Szerkesztő:Matthias Buchmeier/en-arb-e

A Wikiszótárból, a nyitott szótárból
Ugrás a navigációhoz Ugrás a kereséshez
e {n} (name of the letter E, e) :: إي {m} /ʾī/, إيه {m} /ʾīh/
each {determiner} (every) :: كل /kull/
each other {pron} (to one another; one to the other) :: بعضه البعض /baʿḍuhu l-baʿḍ/
eager {adj} (excited by desire in the pursuit of any object) :: مشتاق /muštāq/
eagle {n} (any of several large carnivorous birds in the family Accipitridae) :: نسر {m} /nasr/, عقاب {m} /ʿuqāb/
ear {v} (archaic: to plough) :: حرث /ḥaraṯa/
ear {v} (plough) SEE: plough ::
ear {n} (external part of the organ of hearing) SEE: pinna ::
ear {n} (organ of hearing) :: أذن {f} /ʾuḏun/
earache {n} (pain in the ear) :: ألم الأذن /ʾalam al-ʾuḏuni/, ألم الأذن /ʾalam al-ʾuḏni/
ear canal {n} (tube or meatus running from the outer ear to the eardrum) :: قناة سمعية {f} /qanāh samʿiyya/
eardrum {n} (membrane separating outer and middle ears) :: طبلة الأذن {f} /ṭabla(t) al-ʾuḏn/
ear lobe {n} (a part of the ear) :: شحمة الأذن {f} /šaḥmat al-ʾuḏn/
early {adj} (at a time in advance of the usual) :: باكر /bākir/
early {adv} (at a time before expected) :: مبكرا /mubakkiran/, باكرا /bākiran/
earn {v} (gain through applied effort or work) :: كسب /kasaba/
earn {v} (transitive: receive (money) for working) :: كسب /kasaba/
earn {v} (deserve) :: استحق /istaḥaqqa/
earnest {adj} (important, serious) :: جدي /jaddī/, جاد /jādd/
earphone {n} (sound device held near the ear) :: سماعة {f} /sammāʿa/, سماعات الرأس {f-p} /samāʿāt ar-raʾs/
earphones {n} (small speakers worn over the ears) :: سماعات {f-p} /sammāʿāt/
earring {n} (piece of jewelry) :: قرط {m} /qurṭ/, حلق {m} /ḥalaq/
ear shell {n} (abalone) SEE: abalone ::
earth {n} (soil) :: تربة {f} /turba/, تراب {p} /turāb/, أرض {f} /ʾarḍ/
earth {n} (the ground, land) :: أرض {f} /ʾarḍ/
earth {n} (world of our current life, as opposed to afterlife) :: أرض {f} /ʾarḍ/, دنيا {f} /dunyā/
earth {n} :: أرض {f} /ʾarḍ/
earth {prop} (our planet, third out from the Sun) SEE: Earth ::
Earth {prop} (third planet of the Solar System) :: الأرض {f} /al-ʾarḍ/
Earth Day {prop} (global day of observance of the need to protect the earth) :: يوم الأرض {m} /yawm al-ʾarḍ/
earthen {adj} (made of earth or mud) :: ترابي /turābiyy/
earthen {adj} (made of clay) :: فخري /faḵariyy/, خزفي /ḵazafiyy/, طيني /ṭīniyy/
Earthling {n} (inhabitant of the planet Earth) :: أرضي /ʾarḍiyy/
earth pig {n} (aardvark) SEE: aardvark ::
earthquake {n} (shaking of the surface of a planet) :: زلزال {m} /zilzāl/
earwax {n} (waxy substance secreted by the ear) :: صملاخ {m} /ṣimlāḵu/, شمع الأذن {m} /šamʿ al-ʾuḏn/
earwig {n} (the insect) :: أبو مقص {m} /ʾabū miqaṣṣ/
easel {n} (upright frame for displaying or supporting something) :: حامل {m} /ḥāmil/
easily {adv} (without difficulty) :: بسهولة /bisuhūla/
east {n} (compass point) :: شرق {m} /šarq/
East {prop} (Eastern world) :: شرق {m} /šarq/, المشرق {m} /al-mašriq/
East al-Quds {prop} (East Jerusalem) SEE: East Jerusalem ::
East Asia {prop} (eastern subregion of Asia) :: شرق آسيا /šarq ʾāsiyā/
East China Sea {prop} (a sea) :: بحر الصين الشرقي {m} /baḥr aṣ-ṣīn aš-šarqiyy/
Easter {n} (Christian holiday) :: عيد الفصح {m} /ʿīd al-fiṣḥ/; [ecclesiastical, Lebanon alternatively] العيد الكبير /al-ʿīd al-kabīr/
Easter egg {n} (a dyed or decorated egg) :: بيضة عيد الفصح {f} /bayḍat ʿīd al-fiṣḥ/, بيضة الفصح {f} /bayḍat al-fiṣḥ/
Easter Island {prop} (Island in the Pacific) :: جزيرة عيد الفصح {f} /jazīra(t) ʿīd al-fiṣḥ/, جزيرة الفصح /jazīra(t) al-fiṣḥ/
eastern {adj} (related to the east) :: شرقي /šarqiyy/
Eastern Arabic {prop} (Levantine Arabic) SEE: Levantine Arabic ::
Eastern Arabic numeral {n} (Any of the ten symbols ٠ to ٩) :: أرقام هندية /ʾarqām hindiyya/
Eastern Bloc {prop} (the largely Communist countries of the eastern world) :: الكتلة الشرقية {f} /al-kutla š-šarqiyya/
Eastern Europe {prop} (Eastern Europe) :: أوروبا الشرقية {f} /ʾūrūbbā š-šarqiyya/
Eastern Orthodox Church {prop} (division of Christianity) :: أرثوذكسية شرقية {f} /ʾurṯūḏuksiyya(t) šarqiyya/
East Germany {prop} (former European country) :: ألمانيا الشرقية {f} /ʾalmāniyā š-šarqiyya/
East Jerusalem {prop} (eastern sector of Jerusalem) :: القدس الشرقية {f} /al-quds aš-šarqiyya/
East Sea {prop} (South China Sea) SEE: South China Sea ::
East Sea {prop} (Baltic sea) SEE: Baltic Sea ::
East Sea {prop} (Sea of Japan) SEE: Sea of Japan ::
East Sea {prop} (Dead Sea) SEE: Dead Sea ::
East Sea {prop} (East China Sea) SEE: East China Sea ::
East Timor {prop} (Country in Oceania) :: تيمور الشرقية {f} /timūr aš-šarqiyya/
East Turkestan {prop} (Xinjiang) SEE: Xinjiang ::
easy {adj} (comfortable) SEE: comfortable ::
easy {adj} (requiring little skill or effort) :: سهل /sahl/
eat {v} (to ingest, see also: consume; ingest) :: أكل /ʾakala/ imperfective: يأكل /yaʾkulu/
eat away {v} (to erode or corrode gradually) :: يبلى / يهلك / يتآكل
eater {n} (one who eats) :: آكل {m} /ʾākil/
eating {n} (the act of consuming food) :: أكل {m} /ʾakl/
eBay {prop} (eBay (alternative non-romanised names)) :: إيباي {m} /ʾībāy/
Ebola {prop} (river) :: إيبولا {f} /ʾibūlā/
Ebola {n} (Ebola virus) SEE: Ebola virus ::
Ebola {n} (Ebola fever) SEE: Ebola fever ::
Ebola fever {n} (illness caused by the Ebola virus) :: حمى الإيبولا {f} /ḥummā l-ʾibūlā/
Ebola virus {n} (virus) :: فيروس إيبولا {m} /fīrūs ʾībūlā/
ebonite {n} (product of vulcanizing rubber with sulfur) :: إبونيت {m} /ʾibūnīt/
e-book {n} (electronic book) :: كتاب إلكتروني {m} /kitāb ʾiliktrōniyy/, إيبوك {m} /ʾibūk/
e-book reader {n} (e-reader) SEE: e-reader ::
Ebro {prop} (Spanish river) :: إيبرو {m} /ʾebrō/
ecchymosis {n} (skin discoloration) SEE: bruise ::
echidna {n} (any of the four species of small spined monotremes) :: إيكيدنا {f} /ʾikīdnā/
echo {n} (reflected sound) :: صدى {m} /ṣadā/
eclair {n} (oblong, chocolate-covered, cream-filled pastry) :: ايكلير /īklīr/
