿlan/
acupuncturation {n} (acupuncture) SEE: acupuncture ::
acupuncture {n} (insertion of needles for remedial purposes) :: الوخز بالإبر {f} /al-waxz bi-l-ʾibr/
acute {adj} ((medicine) of an abnormal condition of recent or sudden onset) :: شديد /šadīd/
acute {adj} ((medicine) of a short-lived condition) :: شديد /šadīd/
acute {n} (acute accent) SEE: acute accent ::
acute accent {n} (acute accent) :: نبرة حادة {f} /nabra ḥādda/
acute angle {n} (angle measuring less than ninety degrees) :: زاوية حادة {f} /zāwiya(t) ḥādda/
acute-angled triangle {n} (acute triangle) SEE: acute triangle ::
acute triangle {n} (triangle all of the angles of which are acute) :: مثلث حاد الزوايا {m} /muṯallaṯ ḥādd az-zawāyā/
Adam {prop} (first man in Abrahamic religions) :: آدم {m} /ʾādam/, ءادم {m} /ʾādam/ [archaic]
Adam {prop} (male given name) :: آدم {m} /ʾādam/
Adam and Eve {prop} (the first man and woman (according to Genesis)) :: آدم وحواء /ʾādam wa-ḥawwāʾ/
adamant {n} (magnet or loadstone) SEE: magnet ::
adamantly {adv} (in an inflexible manner) :: بعناد
Adam's apple {n} (lump in the throat) :: تفاحة آدم {f} /tuffāḥat ʾādam/, حرقدة {f} /ḥarqada/
adapt {v} (to change to make oneself suitable) :: يتكيف مع
adaptation {n} :: تكيف
add {v} (to make an addition) :: اضاف /iḍāfa/
add {v} (to perform the arithmetical operation of addition, to add up) :: جمع /jamaʿa/
add fuel to the fire {v} (worsen a conflict) :: صب الزيت على النار /ṣabba z-zayt ʿalā n-nār/, زاد النار حطبا /zāda n-nār ḥaṭaban/
addict {n} (person who is addicted, especially to a harmful drug) :: مدمن {m}, مدمنة {f}
addiction {n} (the state of being addicted) :: إدمان {m} /ʾidmān/
addiction {n} (a habit or practice) :: إدمان {m} /ʾidmān/
addictive {adj} (tending to cause addiction) :: مسبب للإدمان {m}
Addis Ababa {prop} (capital of Ethiopia) :: أديس أبابا {f} /ʾadīs ʾabābā/
Addison's disease {n} (Addison's disease) :: مرض أديسون {m} /maraḍ ʾadisun/
addition {n} (act of adding) :: إضافة {f} /ʾiḍāfa/
addition {n} (thing added) :: مضاف {m} /muḍāf/
addition {n} (arithmetic: process of adding) :: جمع {m} /jamʿ/
address {n} (direction for letters) :: عنوان {m} /ʿunwān/, عنوان {m} /ʿinwān/
Adelaide {prop} (state capital of South Australia) :: أديليد {m} /ʾadilīd/
Aden {prop} (seaport of Yemen) :: عدن {m} /ʿadan/
adequate {adj} (equal to some requirement) :: كاف /kāf/
adhan {n} ((Islam) The call to prayer) :: أذان /ʾaḏān/
ad hoc {adj} :: حصري, حصريا
ad hoc {adj} (special) SEE: special ::
adieu {interj} (farewell, goodbye) SEE: goodbye ::
adieu {n} (a farewell) :: الوداع
Adige {prop} (river in South Tyrol) :: أديجي {m} /ʾadījī/
adios {interj} (goodbye) SEE: goodbye ::
adive {n} (a domesticated, smaller form of the jackal) :: ذئب
adjectival {adj} (functioning as an adjective) :: وصفي /waṣfiyy/, نعتي /naʿtiyy/
adjective {n} ((grammar) a word that modifies a noun or describes a noun’s referent) :: نعت {m} /naʿt/, صفة {f} /ṣifa/
adjective {adj} (methods of enforcement and rules of procedure) :: إجرائي /ʾijrāʾiyy/
adjective {adj} (adjectival) SEE: adjectival ::
adjudication {n} (judgment) :: فصل في دعوى {m} /faṣl fī daʿwā/, حكم {m} /ḥukum/
adjustment {n} (result of adjusting, small change) :: ضبط {m} /ḍabṭ/
adjutant general {n} (a military chief administrative officer) :: سرياوران /siryāwarān/
administration {n} (the act of administering) :: إدارة {f} /ʾidāra/, مراقبة /murāqaba/
administration {n} (the executive part of government) :: إدارة تنفيذية {f} /ʾidārat tanfīḏiyya/
admiral {n} (naval officer of the highest rank) :: أمير البحر {m} /ʾamīru l-baḥr/, أدميرال {m} /ʾadmīrāl/
admiration {n} (adoration; appreciation) :: إعجاب {m} /ʾiʿjāb/
admire {v} (regard with wonder and delight) :: عجب /ʿajaba/
admit {v} (to concede as true) :: أعترف /ʾaʿtarafa/
admonish {v} (warn or notify of a fault; exhort) :: حذر /ḥaḏḏara/
adobe {n} (unburnt brick) :: لبنة {f} /labina/, لبن {m-p} /labin/, طوب {m-p} /ṭūb/
adolescent {n} (a teenager) :: فتى {m} /fatan/
adopt {v} (to take by choice into relationship, as, child, heir, friend, citizen) :: تبنى /tabannā/
adopt {v} (to take or receive as one's own what is not so naturally) :: تبنى /tabannā/
adoption {n} (act of adopting, or state of being adopted) :: تبني {m} /tabnī/
adorable {adj} (befitting of being adored) :: فاتن /fātin/, جذاب /jaḏḏāb/
adore {v} (love with entire heart and soul) :: عشق /ʿašiqa/
adorn {v} (to make more beautiful and attractive; to decorate) :: زين /zayyana/
adrenaline {n} (the compound epinephrine) :: أدرينالين {m} /ʾadrīnālīn/
Adriatic {prop} (Adriatic Sea) SEE: Adriatic Sea ::
Adriatic Sea {prop} (sea that stretches from the Ionian Sea to the Gulf of Venice) :: البحر الأدرياتي {m} /al-baḥr al-ʾadriyātiyy/
adult {n} (fully grown human) :: بالغ {m} /bāliḡ/, راشد {m} /rāšid/
adultery {n} (sexual intercourse by a married person with someone other than their spouse) :: زناء {m} /zināʾ/, زنى {m} /zinan/, عهر {m} /ʿuhr/, خيانة زوجية {f} /ḵayāna zawjiyya/
adult shop {n} (sex shop) SEE: sex shop ::
advance {v} (to move forwards, to approach) :: يقرب
advanced {adj} (at or close to state of the art) :: متقدم /mutaqaddim/
advantage {n} (any condition, circumstance, opportunity, or means, particularly favorable to success) :: أفضلية {f} /ʾafḍaliyya/, فائدة {f} /fāʾida/
adventure {n} (encountering of risks) :: مغامرة {f} /muḡāmara/
adventure {n} (remarkable occurrence) :: مخاطرة {f} /muḵāṭara/, مغامرة {f} /muḡāmara/
adventure {n} (mercantile or speculative enterprise of hazard) :: مجازفة {f} /mujāzafa/, مغامرة {f} /muḡāmara/
adventure {n} (that which happens without design) :: مجازفة {f} /mujāzafa/
adventure {v} :: يجازف, يخاطر, يغامر
adventurer {n} (one who enjoys adventures) :: مغامر /muḡāmir/
adverb {n} (lexical category) :: ظرف {m} /ẓarf/
adverbial {n} (grammar: word or phrase modifying a verb) :: ظرف {m} /ẓarf/
adversary {n} (opponent) :: خصم {m} /ḵaṣm/
adversity {n} (state of being adverse) :: بؤس {m} /buʾs/, مصيبة {f} /muṣība/
advert {n} (advertisement) SEE: advertisement ::
advertently {adv} (on purpose) SEE: on purpose ::
advertisement {n} (commercial solicitation) :: إيذان {m} /ʾīḏān/, إعلان {m} /ʾiʿlān/
advice {n} (opinion recommended or offered, as worthy to be followed; counsel) :: نصيحة {f} /naṣīḥa/, مشورة {f} /mašūra/
advise {v} (to give advice to; to offer an opinion; to counsel; to warn) :: نصح /naṣaḥa/
advise {v} (to give information or notice to; to inform) :: بلغ /ballaḡa/, أبلغ /ʾablaḡa/, أخبر /ʾaḵbara/
advocacy {n} (the profession of an advocate) :: محاماة {f}
advocacy {n} (the act of arguing in favour of, or supporting something) :: تأييد {m}
advocacy {n} (the practice of supporting someone to make their voice heard) :: مناصرة {f} /munāṣara/
advocate {n} (person who argues the case of another) :: محامي {m}, محامية {f}
advocate {n} (person who speaks in support of something) :: ناطق بلسان, لسان حال
advocate {v} (argue for) :: حامى, رافع, ترافع
advocate {v} (encourage support for) :: أوصى ب
Adygea {prop} (Adygea, Russia) :: أديغيا {f} /ʾadīḡiyā/
Adygei {prop} (Adygei) SEE: Adyghe ::
Adyghe {prop} (language spoken in the Republic of Adygea) :: الأديغية /al-ʾadīḡiyya/
Aegean {prop} (Aegean Sea) SEE: Aegean Sea ::
Aegean Sea {prop} (sea of the northeastern part of the Mediterranean Sea) :: بحر إيجة {m} /baḥr ʾīja/
Aelita {prop} (given name) :: إيليتا
aerial {adj} (taking place in the air) :: جوي /jawwiyy/
aerial {n} (device for receiving or transmitting) :: هوائي {m} /hawāʾiyy/
aerodynamics {n} (The science of the dynamics of bodies moving relative to gases) :: أيرودينامية {?} /ʾayrūdīnāmiyya/, ديناميكا هوائية {?} /dīnāmīkā hawāʾiyya/
Aeroflot {prop} (Russian airline) :: إيروفلوت {m} /ʾiruflūt/
aeronautics {n} (mechanics and science of aircraft) :: علم الطيران {m} /ʿilm aṭ-ṭayarān/
aeroplane {n} (airplane) SEE: airplane ::
Aesop {prop} (ancient Greek author) :: إيسوب {m} /ʾisūb/
aestival {adj} (Relating to summer) :: صيفي /ṣayfiyy/
a few {pron} (a small number of things) :: بضعة /biḍʿa/
affair {n} (adulterous relationship) :: علاقة غرامية {f} /ʿalāqa ḡarāmiyya/
affect {v} (to influence or alter) :: أثر /ʾaṯṯara/
affection {n} :: ميل
affective {adj} :: حسي
affiliate {v} (to adopt) SEE: adopt ::
affix {n} (linguistics: a bound morpheme added to a word’s stem) :: أفكس /ʾafiks/
affix {n} (suffix) SEE: suffix ::
affluent {n} (tributary) SEE: tributary ::
afford {v} (to incur, stand, or bear) :: أعطى /ʾaʿṭā/
afford {v} (to offer, provide, or supply) :: أعطى /ʾaʿṭā/
Afghan {n} (person from Afghanistan) :: أفغاني /ʾafḡāniyy/, أفغانية {f} /ʾafḡāniyya/
Afghan {n} (person of Pashtun ethnicity) :: أفغاني {m} /ʾafḡāniyy/, أفغانية {f} /ʾafḡāniyya/, [archaic] قندي {m} /qandiyy/, [archaic] قندية {f} /qandiyya/
Afghani {n} (citizen or native of Afghanistan) SEE: Afghan ::
Afghani {adj} (relating to Afghanistan) SEE: Afghan ::
Afghanistan {prop} (country) :: أفغانستان {f} /ʾafḡānistān/
afoot {adv} (in progress) :: على قدم وساق /ʿalā qadam wasāq/
aforethought {adj} (premeditated; planned ahead of time) :: مدبر {m} /mudabbar/, مبيت {m} /mubayyat/
afraid {adj} (impressed with fear or apprehension; in fear; apprehensive) :: خائف /ḵāʾif/, مرعوب /marʿūb/
Africa {prop} (continent south of Europe) :: أفريقيا {f} /ʾafrīqiyā/, إفريقيا {f} /ʾifrīqiyā/
African {adj} (Of or pertaining to Africa) :: إفريقي /ʾifrīqiyy/
African {n} (a native of Africa) :: إفريقي {m} /ʾifrīqiyy/, إفريقية {f} /ʾifrīqiyya/
African hunting dog {n} (Lycaon pictus) :: كلب بري إفريقي
African Union {prop} (multinational organisation) :: الاتحاد الإفريقي {m} /al-ittiḥād al-ʾifrīqiyy/, الاتحاد الأفريقي {m} /al-ittiḥād al-ʾafrīqiyy/
African wild dog {n} (Lycaon pictus) SEE: African hunting dog ::
a friend in need is a friend indeed {proverb} (someone who helps you in your time of need is a real friend) :: الصديق وقت الضيق /aṣ-ṣadīq waqt aḍ-ḍīq/
Afrikaans {prop} (language) :: لغة أفريكانية {f} /luḡa ʾafrīkāniyya/
Afrikaans {prop} :: أفريكانية {f} /ʾafrīkāniyya/
Afrikaans {prop} (Afrikaner) SEE: Afrikaner ::
Afrikaner {n} (member of ethnic group) :: أفريكاني {m} /ʾafrīkāniyy/, أفريكانية {f} /ʾafrīkāniyya/
after {prep} (subsequently; following in time; later than) :: بعد /baʿda/
after {prep} (behind) :: خلف /ḵalfa/, وراء /warāʾ/
after {conj} (Signifies that the action of its clause takes place before the action of the other clause) :: بعدما /baʿdamā/
after all {prep} (in the end; anyway) :: في النهاية /fī n-nihāya/
afterbirth {n} (material expelled after childbirth) :: خلاص /ḵalāṣ/
afterlife {n} (life after death) :: آخرة {f}
afternoon {n} (part of the day between noon and evening) :: بعد الزوال /baʿda z-zawāl/, زوالي /zawāliyy/, هاجري /hājiriyy/, بعد الظهر /baʿd aẓ-ẓuhr/
afterward {adv} (afterwards) SEE: afterwards ::
afterwards {adv} (at a later or succeeding time) :: أخير /ʾaḵīr/, بعد ذلك /baʿda ḏālik/
Afyonkarahisar {prop} (Afyonkarahisar) :: افيون قره‌حصار
again {adv} (another time) :: مرة أخرى {f} /marra ʾuḵrā/, كرة أخرى {f} /karra ʾuḵrā/ [adverbial accusative used], ثانية /ṯāniyatan/
again and again {adv} (repeatedly) :: مرارا وتكرارا /mira'ran wa tikra'ran/
against {prep} (in a contrary direction to) :: ضد /ḍidd/
against {prep} (in opposition to) :: ضد /ḍidd/
against the clock {prep} (in a time-restricted manner) :: ضد الساعة /dhid el sa'a/
agalloch {n} (soft, aromatic, resinous wood of Aquilaria malaccensis) SEE: agarwood ::
agarwood {n} (type of heartwood) :: عود {m} /ʿūd/, رند {m} /rand/, قطر {m} /quṭur/
agate {n} (mineral) :: عقيق {m} /ʿaqīq/
age {n} (century) SEE: century ::
age {n} (whole duration of a being) :: زمن {m} /zaman/
age {n} (one of the stages of life) :: سن {m} /sinn/
age {n} (particular period of time in history) :: عصر {m} /ʿaṣr/
age {n} (part of the duration of a being or thing between its beginning and any given time) :: عمر {m} /ʿumr/
ageful {n} (eternity) SEE: eternity ::
ageful {adj} (aged, old) SEE: elderly ::
agency {n} (office of an agent, or factor) :: وكالة {f} /wikāla/
agency {n} (place of business of an agent) :: وكالة {f} /wakāla/
agency {n} (government office) :: دائرة {f} /dāʾira/
agency {n} (agent) SEE: agent ::
agenda {n} (list of matters to be taken up) :: جدول أعمال {m} /jadwala ʾaʿmāl/, برنامج {m} /barnāmaj/
agent {n} (one who exerts power) :: فاعل /fāʿil/
Age of Enlightenment {prop} (period of history) :: عصر التنوير {m} /ʿaṣr at-tanwīr/
aggregate {n} (any of the five aspects constituting the sentient being in Buddhism) :: سكاندا /skāndā/
aggression {n} (act of initiating hostilities or invasion) :: عدوان {m} /ʿidwān/, تجاوز {m} /tujāwuz/
aggression {n} (the practice or habit of launching attacks) :: عدوان {m} /ʿidwān/
aggressive {adj} (tending or disposed to aggress) :: عدواني
aggressor {n} (the person or country that first attacks or makes an aggression) :: معتد {m} /muʿtadin/, باغ {m} /bāḡin/, معتد {m} /muʿtid/
agha {n} (an honorific for high officials used in Turkey and certain Muslim countries) :: آغا {m} /ʾāḡā/
agile {adj} (having the faculty of quick motion in the limbs) :: رشيق /rašīq/, خفيف الحركة /ḵafīf al-ḥaraka/
aglet {n} (cover of a shoelace) SEE: aiglet ::
agnostic {adj} (of or relating to agnosticism) :: لاأدري {m} /lāʼadriyy/
agnostic {n} (one who holds to a form of agnosticism.) :: لاأدري {m} /lā-ʾadriyy/
agnosticism {n} (view that the existence of a God or gods is unknown, unknowable, unproven, or unprovable) :: لاأدرية {f} /lā-ʾadriyya/
agnus castus {n} (chaste tree) SEE: chaste tree ::
ago {adv} (past; gone by; since) :: قبل /qabla/
agoraphobia {n} (fear of open spaces) :: رهاب الخلاء {m}
agouti {n} :: أغوطي /ʾaḡūṭī/
Agra {prop} (city in India) :: آكرة {f} /ʾākra/
agrarian {adj} (relating to the cultivation of land) :: زراعي /zirāʿiyy/
agree {v} (harmonize in opinion; be in unison or concord; be united; concur) :: وافق /wāfaqa/
agreement {n} (understanding to follow a course of conduct) :: اتفاق {m} /ittifāq/
agreement {n} (state whereby several parties share a view) :: إقرار {m} /ʾiqrār/
agreement {n} (legally binding contract) :: اتفاقية {f} /ittifāqiyya/, عقد {m} /ʿaqd/
agreement {n} (grammatical agreement) :: موافقة {f} /muwāfaqa/
agreement in principle {n} (legally enforceable agreement) :: اتفاق من حيث المبدأ /ittifāqun min ḥayṯu l-mabdaʾu/
agricultural {adj} (of or pertaining to agriculture) :: زراعي /zirāʿiyy/
agriculture {n} (the art or science of cultivating the ground) :: زراعة {f} /zirāʿa/, فلاحة {f} /filāḥa/
Agrigento {prop} (province and city in Sicily) :: جرجنت {m} /jirjant/, كركنت {m} /kirkant/ [traditional names], أغريجنتو {m} /ʾaḡrījintū/ [modern Italianism]
agronomy {n} (science of utilizing plants, animals, and soils for food, fuel, feed and more) :: علم الزراعة {m} /ʿilm az-zirāʿa/
ague {n} (malaria) SEE: malaria ::
ah {interj} (an expression) :: آه /ʾāh/
ahead of one's time {prep} (in advance of commonly accepted ideas) :: سابق عصره {m} /sabiq as'rih/, سابقة عصرها {f} /sabiqat as'riha/, سابقون عصرهم {m-p} /sabiqoon as'rihom/, سابقات عصرهن {f-p} /sabiqat as'rihin/
Ahmadinejad {prop} (Persian surname) :: أحمدي نجاد /ʾaḥmadī nijād/
Ahmed {prop} (male given name) :: أحمد {m} /ʾaḥmad/
Ahmedabad {prop} (city in India) :: أحمد آباد {m} /ʾaḥmad ʾābād/
Ahvaz {prop} (city in Iran) :: أهواز /ʾahwāz/, أحواز /ʾaḥwāz/
Aichi {prop} (Aichi prefecture, in Southern central of Japan) :: آيتشي {m} /ʾaytšī/
Aidan {prop} (male given name) :: أيدين /ʾaydin/
aide {n} (assistant) SEE: assistant ::
AIDS {n} (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) :: الإيدز {m} /al-ʾīdz/
aiglet {n} (tip on a ribbon or cord) :: فوهة /fawha/
Ainu {prop} (language) :: لغة آينوية {f} /luḡa ʾaynwiyya/
air {n} (historical: one of the basic elements) :: هواء /hawāʾ/
air {n} (mixture of gases making up the atmosphere of the Earth) :: هواء {m} /hawāʾ/, جو {m} /jaww/
air {n} (the apparently open space above the ground) :: جو {m} /jaww/
air {n} (music: a song, an aria) :: نغم {m} /naḡam/
airan {n} (a Turkish and Altaic yoghurt drink) :: عيران /ʿayrān/, شنينة /šinīna/
airborne {adj} (in flight) :: في الجو
Airbus {prop} (a European aircraft manufacturer) :: إيرباص {m} /ʾīrbāṣ/
air conditioner {n} (a machine that is used to control temperature and humidity in an enclosed space) :: مكيف الهواء {m} /mukayyif al-hawāʾ/, تكييف {m} /takyīf/
air conditioning {n} (the state of temperature and humidity produced by an air conditioner) :: تكييف {m} /takyīf/
air conditioning {n} (an air conditioner or system of air conditioners, see also: air conditioner) :: تكييف {m} /takyīf/
aircraft {n} (machine capable of atmospheric flight) :: طائرة {f} /ṭāʾira/
aircraft carrier {n} (warship for launching aircraft) :: حملة طائرات {m} /ḥimla(t) ṭāʾirāt/
airfoil {n} (wing of an aircraft) SEE: wing ::
air force {n} (branch of the military devoted to air warfare) :: سلاح طيران {m} /silāḥ ṭayarān/
air hostess {n} (female flight attendant) SEE: stewardess ::
airline {n} (company that flies airplanes) :: شركة طيران {f} /šarikat ṭayarān/, خطوط جوية {m-p} /ḵuṭūṭ jawiyya/
airliner {n} (passenger aircraft) :: طائرة رحلات {f} /ṭāʾira(t) riḥlāt/
airmail {n} (the system of conveying mail using aircraft) :: بريد جوي {m} /barīd jawwiyy/
airplane {n} (powered aircraft) :: طائرة {f} /ṭāʾira/, طيارة {f} /ṭayyāra/
airport {n} (place designated for airplanes) :: مطار {m} /maṭār/
air shaft {n} SEE: airshaft ::
airshaft {n} (an opening facilitating air circulation) :: عمود التهوية {m} /ʿamūd at-tahwiya/
airship {n} (self-propelled lighter-than-air aircraft that can be steered) SEE: dirigible ::
air ticket {n} (a pass entitling the holder to travel in an aeroplane) :: تذكرة الطيران {f} /taḏkiratu ṭ-ṭayarān/
airway {n} (windpipe) SEE: windpipe ::
airway {n} (trachea) SEE: trachea ::
airworthiness {n} (the state of being airworthy) :: صلاحية الطائرات {f} /ṣalāḥiyya(t) aṭ-ṭāʾirāt/
Aisha {prop} (female given name) :: عائشة {f} /ʿāʾiša/
aitch {n} (name of the letter H, h) :: إتش {m} /ʾeytš/, ها {f} /hā/
Ajaccio {prop} (capital city of Corsica) :: أجاكسيو
Ajam {prop} (non-Arab) :: أعجمي {m} /ʾaʿjamiyy/
Ajam {prop} (Persian) :: أعجمي {m} /ʾaʿjamiyy/
Ajam {prop} (Kuwaiti citizens of Iranian origin) :: عيم {m} /ʿayam/
a journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step {proverb} (a journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step) :: رحلة الألف ميل تبدأ بخطوة واحدة /riḥlatu 'l-ʾalf mīl tabdaʾ bi-ḵaṭwa wāḥida/
AK-47 {n} (Kalashnikov assault rifle) :: إيه كيه-47 {m}
Akan {prop} (Niger-Congo language) :: أكانية /ʾakāniyya/
Akan {prop} (language group spoken in Ghana) :: أكانية /ʾakāniyya/
Akhenaten {prop} (Pharaoh in 14th century BCE, founder of Atenism) :: أخناتون
akhund {n} ((historical) a spiritual leader in Persia, parts of Central Asia and Xinjiang, China) :: آخوند {m} /ʾāḵūnd/
Akita {prop} (Japanese surname) :: أكيتا {f} /ʾakītā/
Akkad {prop} (ancient kingdom of Mesopotamia) :: أكد /ʾakkad/, أكاد /ʾakkād/
Akkad {prop} (capital city of the kingdom of Akkad) :: أكد /ʾakkad/, أكاد /ʾakkād/
Akkadian {adj} (pertaining to the language) :: أكدي /ʾakkadiyy/, أكادي /ʾakkādiyy/
Akkadian {prop} (Semitic language) :: أكدية {f} /ʾakkadiyya/, أكادية {f} /ʾakkādiyya/
Akutagawa {prop} (surname) :: أكوتاغاوا {m} {f} /ʾakutaḡāwā/
Alabama {prop} (U.S. State) :: ألاباما {f} /ʾalabāmā/
Aladdin {prop} (a given name) :: علاء الدين /ʿalāʾ ad-dīn/
Aladdin {prop} (the Arabic tale) :: علاء الدين /ʿalāʾ ad-dīn/
Aladdin {prop} (the fictional young man) :: علاء الدين {m} /ʿalāʾ ad-dīn/
Al-Andalus {prop} (Islamic Spain) :: الأندلس /al-ʾandalus/
alarm {n} (summons to arms) :: إنذار {m} /ʾinḏār/
alarm clock {n} (type of clock) :: منبه {m} /munabbih/, ساعة منبهة {f} /sāʿa munabbiha/
alarmed {adj} (worried) SEE: worried ::
alas {interj} (exclamation of sorrow, etc.) :: وا حسرتاه /wā ḥasratāh/, واها /wāhan/
Alaska {prop} (US state) :: ألاسكا /ʾalāskā/
Albacete {prop} (province) :: ﭐلبسيط
Albania {prop} (country in south-eastern Europe) :: ألبانيا {f} /ʾalbāniyā/
Albanian {adj} (of or pertaining to Albania) :: ألباني /ʾalbāniyy/
Albanian {n} (person from Albania) :: ألباني {m} /ʾalbāniyy/, ألبانية {f} /ʾalbāniyya/
albatross {n} (seabird) :: قطرس {m} /qaṭras/
albeit {conj} (despite its being; although) :: ولو /walaw/
Albert {prop} (male given name) :: ألبرت {m} /ʾalbert/
Alberta {prop} (province) :: ألبرتا {f} /ʾalbirtā/
album {n} (book for photographs, stamps, or autographs) :: ألبوم {m} /ʾalbūm/
album {n} (phonograph record (LP)) :: ألبوم {m} /ʾalbūm/
album {n} (group of audio recordings on any media) :: ألبوم {m} /ʾalbūm/
albumen {n} (white part of an egg) :: غرقل {m} /ḡirqil/, آح البيض {m} /ʾāḥ al-bayḍ/, زلال {m} /zulāl/
alcarraza {n} (jug made of porous earthenware) :: كراز {m} /kurrāz/
alcazar {n} (Moorish fortress in Spain) :: قصر أندلسي {m} /qaṣr ʾandalusiyy/
alchemist {n} (one who practices alchemy) :: خيميائي {m} /ḵīmiyāʾiyy/
alchemy {n} (ancient chemistry) :: الخيمياء {f} /al-ḵīmiyāʾ/, خيمياء {f} /ḵīmiyāʾ/
alcohol {n} (organic chemistry sense) :: كحول {m} /kuḥūl/
alcohol {n} (intoxicating beverage) :: كحول {m} /kuḥūl/
alcoholic {n} (one who abuses alcohol) :: سكير {m} /sikkīr/, خمير {m} /ḵimmīr/, معاقر {m} /muʿāqir/
alcoholic {adj} (of or pertaining to alcohol) :: روحي /rūḥiyy/, كحولي /kuḥūliyy/
alcoholism {n} (chronic disease) :: كحولية {f} /kuḥūliyya/
Aldebaran {prop} (star) :: الدبران {m} /ad-dabarān/
al dente {adj} (firm) :: الدينتي /al-dēnte/
ale {n} (beer produced by warm fermentation) :: مزر {m} /mizr/
alehouse {n} (beer parlour) SEE: beer parlour ::
Aleister {prop} (male given name) :: آليستر {m} /ʾālīstar/
Alejandro {prop} (cognates of Alejandro) SEE: Alexander ::
Alejandro {prop} (male given name transliterated) :: أليخاندرو {m} /ʾalīḵāndrū/, آليخاندرو {m} /ʾālīḵāndrū/
aleph {n} (first letter of the Proto-Canaanite alphabet and descendant script) :: ألف {m} /ʾalif/, [symbol] ا
Aleppine {adj} (of or pertaining to Aleppo) :: حلبي /ḥalabiyy/
Aleppine {n} (a person from, or an inhabitant of, Aleppo) :: حلبي {m} /ḥalabiyy/, حلبية {f} /ḥalabiyya/
Aleppo {prop} (city in Syria) :: حلب {f} /ḥalab/
alert {adj} (attentive) :: يقظ /yaqiẓ/
Aleutian Islands {prop} (archipelago) :: جزر ألوشيان {f-p} /juzur ʾalyušyān/
Alexander {prop} (male given name) :: إسكندر {m} /ʾiskandar/, [transliteration] ألكسندر {m} /ʾaliksandar/, الإسكندر {m} /al-ʾiskandar/
Alexander the Great {prop} (King of Macedonia) :: الإسكندر الأكبر {m} /al-ʾiskandar al-ʾakbar/
Alexandria {prop} (city in Egypt) :: الإسكندرية {f} /al-ʾiskandariyya/
Alexandrian {adj} (of or pertaining to Alexandria) :: إسكندراني /ʾiskandarāniyy/
Alexandroupoli {prop} (city) :: أليكساندروبولي
Alfvén {prop} (surname) :: ألففين {m} {f} /alfīn/
Alfvén wave {n} (a hydromagnetic shear wave in a charged plasma) :: موجة ألففين {f} /mawjat ʾalffīn/
alga {n} (any of many aquatic photosynthetic organisms) :: طحلب {m} /ṭuḥlub/
algae {n} (plural of alga) :: طحالب {p} /ṭaḥālib/
algal {adj} (pertaining to, or like, algae) :: طحلبي {m} /ṭuḥlubiyy/
algebra {n} (system for computation) :: علم الجبر {m} /ʿilm al-jabr/, جبر {m} /jabr/
algebra {n} (study of algebraic structures) :: جبر {m} /jabr/, علم الجبر {m} /ʿilm al-jabr/
Algeria {prop} (country) :: الجزائر {f} /al-jazāʾir/
Algerian {n} (person from Algeria) :: جزائري {m} /jazāʾiriyy/, جزائرية /jazāʾiriyya/
Algerian {adj} (of Algeria or its people) :: جزائري /jazāʾiriyy/
Alghero {prop} (port town in Sardinia) :: ألغيرو {m} /ʾalḡēro/
Algiers {prop} (the capital of Algeria) :: الجزائر /al-jazāʾir/
Algol {prop} (star) :: رأس الغول /raʾs al-ḡūl/
algolagnia {n} (Physical condition) :: التلذذ بالألم
algorithm {n} (well-defined procedure) :: خوارزمية {f} /ḵawārizmiyya/
alhamdulillah {interj} ((Islam) praise be to God) :: الحمد لله /al-ḥamdu li-llāhi/
Ali {prop} (male given name from Arabic) :: علي {m} /ʿaliyy/
Ali Baba {prop} (a fictional character) :: علي بابا {m} /ʿaliyy bābā/
alibi {n} (criminal legal defense) :: دفع بالغائبة {m} /dafʿ bi-l-ḡāʾiba/
Alice {prop} (female given name) :: أليس {f} /ʾalīs/
a lie has no legs {proverb} (you can't get away with a lie) :: حبل الكذب قصير /ḥablu l-kaḏibi qaṣīr/
alien {n} (person, etc. from outside) :: غريب {m} /ḡarīb/
alien {n} (foreigner) :: أجنبي {m} /ʾajnabiyy/
alien {n} (life form of non-Earth origin) :: فضائي {?} /faḍāʾiyy/
alienist {n} (psychiatrist) SEE: psychiatrist ::
alif {n} (first letter of the Arabic alphabet) :: ألف {m} /ʾalif/, [symbol] ا
aligot {n} (a potato and cheese dish from Auvergne) :: أليغو
alim {n} (scholar of Islamic law) :: عالم {m} /ʿālim/
alimony {n} (a court-enforced allowance) :: النفقة
Alistair {prop} (male given name) :: آليستر {m} /ʾālīstar/
a little {adv} (to a small extent or degree) :: قليلا /qalīlan/
a little bird told me {phrase} (idiomatic) :: عصفور صغير أخبرني /ʿuṣfūr ṣaḡīr ʾaḵbaranī/
alive {adj} (having life) :: حي /ḥayy/
aliyah {n} (immigration of Jews into Israel) :: عليا {p} /ʿalyā/
Al Jazeera {prop} (Arabic satellite TV news channel) :: الجزيرة {f} /al-jazīra/, قناة الجزيرة الفضائية {f} /qanāt al-jazīra l-faḍāʾiyya/
alkali {n} (class of caustic bases) :: قلوي {m} /qalawiyy/
alkaline {adj} (having a pH greater than 7) :: قاعدة {f} /qāʿida/
alkekengi {n} (bladder cherry) SEE: bladder cherry ::
alkyne {n} (hydrocarbon containing at least one carbon-carbon triple bond) :: ألكاين {m}
all {determiner} (every individual of the given class) :: كل /kull/, جميع /jamīʿ/
all {adv} (intensifier) :: , كل /kull/, جميع /jamīʿ/
all {n} (everything possible) :: جميع /jamīʿ/
all {pron} (everyone) SEE: everyone ::
all {pron} (everything) SEE: everything ::
Allah {prop} (God, in Islam) :: الله {m} /allāh/
Allahabad {prop} (city in India) :: الله أباد {m} /allāh ʾabād/
Allahu akbar {interj} (Muslim takbir (proclamation)) :: الله أكبر /allāhu ʾakbar/
all and sundry {pron} (all; everyone) :: الكل و يزيد
Allat {prop} (pre-Islamic Arabian goddess) :: اللات {f} /al-lāt/
all day {adv} (the entire day) :: طول اليوم /ṭūl al-yawm/, طول النهار /ṭūl an-nahār/, كل اليوم /kull al-yawm/
allegory {n} (the representation of abstract principles) :: تمثيل {m} /tamṯīl/
allergy {n} (disorder of the immune system) :: أرجية {f} /ʾarajiyya/, حساسية {f} /ḥassāsiyya/
allergy {n} (hypersensitivity) :: أرجية {f} /ʾarajiyya/, حساسية {f} /ḥassāsiyya/
alleviate {v} (make less severe) :: خفف /ḵaffafa/, لطف /laṭṭafa/, سكن /sakkana/
alleviation {n} (alleviation) :: تخفيف {m} /taḵfīf/, تسكين {m} /taskīn/
alley {n} (narrow street) :: زقاق {m} /zuqāq/
alleyway {n} (narrow street) :: زقاق {m} /zuqāq/
All Fools' Day {n} (April Fools' Day) SEE: April Fools' Day ::
all good things come to an end {proverb} (nothing good lasts forever) :: كل الأشياء الجيدة تنتهي /kull al-ʾašyāʾ al-jayyida(t) tantahī/