eclipse {n} (passage of a planetary object between others) :: كسوف {m} /kusūf/, خسوف {m} /ḵusūf/
ecliptic {n} (Earth's orbital plane) :: مسار الشمس {m} /masār aš-šamsi/
ecology {n} (branch of biology) :: علم البيئة {m} /ʿilm al-bīʾa/
e-commerce {n} (commercial activity conducted via the Internet) :: تجارة إلكترونية {f} /tijāra ʾiliktrōniyya/
economic {adj} (pertaining to an economy) :: اقتصادي
economical {adj} (relating to economy) SEE: economic ::
economics {n} (study) :: اقتصاد {m} /iqtiṣād/, علم الاقتصاد {m} /ʿilm al-iqtiṣād/
economist {n} (expert in economics) :: اقتصادي {m} /iqtiṣādiyy/
economy {n} (effective management of the resources of a community or system) :: اقتصاد {m} /iqtiṣād/
economy {n} (frugal use of resources) :: اقتصاد {m} /iqtiṣād/
economy {n} (production and distribution and consumption) :: اقتصاد {m} /iqtiṣād/
ecotourism {n} (responsible travel) :: سياحة بيئية {f} /siyāḥa bīʾiyya/
ecru {adj} (beige) SEE: beige ::
ecstasy {n} (intense pleasure) :: نشوة {f} /našwa/
ectothermic {adj} (of or relating to ectotherm) :: بارد الدم {m} /bārid ad-dam/
Ecuador {prop} (country in South America) :: إكوادور {f} /ʾekwadōr/
eczema {n} (acute or chronic inflammation of the skin) :: أكزيما {f} /ʾakzīmā/
Edam {prop} (Edam cheese) SEE: Edam cheese ::
Edam cheese {n} (type of cheese) :: إيدام {m} /ʾidam/
eddy {n} (air or water running in an opposite direction to the main current) :: دوامة {f} /duwwāma/
edelweiss {n} (a European perennial alpine plant) :: إديلويس {m} /ʾidilways/
Eden {prop} (garden) :: جنات عدن, عدن
edification {n} (the act of edifying, or the state of being edified) :: تنوير {m} /tanwīr/
edifice {n} (building) :: بناء {m} /bināʾ/, مبنى {m} /mabnā/, بناية {m} /bināya/
edifice {n} (school of thought) :: مدرسة {f} /madrasa/
Edinburgh {prop} (capital of Scotland) :: إدنبرة {f} /ʾidinbura/
Edison {prop} (Transliterations of the surname) :: إديسون
edit {n} (a change to the text of a document) :: تحريف {m} /taḥrīf/
edit {v} (to change a text, or a document) :: حرر /ḥarrara/, عدل /ʿaddala/
edition {n} (literary work) :: طبعة {f} /ṭabʿa/
edition {n} (whole set of copies) :: طبعة {f} /ṭabʿa/
editor {n} (person who edits) :: محرر {m} /muḥarrir/
editor {n} (person who edited a specific document) :: محرر {m} /muḥarrir/
editor {n} (newspaper editor) :: محرر {m} /muḥarrir/
editorial {n} (article giving the opinion of editors) :: افتتاحية {f} /iftitāḥiyya/
edit war {n} (a dispute over the content of a page on a wiki or other editable work) :: حرب التحرير {f} /ḥarb at-taḥrīr/
Edmonton {prop} (city in Canada) :: أدمونتون
Edo {prop} (former name of Tokyo) :: إيدو {f} /ʾīdū/
e-dress {n} (e-mail address) SEE: e-mail address ::
educate {v} (to instruct or train) :: يعلم
education {n} (process or art of imparting knowledge, skill and judgment) :: تعليم {m} /taʿlīm/, تربية {f} /tarbiya/
education {n} (facts, skills and ideas that have been learned, either formally or informally) :: تعليم {m} /taʿlīm/, ثقافة {f} /ṯaqāfa/
educator {n} (teacher) SEE: teacher ::
educator {n} (person distinguished for his/her educational work, see also: teacher) :: معلم {m} /muʿallim/, مؤدب {m} /muʾaddib/
Edward {prop} (male given name) :: إدوارد {m} /ʾidwārd/
eel {n} (any fish of the order Anguilliformes) :: أنقليس {m} /ʾanqalīs/
eeny, meeny, miny, moe {n} (similar children's counting-out games in other languages) :: حكرة بكرة
ef {n} (name of the letter F, f) :: إف {m} /ʾef/
effect {n} (result of an action) :: تأثير {m} /taʾṯīr/
effective {adj} (having the power to produce a required effect or effects) :: فعال /faʿʿāl/
effeminacy {n} (the quality of being effeminate) :: تخنث، تأنث
effeminate {adj} (of a man, behaving like a woman) :: مخنث /muḵannaṯ/
effendi {n} (title of respect) :: أفندي {m} /ʾafandī/
efficiency {n} :: كفاءة
effort {n} (endeavor) SEE: endeavor ::
effort {n} (the amount of work involved in achieving something) :: جهد {m} /jahd/, جهد {m} /juhd/
effusion {n} (outpouring of liquid) :: اندفاق {m} /indifāq/, انصباب {m} /inṣibāb/
e.g. {adv} (abbreviation for “for example”) :: على سبيل المثال
egg {n} (body housing an embryo) :: بيضة {f} /bayḍa/
egg {n} (egg of domestic fowl as food item) :: بيضة {f} /bayḍa/
egg {n} (ovum) :: بويضة {f} /buwayḍa/
egg cell {n} (ovum) SEE: ovum ::
eggplant {n} (plant) :: باذنجان /bāḏinjān/
eggplant {n} (edible fruit) :: باذنجان {m} /bāḏinjān/
egg salad {n} (dish made of hard-boiled eggs) :: سلطة بيض /salaṭa(t) bayḍ/
eggshell {n} (object) :: قشر البيض {m} /qašr al-bayḍi/
egg white {n} (clear part of an egg) SEE: albumen ::
egg yolk {n} (central part of an egg) SEE: yolk ::
ego {n} (the self) :: الأنا {m} /al-ʾanā/
egress {n} (exit) SEE: exit ::
egret {n} (Any of various wading birds of the genera Egretta or Ardea) :: أبو قردان {m} /ʾabū qirdān/
Egypt {prop} (country in North Africa) :: مصر {f} /miṣr/, مصر {f} /maṣr/
Egyptian {adj} (of, from, or pertaining to Egypt) :: مصري /miṣriyy/
Egyptian {adj} (of, from, or pertaining to Egyptians) :: مصري {m} /miṣriyy/, مصرية {f} /miṣiriyya/
Egyptian {adj} :: مصري /miṣriyy/
Egyptian {n} (person from Egypt) :: مصري /miṣriyy/, مصري /maṣriyy/, مصرية {f} /miṣriyya/, مصرية {f} /maṣriyya/
Egyptian {prop} (language) :: مصرية {f} /miṣriyya/, مصرية {f} /maṣriyya/
Egyptian Arabic {prop} (Egyptian Arabic) :: لهجة مصرية {f} /lahja miṣriyya/, مصرية {f} /miṣriyya/, عامية مصرية {f} /ʿāmmiyya miṣriyya/
Ehime {prop} (Ehime, Japan) :: إهيمه {m} /ʾihīmih/
Eid {prop} (Muslim religious festival) :: عيد {m} /ʿīd/
Eid al-Adha {prop} (Islamic festival) :: عيد الأضحى {m} /ʿīd al-ʾaḍḥā/, الأضحى {f} /al-ʾaḍḥā/, عيد الكبير {m} /ʿīd al-kabīr/, قربان {m} /qurbān/
Eid al-Fitr {prop} (religious celebration) :: عيد الفطر {m} /ʿīd al-fiṭr/
eid mubarak {phrase} (eid mubarak) :: عيد مبارك /ʿīd mubārak/
Eiffel Tower {prop} (tower in Paris) :: برج إيفل {m} /burj ʾeyfel/
eigenfunction {n} (function) :: دالة خاصة {f} /dāla ḵāṣṣa/
eight {num} (cardinal number 8) :: ثمانية /ṯamāniya/ (numeral: ٨ /8/)