All Hallows' Day {prop} (All Saints' Day) SEE: All Saints' Day ::
allheal {n} (valerian) SEE: valerian ::
allheal {n} (Stachys) SEE: woundwort ::
alliance {n} (state of being allied) :: تحالف {m} /taḥāluf/, اتحاد {m} /ittiḥād/, اتفاق {m} /ittifāq/
alligator {n} (large amphibious reptile of genus Alligator) :: تمساح {m} /timsāḥ/, تمساح أمريكي {m} /timsāḥ ʾamrīkiyy/, قاطور {m} /qāṭūr/
allocate {v} (to set aside for a purpose) :: خصص /ḵaṣṣaṣa/
all of a sudden {adv} (colloquial: suddenly, see also: suddenly) :: فجأة /fajʾatan/
all of the sudden {adv} (all of a sudden) SEE: all of a sudden ::
allot {v} (to assign) :: خصص /ḵaṣṣaṣa/
all over {prep} (everywhere; covering completely) :: جميع أنحاء /jamīʿ ʾanḥāʾ/, كل /kull/
allow {v} (to grant, give, admit, accord, afford, or yield; to let one have) :: سمح /samaḥa/, أذن /ʾaḏina/
allow {v} (to permit) :: سمح ب /samaḥa bi-/, سمح /samaḥa/
alloy {n} (metal combined of more elements) :: أشابة {f} /ʾušāba/
all right {adj} (good) :: جيد /jayyid/
all right {adv} (fairly well) :: حسنا /ḥasanan/
all right {interj} (Used to affirm, indicate agreement, or consent ) :: حسنا /ḥasanan/
all rights reserved {phrase} (copyright notice formula) :: جميع الحقوق محفوظة /jamīʿ al-ḥuqūq maḥfūẓa/, كافة الحقوق محفوظة /kāffa(t) al-ḥuqūq maḥfūẓa/
all roads lead to Rome {proverb} (different paths can take to the same goal) :: كل الطرق تؤدي إلى روما /kullu ṭ-ṭuruqi tuʾaddī ʾilā romā/
All Saints Day {prop} (All Saints Day) SEE: All Saints' Day ::
All Saints' Day {prop} (feast day) :: عيد جميع القديسين /ʿīdu jamīʿi l-qiddīsīn/
allspice {n} (spice) :: بهار حلو {m} /bahār ḥulw/, فلفل إفرنجي {m} /filfil ʾifranjiyy/
all's well that ends well {proverb} (A happy ending makes up for everything that has gone before...) :: كل شيء جيد إذا انتهى بخير /kull šayʾ jayyid ʾiḏā intahā biḵayr/, كل شيء جيد إذا ينته بخير /kull šayʾ jayyid ʾiḏā yantahi biḵayr/
all that glitters is not gold {proverb} (things that appear valuable or worthwhile might not actually be so) :: ليس كل ما يلمع ذهبا /laysa kullu mā yalmaʿu ḏahaban/
all too {adv} (way too) SEE: way too ::
allusion {n} (indirect reference, hint) :: تلميح {m} /talmīħ/
alluvial {n} (deposition of sediment) SEE: alluvium ::
alluvium {n} (deposited material) :: طمي {m} /ṭamy/, إبليز {m} /ʾiblīz/
ally {n} (one united to another by treaty or league) :: حليف /ḥalīf/, حلفاء {p} /ḥulafāʾ/
al-Mada'in {prop} :: المدائن /al-madāʾin/
Almaty {prop} (Astana) SEE: Astana ::
Almaty {prop} (city) :: ألماتي {f} /ʾalmātī/
Almaty {prop} (Nur-Sultan) SEE: Nur-Sultan ::
Almighty {prop} (God, the supreme being) :: المقتدر /Al-Muqtadir/
almond {n} (nut) :: لوز {p} /lawz/ [collective], لوزة {f} /lawza/ [singulative]
almond paste {n} (paste made from ground almonds and sugar in equal quantities) :: معجون لوز {m} /maʿjūn lawz/
almost {adv} (very close to) :: تقريبا /taqrīban/, على وشك /ʿalā wašk/
alms {n} (something given to the poor as charity) :: صدقة {f} /ṣadaqa/, خير {m} /ḵayr/
almsgiving {n} (the act of voluntarily giving alms) :: زكاة /zakat/
aloe vera {n} (Aloe vera) :: صبر {m} /ṣabir/; [specifically] صبر حقيقي /ṣabir ḥaqīqiyy/, ألوفيرا {f} /ʾalōfēra/
aloha {interj} (hello) SEE: hello ::
aloha {interj} (goodbye) SEE: goodbye ::
alone {adv} (by oneself) :: وحيد /waḥīd/, منفرد /munfarid/
along {prep} (by the length of; in a line with the length of; lengthwise next to) :: على طول /ʿalā ṭūl/
along {prep} (in a line with, with a progressive motion on; onward on; forward on) :: بالتوازي مع /bi-t-tawāzī maʿa/
along {prep} :: بجانب /bijānib/
alongside {prep} (together with or at the same time) :: تزامنا /tazāmunan/
along the lines of {prep} (similar to but not exactly equal) :: على غرار /ʿalā ḡirār/
along with {conj} (in addition to) :: تضامنا مع /taḍāmunan maʿa/
aloof {adv} (at or from a distance) :: بعيدا عن /baʿīdan ʿann/, بمعزل عن /bi-maʿzil ʿan/
alopecia {n} (baldness) SEE: baldness ::
a lot {n} (a large amount) :: كثير /kaṯīr/
a lot {adv} (very much) :: كثيرا /kaṯīran/
a lot {adv} (often) :: كثيرا /kaṯīran/
alpaca {n} (camelid animal of the Andes) :: ألبكة {f} /ʾalbaka/
alpenglow {n} (a reddish glow seen near sunset or sunrise on the summits of mountains) :: شفق ألبي {m} /šafaq ʾalbiyy/
alpha {n} (name of the letter Α, α) :: ألفا {f} /ʾalfā/
alpha and omega {n} (the first and the last) :: الألف والياء /al-ʾalf wa-l-yāʾ/
alphabet {n} (an ordered set of letters used in a language) :: حروف الهجاء {m-p} /ḥurūf al-hijāʾ/, أبجد {m} /ʾabjad/, ألفباء {m} /ʾalifbāʾ/, ألفبائية {f} /ʾalifbāʾiyya/
alphabetic {adj} (alphabetical) SEE: alphabetical ::
alphabetical {adj} (pertaining to the alphabet) :: ألفبائي /ʾalifbāʾiyy/, أبجدي /ʾabjadiyy/
alphabetical {adj} (in the sequence of the letters of the alphabet) :: ألفبائي, أبجدي
Alpha Centauri {prop} (brightest star in the southern constellation of Centaurus) :: رجل قنطور /rijl qinṭawr/
Alps {prop} (a mountain range in Western Europe) :: جبال الألب {p} /jibāl al-ʾalb/
al-Qaeda {prop} (The global network of militant Islamic extremists.) :: القاعدة {f} /al-qāʿida/
al-Quds {prop} (Jerusalem) SEE: Jerusalem ::
already {adv} (prior to some time) :: قد /qad/
already {adv} (so soon) :: لقد
Alsace {prop} (region on the west bank of the upper Rhine) :: ألزاس {m} /ʾalzas/
also {adv} (in addition; besides; as well; further; too) :: أيضا /ʾayḍan/, كذلك /ka-ḏālika/, بالمثل /bi-l-miṯl/
Altai {prop} (Altay) SEE: Altay ::
Altair {prop} (star) :: النسر الطائر /an-nasr aṭ-ṭāʾir/
Altai Republic {prop} (federal subject of Russia) :: جمهورية ألطاي {f} /jumhūriyyat ʾalṭāy/, جمهورية ألتاي {f} /jumhūriyyat ʾaltāy/
altar {n} (flat-topped structure used for religious rites) :: مذبح {m} /maḏbaḥ/, هيكل {m} /haykal/, محراب {m} /miḥrāb/
Altay {prop} (mountain range) :: ألتاي {m} /ʾaltāy/, ألطاي {m} /ʾalṭāy/
alter {v} (to change the form or structure of) :: غير /ḡayyara/
alternating current {n} (electric current that reverses direction periodically) :: تيار متردد {m} /tayyār mutaraddid/
alternative medicine {n} (any of various medical methods and practices used in place of conventional medicine) :: الطب البديل /aṭ-ṭibb al-badīl/
although {conj} (in spite of the fact that) :: رغم أن /raḡm ʾanna/ , مع أن /maʿa ʾanna/, ولو /walaw/
alum {n} (chemistry: double sulfate) :: شب {m} /šabb/
aluminium {n} (silvery metal) :: ألومنيوم {m} /ʾalūminyūm/
aluminum {n} (aluminium) SEE: aluminium ::
alumnus {n} (a male pupil or student) :: طالب {m} /ṭālib/, طلبة {m-p} /ṭalaba/
alumnus {n} (a male graduate) :: خريج {m} /ḵirrīj/, خريجون {m-p} /ḵirrījūn/
alumnus {n} (a student) :: طالب {m} /ṭālib/, طالبة {f} /ṭāliba/, طلبة {m-p} /ṭalaba/, طالبات {f-p} /ṭālibāt/
alumnus {n} (a graduate) :: خريج {m} /ḵirrīj/, خريجة {f} /ḵirrīja/, خريجون {m-p} /ḵirrījūn/, خريجات {f-p} /ḵirrījāt/
alveolar {adj} (relating to the jaw ridge) :: سنخي /sinḵiyy/
alveolar {adj} (formed with the tongue touching or approaching the ridge behind the upper teeth) :: لثوي /liṯawiyy/
alveolar ridge {n} (ridge that forms the borders of the maxilla and the mandible) :: سنج {m} /sinj/
always {adv} (at all times) :: دائما /dāʾiman/, أبدا /ʾabadan/, دوما /dawman/
Alzheimer's disease {n} (mental disorder from brain tissue changes) :: ألزهايمر {?} /ʾalzhaymr/
a.m. {adv} (before noon) :: قبل الظهر /qabla ẓ-ẓuhr/, صباحا /ṣabāḥan/
AM {adv} (before noon) :: صباحا /ṣabāḥan/, ص /ṣ/ [abbreviation]
amaranth {n} (purplish-red colour) :: قطيفة /qatifa/
Amaterasu {prop} (Japanese sun goddess) :: أماتيراسو {f} /ʾamātīrāsū/
amateur {n} (person attached to a pursuit without pursuing it professionally) :: هاو {m} /hāwin/
amaze {v} (to fill with surprise, astonish) :: عجب /ʿajjaba/
amazing {adj} (very good) SEE: good ::
amazing {adj} (causing wonder and amazement) :: مدهش /mudhiš/, مذهل /muḏhil/
Amazon {prop} (river) :: نهر الآمازون {m} /nahr al-ʾāmāzūn/
amœba {n} (amoeba) SEE: amoeba ::
ambassador {n} (minister) :: سفير {m} /safīr/
ambassador {n} (representative) :: سفير {m} /safīr/
amber {n} (fossil resin) :: كهرمان {m} /kahramān/
amber {n} (ambergris) SEE: ambergris ::
ambergris {n} (waxy substance produced by sperm whales) :: عنبر {m} /ʿanbar/
amberjack {n} :: الاغوطي
ambiguity {n} (something liable to more than one interpretation) :: التباس {m} /iltibās/
ambiguous {adj} (open to multiple interpretations) :: غامض /ḡāmiḍ/
ambulance {n} (emergency vehicle) :: سيارة إسعاف {f} /sayyārat ʾisʿāf/
ambush {n} :: كمين {m} /kamīn/
amen {adv} (so be it) :: آمين /ʾāmīna/
amen {adv} (truly, verily) :: آمين /ʾāmīn/
amen {interj} (expression of strong agreement) :: آمين /ʾāmyn/
amen {v} (say amen) :: أمن /ʾammana/
amend {v} (to make better) :: حسن /ḥassana/
amend {v} (to become better) :: حسن /ḥasuna/
amenity {n} (something that makes life easier or more pleasant) :: مرفق {m} /mirfaq/
amenity {n} (convenience) SEE: convenience ::
Ame-no-Uzume {prop} (Japanese goddess of dawn, joy and springtime) :: أمه نو أوزومه {f} /ʾamih nū ʾūzūmih/, أمه نو أوزومه {f} /ʾamah nū ʾūzūmih/
amerce {v} (to make an exaction) SEE: punish ::
amerce {v} (to impose a fine on) SEE: fine ::
America {prop} (United States of America) SEE: United States of America ::
America {prop} (Americas) SEE: Americas ::
American {n} (person born in, or a citizen of, the U.S.) :: أمريكي {m} /ʾamrīkiyy/, أمريكية {f} /ʾamrīkiyya/b
American {adj} (of or pertaining to the Americas) :: أمريكي /ʾamrīkiyy/
American {adj} (of or pertaining to the U.S. or its culture) :: أمريكي /ʾamrīkiyy/v
American English {prop} (English of the United States) :: الإنجليزية الأمريكية {f} /al-ʾingilīziyya l-ʾamrīkiyya/
American football {n} (American football) :: كرة القدم الأمريكية {f} /kurat al-qadam al-ʾamrīkiyya/
American Indian {n} (a member of some indigenous peoples of the Americas) SEE: Indian ::
Americanisation {n} (assimilation) :: أمركة {f} /ʾamraka/
Americanization {n} (Americanisation) SEE: Americanisation ::
Americanize {v} (to make American) :: أمرك /ʾamraka/
American Samoa {prop} (US overseas territory in Oceania) :: ساموا الأمريكية {f} /sāmuwwā l-ʾamrīkiyya/
American Sign Language {prop} (language that uses hands, facial expressions, and other bodily behavior to communicate) :: لغة الإشارة الأمريكية {f} /luḡat al-ʾišāra l-ʾamrīkiyya/
Americas {prop} (North and South America) :: أمريكا {f} /ʾamrīkā/, أميركا {f} /ʾamīrikā/, أمريكة {f} /ʾamrīka/, أمريكتان {f-d} /ʾamrīkatāni/
americium {n} (chemical element with atomic number 95) :: أمريكيوم {m} /ʾamrīkiyum/
Amerindian {n} (an American Indian) SEE: Indian ::
amethyst {n} (gem) :: جمشت
Amharic {prop} (language) :: أمهري {m} /ʾamhariyy/, أمهرية {f} /ʾamhariyya/
amid {prep} (surrounded by) :: بين /bayn/
amidst {prep} (in the midst or middle of; surrounded or encompassed by; among) :: بين /bayn/
amigo {n} (friend) SEE: friend ::
amigurumi {n} (Japanese art of crocheting or knitting stuffed yarn toys) :: اميجورومي
amino acid {n} (any organic compound containing amino and carboxylic acid) :: حمض أميني {m} /ḥimḍ amīni/
Amir {prop} (given name) :: أمير {m} /ʾamīr/
amiss {adj} (wrong) SEE: wrong ::
a mite {adv} (to a small extent) SEE: a little ::
amla {n} (tree) :: أملج {m} /ʾamlaj/
amla {n} (fruit) :: أملج {m} /ʾamlaj/
Amman {prop} (the capital of Jordan) :: عمان {m} /ʿammān/
ammeter {n} (device that measures an electric current) :: أميتر {m} /ʾumītr/
Ammiyya {prop} (vernacular Arabic) :: العامية {f} /al-ʿāmmiyya/ [East], الدارجة {f} /ad-dārija/ [West]
ammunition {n} (articles used in charging firearms) :: ذخيرة {f} /ḏuḵīra/
amnesia {n} (loss of memory) :: فقدان ذاكرة /fiqdān ḏākira/
amnesty {n} (act of the sovereign power) :: عفو {m} /ʿafw/
amniotic fluid {n} (fluid that surrounds a developing embryo or fetus) :: سخد {m} /suḵd/, سائل سلوي {m} /sāʾil salwiyy/, سائل سابيائي {m} /sāʾil sābiyāʾiyy/, صية {f} /ṣayya/
amniotic sac {n} (sac in which foetus develops, see also: amnion) :: كيس سلوي /kīs salwiyy/, سخد /suḵd/
amoeba {n} (member of a genus of unicellular protozoa) :: أميبا {f} /ʾamībā/
among {prep} (mingling or intermixing) :: بين /bayna/
Amos {prop} (book of the Old Testament) :: سفر عاموس
amount {n} (number of elements in a set) SEE: number ::
amount {n} (total or sum of items) :: مبلغ {m} /mablaḡ/, مقدار {m} /miqdār/
Amoy {prop} (Xiamen) SEE: Xiamen ::
amperage {n} (electric current) SEE: current ::
ampere {n} (unit of electrical current) :: أمبير {m} /ʾambīr/
ampersat {n} (at sign) SEE: at sign ::
amphibian {n} (vertebrate) :: برمائي {m} /barmāʾiyy/, قازب {m} /qāzib/
amphitheatre {n} (an open, outdoor theatre) :: مدرج {m} /mudarraj/
ample {adj} (fully sufficient; abundant) :: متوفر /mutawaffir/
ampoule {n} (small glass vial hermetically sealed) :: أمبولة {f} /ʾambūla/
amputate {v} (To surgically remove a body part) :: بتر /batara/
amputation {n} (surgical removal of a limb) :: بتر {m} /batr/, قطع {m} /qaṭʿ/
Amramites {prop} (3rd sura of the Qur'an) :: سورة آل عمران
Amsterdam {prop} (capital of the Netherlands) :: أمستردام {m} /ʾamstirdām/
Amu Darya {prop} (river) :: جيحون {m} /jayḥūn/, جيحون {m} /jīḥūn/, أمو داريا {f} /ʾamū dāryā/, اوقسوس /oqsus/
amulet {n} (protective charm) :: تميمة {f} /tamīma/, أخذة {f} /ʾuḵḏa/, تعويذة {f} /taʿwīḏa/, حجاب {m} /ḥijāb/, حرز {m} /ḥirz/, رقية {f} /ruqya/
Amur {prop} (Heilongjiang) SEE: Heilongjiang ::
Amur {prop} (the river between the Far East Russia and China) :: آمور {m} /ʾāmūr/
amurca {n} (sediment in olive oil) :: ماء الزيتون {m} /māʾ az-zaytūn/, دردي {m} /durdiyy/, دردي الزيت {m} /durdiyy az-zayt/
amusing {adj} (entertaining) :: ممتع /mumtiʿ/
amylum {n} (amylum) SEE: starch ::
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis {n} (disease) :: التصلب الضموري الجانبي {m} /at-taṣallub aḍ-ḍumūrī l-jānibī/
an {num} (indefinite article) :: Not used in Arabic
-an {suffix} (of or pertaining to) :: ي /-iyy/
anaconda {n} (any of various large nonvenomous snake of the genus Eunectes) :: أناكندة {f} /ʾanakonda/
anadromous {adj} (of migratory fish) :: نهري السرء {m} /nahriyyu s-sarʾi/, نهرية السرء {m-p} {f} {f-p} /nahriyyatu s-sarʾi/
Anadyr {prop} (city in Russia) :: أنادير {m} /ʾanadīr/
anaesthesia {n} (anesthesia) SEE: anesthesia ::
anagram {n} (word or phrase created by rearranging letters from another word or phrase) :: جناس ناقص {m} /jinās nāqiṣ/, قلب {m} /qalb/
anal {adj} (of, related to, intended for or involving the anus) :: شرجي /šarajiyy/
analgesic {n} (medicine that reduces pain) :: مسكن ألم
analog {adj} (represented by a continuously variable physical quantity) :: تناظرية /tanāẓiriyya/
analogous {adj} (having analogy; corresponding to something else) :: مماثل /mumāṯil/
analogue {n} (analog) SEE: analog ::
analogy {n} (relationship of resemblance or equivalence) :: مماثلة {f} /mamāṯala/
anal sex {n} (sex involving the anus) :: جنس شرجي {m} /jins šarajiyy/
analysis {n} (decomposition into components in order to study) :: تحليل {m} /taḥlīl/
analysis {n} (in mathematics) :: تحليل رياضي {m} /taḥlīl riyāḍiyy/
analysis {n} (chemistry: process of breaking down a substance or the result of this process) :: تحليل مختبري {m} /taḥlīl muḵtabariyy/
analyst {n} (person who analyses) :: محلل {m} /muḥallil/, متخصص {m} /mutaḵaṣṣiṣ/
analyze {v} (to subject to analysis) :: حلل /ḥallala/
ananas {n} (pineapple) SEE: pineapple ::
Anapa {prop} (city) :: أنابا {f} /ʾanābā/
anaphylactic shock {n} (severe allergic reaction) :: تأق {m}
an apple a day keeps the doctor away {proverb} (apples are good for you) :: تفاحة واحدة في اليوم تغنيك عن زيارة الطبيب /tuffāḥatun wāḥidatun fī l-yawmi tuḡnīka ʿan ziyārati ṭ-ṭabībi/
anarchism {n} (belief that proposes the absence and abolition of government in all forms) :: فوضوية {f} /fawḍawiyya/
anarcho-capitalism {n} (philosophy that advocates the elimination of the state and a self-regulating free market) :: لاسلطوية رأسمالية
anarchy {n} (absence of any form of political authority or government) :: فوضى {f} /fawḍā/
anathema {n} (ban or curse) :: أناثيما {f} /ʾanāṯīmā/
anathema {n} (imprecation) :: لعنة {f} /laʿna/
Anatoli {prop} (transliteration of Анато́лий) :: أناتولي {m} /ʾanātūlī/
Anatolia {prop} (peninsula of Western Asia) :: الأناضول {m}
Anatolius {prop} (male given name) :: أناتولي {m} /ʾanatūlī/
anatomist {n} (one involved in the science of anatomical structures) :: مشرح {m} /mušarriḥ/, مشرحة {f} /mušarriḥa/
anatomy {n} (art of studying the different parts of any organized body) :: تشريح {m} /tašrīḥ/
Anbar {prop} (historical city in Iraq) :: الأنبار /al-ʾanbār/
ancestor {n} (one from whom a person is descended) :: سلف {m} /salaf/
anchor {n} (tool to moor a vessel into sea bottom) :: مرساة {f} /mirsāh/, أنجر {m} /ʾanjar/
anchor {n} (TV anchorman) :: مذيع {m} /muḏīʿ/
anchor {v} (to hold an object to a fixed point) :: رسا /rasā/
Anchorage {prop} (city) :: أنكوراج {m} /ʾankuraj/
anchorman {n} (TV host) :: مذيع أخبار {m} /muḏīʿ ʾaḵbār/, قارئ أخبار {m} /qāriʾ ʾaḵbār/, مقدم أخبار {m} /muqaddim ʾaḵbār/, مذيع {m} /muḏīʿ/
anchovy {n} (small saltwater fish) :: أنشوفة سمكة {f} /ʾanšūfa(t) samaka/
ancient {adj} (having lasted from a remote period) :: قديم /qadīm/, عتيق /ʿatīq/, عريق /ʿarīq/
Ancient Egypt {prop} (civilization) :: مصر القديمة {f} /miṣr al-qadīma/
Ancient Greece {prop} (ancient civilization of the Mediterranean) :: اليونان القديمة {f} /al-yūnān al-qadīma/
Ancient Greek {prop} (the Greek language of classical antiquity) :: اللغة اليونانية القديمة {f} /al-luḡa l-yūnāniyya l-qadīma/
Ancient Rome {prop} (civilization associated with Rome from the 9th century BC to the 5th century AD) :: روما القديمة {f} /rūmā l-qadīma/
and {conj} (used to connect two similar words, phrases, et cetera) :: و /wa-/
Andalusia {prop} (autonomous community of Spain) :: الأندلس /al-ʾandalus/
Andalusian {adj} (from or pertaining to Andalusia) :: أندلسي /ʾandalusiyy/
Andalusian Arabic {prop} (variety of the Arabic language) :: العربية الأندلسية
Andalusi Arabic {prop} (Andalusian Arabic) SEE: Andalusian Arabic ::
Andes {prop} (mountain range in South America) :: أنديز {m} /ʾandīz/
Andhra Pradesh {prop} (state in the union of India) :: أندرا برديش /ʾandrā bradīš/
Andorra {prop} (country) :: أندورا {f} /ʾandūrā/
Andorra la Vella {prop} (capital of Andorra) :: أندورا لا فيلا {f} /ʾandūrā lā fīlā/
Andrew {prop} (the Apostle) :: أندراوس {m} /ʾandarāwus/
Andrew {prop} (male given name) :: أندراوس {m} /ʾandarāwus/, أندرو {m} /ʾandrū/
andrewsarchus {n} (prehistoric mammal) :: أندروساركوس
android {n} (robot with human form) :: أندرويد {m}
Android {prop} (mobile operating system) :: أندرويد
and so forth {phrase} (indicating a list continues similarly) :: وهكذا /wa-hākaḏā/, وهلم جرا /wa-halumma jarran/
and so on {phrase} (indicating a list continues) SEE: and so forth ::
anecdote {n} (short account of an incident) :: نادرة {f} /nādira/, أطروفة {f} /ʾuṭrūfa/, أفكوهة {f} /ʾufkūha/, طرفة {f} /ṭurfa/, فكاهة {f} /fukāha/
anemone {n} (sea anemone) SEE: sea anemone ::
anemone {n} (any plant of genus anemone) :: شقيقة النعمان {f} /šaqīqat an-nuʿmān/
anesthesia {n} (loss of bodily sensation) :: تخدير {m} /taḵdīr/
anesthetic {n} (a substance for the reduced perception of pain) :: مخدر {m} /muḵaddir/
anesthetization {n} (an administration of anesthesia) :: تخدير {m} /taḵdīr/
aneurysm {n} (abnormal blood-filled swelling) :: أم الدم /ummuddam/
anew {adv} (again) :: مرة ثانية /marra(t) ṯāniya/
angel {n} (messenger from a deity) :: ملأك {m} /malʾak/, ملك {m} /malak/, ملاك /malāk/
angel of death {n} (personification of death in fiction and in art) :: ملك الموت {m} /malak al-mawt/
anger {n} (A strong feeling of displeasure, hostility or antagonism towards someone or something) :: غضب {m} /ḡaḍab/
anger {v} (to cause such a feeling of antagonism) :: أغضب /ʾaḡḍaba/
anger {v} (to become angry) :: غضب /ḡaḍiba/
Angkor Wat {prop} (Cambodian temple complex) :: أنغكور وات {m} /ʾanḡkōr wāt/
angle {n} (geometrical figure) :: زاوية {f} /zāwiya/
anglicisation {n} (process of anglicising) :: أنجلة {f} /ʾangala/
anglicise {v} (make English) :: تأنجل /taʾangala/
anglicise {v} (become English) :: تأنجل /taʾangala/
Anglo-Saxon {prop} (Old English) SEE: Old English ::
Anglo-Saxon {n} (member of the Germanic peoples who settled in England during the early fifth century) :: أنجلوسكسونيون {m-p} /ʾanjlosaksūniyyūn/
Anglo-Saxon {adj} (related to the Anglo-Saxon peoples or language) :: أنجلوسكسوني /ʾanjlusaksuniyy/
ang moh {n} (white person) SEE: white ::
Angola {prop} (country in Southern Africa) :: أنغولا {f} /ʾanḡōlā/
angry {adj} (displaying anger) :: غاضب /ḡāḍib/, غضبان /ḡaḍbān/
angstrom {n} (A very small unit of length, 10−10 m) :: أنغستروم {m} /ʾanḡstrūm/, أنجستروم {m} /ʾangstrūm/
Anguilla {prop} (British overseas territory in the Caribbean) :: أنغيلا {f} /ʾanḡīlā/, أنجويلا {f} /ʾangwīlā/
Anhui {prop} (province of China) :: آنهوي {m} /ʾanhūy/, آنخوي {m} /ʾanḵūy/
animal {n} (organism) :: حيوان {m} /ḥayawān/
animal {n} (organism other than man) :: حيوان {m} /ḥayawān/
animal rights {n} (fundamental rights for animals) :: حقوق الحيوان {p}
animal testing {n} (use of non-human animals in scientific experimentation) :: تجارب على الحيوان {m-p} /tajāribu ʿalā l-ḥaywān/
animate {adj} (that which lives) :: حي {m} /ḥayy/
animation {n} (causing images to appear to move) :: إحياء /ʾiḥyāʾ/
anime {n} (an animated work originated in Japan) :: أنمي {m} /ʾanimī/
anise {n} (plant) :: أنسون {m} /ʾansūn/
anise {n} (fennel) SEE: fennel ::
Ankara {prop} (capital of Turkey) :: أنقرة {f} /ʾanqara/, [archaic] أنكورية {f} /ʾankūriya/
ankh {n} (cross shaped like a T with a loop at the top) :: عنخ {m} /ʿanḵ/
ankle {n} (joint between foot and leg) :: كاحل {m} /kāḥil/, كعب {m} /kaʿb/
Annaba {prop} (city in eastern Algeria) :: عنابة /ʿAnnāba/
annex {n} (addition of territory) SEE: annexation ::
annexation {n} (addition or incorporation of something) :: ضم {m} /ḍamm/, إلحاق {m} /ʾilḥāq/
annihilate {v} (to reduce to nothing, to destroy, to eradicate) :: أفنى /ʾafnā/
anniversary {n} (day an exact number of years since an event) :: عيد سنوي {m} /ʿīd sanawiyy/
announce {v} (give public notice) :: أعلن /ʾaʿlana/
announcement {n} :: اعلام {m} /iʿlām/, إعلان
announcer {n} (announcer) :: مذيع {m} /muḏīʿ/
annoy {v} (to disturb or irritate) :: أزعج /ʾazʿaja/
annoyance {n} (that which annoys) :: إزعاج {m} /ʾizʿāj/
annoying {v} (causing irritation or annoyance; troublesome; vexatious) :: مزعج /muzʿij/
annual {adj} (happening once a year) :: سنوي /sanawiyy/
anoda {determiner} (another) SEE: another ::
anorexia {n} (loss of appetite) :: قهم {m} /qaham/
another {determiner} (one more, in addition to a former number) :: [indefinite] آخر {m} /ʾāḵar/ أخرى {f}, إضافي {m} إضافية {f}
another {determiner} (not the same; different) :: آخر /ʾāḵar/, أخرى {f} /ʾuḵrā/
an ounce of prevention is better than a pound of cure {proverb} (prevention is better than cure) SEE: prevention is better than cure ::
Anschluss {n} (the annexation of Austria into Germany in 1938 or an analogy) :: آنشلوس {m} /anšlūs/
Anshan {prop} (a prefecture-level city in northeastern China) :: آنشان {m} /ʾānšān/, أنشان {m} /ʾanšān/
answer {n} (response) :: رد {m} /radd/, جواب {m} /jawāb/, إجابة {f} /ʾijāba/
answer {v} (to make a reply or response to) :: أجاب /ʾajāba/, رد /radda/
answerer {n} (person who, or thing that, answers or responds) :: مجيب /mujīb/
ant {n} (insect) :: [collective] نمل /naml/, نملة {f} /namla/ (singulative)
Ant {prop} (27th sura of the Qur'an) :: سورة النمل
Antananarivo {prop} (city) :: أنتاناناريفو {m} /ʾantānānārīvō/
Antarctica {prop} (southernmost continent) :: أنتاركتيكا {f} /ʾantārkitīkā/
Antarctic Circle {prop} (geographical line) :: الدائرة القطبية الجنوبية {f} /ad-dāʾira(t) al-quṭbiyya(t) al-janūbiyya/
Antarctic Peninsula {prop} (the northernmost part of the mainland of Antarctica) :: شبه الجزيرة القطبية الجنوبية {f} /šibh al-jazīra al-quṭbiyya al-janūbiyya/
Antares {prop} (star) :: قلب العقرب /qalb al-ʿaqrab/
anteater {n} (mammal) :: آكل النمل
antebrachium {n} (forearm) SEE: forearm ::
antelope {n} (mammal of the family Bovidae) :: ظبي {m} /ẓaby/
antenna {n} (feeler organ) :: هوائي {m} /hawāʾiyy/
antenna {n} (device to receive or transmit radio signals) SEE: aerial ::
anthem {n} (national anthem) :: نشيد {m} /našīd/
Anthony {prop} (given name) :: أنتوني {m} /ʾantūniyy/
anthrax {n} (disease) :: جمرة خبيثة {f} /jamra(t) ḵabīṯa/
anthropology {n} (the study of humanity) :: أنطروبولوجيا {f} /ʾanṭrubulūjyā/
anthropomorphism {n} (the attribution or ascription of human characteristics to something not human) :: تجسيم {m} /tajsim/
anti- {prefix} (against, hostile to) :: ضد /ḍidd/, نقيض /naqīḍ/, مضاد /muḍādd/
antibiotic {n} (substance that destroys or inhibits bacteria) :: مضاد حيوي {m} /muḍādd ḥayawiyy/
antibrachium {n} (antibrachium) SEE: forearm ::
antichrist {n} (someone that works against the teachings of Christ) :: ضد المسيح {m} /ḍidd al-masīḥ/, الدجال {m} /ad-dajjāl/
anticipate {v} (to know of something before it manifests) :: توقع /tawaqqaʿa/, ارتقب /irtaqaba/
anticyclone {n} (system of winds) :: إعصار مضاد
antidotary {n} (antidote) SEE: antidote ::
antidote {n} (remedy to counteract a poison) :: ترياق {m} /tiryāq/
Antigua and Barbuda {prop} (country) :: أنتيغوا وبربودا /ʾantīḡuwā wa-barbūdā/
anti-Jew {n} (anti-Jew) :: معاد لليهودية {m} /muʿād li-l-yahūdiyya/
antimatter {n} (matter composed of antiparticles) :: مادة مضادة {f} /mādda muḍādda/
antimony {n} (chemical element) :: أنتيمون {m} /ʾantimūn/, إثمد /ʾiṯmid/
Antioch {prop} (Antioch on the Orontes) :: أنطاكية {f} /ʾanṭākiya/
Antiochia {prop} (name of numerous Hellenistic cities) :: أنطاكية /ʾanṭākiya/
antiquated {adj} (old fashioned) :: عتيق /ʿatīq/, بال /bālin/
antique {adj} (old; out of date) :: عتيق /ʿatīq/, قديم /qadīm/
antirrhinum {n} (snapdragon) SEE: snapdragon ::
anti-Semite {n} (anti-Semite) :: معاد للسامية {m} /muʿād li-s-sāmiyya/, معاد لليهودية {m} /muʿād li-l-yahūdiyya/ [specifically anti-Jewish]
anti-Semitic {adj} (exhibiting anti-Semitism) :: معاد للسامية /muʿād li-s-sāmiyya/
anti-Semitism {n} (prejudice or hostility against Jews) :: معاداة السامية {f} /muʿādāt as-sāmiyya/
antiterrorism {n} (activity aiming at opposing terrorism) :: مكافحة الإرهاب {f} /mukāfaḥat al-ʾirhāb/
antitoxin {n} (antibody to a specific toxin) :: ترياق {m} /tiryāq/
antivenin {n} (antitoxin) :: مضاد السم
antivenom {n} (antivenin) SEE: antivenin ::
Antonio {prop} (male given name) SEE: Anthony ::
Antony {prop} (male given name) SEE: Anthony ::
antonym {n} (word which has the opposite meaning) :: عكس {m} /ʿaks/, نقيض {m} /naqīḍ/
anus {n} (lower opening of the digestive tract) :: است {m} /ist/, شرج {m} /šarj/
anvil {n} (block used in blacksmithing) :: سندان {m} /sandān/, سندان {m} /sindān/
anxietude {n} (anxiety) SEE: anxiety ::