eight {n} (The digit/figure 8) :: ثمانية {f} /ṯamāniyatun/
eighteen {num} (cardinal number) :: ثمانية عشر /ṯamāniyata ʿašara/
eighth {adj} (ordinal form of the number eight, see also: 8th) :: ثامن {m} /ṯāmin/, ثامنة {f} /ṯāmina/
eighth {n} (one of eight equal parts of a whole) :: ثمن {m} /ṯumn/
eight hundred {num} (cardinal number 800) :: ثمانيمئة /ṯamānīmiʾa/, ثمانيما۟ئة
eight o'clock {n} (the start of the ninth hour) :: الساعة الثامنة {f} /as-sāʿa ṯ-ṯāmina/
eighty {num} (80) :: ثمانين /ṯamānīna/, [only nominative, formal] ثمانون /ṯamānūna/
eighty-eight {num} (88) :: ثمانية وثمانون /ṯamāniya wa-ṯamānūn/
eighty-five {num} (the cardinal number 85) :: خمسة وثمانون /ḵamsa wa-ṯamānūn/
eighty-four {num} (84) :: أربعة وثمانون /ʾarbaʿa wa-ṯamānūn/
eighty-nine {num} (89) :: تسعة وثمانون /tisʿa wa-ṯamānūn/
eighty-one {num} (81) :: واحد وثمانون /wāḥid wa-ṯamānūn/
eighty-seven {num} (87) :: سبعة وثمانون /sabʿa wa-ṯamānūn/
eighty-six {num} (cardinal number 86) :: ستة وثمانون /sitta wa-ṯamānūn/
eighty-three {num} (83) :: ثلاثة وثمانون /ṯalāṯa wa-ṯamānūn/
eighty-two {num} (82) :: اثنان وثمانون /iṯnān wa-ṯamānūn/
Einstein {prop} (Albert Einstein) :: أينشتاين {m} /ʾaynštāyn/
einsteinium {n} (element with atomic number 99) :: آينشتاينيوم {m} /ʾaynštayniyum/
either {adv} ((after a negative) as well) :: أيضا /ʾayḍan/, كذلك /ka-ḏālika/
either {conj} (introduces the first of two options) :: إما /ʾimā/
ejaculate {v} (to eject semen or vaginal fluid) :: قذف المني /qaḏafa l-many/
ejaculation {n} (ejection of semen through the urethra) :: قذف {m} /qaḏf/
eject {v} (to project oneself from an aircraft) :: قذف نفسه /qaḏafa nafsahu/
el {n} (name of the letter L, l) :: إل {m} /ʾel/
El Aaiún {prop} (El Aaiún, Western Sahara) :: العيون {m} /al-ʿayūn/
El Alamein {prop} (town) :: العلمين /al-ʿalamayn/
Elam {prop} (ancient civilization) :: عيلام /ʿīlām/
elapse {v} ((of time) to pass or move by) :: مر /marra/
elative {n} (elative degree of an adjective) :: اسم تفضيل {m} /ism tafḍīl/
Elbe {prop} (European river) :: إلبه
elbow {n} (joint between upper arm and forearm) :: كوع {m} /kūʿ/, مرفق {m} /mirfaq/
elbow {n} (pipe fitting) :: كوع {m} /kūʿun/
elbow bone {n} (ulna) SEE: ulna ::
Elbrus {prop} (mountain) :: إلبروز {m} /ʾilbrūz/
El Clásico {n} (any match between FC Barcelona and Real Madrid) :: الكلاسيكو {m} /al-klāsīkū/
elder {n} :: الخمان /al-ḵamān/
elderberry {n} (elder tree) SEE: elder ::
elderberry {n} (fruit) :: بيلسان {m} /baylasān/
elderly {n} (elderly person) :: مسن {m} /musinn/, مسنة {f} /musinna/
elderly {n} (elderly as group) :: مسنون {m-p} /musinnūn/, مسنات {f-p} /musinnāt/, مسان {p} /masānn/
elecampane {n} (Inula helenium) :: راسن {m} /rāsan/, عرق الجناح {m} /ʿirq al-janāḥ/, جناح رومي {m} /janāḥ rūmiyy/, زنجبيل شامي {m} /zanjabīl šāmiyy/
elect {v} (to elect) SEE: choose ::
elect {v} (to choose in election) :: إنتخب /ʾintaḵaba/
election {n} (process of choosing a new leader or representatives) :: انتخاب {m} /intiḵāb/, انتخابات {p} /intiḵābāt/
electric {adj} (electrical) :: كهربائي /kahrabāʾiyy/
electrical {adj} (electric) SEE: electric ::
electric car {n} (a car that uses electric motors) :: سيارة كهربائية {f} /sayyāra kahrabāʾiyya/
electrician {n} (tradesman who works with electrical equipment) :: كهربائي
electricity {n} (form of energy) :: كهرباء {m} /kahrabāʾ/
electric shock {n} (physical reaction) :: صدمة كهربائية {f} /ṣadma kahrabāʾiyya/
electrify {v} (to communicate electricity to) :: كهرب /kahraba/
electrify {v} (to adapt for electric power) :: كهرب /kahraba/
electrocardiogram {n} (trace of an electrocardiograph) :: مخطط كهربية القلب /muḵaṭṭaṭ kahrabiyyat l-qalb/, إلكتروكارديوغرام {m} /ʾiliktrukardiyuḡrām/
electrode {n} (the terminal through which electric current passes) :: إلكترود {m} /ʾiliktrūd/
electromagnetic {adj} (pertaining to electromagnetism) :: كهرومغناطيسي {m} /kahrūmaḡnāṭīsiyy/, كهرومغناطيسية {f} /kahrūmaḡnāṭīsiyya/
electromagnetic spectrum {n} (electromagnetic spectrum) :: طيف كهرومغناطيسي {m} /ṭayf kahrūmaḡnāṭīsiyy/
electron {n} (the negatively charged subatomic particles that orbit atoms) :: إلكترون {m} /ʾilaktrūn/, كهيرب /kuhayrib/ [rare]
electron hole {n} (lack of an electron) SEE: hole ::
electronic {adj} (pertaining to electrons) :: إلكتروني /ʾiliktrōniyy/
electronic book {n} (e-book) SEE: e-book ::
electronic cigarette {n} (electronic cigarette) :: سيجارة إلكترونية {f} /sigāra ʾiliktrōniyya/
electronic game {n} (game played on an electronic device) :: لعبة إلكترونية {f} /laʿba ʾiliktrōniyya/
electronic mail {n} (email) SEE: email ::
electronics {n} ((physics)) :: إلكترونيات {f-p} /ʾiliktrūniyyāt/
electrum {n} (fossil resin) SEE: amber ::
elegance {n} (grace, refinement, and beauty in movement, appearance, or manners) :: أناقة {f} /ʾanāqa/
elegy {n} (mournful or plaintive poem or song) :: رثاء {m} /riṯāʾ/
element {n} (simplest or essential part or principle of anything) :: عنصر {m} /ʿunṣur/
element {n} (chemistry: simplest chemical substance) :: عنصر كيميائي {m} /ʿunṣur kīmiyāʾiyy/, عنصر {m} /ʿunṣur/
elementary particle {n} (subatomic particle that does not consist of smaller particles) :: جسيم أولي /jusaym ʾawwaliyy/
elementary school {n} (school for children) SEE: primary school ::
elephant {n} (mammal) :: فيل {m} /fīl/
Elephant {prop} (105th sura of the Qur'an) :: سورة الفيل
elephant in the room {n} (problem that is obvious but ignored) :: فيل في الغرفة {m} /fīl fī l-ḡurfa/
elevate {v} (promote) SEE: promote ::
elevate {v} (raise) :: رفع
elevator {n} (permanent construction) SEE: lift ::
elevator {n} (control surface of an aircraft) :: مصعد /miṣʿad/
eleven {num} (the cardinal number occurring after ten and before twelve) :: أحد عشر /ʾaḥad ʿašar/, إحدى عشرة /ʾiḥdā ʿašrata/, [numeral] ١١ /11/
eleven o'clock {n} (the start of the twelfth hour) :: الساعة الحادية عشرة {f} /al-sāʿa l-ḥādiya ʿašara/
eleventh {adj} (ordinal form of eleven, see also: 11th) :: حادي عشر {m} /ḥādiya ʿašara/, حادية عشرة {f} /ḥādiyata ʿašrata/
eleventh hour {n} (The last minute) :: آخر لحظة، اللحظة الأخيرة
elf {n} (mythical, supernatural being) :: آلف {m} /ʾālf/
elf {n} (very diminutive person) SEE: dwarf ::
Elias {prop} (male given name) SEE: Elijah ::
elicit {v} (to evoke, educe) :: يهيج /yuhayyij/, يوقظ /yuwqiẓ/
elide {v} (to leave out or omit) :: أسقط /ʾasqaṭa/, حذف /ḥaḏafa/
elide {v} (to cut off, as a vowel or a syllable) :: أسقط /ʾasqaṭa/, حذف /ḥaḏafa/
Elijah {prop} (biblical prophet) :: إليا {m} /ʾilyā/, إلياس {m} /ʾilyās/ [disputed]
elimination {n} (act of eliminating, expelling or throwing off) :: حذف
Elisabeth {prop} (female given name) SEE: Elizabeth ::
Elisha {prop} (biblical prophet) :: اليسع /al-yasaʿ/
elision {n} (the omission of a letter or syllable) :: إسقاط {m} /ʾisqāṭ/, حذف {m} /ḥaḏf/
Elista {prop} (city in Russia) :: إيليستا {f} /ʾilistā/
elite {n} (group with higher status) :: نخبة {f} /nuḵba/
elitism {n} (belief society should be run by elite) :: نخبوية {f} /nuḵbawiyya/
elixir {n} (alchemy: liquid which was believed to turn non-precious metals to gold) :: إكسير {m} /ʾiksīr/
elixir {n} :: اكسير (’iksīr)
Elizabeth {prop} (female given name) :: إليزابيث /ʾilīzābīṯ/
Elizabeth {prop} (mother of John the Baptist) :: إليصابات /ʾilīṣābāt/
elk {n} (Alces alces) SEE: moose ::
Elliott wave {n} (wave pattern) :: موجة إليوت {f}
ellipse {n} (curve) :: إهليلج {m} /ʾihlīlaj/
ellipsis {n} (typographic mark) :: حذف {m} /ḥaḏf/, إضمار {m} /ʾiḍmār/
elliptical {n} (elliptical galaxy) SEE: elliptical galaxy ::
elliptical galaxy {n} (galaxy having smooth, featureless light-profile) :: مجرة إهليجية {f} /majara ʾihlījiyya/
Elmo {prop} (male given name) :: إلمو /'Iilmu/, المو /Almu/
Elohim {prop} (name for God) :: إلوهيم {m} /ʾilūhīm/
eloquent {adj} (fluently persuasive and articulate) :: فصيح {m} /faṣīḥ/, فصحى {f} /fuṣḥā/, بليغ /balīḡ/
eloquent {adj} (effective in expressing meaning) :: فصيح {m} /faṣīḥ/, فصحى {f} /fuṣḥā/
El Paso {prop} (a city in USA) :: إل باسو {f} /ʾil bāsū/
El Salvador {prop} (country in Central America) :: السلفادور {f} /as-salfādūr/
else {adj} (other) :: غير /ḡayr/; آخر /ʾāḵar/
else {conj} (For otherwise; or else) :: وإلا /wa-ʾilā/
Elsinore {prop} (Danish city) :: هيلسنكور {m} /hēlsinkōr/
elusive {adj} (evading capture, comprehension or remembrance) :: متملص {m} /mutamalliṣ/, مراوغ {m} /murāwiḡ/
Elvis {prop} (a male given name) :: إلفيس {m} /ʾilfis/
em {n} (name of the letter M, m) :: إم {m} /ʾem/
e-mail {n} (email) SEE: email ::
e-mail {v} (email) SEE: email ::
email {n} (system) :: بريد إلكتروني {m} /barīd ʾiliktrūniyy/, إيميل {m} /ʾīmayl/
email {n} (message sent via email) :: إيميل {m} /ʾīmayl/, رسالة إلكترونية /risālat ʾelektrōniyya/
email address {n} (e-mail address) SEE: e-mail address ::
e-mail address {n} (unique identifier) :: عنوان البريد الإلكتروني {m} /ʿunwān al-kitāb al-ʾiliktrōniyy/
emanate {v} (To come from a source) :: انبثق /inbaṯaqa/
embarge {n} (embargo) SEE: embargo ::
embargo {n} (an order by the government prohibiting ships from leaving port) :: حصار {m} /ḥaṣār/
embargo {n} (a ban on trade with another country) :: حظر {m} /ḥaẓr/
embarrass {v} (to humiliate; to disrupt somebody's composure or comfort with acting publicly or freely) :: أخجل /ʾaḵjala/
embarrassed {adj} (Having a feeling of shameful discomfort) :: محرج /muḥraj/
embassy {n} (organization representing a foreign state) :: سفارة {f} /sifāra/
embed {v} (lay as in a bed; lay in surrounding matter) :: طمر /ṭamara/
embellish {v} (to make more beautiful and attractive) :: جمل /jammala/, زخرف /zaḵrafa/
embellish {v} (to make sound or look better) :: جمل /jammala/, زخرف /zaḵrafa/
ember {n} (glowing piece of coal or wood) :: جمرة {f} /jamra/
embiggen {v} (enlarge) SEE: enlarge ::
emblem {n} (representative symbol) :: شعار {m} /šiʿār/, رمز {m} /ramz/
embodiment {n} (entity typifying an abstraction) :: تجسد {m} /tajassad/
embrace {v} (to hug (a person)) :: احتضن /iḥtaḍana/, عانق /ʿānaqa/
embrocate {v} (to moisten with a liquid substance) :: دلك /dallaka/
embroil {v} (to draw into a situation) :: ورط /warraṭa/
embryo {n} (fertilized egg before developing into a fetus) :: جنين {m} /janīn/
emerald {n} (gemstone) :: زمرد {m} /zumurrud/
emergence {n} (the arising of emergent structure in complex systems) :: انبثاق {m}
emergency {n} (situation requiring urgent assistance) :: طوارئ {m} /ṭawāriʾ/, حالة الطوارئ {f} /ḥālat aṭ-ṭawāriʾ/
emergency escape {n} (fire escape) SEE: fire escape ::
emergency stairs {n} (fire escape) SEE: fire escape ::
emery {n} (mineral) :: سنباذج {m} /sunbāḏaj/
emigrant {n} (someone who leaves a country to settle in a new country) :: مهاجر {m} /muhājir/
emigration {n} (act of emigrating) :: هجرة {f} /hijra/
eminent {adj} (of a person: distinguished, noteworthy) :: بارز /bāriz/
emir {n} (Islamic prince or leader) :: أمير {m} /ʾamīr/ (plural: أمراء {m-p} /ʾumarāʾ/)
emirate {n} (country ruled by an emir) :: إمارة {f} /ʾimāra/ (plural: إمارات {f-p} /ʾimārāt/)
Emirati {adj} (of, from, or pertaining to United Arab Emirates) :: إماراتي /ʾimārātiyy/
Emirati {n} (a person from the United Arab Emirates) :: إماراتي {m} /ʾimārātiyy/, إماراتية {f} /ʾimārātiyya/
emissary {n} (an agent sent on a mission to represent the interests of someone else) :: مبعوث {m} /mabʿūṯ/
emit {v} (to send out or give off) :: نفث /nafaṯa/, أصدر /ʾaṣdara/
emo {n} (music) :: إيمو {m} /ʾīmū/
emoji {n} (digital graphic icon) :: إيموجي {m} /ʾīmūjī/
emollient {n} (Something which softens or lubricates the skin) :: مرطب /muraṭṭib/
emotion {n} (person's internal state of being) :: عاطفة {f} /ʿāṭifa/, [plural:] عواطف {f-p} /ʿawāṭif/, إحساس {m} /ʾiḥsās/
emperor {n} (ruler of an empire) :: قيصر {m} /qayṣar/, إمبراطور {m} /ʾimbrāṭūr/
emphasis {n} (special weight or forcefulness given to something considered important) :: تركيز {m} /tarkīz/
emphasize {v} (stress) :: شدد /šaddada/