anxiety {n} (concern) :: قلق {m} /qalaq/
anxiousness {n} (anxiety) SEE: anxiety ::
any {determiner} (at least one (kind)) :: أي /ʾayy/
any {pron} (Any things or persons) :: أي /ʾayy/, كل /kull/, أية {f} /ʾayya/, أيما /ʾaymā/
anytime {interj} (you're welcome) SEE: you're welcome ::
anytime {adv} (at any time) :: أي وقت /ʾayy waqt/ [at any moment]
anyway {adv} (used to indicate that a statement explains or supports a previous statement) :: على أي حال /ʿalā ʾayyu ḥālin/
anyway {adv} (in any way) :: بأية طريقة /biʾayyati ṭarīqa/
Aomen {prop} (Macau) SEE: Macau ::
Aomori {prop} (surname) :: آوموري {m} /ʾāwmūrī/
aorta {n} (great artery) :: أبهر {m} /ʾabhar/, وتين {m} /watīn/
Aosta {prop} (city in Italy) :: أوستا {f} /ʾawstā/
Aosta Valley {prop} (Valle d'Aosta) SEE: Valle d'Aosta ::
apart {adv} (apart from) SEE: apart from ::
apart from {prep} (except for) :: بغض النظر عن /bi-ḡadd an-naẓar ʿan/
apartheid {v} (policy of racial separation in South Africa) :: أپارتهيد {m} /ʾaparthīd/, فصل عنصري {m} /faṣl ʿunṣuriyy/
apartheid {v} (any policy of racial separation, see also: segregation) :: فصل عنصري {m} /faṣl ʿunṣuriyy/
apartment {n} (domicile occupying part of a building) :: شقة {f} /šaqqa/
apartmentmate {n} (one who shares an apartment (US)) SEE: roommate ::
apatheticness {n} (apathy) SEE: apathy ::
apathy {n} (lack of emotion or motivation) :: لامبالاة /lā-mubālāh/, عدم اكتراث /ʿadam iktirāṯ/, خمول /ḵumūl/
ape {n} (animal) :: قرد {m} /qird/
Apennines {prop} (mountain range) :: الأبينيني {m} /al-ʾabininī/
apex {n} (highest point) :: ذروة
aphelion {n} (the point in the elliptical orbit of a planet where it is farthest from the Sun) :: أوج {m} /ʾawj/
Aphrodite {prop} (Greek goddess) :: أفروديت {f} /ʾafrūdīt/
aphtha {n} (foot-and-mouth disease) SEE: foot-and-mouth disease ::
aphthous ulcer {n} (ulcer in the mouth caused by break in mucous membrane) :: قرحة فموية {f} /qurḥa famawiyya/
Apia {prop} (capital of Samoa) :: آبيا {f}
a picture is worth a thousand words {proverb} (visualisation is better than verbal description) :: صورة تساوي ألف كلمة /ṣūra(t) tusāwī ʾalf kalima/
a picture paints a thousand words {proverb} (a picture is worth a thousand words) SEE: a picture is worth a thousand words ::
apocalypse {n} (end of the world) :: القيامة {f}
Apocalypse {prop} (the written account of a revelation of hidden things given by God to a chosen prophet) :: رؤيا {m} /ruʾyā/, كشف {m} /kašf/
Apocalypse {prop} (book of the Bible) :: رؤيا {m} /ruʾyā/, كشف {m} /kašf/
apogee {n} (a point in an orbit around the Earth) :: أوج {m} /ʾawj/
Apollo {prop} (the son of Zeus) :: أبولو {m} /ʾabullū/
Apollo {n} (asteroid type) :: أبولو {m} /ʾabollū/
apologia {n} (apology) SEE: apology ::
apologise {v} (apologise) SEE: apologize ::
apologism {n} (apology) SEE: apology ::
apologize {v} (to make an apology or excuse) :: إعتذر /ʾiʿtaḏara/
apology {n} (an expression of regret) :: اعتذار {m} /iʿtiḏār/
apology {n} (formal justification, defence) :: دفاع
apology {n} :: إعتذار - أسف
apostasy {n} (renunciation of set of beliefs) :: ردة {f} /ridda/, ارتداد {m} /irtidād/
apostate {n} (person who renounces a religion or faith) :: مرتد /murtadd/
apostatic {adj} (apostate) SEE: apostate ::
apostatical {adj} (apostate) SEE: apostate ::
a posteriori {adv} (in a manner that deduces theories from facts) :: البعدية /alʾbādiya/
apostle {n} (missionary or leader of a mission) :: رسول {m} /rasūl/
Apostle {n} (top-ranking Mormon) :: رسول /rasūl/
apothecary {n} (pharmacy) SEE: pharmacy ::
apothecary {n} (pharmacist) SEE: pharmacist ::
app {n} (small computer application) :: تطبيق {m} /taṭbīq/
Appalachians {prop} (a mountain range in eastern North America) :: جبال الأبلاش {m-p} /jibāl al-ʾabalāš/
apparatus {n} (firefighting: vehicle for emergency response) SEE: fire engine ::
apparently {adv} ((archaic) plainly) :: ظاهرا /ẓāhiran/, على ما يبدو /ʿalā mā yabdū/
apparently {adv} (seemingly) :: ظاهرا /ẓāhiran/
appeal {v} (to accuse) SEE: accuse ::
appeal {v} (to apply for the removal of a cause to a superior judge or court) :: استأنف /istaʾnafa/
appeal {n} (application for the removal of a cause to a superior judge) :: استئناف {m} /istiʾnāf/, التماس {m} /iltimās/
appear {v} (to appear, to seem) SEE: look ::
appear {v} (to appear) SEE: seem ::
appear {v} (To seem; to have a certain semblance; to look) :: ظهر /ẓahara/, بدا /badā/ ([present tense:] يبدو /yabdū/)
appearance {n} (personal presence, form or look) :: شكل {m} /šakl/
appearance {n} (Semblance, or apparent likeness) :: شكل {m} /šakl/
appearing {n} (appearance) SEE: appearance ::
appendectomy {n} (surgical procedure) :: استئصال الزائدة الدودية {m} /istiʾṣāl az-zāʾida ad-dūdiyya/
appendicectomy {n} (appendectomy) SEE: appendectomy ::
appendicitis {n} (inflamation of the vermiform appendix) :: التهاب الزائدة
appetite {n} (desire of or relish for food) :: شهية {f} /šahiyya/
appetizer {n} (small, light first course) :: مزة {f} /mazza/, المشهي
applaud {v} (to express approval by clapping) :: صفق /ṣaffaqa/
applause {n} (act of applauding) :: تصفيق {m} /taṣfīq/
apple {n} (fruit) :: تفاحة {f} /tuffāḥa/, [collective] تفاح {m} /tuffāḥ/
apple {n} (tree) SEE: apple tree ::
Apple {prop} (Apple Inc.) :: أبل {m} /ʾabl/
apple blossom {n} (the flower of an apple tree) :: زهرة تفاح {f} /zahra(t) tuffāḥ/
apple juice {n} (the juice of apples, often used as a drink) :: عصير التفاح {m} /ʿaṣīr at-tuffāḥ/
apple pie {n} (pie with apple filling) :: فطيرة التفاح {f}
apple tree {n} (tree that bears apples) :: شجرة التفاح {f} /šajaratu t-tuffāḥi/
applewood {n} (apple) SEE: apple ::
appliable {adj} (applicable) SEE: applicable ::
appliance {n} (a device in its own right) :: جهاز {m} /jihāz/
applicable {adj} (suitable for application; relevant) :: قابل للتطبيق
applicant {n} (one who applies) :: مقدم الطلب /muqaddim aṭ-ṭalab/, متقدم /mutaqaddim/
application {n} (the act of applying or laying on, in a literal sense) :: تطبيق {m} /taṭbīq/
application {n} (a computer program) :: تطبيق {m} /taṭbīq/
application {n} (a verbal or written request, especially for assistance or employment or admission to a school, course or similar) :: كتاب {m} /kitāb/, استمارة {f} /istimāra/
application programming interface {n} (set of routines, protocols and tools) :: واجهة برمجة التطبيقات {f} /wājihat barmajat at-taṭbīqāt/
apply {v} (employ, apply) SEE: use ::
apply {v} (to put to use for a purpose) :: طبق على /Tabbaqa `ala/, انطبق على /inṭabaqa ʿalā/
appointment {n} (arrangement for a meeting; an engagement) :: موعد {m} /mawʿid/, ميعاد {m} /mīʿād/
apportionment {n} (The act of apportioning or the state of being apportioned) :: توزع {m} /tawazzuʿ/
appreciate {v} (to be grateful for something) :: يدرك /yudrik/, يتفهم
appreciate {v} (to view as valuable) :: يقدر قيمة
appreciate {v} (to be aware of) :: يدرك /yudrik/, يتفهم
appreciate {v} (to increase in value) :: يرفع قيمة, يرفع ثمن /yarfaʿ ṯaman/
appreciation {n} (A just valuation or estimate of merit, worth, weight, etc.; recognition of excellence) :: تقدير
apprentice {n} (one not well versed in a subject) SEE: newbie ::
apprentice {n} (trainee, especially in a skilled trade) :: مبتدئ {m} /mubtadiʾ/
apprise {v} (to notify) :: أطلع /ʾaṭlaʿa/
approach {v} (to come or go near, in place or time; to draw nigh; to advance nearer) :: اقترب /iqtaraba/
appropinquation {n} (approach) SEE: approach ::
appropriate {adj} (peculiar, suitable, fit, proper) :: مناسب /munāsib/
approve {v} (To regard as good; to commend; to be pleased with; to think well of) :: استحسن /istaḥasana/
approve {v} (To make or show to be worthy of approbation or acceptance) :: وافق /wāfaqa/
approximately {adv} (imprecise but close to in quantity or amount) :: حوالي /ḥawālī/, تقريبا /taqrīban/
apricot {n} (fruit) :: مشمش {m} /mišmiš/, مشمشة {f} /mišmiša/ [singulative]
April {prop} (fourth month of the Gregorian calendar) :: أبريل {m} /ʾabrīl/, نيسان {m} /nīsān/
April Fools' Day {n} (First day of April) :: يوم كذبة أبريل {m} /yawm kaḏba ʾabrīl/
a priori {adj} ((logic) based on hypothesis rather than experiment.) :: مسلم به, لا يحتاج إثباته إلى تجربة
a priori {adv} (derived by logic) :: مسبق /musabbaq/
aprioristic {adj} (a priori) SEE: a priori ::
apron {n} (clothing) :: مريلة {f} /miryala/, مئزر {m} /miʾzar/, وزرة {f} /wizra/
aptitude {n} (natural ability to acquire knowledge or skill) :: استعداد {m} /istiʿdād/, موهبة {f} /mawhibe/
Apulia {prop} (region of Italy) :: بوليا {f}
apurpose {adv} (on purpose) SEE: on purpose ::
Aqdas {prop} (Bahá'í central holy book) :: الأقدس
aqua fortis {n} (nitric acid) SEE: nitric acid ::
aquaponics {n} (system that combines aquaculture with hydroponics) :: أكوابونيكس
aqua regia {n} (mixture of acids) :: ماء ملكي {m} /māʾ malakiyy/
Aquarian {n} (Aquarius) SEE: Aquarius ::
aquarium {n} (tank for keeping fish) :: حوض السمك {m} /ḥawḍ as-samak/, أكواريوم {m} /ʾakwāriyum/
aquarium {n} (public place where live fish are exhibited) :: حوض السمك {m} /ḥawḍ as-samak/
Aquarius {prop} (constellation) :: برج الدلو {m} /burj ad-dalw/, الدلو {m} /ad-dalw/
Aquarius {prop} (astrological sign) :: برج الدلو {m} /burj ad-dalw/, الدلو {m} /ad-dalw/
Aquarius {n} (Someone with a Aquarius star sign) :: برج الدلو {m} /burj ad-dalw/, الدلو {m} /ad-dalw/
aquatic {adj} (relating to water; living in or near water, taking place in water) :: مائي /māʾiyy/
aquatile {adj} (aquatic) SEE: aquatic ::
aquifer {n} (an underground layer of water-bearing porous stone, earth, or gravel) :: طبقة المياه الجوفية {f} /ṭabaqatu-l-mijahi-l-dʒawfijja/
Aquila {prop} (constellation) :: العقاب /al-ʿuqāb/
aquiline nose {n} (human nose with a hooked, bent shape) :: أنف معقوف {m} /ʾanf maʿqūf/
ar {n} (name of the letter R, r) :: آر {m} /ʾār/
-ar {suffix} (of, near, or pertaining to) :: ي /-iyy/
Arab {adj} (of or pertaining to Arabs and their nations) :: عربي /ʿarabiyy/
Arab {n} (Semitic person) :: عربي {m} /ʿarabiyy/, عربية {f} /ʿarabiyya/, عرب /ʿarab/ [collective]
araba {n} (carriage) :: عربة {f} /ʿaraba/
Arabia {prop} (a peninsula between the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf;) :: شبه الجزيرة العربية {f} /šibhu l-jazīrati l-ʿarabiyyatu/
Arabian {adj} (related to Arabia) :: عربي /ʿarabiyy/
Arabian camel {n} (dromedary) SEE: dromedary ::
Arabianization {n} (Arabisation) SEE: Arabisation ::
Arabianize {v} (Arabize) SEE: Arabize ::
Arabian jasmine {n} (Jasminum sambac, a shrubby, fragrant vine) :: فل {m} /full/
Arabian Peninsula {prop} (peninsula in the Middle East) :: شبه الجزيرة العربية {f} /šibh al-jazīra l-ʿarabiyya/
Arabian Sea {prop} (part of the Indian Ocean) :: بحر العرب {m} /baḥr al-ʿarab/
Arabic {adj} (of, from, or pertaining to Arab countries or cultural behaviour) :: عربي /ʿarabiyy/
Arabic {prop} (language) :: العربية {f} /al-ʿarabiyya/, عربي {m} /ʿarabiyy/, اللغة العربية {f} /al-luḡa l-ʿarabiyya/
Arabic {prop} (alphabet) :: أبجدية عربية {f} /ʾabjadiyya ʿarabiyya/
Arabic script {n} (letters of the Arabic language) :: حروف الهجاء {m} /ḥurūf al-hijāʾ/, أبجدية عربية {f} /ʾabjadiyya ʿarabiyya/, حروف أبجدية {m} /ḥurūf ʾabjadiyya/, ألف باء {f} /ʾalif bāʾ/ (sometimes written in one word: ألفباء {f} /ʾalifbāʾ/)
Arabisation {n} (process of arabising) :: تعريب {m} /taʿrīb/
Arabism {n} (an idiom characteristic of the Arabic language) :: عروبة {f} /ʿurūba/
Arabization {n} (Arabisation) SEE: Arabisation ::
Arabize {v} (to make Arab) :: أعرب /ʾaʿraba/, عرب /ʿarraba/
Arab League {prop} (an international organization of Arabic-speaking nations) :: جامعة الدول العربية /jāmiʿat ad-duwal al-ʿarabiyya/
Arabness {n} (quality of being Arab) :: عروبة {f} /ʿurūba/
Arabophobia {n} (the fear, hate or dislike of Arabs) :: معاداة العرب {f} /muʿādat al-ʿarab/, كره العرب {m} /karh al-ʿarab/
Arab Republic of Egypt {prop} (Official name of Egypt) :: جمهورية مصر العربية /jumhūriyyat miṣr al-ʿarabiyya/
Arab Spring {prop} (movement) :: الربيع العربي {m} /ar-rabīʿ al-ʿarabiyy/, [Arab revolutions] الثورات العربية {f-p} /aṯ-ṯawrāt al-ʿarabiyya/
Arab World {prop} (Arabic speaking world) :: العالم العربي {m} /al-ʿālam al-ʿarabiyy/
arachnid {n} (eight-legged creature) :: حيوان عنكبوتي {m} /ḥayawān ʿankabūtiyy/
arachnidan {n} (arachnid) SEE: arachnid ::
arachnophobia {n} (an abnormal or irrational fear of spiders) :: رهاب العناكب {m} /ruhāb al-ʿanākib/
arak {n} (a Middle Eastern aniseed-flavoured alcoholic drink) :: عرق {m} /ʿaraq/
Aramaean {prop} (Aramaic) SEE: Aramaic ::
Aramaean {n} (member of a West Semitic semi-nomadic and pastoralist people) :: آرامية /ʾārāmiyya/
Aramaean {adj} (of or pertaining to Aramaeans or Aram) :: آرامية /ʾārāmiyya/
Aramaic {prop} (the language) :: آرامية {f} /ʾārāmiyya/
Aramaic {adj} (pertaining to the language, alphabet, culture or poetry) :: آرامي /ʾārāmiyy/
arancino {n} (baked stuffed rice ball from Sicily) :: أرانشيني {m} /ʾarānšīnī/
aration {n} (ploughing) SEE: ploughing ::
Arbil {prop} (city) :: أربيل /ʾarbīl/
arboraceous {adj} (arboreal) SEE: arboreal ::
arborary {adj} (arboreal) SEE: arboreal ::
arboreal {adj} (pertaining to trees) :: شجري
arborical {adj} (arboreal) SEE: arboreal ::
arboricole {adj} (arboreal) SEE: arboreal ::
arboricolous {adj} (arboreal) SEE: arboreal ::
arborway {n} (avenue) SEE: avenue ::
arc {n} (geometry: part of a curve) :: قوس {m} /qaws/, منحنى {m} /munḥanā/
arch {n} (inverted U shape) :: قوس {m} /qaws/
arch {n} (architectural element) :: قوس {m} /qaws/
archaebacterium {n} (archaeon) SEE: archaeon ::
archaeologic {adj} (archaeological) SEE: archaeological ::
archaeological {adj} (relating to the science or research of archaeology) :: أثري /ʾaṯariyy/
archaeology {n} (scientific study of past remains) :: آثار {m-p} /ʾāṯār/, علم الآثار القديمة {m} /ʿilm al-ʾāṯār al-qadīma/
archaeon {n} (microorganism) :: بكتيريا قديمة
Archangel {prop} (Arkhangelsk) SEE: Arkhangelsk ::
archbishop {n} (senior bishop) :: أرشي ابسقوبس {m} /ʾaršī ibisqūbus/
archebiosis {n} (abiogenesis) SEE: abiogenesis ::
archeological {adj} (archaeological) SEE: archaeological ::
archeology {n} (archaeology) SEE: archaeology ::
archer {n} (one who shoots an arrow from a bow or a bolt from a crossbow) :: [indefinite] رام {m} /rāmin/, [definite] الرامي {m} /ar-rāmī/
archfiend {n} (Satan) SEE: Satan ::
Archimedes {prop} (an ancient Greek mathematician) :: أرخميدس {m} /ʾarḵimīdas/, أرشميدس {m} /ʾaršimīdas/)
Archimedes' screw {n} (A screwlike device that raises water) :: تابوت رفع المياه /tābūt rafʿ al-miyāh/
archipelago {n} (group of islands) :: أرخبيل {m} /ʾarḵibīl/
architect {n} (designer of buildings) :: معماري {m} /miʿmāriyy/, مهندس معماري {m} /muhandis miʿmāriyy/
architecture {n} (art and science of designing buildings and other structures) :: هندسة معمارية {f} /handasa(t) miʿmāriyya/, عمارة {f} /ʿimāra/
archive {n} (place for storing earlier material) :: أرشيف {m} /ʾaršīf/
archon {n} (chief magistrate) :: أرخن {m} /ʾarḵon/
Arctic {adj} (Pertaining to the northern polar region of the planet) :: قطبي شمالي /quṭbiyy šamāliyy/
Arctic {prop} (a region of the Earth) :: أركتيك /ʾarkitīk/, القطب الشمالي {m} /al-quṭb aš-šamāliyy/
Arctic Ocean {prop} (the smallest of the five oceans of the Earth, on and around the North Pole) :: المحيط المتجمد الشمالي {m} /al-muḥīṭ al-mutajammid aš-šamāliyy/, المحيط الشمالي {m} /al-muḥīṭ aš-šamāliyy/
Arcturus {prop} (Alpha Boötis) :: السماك الرامح
Ardennes {prop} (département) :: الاردين {f} /al-Ardīn/
Ardennes {prop} (region) :: الاردين {f} /al-Ardīn/, الأرضوان {f} /al-Arḍwān/ [archaic ]
Ardennes {prop} (forest) :: الاردين {f} /al-Ardīn/, الأرضوان {f} /al-Arḍwān/ [archaic ]
arduous {adj} (needing or using up much energy) :: شاق /šāq/
are {v} (be) SEE: be ::
area {n} (maths: measure of extent of a surface) :: مساحة {f} /misāḥa/
area {n} (particular geographic region) :: منطقة {f} /minṭaqa/
arena {n} (an enclosed area, often outdoor) :: صالة {f} /ṣāla/
areola {n} (circle around the nipple) :: هالة {f} /hāla/
are you married {phrase} (are you married?) :: هل أنت متزوج؟ /hal ʾanta mutazawwij?/ [to a man], هل أنت متزوجة؟ /hal ʾanti mutazawwija?/ [to a woman]
are you OK {phrase} (are you OK?) :: هل أنت بخير؟ /hal ʾanta biḵayr?/ [to a man], هل أنت بخير؟ /hal ʾanti biḵayr?/ [to a woman, the same basic Arabic spelling]
are you religious {phrase} (are you religious?) :: هل أنت مؤمن؟ /hal ʾanta muʾmin?/, هل أنت مؤمنة؟ /hal ʾanti muʾmina?/
Arezzo {prop} (capital city of Arezzo) :: أريتسو {m} /ʾarītsū/
argent {n} (silver or metal tincture) :: فضة {f} /fiḍḍa/
Argentina {prop} (Argentine Republic) :: الأرجنتين {m} /al-ʾarjantīn/
Argentine {prop} (Argentina) SEE: Argentina ::
argileh {n} (hookah) SEE: hookah ::
argon {n} (a chemical element) :: أرجون {m} /ʾarjūn/, أرجون {m} /ʾargūn/, أرغون {m} /ʾarḡūn/
argue {v} (intransitive: to debate, disagree, or discuss opposing or differing viewpoints) :: جادل /jādala/, حاج /ḥājja/, ناقش /nāqaša/
arguing {n} (argument) SEE: argument ::
argument {n} (fact or statement used to support a proposition; a reason) :: حجة {f} /ḥujja/
aria {n} (type of musical piece) :: نغم {m} /naḡam/
Arian {n} (someone whose star sign is in Aries) SEE: Aries ::
Arica {prop} (Chilean city) :: أريكا {f} /ʾarīkā/
Aries {prop} (constellation) :: برج الحمل {m} /burj al-ḥamal/, الحمل {m} /al-ḥamal/
Aries {prop} (astrological sign) :: برج الحمل {m} /burj al-ḥamal/, الحمل {m} /al-ḥamal/
arigato {interj} (“thank you”, used in the context of, or to evoke, Japanese culture) :: اريقاتو /arīqātū/, آريجاتو /ʾārījātū/, أريغاتو /ʾarīḡātū/
arise {v} (start to exist, originate) :: نهض /nahaḍa/
aristocracy {n} (the nobility or the hereditary ruling class) :: أرستقراطية {f} /ʾaristuqrāṭiyya/
aristocratic {adj} (of or pertaining to an aristocracy) :: أرستوقراطي {m} /'arstuqrati/
aristocratical {adj} (aristocratic) SEE: aristocratic ::
Aristotle {prop} (ancient Greek philosopher) :: أرسطو {m} /ʾarisṭū/, أرسطوطاليس {m} /ʾarisṭūṭālīs/, أرسطاطاليس {m}
arithmetic {n} (mathematics of numbers, etc.) :: حساب
arithmetical {adj} (arithmetical) SEE: arithmetic ::
arithmetic mean {n} (measure of central tendency) :: المتوسط الحسابي 
Arizona {prop} (a state of the United States of America) :: أريزونا {f} /ʾarizūnā/
ark {n} (Noah's ship) :: سفينة {f} /safīna/
Arkansas {prop} (US state) :: أركنساس {m} /ʾarkansās/
Arkhangelsk {prop} (city in Russia) :: أرخانغيلسك {m} /ʾarḵanḡilsk/, أرخانجيلسك {m} /ʾarḵangilsk/
Ark of the Covenant {prop} (the sacred container, a gold-plated wooden chest) :: تابوت العهد {m} /tābūt al-ʿahd/
arm {n} (weapon) :: سلاح {m} /silāḥ/
arm {n} (upper limb from shoulder to elbow) SEE: upper arm ::
arm {n} (baseball: pitcher) SEE: pitcher ::
arm {n} (upper appendage from shoulder to wrist) :: ذراع {m} {f} /ḏirāʿ/
armadillo {n} (burrowing mammal covered with bony, jointed, protective plates) :: مدرع {m} /mudarraʿ/
Armageddon {prop} (site) :: أرمجدون {m} /ʾarmajidūn/, أرمجدون {m} /ʾarmagidūn/
armchair {n} (a chair with supports for the arms or elbows) :: كرسي ذو ذراعين {m} /kursiyy ḏū ḏirāʿayn/, أريكة {f} /ʾarīka/, كرسي {m} /kursiyy/
armed {adj} (equipped, especially with a weapon) :: مسلح /musallaḥ/
armed forces {n} (the military forces of a nation) :: قوات مسلحة {f-p} /quwwāt musallaḥa/, قوات {f-p} /quwwāt/, جيش {m} /jayš/
armed police {n} (police) SEE: police ::
Armenia {prop} (ancient kingdom and country in West Asia) :: أرمينيا {f} /ʾarmīniyā/
Armenian {adj} (of, from, or pertaining to Armenia, Armenians, the language or alphabet) :: أرميني {m} /ʾarmēniyy/, أرمينية {f} /ʾarmēniyya/
Armenian {n} (person) :: أرميني {m} /ʾarmēniyy/, أرمينية {f} /ʾarmēniyya/
Armenian {prop} (language) :: أرمينية {f} /ʾarmēniyya/
Armenian cucumber {n} (fruit) :: فقوس {m} /faqqūs/, قثاء {m} /qiṯṯāʾ/
Armenian cucumber {n} (plant) :: فقوس {m} /faqqūs/, قثاء {m} /qiṯṯāʾ/
armhole {n} (armpit) SEE: armpit ::
armistice {n} (formal agreement to end combat) :: هدنة {f} /hudna/, وقف نار {m} /waqf nār/
armlet {n} (A band that is worn on the arm that for ornamental or identification purposes) :: معضد {m} /miʿḍad/, دملوج {m} /dumlūj/
armor {n} (tank) SEE: tank ::
armor {n} (protective layer over a body, vehicle, or other object intended to deflect or diffuse damaging forces) :: درع {m} /dirʿ/
armored {adj} (clad or equipped with arms or armor) :: مدرع /mudarraʿ/, مصفح /muṣaffaḥ/
armored personnel carrier {n} (armored vehicle for carrying infantry soldiers in combat) :: ناقلة جنود مدرعة {f}
armour {n} (tank) SEE: tank ::
armour {n} (protective layer over a body, vehicle etc.) :: درع {m} /dirʿ/
armpit {n} (cavity beneath the junction of the arm and shoulder) :: إبط {m} /ʾibṭ/
armrest {n} (part of a seat) :: مرفق {m} /mirfaq/
arms race {n} (a competition for military supremacy) :: سباق تسلح {m} /sibāq tasalluḥ/
arm up {v} (arm) SEE: arm ::
arm wrestling {n} (a sport) :: مصارعة ذراعية {f}
army {n} (military force concerned mainly with ground operations) :: جيش {m} /jayš/
around {prep} (defining a circle or closed curve containing) :: حول /ḥawla/
around {prep} (following a path) :: حول /ḥawla/
around {prep} (near) :: بالقرب /bi-l-qurbi/, قرب /qurba/
around {adv} (generally) SEE: generally ::
arquebus {n} (firearm) SEE: harquebus ::
arrange {v} (to set up, organise) :: رتب /rattaba/
arrangement {n} (act of arranging) :: ترتيب {m} /tartīb/
arrest {n} (act of arresting a criminal, suspect etc) :: توقيف {m} /tawqīf/
arrest {v} (to take into legal custody) :: اعتقل /iʿtaqala/
arrival {n} (act of arriving or something that has arrived) :: وصول {m} /wuṣūl/, وفادة {f} /wifāda/
arrive {v} (to reach) :: وصل /waṣala/
arrive {v} (to get to a certain place) :: وصل /waṣala/
arrogance {n} (act or habit of arrogating, or making undue claims in an overbearing manner) :: تكبر {m} /takabbur/
arrogant {adj} (having excessive pride) :: متكبر /mutakabbir/
arrow {n} (projectile) :: سهم {m} /sahm/
arrow {n} (symbol) :: سهم {m} /sahm/
arse {n} (arse) SEE: ass ::
arsenal {n} (military establishment) :: ترسانة {f} /tirsāna/
arsenic {n} (chemical element) :: زرنيخ {m} /zirnīḵ/
art {n} (human effort) :: فن {m} /fann/, [plural] فنون {m-p} /funūn/
art {n} (conscious production or arrangement) :: فن {m} /fann/, [plural] فنون {m-p} /funūn/
art {n} (skillful creative activity) :: فن {m} /fann/, [plural] فنون {m-p} /funūn/
art {n} (study) :: فن {m} /fann/, [plural] فنون /funūn/
art {n} (aesthetic value) :: فن {m} /fann/, [plural] فنون {m-p} /funūn/
art {n} (artwork) :: فن {m} /fann/, [plural] فنون {m-p} /funūn/
art {n} (field or category of art) :: فن {m} /fann/, [plural] فنون {m-p} /funūn/
art {n} (nonscientific branch of learning) :: فن {m} /fann/, [plural] فنون {m-p} /funūn/
Arta {prop} (department in Djibouti) :: أرتا /Artā/
artery {n} (blood vessel from the heart) :: شريان {m} /širyān/
art historian {n} (an expert in art history) :: مؤرخ الفن {m} /muʾarriḵ al-fann/, مؤرخة الفن {f} /muʾarriḵa(t) al-fann/
Arthur {prop} (male given name) :: آرثر
artichoke {n} (vegetable) :: خرشوف {m} /ḵuršūf/, خرشوفة {f} /ḵuršūfa/ [singulative], أرضي شوكي {m} /ʾarḍī šawkī, ʾarḍī šōkī/
article {n} (story, report, or opinion piece) :: مقال {m} /maqāl/, مقالة {f} /maqāla/
article {n} (part of speech that specifies a noun) :: أداة التعريف {f} /ʾadāt at-taʿrīf/
article {n} (object) SEE: object ::
artificer {n} (inventor) SEE: inventor ::
artificial {adj} (man-made) :: متصنع /mutaṣannaʿ/
artificial intelligence {n} (intelligence exhibited by an artificial entity) :: ذكاء اصطناعي {m} /ḏakāʾ iṣṭināʿiyy/
artificial intelligence {n} (branch of computer science) :: ذكاء اصطناعي {m} /ḏakāʾ iṣṭināʿiyy/
artificial intelligence {n} (quality of a machine) :: ذكاء اصطناعي {m} /ḏakāʾ iṣṭināʿiyy/
artillery {n} (weapon) :: مدفعية /midfaʿiyya/
artist {n} (person who creates art) :: فنان {m} /fannān/, رسام {m} /rassām/
artmaker {n} (artist) SEE: artist ::
arugula {n} (herb) :: جرجير {m-p} /jarjīr/
arum {n} (flower or plant in the genus Arum) :: لوف {m} /lūf/, شاره {m} /šāruh/ / صاره {m} /ṣāruh/ [Al-Andalus], أرون {m} /ʾarūn/ [obsolete]
arum lily {n} :: كالا {f} /kālā/
Arunachal Pradesh {prop} (Arunachal Pradesh) :: أروناجل برديش {m} /ʾarunajal bradīš/
-ary {suffix} (of or pertaining to) :: ي /-iyy/
Aryan {n} (in Nazism: a member of an alleged master race of non-Jewish Caucasians) :: آري {m} /ʾariyy/
Aryan {n} (used primarily by neo-Nazis: a white) :: آري {m} /ʾariyy/
Aryan {n} (rare: an Indo-Iranian) :: آري {m} /ʾariyy/
Aryan {n} (rare: a Proto-Indo-European) :: آري {m} /ʾariyy/
Aryan {adj} (of or pertaining to Indo-European or Aryan peoples, culture, and languages) :: آري {m} /ʾariyy/
as {adv} (to such an extent or degree) :: ك /ka-/, مثل /miṯl/
as {conj} (in the same way that) :: ك /ka/, كما /kamā/, مثل /miṯil/, مثلما /miṯlamā/
as {conj} (at the same instant that) :: لما /lammā/, عندما /ʿindamā/, حين /ḥīna/
as {prep} (Introducing a basis of comparison) :: مثل /miṯl/
as {conj} (relative conjunction) SEE: that ::
as {conj} (expressing concession) SEE: though ::
as {conj} (than) SEE: than ::
as {conj} (as if) SEE: as if ::
as {adv} (for example) SEE: for example ::
asafoetida {n} (resinous gum from wild fennel) :: حلتيت {m} /ḥiltīt/
as against {prep} (as opposed to) SEE: as opposed to ::
as a matter of fact {prep} (actually) :: في الحقيقة /fī l-ḥaqīqa/
asarabacca {n} (Asarum europaeum) :: أسارون /ʾasārūn/
as a result {conj} (consequently) :: كنتيجة ل /ka-natīja li-/
asbestos {n} (any of several fibrous mineral forms of magnesium silicate) :: أسبستوس {m} /ʾasbistus/, أسبست {m} /ʾasbist/
ascend {v} (to go up) :: ارتفع /irtafaʿa/, صعد /ṣaʿad/
Ascension Island {prop} (an island in the South Atlantic) :: جزيرة أسنسيون {f} /jazīrat ʾasensiyōn/
ascent {n} (act of ascending; motion upwards) :: صعود {m} /ṣuʿūd/, تسلق {m} /tasalluq/
ascertain {v} (find out; discover or establish) :: تيقن /tayaqqana/, تثبت /taṯabbata/
ascetic {adj} (related to ascetics) :: نسكي /nusukiyy/
ascetic {n} (devotee to the practice of self-denial) :: ناسك /nāsik/
asceticism {n} (the principles and practices of an ascetic) :: زهد {m} /zuhd/
Asclepius {prop} (Greek god of medicine and healing) :: أسقليبيوس
ASEAN {prop} (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) :: أسيان {m} /ʾasyān/, رابطة أمم جنوب شرق آسيا /rābiṭat ʾumam janūb šarq ʾāsiyā/
asexuality {n} (state of not experiencing sexual attraction) :: لاجنسية {f} /lā-jinsiyya/
as follows {adv} (in the manner described hereafter) :: كما يلي /kamā yalī/
as for {prep} (regarding; about) :: أما ... ف /ʾammā ... fa-/
Asgard {prop} (the abode of gods in Norse mythology) :: أسكارد
ash {n} (solid remains of a fire) :: رماد {m} /ramād/, سكن {m} /sakan/
ash {n} (wood) :: دردار {m} /dardār/
ash {n} :: شحوب /šuḥūb/ [ashen complexion]