emphatic {adj} (of emphatic consonants) :: مفخم /mufaḵḵam/
empire {n} (political unit) :: إمبراطورية {f} /ʾimbirāṭūriyya/
empire {n} :: إمبراطورية {f} /ʾimbrāṭūriyya/
empiric {adj} (empiric) SEE: empirical ::
empirical {adj} (pertaining to or based on experience) :: تجريبي /tajrībiyy/
empirical {adj} (pertaining to, derived from, or testable by observations) :: تجريبي /tajrībiyy/
employ {v} (employ, apply) SEE: use ::
employ {v} (to give someone work) :: استخدم /istaḵdama/, شغل /šaḡḡala/, استعمل /istaʿmala/
employ {v} (to put into use) :: وظف /waẓẓafa/
employee {n} (individual who provides labor to a company or another person) :: موظف {m} /muwaẓẓaf/, موظفة {f} /muwaẓẓafa/
employer {n} (person or entity which employs others) :: صاحب العمل {m} /ṣāḥib al-ʿamal/, مستخدم {m} /mustaḵdim/
employment {n} (the state of being employed) :: وظيفة {f} /waẓīfa/, توظيف {m} /tawẓīf/
employment agency {n} (organisation that matches employers to employees) :: وكالة توظيف {f} /wakālat tawẓīf/
employment contract {n} (category of contract) :: عقد عمل
empowerment {n} (state of being empowered) :: تمكين
empress {n} (female monarch of an empire) :: إمبراطورة {f} /ʾimbirāṭūra/
empress {n} (wife or widow of an emperor) :: إمبراطورة {f} /ʾimbrāṭūra/, زوجة إمبراطور {f} /zawjat ʾimibrāṭūr/
empress dowager {n} (mother of an emperor) :: الإمبراطورة الأم
empty {adj} (devoid of content) :: فارغ /fāriḡ/
empty {v} (to make empty) :: فرغ /faraḡa/
empty space {n} (vacuum) SEE: vacuum ::
emu {n} (Dromaius novaehollandiae) :: درميس أسترالي {m} /dormīs ʾusturāliyy/
en {n} (name of the letter N, n) :: إن {m} /ʾen/
enable {v} :: أمكن
enamel {n} (covering on the tooth) :: ميناء {f} /mīnāʾ/
enantiomer {n} (one of a pair of mirror-image stereoisomers) :: متصاوغ انعكاسي /mutaṣāwiḡ inʿikāsiyy/, متصاوغ مرآتي /mutaṣāwiḡ mirʾātiyy/
encampment {n} (campsite) :: مخيم {m} /mokhayyam/
encampment {n} (temporary living quarters) :: مخيم {m} /mokhayyam/
Enceladus {prop} (moon of Saturn) :: إنسيلادوس /ʾinsīlādūs/
enclitic {n} (clitic which joins with the preceding word) :: [of pronouns] متصل /muttaṣil/, محاط /muḥāṭ/
encoding {n} (character encoding (computing)) :: ترميز {m} /tarmīz/, إنكودينغ {m} /ʾinkūdinḡ/
encounter {v} (meet (someone) or find (something), especially unexpectedly) :: صادف /ṣādafa/, لاقى /lāqā/, عثر /ʿaṯara/
encourage {v} (mentally support or motivate) :: شجع /šajjaʿa/
encroach {v} (to intrude unrightfully on someone else’s rights or territory) :: يختلس
encyclopaedia {n} (encyclopedia) SEE: encyclopedia ::
encyclopedia {n} (comprehensive reference with articles on a range of topics) :: موسوعة {f} /mawsūʿa/, دائرة معارف /dāʾira(t) maʿārif/
encyclopedic {adj} (of or relating to comprehensiveness and other characteristics of an encyclopedia) :: موسوعي /mawsūʿiyy/
encyclopedic {adj} (in lexicography) :: موسوعي /mawsūʿiyy/
end {n} (extreme part) :: نهاية {f} /nihāya/
end {v} (ergative, intransitive: be finished, be terminated) :: انتهى /intahā/
end {v} (transitive: finish, terminate (something)) :: أنهى /ʾanhā/
endeavor {n} (enterprise; assiduous or persistent activity) :: غاية..محاولة {m}
endive {n} (salad vegetable) :: هندباء {f} /hindibāʾ/
endocrine system {n} (system of ductless glands) :: جهاز الغدد الصماء {m} /jihāz al-ḡudad aṣ-ṣamāʾ/
end of the world {n} (end of the world) :: نهاية العالم {f} /nihāyat al-ʿālam/
endometrium {n} (mucous membrane) :: بطانة الرحم {f}
endpoint {n} (either of two points at the end of a line) :: نقطة نهاية
endure {v} (to endure) SEE: take ::
endure {v} (endure, undergo) SEE: suffer ::
endure {v} (to last) :: استمر /istamarra/
enema {n} (injection of fluid into the rectum) :: حقنة شرجية {f} /ḥuqna šarajiyya/, حقنة {f} /ḥuqna/
enemy {n} (someone who is hostile to, feels hatred towards, opposes the interests of, or intends injury to someone else) :: عدو {m} /ʿaduww/
energetic {adj} (Possessing, exerting, or displaying energy) :: نشيط /našīṭ/
energy {n} (impetus behind activity) :: طاقة {f} /ṭāqa/
energy {n} (capacity to do work) :: طاقة {f} /ṭāqa/
energy {n} (physics) :: طاقة {f} /ṭāqa/
enfeoff {v} (to give up completely) SEE: surrender ::
engaged {adj} (agreed to be married) :: مخطوب {m} /maḵṭūb/, مخطوبة {f} /maḵṭūba/
engagement {n} (period of time when marriage is planned or promised) :: خطبة {f} /ḵiṭba/, خطوبة {f} /ḵuṭūba/
engagement ring {n} (a ring signifying a promise to wed) :: خاتم الخطوبة {m} /ḵātam al-ḵuṭūba/
en garde {interj} :: احتم /iḥtami/ [to masc sg], احتمي /iḥtamī/ [to fem sg]
engine {n} (mechanical device) :: محرك {m} /muḥarrik/, موتور {m} /mūtūr/
engine {n} (locomotive) SEE: locomotive ::
engineer {n} (person qualified or professionally engaged in engineering) :: مهندس {m} /muhandis/, مهندسة {f} /muhandisa/
engineering {n} (application of science to the needs of humanity) :: هندسة {f} /handasa/
engineering {n} (work of an engineer) :: هندسة {f} /handasa/
England {prop} (region of Great Britain) :: إنجلترا {f} /ʾingilterā/, إنقلترا {f} /ʾingilterā/, إنكلترا {f} /ʾingilterā/, إنكلترة {f} /ʾingiltera/
English {adj} (of or pertaining to England) :: إنجليزي /ʾingilīziyy/
English {adj} (of or pertaining to the English language) :: إنجليزي /ʾingilīziyy/
English {n} (people from England) :: إنجليز /ʾinjilīz/
English {prop} (the English language) :: إنكليزي {m} /ʾingilīziyy/, إنجليزي {m} /ʾingilīziyy/, إنكليزية {f} /ʾingilīziyya/, إنجليزية {f} /ʾingilīziyya/, اللغة الإنجليزية {f} /al-luḡa l-ʾingilīziyya/
English Channel {prop} (The part of the Atlantic Ocean between Great Britain and France) :: بحر المانش {m} /baḥr al-mānš/
Englishman {n} (male native or inhabitant of England) :: إنجليزي {m} /ʾingilīziyy/
Englishwoman {n} (a female native or inhabitant of England) :: إنجليزية {f} /ʾingilīziyya/
enigma {n} :: غامض
enjail {v} (put in jail) SEE: imprison ::
enjoy {v} (to receive pleasure or satisfaction from something) :: استمتع /istamtaʿa/
enjoyment {n} (the condition of enjoying anything) :: متعة {f} /mutʿa/, متعة {f} /mitʿa/
enjoy your meal {phrase} (bon appétit) SEE: bon appétit ::
enlarge {v} (make larger) :: كبر /kabbara/
enlargen {v} (enlarge) SEE: enlarge ::
enlightenment {n} (act of enlightening, state of being enlightened) :: تنوير {m} /tanwīr/
Enlightenment {prop} (the Enlightenment) :: عصر التنوير {m} /ʿaṣr at-tanwīr/
enmity {n} (hostile or unfriendly disposition) :: عداوة {f} /ʿadāwatun/
Enna {prop} (town and capital of Enna) :: إنا
ennead {n} (the number nine) SEE: nine ::
Enoch {prop} (biblical character) :: أخنوخ /ʾaḵnūḵ/, إدريس /ʾidrīs/
enough {determiner} (sufficient) :: كاف /kāfin/, كفى /kafā/
enough {adv} (sufficiently) :: تماما /tamāman/
enough {interj} (stop!) :: مه /mah/, كفى /kafā/ [for good thing], بس /bass/ [for bad thing], خلاص /ḵalāṣ/
en passant {n} (chess move) :: الأخذ بالتجاوز
enrage {v} (to fill with rage) :: أغاظ /ʾaḡāẓa/, غضب /ḡaḍiba/
enrichment {n} (the act of enriching) :: إثراء /ʾiṯrāʾ/
en route {prep} (on the way) :: في طريق /fī ṭarīq/, في مسيرة /fī masīra/
ensemble {n} (a group of musicians, dancers etc who perform together; the chorus of a ballet company) :: فرقة {f} /firqa/, جوق {m} /jawq/
ensete {n} (species of flowering plant in the banana family Musaceae) :: موز الحبشة
enslave {v} (to make subservient; to strip one of freedom; enthrall) :: استعبد /istaʿbada/
ensorcell {v} (to captivate, entrance, fascinate) SEE: captivate ::
ensure {v} (assure) SEE: assure ::
enter {v} (to go into (a room, etc.)) :: دخل /daḵala/
enter {v} (to insert) :: أدخل /ʾadḵala/
enter {v} (to type into a computer) :: دخل /daḵḵala/
enter into {v} (enter into) SEE: penetrate ::
enteritis {n} (intestinal disease) :: بادئة معناها معي /bādiʾa maʿnāhā maʿy/
entertainment {n} (activity designed to give pleasure or relaxation) :: ترفيه {m} /tarfīh/
entertainment {n} :: لهو
enthusiasm {n} (feeling of excited, lively interest) :: حماس {m} /ḥamās/
entire {n} (stallion) SEE: stallion ::
entity {n} (that which exists as an individual unit) :: كيان {m}
entomology {n} (study of insects) :: علم الحشرات {m} /ʿilm al-ḥašarāt/
entrails {n} (internal organs) :: فرث {m} /faraṯ/
entrance {n} (place of entering) :: مدخل {m} /madḵal/
entrepreneur {n} (person who organizes and operates a business and assumes the associated risk) :: متعهد {m} /mutaʿahhid/, مقاول {m} /muqāwil/, ملتزم {m} /multazim/, منظم {m} /munaẓẓim/
entrepôt {n} (a warehouse, depot) :: مخزن {m} /maḵzan/, مستودع {m} /mustawdaʿa/
entry {n} (act of entering) :: إدخال {m} /ʾidḵāl/
entry {n} (permission to enter) :: ولوج {m} /wulūj/, نفاذ {m} /nafāḏ/, نفاذ {m} /naffāḏ/
entry {n} (doorway that provides a means of entering a building) :: مدخل {m} /madḵal/, دخول {m} /daḵūl/
entry {n} (article in a dictionary or encyclopedia) :: مدخل {m} /madḵal/, مدخل {m} /mudḵal/, قيد {m} /qayd/, مادة {f} /mādda/, بند {m} /band/, فقرة {f} /fiqra/, مفردة {f} /mufrada/
entry {n} (record in a log or in a database) :: دفتر {m} /daftar/, مدخل {m} /madḵal/
envelope {n} (wrapper for mailing) :: مغلف {m} /muḡallaf/, لفافة {f} /lifāfa/
envelope {n} (something that envelops) :: غلاف {m} /ḡilāf/
envious {adj} (feeling or exhibiting envy) :: حسود /ḥasūd/
environment {n} (area around something) :: بيئة {f} /bīʾa/, محيط {m} /muḥīṭ/
environment {n} (natural world or ecosystem) :: بيئة {f} /bīʾa/
envoy {n} (representative) :: مبعوث {m} /mabʿūṯ/
envy {n} (resentful desire of something possessed by another) :: حسد {m} /ḥasad/
envy {v} (to feel displeasure towards (someone) because of their good fortune, possessions) :: حسد /ḥasada/
enzyme {n} (catalytic protein) :: انزيم {?}
Ephesians {prop} (book of the Bible) :: الرسالة إلى أهل أفسس /Ar-Risāla ʾilā ʾahl ʾAfasus/
Ephesus {prop} (ancient city) :: أفسس /ʾafasus/
epic {n} (extended narrative poem) :: ملحمة {f} /malḥama/
epicaricacy {n} (rejoicing at or deriving pleasure from the misfortunes of others) SEE: schadenfreude ::
epicene {n} (transvestite) SEE: transvestite ::
epicene {adj} (effeminate) SEE: effeminate ::
epicentre {n} (point above earthquake) :: مركز {m} /markaz/, مركز الزلزال {m} /markaz az-zilzāl/
Epicurean {adj} (relating to Epicurus or his philosophy) :: إبيقوري /ʾibīqūriyy/
Epicurean {n} (a follower of Epicurus and Epicureanism) :: إبيقوري {m} /ʾibīqūriyy/
epidemic {n} (widespread disease) :: وباء {m} /wabāʾ/
epidemic {n} (occurrence of such disease) :: وباء {m} /wabāʾ/
epidemiology {n} (branch of medicine dealing with transmission and control of disease in populations) :: علم أوبئة {m} /ʿilm ʾawbiʾa/
epidermis {n} (skin's outer layer in animals) :: بشرة
epididymis {n} (tube) :: بربخ {m} /barbaḵ/
epiglottis {n} (cartilaginous organ in the throat) :: لسان المزمار {m} /lisān al-mizmār/
epilepsy {n} (medical condition) :: صرع {m} /ṣarʿ/
epimer {n} :: مصاوغ صنوي
Epiphany {n} (Christian feast) :: عيد الغطاس {m} /ʿīd al-ḡiṭās/, الغطاس {m} /al-ḡiṭās/
epiphysis {n} (pineal gland) SEE: pineal gland ::
episode {n} (incident or action connected with a series of events) :: حادثة {f} /ḥādiṯa/
episode {n} (instalment of a drama told in parts) :: حلقة {f} /ḥalqa/, جزء {m} /juzʾ/
epistaxis {n} (nosebleed) :: رعاف
epistemology {n} (branch of philosophy dealing with the study of knowledge) :: إبستمولوجيا {f} /ʾibistimolojiyyā/, نظرية المعرفة {f} /naẓariyyat al-maʿrifa/
epithelium {n} (membranous tissue) :: نسيج طلائي /nasīj ṭilāʾiyy/
epitome {n} (embodiment or encapsulation of) :: مثال {m} /maṯāl/
epoch {n} (particular period of history) :: عصر {m} /ʿaṣr/, عصور {m-p} /ʿuṣūr/, زمان {m} /zamān/
epoophoron {n} (a group of tubules, a remnant of the Wolffian body, often found near the ovary or oviduct) :: مبيض جانبي
epopee {n} (an epic, saga) :: ملحمة {f} /malḥama/
epsilon {n} (name for the fifth letter of the Greek alphabet) :: إبسلون {m} /ʾibsilūn/, إبسيلون {m} /ʾibsilūn/
equal {adj} (the same in all respects) :: عدل /ʿidl/
equal {adj} (mathematics: exactly identical) :: [indefinite] مساو /musāwin/, [definite] المساوي /al-musāwī/