ash {n} (tree) SEE: ash tree ::
ashamed {adj} (feeling shame or guilt) :: خجلان {m} /ḵajlān/, خجول {m} /ḵajūl/
Ashgabat {prop} (the capital of Turkmenistan) :: عشق آباد {f} /ʿašq ʾābād/, عشق آباد {f} /ʿišq ʾābād/, عشق آباد {f} /ʿašq ʾābād/, عشق آباد {f} /ʿišq ʾābād/
Ashkelon {prop} (city in Israel) :: عسقلان /ʿasqalān/
Ashkenazi {adj} (of, or relating to Jews from Germany or Eastern Europe) :: أشكنازي /ʾaškināziyy/
Ashkenazi {n} (Jew from Germany or Eastern Europe) :: أشكنازي {m} /ʾaškināziyy/
Ashoka {prop} (emperor) :: أشوكا {m} /ʾašūkā/
ashtray {n} (receptacle for ashes) :: منفضة سجائر {f} /minfaḍat sagāʾir/, منفضة {f} /minfaḍa/
ash tree {n} (Fraxinus tree) :: مران {m} /murrān/, دردار {m} /dardār/
Ashura {prop} ((Islam) a holy day falling on the 10th day of Muharram) :: عاشوراء /ʿāšūrāʾ/
Asia {prop} (the continent of Asia) :: آسيا {f} /ʾāsiyā/
Asia Minor {prop} (peninsula between the Mediterranean Sea, the Aegean Sea and the Black Sea) :: آسيا الصغرى /ʾāsiyā ṣ-ṣuḡrā/
Asian {n} (person from Asia) :: آسيوي {m} /ʾāsiyawiyy/, آسيوية {f} /ʾāsiyawiyya/
Asian {adj} (of, relating to or from Asia) :: آسيوي {m} /ʾāsiyawiyy/
Asian lion {n} (species of lion that inhabited Asia) :: أسد آسيوي {m} /ʾasad ʾāsiyawiyy/
as if {conj} (as though) :: كما لو /kamā law/, كأن /kaʾanna/
as if {conj} (in mimicry of) :: كما لو /kamā law/
ask {v} (request an answer) :: سأل /saʾala/
ask {v} (make a request) :: سأل /saʾala/, طلب /ṭalaba/
asker {n} (person who asks a question) :: سائل /sāʾil/
ask for {v} (request) :: سأل /saʾala/, طلب /ṭalaba/
asleep {adj} (in a state of sleep) :: نائم /nāʾim/
as long as {conj} (if, assuming) :: ما دام /mā dāma/
Asmara {prop} (capital of Eritrea) :: أسمرة {f} /ʾasmara/
as much as possible {adv} (as much as is possible) :: قدر المستطاع /qadr al-mustaṭāʿ/, قدر الإمكان /qadr al-ʾimkān/
as of {prep} (from a specified time) :: اعتبارا من /iʿtibāran min/, ابتداء من /ibtidāʾan min/
Asoka {prop} (Ashoka) SEE: Ashoka ::
as opposed to {prep} (in contrast to) :: في مقابل /fī muqābil/, على نقيض /ʿalā naqyiḍ/, بدلا من /badalan min/
asparagus {n} (asparagus plant) :: هليون {m} /hilyūn/, هليون {m} /hilyawn/
asparagus {n} (asparagus shoots (food)) :: هليون {m} /hilyūn/
aspect ratio {n} :: النسبة الباعية {f} /al-nisba l-bāʿiyya/
as per {prep} :: وفقا ل /wafqan li-/
asperse {v} (scatter) SEE: scatter ::
asphalt {n} (asphalt concrete) :: أسفلت {m} /ʾasfalt/
aspiration {n} (hope or ambition) :: أمل {m} /ʾamal/
aspiration {n} (burst of air that follows the release of some consonants) :: زفر {m} /zafr/
aspirin {n} (analgesic drug) :: أسبرين {m} /ʾasbirīn/
asplenia {n} (absence of normal spleen function) :: انعدام الطحال {m} /inʿidām aṭ-ṭiḥāl/
asr {n} (afternoon prayer) :: صلاة العصر {f} /ṣalāt al-ʿaṣr/, عصر {m} /ʿaṣr/
as regards {prep} (regarding) :: فيما يتعلق ب /fī-mā yataʿallaqu bi-/
as regards {prep} :: بالنسبة ل (bil-nisba li-)
ass {n} (animal, see also: donkey) :: حمار /ḥimār/
ass {n} (buttocks) :: عجيزة {f} /ʿajīza/, مؤخرة {f} /muʾaḵḵara/, طيز {m} /ṭīz/; Baharna Arabic: عزقة {f} /ʿuzga, ʿezga/
Assam {prop} (state in India) :: أسام {m} /ʾasām/
Assamese {prop} (language) :: أسامية {f} /ʾasāmiyya/
assassin {v} (assassinate) SEE: assassinate ::
assassin {n} (member of the historical Ismaili Muslim militant group) :: حشاش {m} /ḥaššāš/
assassin {n} (one who, motivated by political reasons, intentionally kills a particular person) :: قاتل {m} /qātil/, سفاح {m} /saffāḥ/, سفاك {m} /saffāk/
assassinate {v} (to murder by sudden or obscure attack) :: اغتال /iḡtāla/
assassinate {n} (assassination) SEE: assassination ::
assassinate {n} (assassin) SEE: assassin ::
assassination {n} (murder for political reasons or personal gain) :: اغتيال {m} /iḡtiyāl/
assault {n} (a violent onset or attack) :: اقتحام {m} /iqtiḥām/
assault rifle {n} (a rifle) :: بندقية هجومية {f} /bunduqiyya hujūmiyya/
assegai {n} (slim hardwood spear or javelin with an iron tip) :: زغاية {f} /zaḡāya/
assembler {n} (assembly language) SEE: assembly language ::
assembly language {n} (programming language) :: لغة تجميع {f} /luḡat tajmīʿ/
assess {v} (to determine the value of) :: يقدر /yuqaddir/ [imperfective]
assess {v} (to give or charge with) :: يغرم /yuḡarrim/ [imperfective]
assessment {n} (act of assessing a tax) :: تقييم
assfuck {n} (sodomy) SEE: sodomy ::
assfucker {n} (jerk) SEE: jerk ::
asshole {n} (mean or rude person) :: بوش {m} /bawš/
assign {v} (to designate or set apart something for some purpose) :: تعيين شخص لعمل ما
assignee {n} (law: one to whom rights or property is being transferred) :: وكيل {m} /wakīl/
assignee {n} (an agent) :: وكيل {m} /wakīl/
assimilation {n} (phonology: sound change process) :: مماثلة {f} /mumāṯala/, تماثل {m} /tamāṯul/
assistance {n} (aid; help; the act or result of assisting) :: مساعدة {f} /musāʿada/
assistant {n} (an auxiliary software tool) SEE: wizard ::
assistant {n} (person who assists) :: مساعد {m} /musāʿid/
associative {adj} :: تجميعية /tajmīʿiyya/
as soon as {conj} (immediately after) :: ما أن /mā ʾan/, حالما /ḥālamā/, بمجرد /bimujarad/
as soon as possible {adv} (as soon as is possible) :: في أقرب وقت ممكن /fī ʾaqrab waqt mumkin/, في أسرع وقت ممكن /fī ʾasraʿ waqt mumkin/
assume {v} (to suppose to be true) :: افترض /iftaraḍa/
assure {v} (to give someone confidence in the trustworthiness of something) :: أكد /ʾakkada/
assured {adj} (confident) SEE: confident ::
Assyria {prop} (Semitic Akkadian kingdom) :: آشور /ʾāššūr/
Assyrian {n} (a person who resided in the ancient region on the Upper Tigris river) :: آشوري /ʾāšūriyy/
Assyrian {n} (a citizen of an ancient nation and empire, including the northern half of Mesopotamia) :: آشوري /ʾāšūriyy/
Assyrian {adj} (of or pertaining to the ancient region on the Upper Tigris river) :: آشوري /ʾāšūriyy/
Assyrian {adj} (of or pertaining to the ancient nation and empire, including the northern half of Mesopotamia) :: آشوري /ʾāšūriyy/
Astana {prop} (the capital of Kazakhstan) :: أستانا {f} /ʾastānā/
Astana {prop} (Nur-Sultan) SEE: Nur-Sultan ::
astatine {n} (the chemical element) :: أستاتين {m} /ʾastātīn/
astern of {prep} (behind (prep)) :: خلف /ḵalf/
asteroid {n} (astronomy) :: كويكب {m} /kuwaykib/
asthenia {n} (loss of strength) :: ضعف {m} /ḍaʿf/
as the saying goes {phrase} (said as a lead to a proverb or similar) :: كما يقول المثل
asthma {n} (chronic respiratory disease) :: ربو {m} /rabū/
asthmatic {adj} (having the characteristics of asthma) :: متعلق بداء الربو {m} /mutaʿaliq bidāʾ ar-rabw/
asthmatic {n} (person who suffers from asthma) :: مصاب بداء الربو {m} /muṣāb bidāʾ ar-rabū/
as though {conj} (as to suggest that) :: كما لو /kamā law/, كأن /kaʾanna/
astigmatic {adj} (suffering from astigmatism) :: لابؤاري {m} /la-buʾāriyy/, لانقطي {m} /lā-nuqaṭiyy/
astigmatism {n} (defect of a lens) :: اللابؤارية {f} /al-lābuʾāriyya/, اللانقطية {f} /al-lānuqaṭiyya/
as to {prep} (with reference or regard to) :: بالنسبة إلى /bi-n-nisba(t) ʾilā/
as to {prep} (according to) :: وفقا ل /wafqan li-/
astonish {v} (to surprise, astound, flabbergast) :: أذهل /ʾaḏhala/
astonished {adj} (amazed) :: مذهول {m} /maḏhūl/
astonishing {adj} (causing astonishment) :: مذهل {m} /muḏhil/
astonishment {n} (amazement, great surprise) :: ذهول {m} /ḏuhūl/
astound {v} (to astonish, bewilder or dazzle) :: ذهل /ḏuhil/
astounded {adj} (surprised, amazed, astonished or bewildered) :: مذهول {m} /maḏhūl/
astounding {adj} (that astounds) :: مذهل {m} /muḏhil/
astraddle {adv} (astride) :: منفرج الساقين {m} /munfarij as-sāqayn/
Astrakhan {prop} (city and region in Russia) :: أستراخان {m} /ʾastraḵān/
astral {adj} (relating to or resembling the stars) :: نجمي {m} /najmiyy/, نجمية {f} /najmiyya/
astray {adv} (in a wrong direction) :: بضلال /biḍalāl/, على ضلال /ʿalā ḍalāl/
astride {adv} (with one’s legs on either side) :: منفرج الساقين {m} /munfarij as-sāqayn/
astride {prep} (with one’s legs on either side of) :: منفرج الساقين {m} /munfarij as-sāqayn/
astringent {n} (substance which draws tissue together) :: مقلص {m} /muqaliṣ/
astrolabe {n} (astronomical and navigational instrument) :: أسطرلاب {m} /ʾasṭrulāb/
astrologer {n} (one who studies astrology) :: منجم {m} /munajjim/, منجمة {f} /munajjima/
astrological {adj} (pertaining to astrology) :: فلكي {m} /falakiyy/
astrologist {n} (astrologer) SEE: astrologer ::
astrology {n} (star divination) :: تنجيم {m} /tanjīm/
astronaut {n} (member of the crew of a spaceship or other spacecraft, or someone trained for that purpose) :: رجل فضاء {m} /rajul faḍāʾ/, رائد فضاء {m} /rāʾid faḍāʾ/, ملاح فضائي {m} /mallāḥ faḍāʾiyy/
astronautics {n} (navigation through space) :: ملاحة فضائية {f} /milāḥa faḍāʾiyya/
astronautics {n} (science and technology of spaceflight) :: ملاحة الفضاء {f} /milāḥat al-faḍāʾ/
astronomer {n} (one who studies astronomy) :: عالم فلك {m} /ʿālim falak/, فلكي {m} /falakī/, فلكية {f} /falakiya/
astronomic {adj} (pertaining to astronomy) SEE: astronomical ::
astronomic {adj} (incredibly large) SEE: astronomical ::
astronomical {adj} (of or relating to astronomy) :: فلكي {m} /falakiyy/, فلكية {f} /falakiyya/
astronomical {adj} (very large) :: فلكي {m} /falakiyy/, فلكية {f} /falakiyya/
astronomically {adv} (relating to astronomy) :: فلكيا /falakiyyan/
astronomically {adv} (in the extreme) :: بشكل فلكي /bi-šakl falakiyy/
astronomical unit {n} (measure of distance) :: وحدة فلكية {f} /waḥda falakiyya/
astronomist {n} (astronomer) SEE: astronomer ::
astronomy {n} (study of the physical universe beyond the Earth's atmosphere) :: فلك {?}, علم الفلك {m} /ʿilm al-falak/
astrophysicist {n} (one who studies astrophysics) :: عالم فيزياء فلكية {m} /ʿālim fīziyāʾ falakiyya/
astrophysics {n} (interdisciplinary branch of astronomy and physics) :: فزياء الفلكية {f} /fiiziyāʾ al-falakiyya/
astute {adj} (Quick at seeing how to gain advantage) :: داه /dāhin/ [indefinite], الداهي /ad-dāhī/ [definite]
astutely {adv} (in an astute manner) :: بدهاء /bidahāʾ/
astuteness {n} (quality of being astute) :: دهاء {m} /dahāʾ/
Asunción {prop} (capital of Paraguay) :: أسونسيون {m} /ʾasunsiyōn/
asunder {adv} (into separate parts) :: إربا /ʾirban/
as well {adv} (in addition, also) :: أيضا
as well as {prep} (in addition to) :: بالإضافة إلى /bi-l-ʾiḍāfa ʾilā/
asylee {n} (someone granted asylum) :: لاجئ {m}
asylum {n} (place of safety) :: ملجأ {m} /maljaʾ/, موئل {m} /mawʾil/
asylum {n} (mental asylum) :: لجوء {m} /lujūʾ/
asylum seeker {n} (person who has applied for asylum) :: طالب لجوء {m} /ṭālib lujūʾ/
asymmetrical {adj} (not symmetrical) :: غير متماثل {m} /ḡayr mutamāṯil/, غير متماثلة {f} /ḡayr mutamāṯila/, غير متكافئ {m} /ḡayr mutakāfiʾ/, غير متكافئة {f} /ḡayr mutakāfiʾa/
asymmetry {n} (lack of symmetry or proportion) :: عدم تناسق {m} /ʿadam tanāsuq/
asymptomatic {adj} (not exhibiting any symptoms of disease) :: بدون أعراض /bidūn ʾaʿrāḍ/, بلا أعراض /bilā ʾaʿrāḍ/
asymptotic {adj} (pertaining to values or properties approached at infinity) :: مقارب {m} /muqārib/
asymptotically {adv} ((analysis) in an asymptotical manner, in the way of an asymptote) :: متقاربا {m} /mutaqāriban/, مقاربا /muqāriban/
asynchronous {adj} (not synchronous) :: لا متزامن {m} /lā mutazāmin/, لا متزامنة {f} /lā mutazāmina/
as you know {adv} (as you know) :: كما تعلم /kamā taʿlamu/
at {prep} (in or very near a particular place) :: عند /ʿind/
at {prep} (indicating time) :: في /fī/
at {prep} (in the direction of) :: صوب /ṣawb/
at {n} (at sign) SEE: at sign ::
a tad {adv} (a little) SEE: a little ::
ataman {n} (title) :: أتامان {m} /ʾātāmān/
at first glance {prep} (after only a superficial examination or review) :: للوهلة الأولى /li-l-wahla l-ʾūlā/
at first sight {prep} (at first glance) SEE: at first glance ::
at gunpoint {prep} (under coercion by someone with a firearm) :: تحت التهديد بالسلاح /taḥta t-tahdīd bi-s-silāḥ/
atheism {n} (rejection of belief that any deities exist (with or without a belief that no deities exist)) :: إلحاد {m} /ʾilḥād/, زندقة {f} /zandaqa/
atheist {n} (a person who believes that no deities exist) :: ملحد {m} /mulḥid/ [modern], زنديق {m} /zindīq/ [classical], علج {m} /ʿilj/, كافر {m} /kāfir/, دهري /dahriyy/
atheist {n} (a person who rejects belief that any deities exist, whether or not that person believes that deities do not exist) :: ملحد {m} /mulḥid/ [modern], زنديق {m} /zindīq/ [classical], علج {m} /ʿilj/, كافر {m} /kāfir/, دهري /dahriyy/
Athena {prop} (Greek goddess) :: آثين {f} /ʾāṯīn/
Athens {prop} (capital city of Greece) :: أثينا {f} /ʾaṯīnā/
athlete {n} (person who actively participates in physical sports) :: رياضي {m} /riyāḍiyy/, رياضية {f} /riyāḍiyya/
athlete {n} :: رياضة (riyá:ɖa)
athlete's foot {n} (fungal infection) :: سعفة القدم {f} /siʿfa(t) al-qadam/, القدم الرياضي {m} /al-qadam ar-riyāḍī/
athwart {prep} (From one side to the other side of) :: بعرض /biʿarḍ/
-ation {suffix} (-ation (suffix)) :: ية /-iyya/
Atlantic {prop} (the Atlantic Ocean) :: الأطلسي {m} /al-ʾaṭlasiyy/, الأطلنطي {m} /al-ʾaṭlanṭiyy/
Atlantic {adj} (pertaining to the Atlantic Ocean) :: أطلسي /ʾaṭlasiyy/
Atlantic Ocean {prop} (the ocean lying between the Americas to the west and Europe and Africa to the east) :: المحيط الأطلسي {m} /al-muḥīṭ al-ʾaṭlasiyy/, الأطلسي {m} /al-ʾaṭlasiyy/
Atlantis {prop} (mythical country said to have sunk into the ocean) :: أطلانطس {f} /ʾaṭlānṭis/