equal {v} (be equal to) :: ساوى /sāwā/
equality {n} (fact of being equal) :: مساواة {f} /musāwāh/
equality {n} (equal treatment of people irrespective of social or cultural differences) :: مساواة {f} /musāwāh/
equanimity {n} (state of being calm) :: صبر {m} /ṣabr/
equation {n} (mathematics: assertion) :: معادلة {f} /muʿādala/
equator {n} (circle around the earth) :: خط الاستواء {m} /ḵaṭṭu l-istiwāʾ/
Equatorial Guinea {prop} (country in Western Africa) :: غينيا الاستوائية {f} /ḡīniyā l-istiwāʾiyya/
equestrianism {n} (the art or sport of riding horses) :: ركوب الخيل {m} /rukūb al-ḵayl/
equipment {n} (whatever is used in equipping) :: معدات {p} /muʿaddāt/, تجهيزات {p} /tajhīzāt/
equitable {adj} (fair, just, or impartial) :: حقاني /ḥaqqāniyy/, عدل /ʿadl/
-er {suffix} ((used to form agent nouns) person or thing that does...) :: م /mu-/
era {n} (time period) :: عصر {m} /ʿaṣr/, عصور {m-p} /ʿuṣūr/, زمان {m} /zamān/
era {n} (geology: unit of time) :: حقبة {f} /ḥiqba/
eradicate {v} :: يزيل
erase {v} (to remove markings or information) :: محا /maḥā/
erase {v} (intransitive: to be erased) :: امحى /immaḥā/, انمحى /inmaḥā/
eraser {n} (thing used to erase something written or drawn) :: ممحاة {f} /mimḥāh/
erbium {n} (chemical element) :: إربيوم {m} /ʾirbiyum/
Erdoğan {prop} (surname) :: أردوغان {m} {f} /ʾardūḡān/
ere {conj} (before, sooner than) :: قبل /qabl/, أبكر /ʾbkar/
e-reader {n} (device) :: قارئ الكتاب الإلكتروني {m} /qāriʾ al-kitāb al-ʾiliktrōniyy/
erection {n} (rigid state of penis or clitoris) :: نعوظ {m} /nuʿūẓ/
eremite {n} (hermit) SEE: hermit ::
ereyesterday {adv} (on the day before yesterday) SEE: day before yesterday ::
ereyesterday {n} (the day before yesterday) SEE: day before yesterday ::
erg {n} (unit of work or energy) :: إرج
Eric {prop} (male given name) :: إريك {m} /ʾirīk/
Eris {prop} (dwarf planet) :: إريس {m} /ʾirīs/
Eritrea {prop} (country in Eastern Africa) :: إرتريا {f} /ʾiritriyā/
Eritrean {adj} (Of, from, or pertaining to Eritrea, the Eritrean people or the Eritrean culture) :: إريتري /ʾiritriyy/
Eritrean {n} (A person from Eritrea or of Eritrean descent) :: إريتري {m} /ʾirītriyy/, إريترية {f} /ʾiritriyya/
ermine {n} (Mustela erminea) :: قاقم {m} /qāqim/
erogenous zone {n} (erogenous zone) :: منطقة الشهوة الجنسية {f} /minṭaqat aš-šahwa l-jinsiyya/
Eros {prop} (God of love) :: إيروس {m} /ʾīrūs/
Eros {prop} (433 Eros (asteroid)) :: إيروس {m} /ʾīrūs/
erotic {adj} (tending to arouse sexual desire) :: شبقي /šabaqiyy/, جنسي /jinsiyy/, غزلي /ḡazaliyy/, غرامي /ḡarāmiyy/, عشقي /ʿišqiyy/, شهواني /šahwāniyy/
err {v} (sin) SEE: sin ::
err {v} :: غلط /ḡaliṭa/, أخطأ /ʾaḵṭaʾa/
error {n} (mistake) :: خطأ {m} /ḵaṭaʾ/
error {v} ((nonstandard) To make a mistake; to result in an error) SEE: err ::
error message {n} (message displayed when a failure condition occurs) :: رسالة خطأ {f} /risālat ḵaṭāʾ/
eryngo {n} (Eryngium) SEE: sea holly ::
Erythraean Sea {prop} (Red Sea) SEE: Red Sea ::
erythronium {n} (vanadium) SEE: vanadium ::
Erzurum {prop} (city) :: أرضروم /ʾarḍurūm/, أرض الروم /ʾarḍ ar-rūm/
escalator {n} (mechanical device) :: درج متحرك {m} /daraj mutaḥarrik/, سلم متحرك {m} /sullam mutaḥarrik/, سلم دوار {m} /sullam dawwār/
escallop {n} (scallop) SEE: scallop ::
escape {v} (to get free) :: هرب /haraba/
escape {n} (act of leaving a dangerous or unpleasant situation) :: فرار {m} /firār/, هروب {m} /hurūb/, هرب {m} /harab/
-ese {suffix} (forming adjectives and nouns describing things characteristic of a particular place) :: ي /-iyy/
especially {adv} (particularly) :: خصوصا /ḵuṣūṣan/, خاصة /ḵāṣṣatan/, ولا سيما /walā siyyamā/
Esperanto {prop} (auxiliary language) :: إسبرانتو {m} /ʾisbarantū/, إسپرانتو {m} /ʾisparantū/
espionage {n} (act of learning secret information through clandestine means) :: تجسس {m} /tajassus/, جاسوسية {f} /jāsūsiyya/
-ess {suffix} (female suffix) :: ة {f} /-a/
ess {n} (name of the letter S, s) :: إس {m} /ʾis/
essay {n} (written composition) :: مقالة {f} /maqāla/, بحث {m} /baḥṯ/
essay {n} (an attempt) :: محاولة /muḥāwala/
Essen {prop} (city) :: إسن {m} /ʾisan/, إسن {m} /ʾesen/
essence {n} (inherent nature) :: جوهر {m} /jawhar/
essentialism {n} (view that objects have properties that are essential to them) :: الجوهرانية {m} /Aljawharaniya/
-est {suffix} (superlative of adjectives and adverbs) :: ال /al--/ [a superlative pattern of the adjective]
establish {v} :: اسس (’ássasa)
Esther {prop} (female given name) :: أستير {f} /ʾastīr/
Estonia {prop} (country) :: إستونيا {f} /ʾistōniyā/
Estonian {n} (language) :: إستونية {f} /ʾistūniyya/
estragon {n} (tarragon) SEE: tarragon ::
Estrangelo {n} (a form of Syriac script) :: خط مفتوح /ḵaṭṭ maftūḥ/, خط ثقيل /ḵaṭṭ ṯaqīl/
esurient {adj} (very greedy or hungry) SEE: voracious ::
eSwatini {prop} (country in Southern Africa, see also: Swaziland) :: إسواتيني {f} /ʾiswātīnī/
eta {n} (Greek letter) :: إتا {f} /ʾitā/
et al. {phrase} (and others) :: وآخرون /wa-ʾāḵirūn/
etc. {phrase} (and so on, see also: and so forth) :: وهلم جرا /wahalumma jarran/, إلخ /ʾilaḵ/, إلى آخره /ʾilā ʾāḵirihi/
et cetera {phrase} (noting the omission of the remainder of a list) SEE: etc. ::
eternal life {n} (afterlife) SEE: afterlife ::
eternity {n} (infinite time) :: أبد {m} /ʾabad/
eternity {n} (time extending infinitely far into the future) :: أبدية
ethanol {n} (simple aliphatic alcohol: CH3-CH2-OH) :: إيثانول {m} /ʾiṯānūl/
ether {n} (substance supposed to fill the upper regions of the atmosphere) :: أثير {m} /ʾaṯīr/
ether {n} ((organic chemistry) compound containing an oxygen atom bonded to two hydrocarbon groups) :: أثير {m} /ʾaṯīr/
ether {n} (sky, heavens) SEE: heavens ::
ethics {n} (study of principles governing right and wrong conduct) :: علم الأخلاق {m} /ʿilm al-ʾaḵlāq/
ethics {n} (standards of conduct) :: أخلاق /ʾaḵlāq/, أدب {m} /ʾadab/
Ethiopia {prop} (country in Eastern Africa) :: أثيوبيا {f} /ʾaṯiyūbiyā/, إثيوبيا {f} /ʾiṯiyūbiyā/