atlas {n} (bound collection of maps) :: أطلس {m} /ʾaṭlas/
atlas {n} (satin fabric, see also: satin) :: أطلس {m} /ʾaṭlas/
Atlas {prop} (Greek mythology) :: أطلس {m} /ʾaṭlas/
Atlas Mountains {prop} (Atlas Mountains) :: جبال الأطلس /jibāl al-ʾaṭlas/
at last {prep} (after a long time; eventually) :: أخيرا /ʾaḵīran/
at least {prep} (at a lower limit) :: على الأقل /ʿalā l-ʾaqall/
at length {prep} (for a long time) :: بالتفصيل /bi-l-tafṣīl/, بإسهاب /bi-ʾishāb/
at length {prep} (finally) :: أخيرا /ʾaḵīran/
at long last {prep} (at last) SEE: at last ::
ATM {n} ((banking) Automated Teller Machine) :: ماكينة الصراف الآلي {f} /mākīnat aṣ-ṣarrāf al-ʾāliyy/, آلة صراف الآلي {f} /ʾālat aṣ-ṣarrāf al-ʾāliyy/
atmosphere {n} (gases surrounding the Earth) :: جو {m} /jaw/
atmosphere {n} (mood or feeling) :: جو /jaw/
at most {prep} (at the most; at a maximum or upper limit) :: في معظم /fī muʿẓam/, في الأغلب
at night {adv} (during the night) :: في الليل /fī l-layla/
at no time {prep} (never) SEE: never ::
atom {n} (chemistry, physics: smallest possible amount of matter retaining its chemical properties) :: ذرة {f} /ḏarra/
atom {n} (historical: theoretical particle of matter) :: ذرة {f} /ḏarra/
atomic {adj} (of, or employing nuclear energy or processes) :: نووي /nawawiyy/, ذري /ḏarriyy/
Atomic Age {prop} (era during which nuclear energy was developed) :: عصر الذرة
atomic bomb {n} (nuclear weapon) :: قنبلة ذرية /qunbula ḏarriyya/
atomic clock {n} (reference clock) :: ساعة ذرية {f} /sāʿa(t) ḏurriyya/
atomic energy {n} (energy released by an atom) :: طاقة ذرية {f} /ṭāqa ḏarriyya/
at once {adv} (immediately) :: حالا /ḥālan/
atonement {n} (reconciliation of God and mankind) :: كفارة {f} /kaffāra/
at one stroke {prep} (at once) SEE: at once ::
atop {prep} (on the top of) :: فوق /fawq/
atrocity {n} (extremely cruel act) :: بشاعة {f} /bišāʿa/
at sign {n} (name of the symbol @) :: آت /ʾāt/
at-sign {n} (at sign) SEE: at sign ::
at symbol {n} (at sign) SEE: at sign ::
attach {v} (to fasten, to join to) :: ربط /rabaṭa/
attaché {n} (diplomatic officer) :: ملحق {m} /mulḥaq/
attachment {n} (file sent along with an email) :: إلحاق {m} /ʾilḥāq/, ملحق {m} /mulḥaq/
attack {n} (attempt to cause damage or injury) :: هجوم {m} /hujūm/ هجمة {f} /hajma/, حملة {f} /ḥamla/
attack {v} (to apply violent force) :: هاجم /hājama/
attacker {n} (someone who attacks) :: مهاجم {m} /muhājim/
attempt {v} (to try) :: حاول /ḥāwala/
attempt {n} (the action of trying at something) :: محاولة {f} /muḥāwala/
attend {v} (to be present at) :: حضر /ḥaḍara/
attention {n} (mental focus) :: إهتمام {m} /ʾihtimām/
attentive {adj} (paying attention) :: منتبه /muntabih/
at the expense of {prep} (by taking away from) :: على حساب /ʿalā ḥisābi/
at the feet of {prep} (very devoted to) :: تحت ناظري /taḥta nāẓiray/
at the feet of {prep} (very near to) :: تحت ناظري /taḥta nāẓiray/
at the hands of {prep} (by the actions of) :: تحت تصرف /taḥta taṣaruf/
at the mercy of {prep} (defenseless against) :: تحت رحمة /taḥta raḥmati/
at the moment {prep} (right now) :: حاليا /ḥāliyyan/, في هذه اللحظة /fī hāḏihi l-laḥẓa/
at the outside {prep} (at most) SEE: at most ::
at the same time {prep} (simultaneously, see also: at once; simultaneously) :: في نفس الوقت /fī nafs al-waqt/
attic {n} (space, often unfinished and with sloped walls, directly below the roof) :: علية {f} /ʿilliyya/
at times {prep} (on occasion, sometimes) :: أحيانا /ʾaḥyānan/
attitude {n} (disposition or state of mind) :: موقف {m} /mawqif/
attorney {n} (lawyer) :: [indefinite] محام {m} /muḥāmin/, [definite] المحامي {m} /al-muḥāmī/
attorney general {n} (major government officer) :: نائب عام {m} /nāʾib ʿāmm/
attract {v} :: جذب /jaḏaba/
attractive {adj} (having the quality of attracting by inherent force) :: جذاب /jaḏḏāb/
attractive {adj} (having the power of charming) :: جذاب /jaḏḏāb/
attribute {n} (grammar: word qualifying a noun) :: ميزة {f} /mīza/
at your service {prep} (way of introduction) :: في خدمتك /fī ḵidmatika/ [to masc sg], في خدمتك /fī ḵidmatiki/ [to fem sg], في خدمتكما /fī ḵidmatikumā/ [to com d], في خدمتكم /fī ḵidmatikum/ [to masc pl], في خدمتكن /fī ḵidmatikunna/ [to fem pl]
aubergine {n} (eggplant) SEE: eggplant ::
Auckland {prop} (the largest conurbation in New Zealand) :: أوكلاند {m} /ʾokland/
auction {n} (public sales event) :: مزاد {m} /mazād/, مزايدة {f} /muzāyada/
audible {adj} (able to be heard) :: مسموع
audience {n} (group of people seeing a performance) :: جمهور {m} /jumhūr/, نظارة {f} /naẓẓāra/
audio {adj} (focused on audible sound) :: سمعي /samʿiyy/, أوديو /ʾūdyū/
audiobook {n} (audiobook) :: كتاب مسموع {m} /kitāb masmūʿ/, كتاب سمعي {m} /kitāb samʿiyy/
audition {n} (performance by an aspiring performer) :: تجربة أداء /tajriba(t) ʾadāʾ/
auditory {adj} (of or pertaining to hearing) :: سمعي /samʿiyy/
August {prop} (eighth month of the Gregorian calendar) :: أغسطس {m} /ʾaḡusṭus/, آب {m} /ʾābu/
aunt {n} (a parent’s sister or sister-in-law) :: (paternal) عمة {f} /ʿamma/, (maternal) خالة {f} /ḵāla/
aural {adj} (of or pertaining to the ear) :: أذني /ʾuḏuniyy/
auricle {n} (outer ear) SEE: pinna ::
auricular {adj} (of or pertaining to the ear) :: أذني /ʾuḏuniyy/
auricular {n} (little finger) :: خنصر {m} /ḵinṣir/
aurora {n} (atmospheric phenomenon) :: شفق قطبي {m} /šafaq quṭbiyy/
Auschwitz {prop} (city in Poland) :: أوشڤيينتشيم {f} /ʾošviyentšīm/, أوشفينتشيم /ʾošvintšīm/
Auschwitz {prop} (concentration camp) :: أوشڤيتس {f} /ʾawšvits/, أوشفيتز
auscultate {v} (to practice auscultation) :: تسمع /tasammaʿa/
auscultation {n} (diagnosis by stethoscope or similar auditory device) :: تسمع {m} /tasammuʿ/
Aussie {n} (colloquial: an Australian, see also: Australian) :: أوزي /ʾūzī/, أوزي /ʾozī/
Austerlitz {prop} (former name of Slavkov u Brna) :: أوسترليتز {m} /ʾawstirlītz/
Australasia {prop} (Oceania) SEE: Oceania ::
Australia {prop} (Commonwealth of Australia) :: أستراليا {f} /ʾusturāliyā/
Australia {prop} (continent of Australia) :: أستراليا {f} /ʾusturāliyā/
Australian {n} (a person from the country of Australia or of Australian descent) :: أسترالي {m} /ʾusturāliyy/, أسترالية {f} /ʾusturāliyya/
Australian {adj} (of or pertaining to Australia, the Australian people or languages) :: أسترالي /ʾusturāliyy/
Australian Capital Territory {prop} (Territory of Australia) :: إقليم العاصمة الأسترالية {m} /ʾiqlīm al-ʿāṣima l-ʾusturāliyya/, مقاطعة العاصمة الأسترالية {f} /muqāṭaʿat al-ʿāṣima l-ʾusturāliyya/
Australian dollar {n} (official currency of Australia) :: دولار أسترالى {m} /dōlār ʾustrāliyy/
Australian English {n} (English language used in Australia) :: الإنجليزية الأسترالية {f} /al-ʾingilīziyya l-ʾusturāliyya/
Australian white ibis {n} (species of wading bird) :: أبو منجل الأبيض الأسترالي
Austria {prop} (country in Central Europe) :: النمسا {f} /an-namsā/, النمسا {f} /an-nimsā/, أوستريا {f} /ʾawstriyā/
Austria-Hungary {prop} (former country in Central Europe) :: النمسا والمجر /an-nimsā wa-l-majar/
Austrian {adj} (related to Austria) :: نمساوي /namsāwiyy/, نمساوي /nimsāwiyy/
Austrian {n} (Austrian person) :: نمساوي {m} /namsāwiyy/, نمساوي {m} /nimsāwiyy/, نمساوية {f} /namsāwiyya/, نمساوية {f} /nimsāwiyya/
Austronesia {prop} (group of islands) :: أسترونيزيا /ʾustrūnīziyā/
autarchy {n} (autocratic government) SEE: autocracy ::
author {n} (writer) SEE: writer ::
author {n} (originator or creator of a work) :: مؤلف {m} /muʾallif/
authoritarian {adj} (characterised by a tyrannical obedience to an authority; dictatorial) :: استبدادي /istibdādiyy/
authoritarian {n} (one who commands absolute obedience to his or her authority) :: متسلط /mutasalliṭ/, مستبد /mustabidd/
authoritarianism {n} (authoritarian form of government) :: سلطوية {f} /sulṭawiyya/
authority {n} (power to enforce rules or give orders) :: سلطة {f} /sulṭa/
autism {n} (neurological disorder) :: مرض التوحد {m} /maraḍ at-tawaḥḥud/
autistic {adj} (having or pertaining to autism) :: توحدي /tawaḥḥudī/
autobiography {n} (biography of oneself) :: سيرة ذاتية {f} /sīra(t) ḏātiyya/
autocracy {n} (form of government) :: أوتوقراطية {f} /ʾutuqrāṭiyya/
autograph {n} (signature) :: توقيع {m} /tawqīʿ/
automated teller machine {n} (banking) :: ماكينة صراف آلي {f} /mākīnat ṣarrāf ʾāliyy/, آلة صراف آلي {f} /ʾālat ṣarrāf ʾāliyy/
automatic teller machine {n} (automated teller machine) SEE: automated teller machine ::
automation {n} (converting the controlling of a machine to an automatic system) :: أتمتة {f} /ʾatmata/
automobile {n} (passenger vehicle) :: سيارة {f} /sayyāra/
autonomy {n} (self-government) :: استقلال {m} /istiqlāl/, تحرر {m} /taḥarrur/
autopsy {n} (a dissection performed on a cadaver) :: تشريح {m} /tašrīḥ/
autoteller {n} (automated teller machine) SEE: automated teller machine ::
autumn {n} (season) :: خريف {m} /ḵarīf/
autumn {adj} (autumnal) SEE: autumnal ::
autumnal {adj} (of or relating to autumn) :: خريفي {m} /ḵarīfiyy/
auxiliary language {n} (international auxiliary language) SEE: international auxiliary language ::
available {adj} (capable of being used) :: متاح /mutāḥ/
available {adj} (readily obtainable) :: متاح /mutāḥ/
avalanche {n} (large sliding mass of snow and ice) :: تيهور {m} /tayhūr/, انهيار ثلجي {m} /inhiyār ṯaljiyy/
avarice {n} (excessive or inordinate desire of gain) :: طمع /ṭamaʿ/، شح {m} /šuḥḥu/
avatar {n} (The physical embodiment of an idea or concept; a personification) :: أفاتار {m} /ʾafatār/
avatar {n} (A digital representation of a person or being) :: أفاتار {m} /ʾafatār/
avenge {v} (to take vengeance for) :: انتقم /intaqama/
avenue {n} (broad street) :: شارع
average {n} (any measure of central tendency) :: معدل {m} /mu'adal/
average {adj} (constituting or relating to the average) :: متوسط /mutawassiṭ/
aviation {n} (art or science of flying) :: طيران {m} /ṭayarān/
Avicenna {prop} (a Persian polymath) :: ابن سينا {m} /ibn sīnā/
avocado {n} (fruit) :: أفوكادو {m} /ʾafukādū/
Avogadro constant {n} (number of atoms present in 0.012 kilograms of isotopically pure carbon-12) SEE: Avogadro's number ::
Avogadro's number {n} (number of atoms present in 0.012 kilograms of isotopically pure carbon-12) :: ثابت أفوجادرو {m} /ṯābit ʾafūjādrū/
avoid {v} (to keep away from) :: تجنب /tajannaba/
Avraham {prop} (given name) SEE: Abraham ::
await {v} (transitive: to wait for) :: انتظر /intaẓara/
awake {adj} (conscious) :: مستيقظ /mustayqiẓ/, ساهد /sāhid/, يقظ /yaqiẓ/, متنبه /mutanabbih/
awake {v} (to gain consciousness) :: صحى /ṣaḥā/, استيقظ /istayaqaẓa/
awake {v} (to cause someone to stop sleeping) :: أيقظ /ʾayqaẓa/
awaken {v} (transitive: to cause to become awake) :: أفاق /ʾafāqa/, أيقظ /ʾayqaẓa/, أصحى /ʾaṣḥā/
awaken {v} (intransitive: to stop sleeping) :: صحى /ṣaḥā/, استيقظ /istayaqaẓa/
awakening {n} (being roused into action or activity) :: صحوة (ʂáħwa) {f}
award {n} (decision of arbitrators) :: قرار {m} /qarar/
award {n} (trophy or medal) :: جائزة {f} /jāʾiza/
awareness {n} (the state of consciousness) :: وعي
awash {adj} (washed by the waves or tide) :: مغسول بالأمواج
away {adv} (from a place; hence) :: بعيدا /baʿīdan/
awful {adj} (very bad) :: فظيع /faẓīʿ/
awfully {adv} (very) SEE: very ::
awl {n} (pointed instrument) :: مخرز {m} /miḵraz/
axe {n} (tool) :: فأس {m} /faʾs/
axiom {n} (philosophy: supposed self‐evident or necessary truth) :: بديهية {f} /badīhiyya/
axis {n} (geometry: imaginary line) :: محور {m} /miḥwar/
axis of evil {n} (states sponsoring terrorism and seeking weapons of mass destruction) :: محور الشر {m} /miḥwar aš-šarr/
Axis power {n} (member country of the World War II Axis) :: قوة التحلف
ayah {n} (A verse in the Quran.) :: آية /ʾāya/
Ayam {prop} (Kuwaiti citizens of Iranian origin) :: عيم {m} /ʿayam/
ayatollah {n} (a religious leader) :: آية الله {f} /ʾāyatu llāh/
aye-aye {n} (nocturnal quadruped) :: آيآي /ʾāyʾāy/
Ayers Rock {prop} (Uluru) SEE: Uluru ::
ayin {n} (Semitic letter) :: عين {m} /ʿayn/, ع /ʿ/ [letter]
Aymara {prop} (language of South America) :: لغة أيمارا
Ayurveda {n} (traditional Hindu alternative medicine) :: أيورفيدا {f} /ʾayūrfīdā/
Ayyavazhi {prop} (religion) :: يافاجي
Ayyubid {adj} (of or pertaining to the Ayyubid Dynasty) :: أيوبي /ʾayyūbiyy/
Azazel {prop} (a fallen angel) :: عزازيل {m} /ʿazāzīl/
Azerbaijan {prop} (country in the Caucasus) :: أذربيجان {m} /ʾaḏarbayjān/, آذربيجان {m} /ʾāḏarbayjān/
Azerbaijani {n} (Azerbaijani person) :: أذربيجاني {m} /ʾaḏarbayjāniyy/, آذربيجاني {m} /ʾāḏarbayjāniyy/, أزيري {m} /ʾazīriyy/, أذربيجانية {f} /ʾaḏarbayjāniyya/, آذربيجانية {f} /ʾāḏarbayjāniyya/, أزيرية {m} /ʾazīriyya/
Azerbaijani {prop} (language of Azerbaijan) :: أذربيجانية {f} /ʾaḏarbayjāniyya/, آذربيجانية {f} /ʾāḏarbayjāniyya/, أزيري {m} /ʾazīriyy/
Azerbaijani {adj} (pertaining to Azerbaijan) :: أزيري /ʾazīriyy/, أذربيجاني /ʾaḏarbayjāniyy/
Azeri {n} (Azerbaijani) SEE: Azerbaijani ::
Azeri {prop} (Azerbaijani) SEE: Azerbaijani ::
azimuth {n} (an arc of the horizon) :: سمت {m} /samt/
Azores {prop} (an archipelago and an autonomous region) :: الأزور /al-ʾazūr/
Azrael {prop} (angel of death) :: عزرائيل {m} /ʿazrāʾīl/, عزرائيل {m} /ʿizrāʾīl/, ملك الموت {m} /malak al-mawt/
azure {n} (colour of the sky) :: لازوردية {?} /lāzawardiyya/, لازورد {?} /lāzaward/
azure {adj} (sky-blue coloured) :: لازوردي /lāzawardiyy/
azure {n} (lapis lazuli) SEE: lapis lazuli ::
Ålesund {prop} (Norwegian municipality in Møre og Romsdal) :: أوليسوند