ethnic {adj} (of or relating to a group of people) :: عرقي /ʿirqiyy/
ethnic cleansing {n} (ethnic cleansing) :: تطهير عرقي {m} /taṭhīr ʿirqiyy/
ethnic minority {n} (people with different characteristics to those of the majority) :: أقلية قومية {f} /ʾaqalliyya qawmiyya/
ethnocentrism {n} (tendency) :: تمركز عرقي {m} /tamarkuz ʿirqiyy/
ethnography {n} (branch of anthropology) :: علم الإنسان التطبيقي /ʿilm al-ʾinsaān at-taṭbīqiyy/
ethnonationalism {n} (type of nationalism) :: قومي
etiquette {n} (forms to be observed in social or official life) :: ذوق {m} /ḏawq/, آداب {m-p} /ʾādāb/
Etna {prop} (volcano in Sicily, Italy) :: جبل النار {m} /jabal an-nār/, جبل إتنا {m} /jabal ʾitnā/
etymology {n} (study of the historical development of languages, particularly of individual words) :: تأثيل {m} /taʾṯīl/
etymology {n} (account of the origin and historical development of a word) :: إشتقاق {m} /ʾištiqāq/, تأثيل {m} /taʾṯīl/
EU {prop} (European Union, see also: European Union) :: Not used in Arabic
eucalyptus {n} (any of many trees of genus Eucalyptus) :: أوكالبتوس {m} /ʾūkālibtūs/, يوكاليبتوس {m} /yūkālībtūs/
Euclid {prop} (Greek mathematician) :: إقليدس {m} /iqlīdis/
Euclidean geometry {n} (mathematical system) :: هندسة إقليدية {f} /handasa ʾiqlīdiyya/
eukaryote {n} (any of the single-celled or multicellular organisms whose cells contain at least one distinct nucleus) :: حقيقيات النوى
Euler's formula {prop} (Euler's formula) :: صيغة أويلر {f} /ṣīḡat ʾoyler/
eulogist {n} (a person who praises another person or thing) :: مداح {m} /maddāḥ/
eulogize {v} :: أبن /ʾabbana/
eulogy {n} (an oration to honor a deceased person) :: أمدوحة {f} /ʾumdūḥa/
eulogy {n} (high praise or recommendation) :: أمدوحة {f} /ʾumdūḥa/
eunuch {n} :: خصي {m} /ḵaṣiyy/, مخصي {m} /maḵṣiyy/
euphonium {n} (brass instrument) :: بوق /buq/
Euphrates {prop} (river in the Middle East) :: الفرات {m} /al-furāt/
Eurasia {prop} (the largest landmass on Earth, consisting of Europe and Asia) :: يوراسيا {f} /yūrāsiyā/
Eurasian Economic Union {prop} (economic union, see also: EAU; EAEU) :: الاتحاد اليوراسي {m} /al-ittiḥād al-yūrāsiyy/, الاتحاد الأوراسي {m} /al-ittiḥād al-ʾūrāsiyy/
Eurasian sparrowhawk {n} (Accipiter nisus) :: باشق {m} /bāšiq/
Euripides {prop} (a Greek tragedian) :: يوربيديس {m} /yūribīdīs/
euro {n} (currency unit of the European Monetary Union) :: يورو {m} /yūrū/
euro area {n} (Eurozone) SEE: Eurozone ::
Europa {prop} (a moon of Jupiter) :: أوروبا {f} /ʾurubbā/, أوربا {f} /ʾurubbā/
Europe {prop} (European Union) SEE: European Union ::
Europe {prop} (continent) :: أوروبا {f} /ʾūrūbbā/, أوربا {f} /ʾūrubbā/, أوروبة {f} /ʾūrūbba/
European {adj} (relating to Europe or the European Union) :: أوروبي /ʾurūbiyy/
European {n} (person) :: أوروبي {m} /ʾurūbiyy/, أوروبية {f} /ʾurūbiyya/
European Central Bank {prop} (central bank for the European Union) :: البنك المركزي الأوروبي {m} /al-bank al-markaziyy al-ʾurubbiyy/
European redbud {n} (Judas tree) SEE: Judas tree ::
European Union {prop} (European supranational organisation) :: الإتحاد الأوروبي {m} /al-ʾittiḥād al-ʾūrūbiyy/
europium {n} (chemical element) :: يروبيوم {m} /yurubyum/
Europol {prop} (the criminal intelligence agency of the European Union) :: يوروبول {m} /yurubūl/
Europop {n} (European pop music) :: يوروبوب {m} /yūrubūb/, يوروبوب {m} /yurupop/
Eurovision {prop} (television network) :: يوروفيجن {m} /yurufijn/
Eurozone {prop} (those European Union members whose official currency is the euro) :: منطقة اليورو {f} /minṭaqat al-yūrū/
euthanasia {n} (practice of killing a human being or animal) :: قتل رحيم {m} /qatl raḥīm/
Euxine Sea {prop} SEE: Black Sea ::
evacuate {v} (to move out of an unsafe location into safety) :: جلا عن /jalā ʿan/
evangelist {n} (itinerant or special preacher, especially a revivalist) :: مبشر /mubaššir/
evangelize {v} (tell people about Christianity) :: بشر /baššara/
evaporate {v} (to transition from a liquid state into a gaseous state) :: تبخر /tabaḵḵara/
Eve {prop} (the first woman) :: حواء {f} /ḥawwāʾ/
Eve {prop} (given name) :: حواء {f} /ḥawwāʾ/, أيف {f} /ʾīf/
even {adj} (flat and level) :: مسطح /musaṭṭaḥ/, منبسط
even {adj} (without great variation) :: أملس /ʾamlas/,سوي /sawiyy/
even {adj} (equal) :: متساو /mutasāwin/
even {adj} (arithmetic: divisible by two) :: زوجي /zawjiyy/
even {adv} (implying extreme example) :: حتى /ḥattā/
even if {conj} (irrespective of) :: حتى لو /ḥattā law/, حتى إذا /ḥattā ʾiḏā/
evening {n} (time of day between the approximate time of midwinter dusk and midnight) :: مساء {m} /masāʾ/
evening star {n} (planet Venus seen in the evening) :: نجم المساء {m} /najmu l-masāʾ/
event {n} (occurrence) :: واقعة {f} /wāqiʿa/, حادثة {f} /ḥādiṯa/
event horizon {n} (gravitational sphere within which light cannot escape) :: أفق الحدث {m} /ʾufuq al-ḥadaṯ/
even though {conj} (although) :: بالرغم من /bi-r-raḡm min/
ever {adv} (at any time) :: يوما /yawman/
Everest {prop} (Mount Everest) SEE: Mount Everest ::
ever since {conj} (continuously since) :: منذ /munḏu/
every {determiner} (all of a countable group) :: كل /kull/
everybody {pron} (all people) :: الجميع /al-jamīʿ/, كل شخص /kull šaḵṣ/
every cloud has a silver lining {proverb} (in every bad situation there is an element of good) :: رب ضارة نافعة /rubba ḍārratin nāfiʿa/
every day {adv} (daily) SEE: daily ::
every dog has its day {proverb} (proverb) :: كل كلب بيجي يومه /kull kalb bījī yūmuh/ - Used in negative context
every man for himself {phrase} (forget about comradeship; save yourselves!) :: كل رجل لنفسه /kull rajul linafsihi/
everyone {pron} (every person) :: الجميع /al-jamīʿ/, كل شخص /kull šaḵṣ/
everything {pron} (all the things) :: كل شيء /kull šayʾ/
every time {adv} (at each occasion that) :: في كل مرة /fī kull marra/, كلما /kullamā/
everywhere {adv} (at all places) :: في كل مكان /fī kulli makānin/
evict {v} (to expel) :: أجلى /ʾajlā/, طرد /ṭarada/
eviction {n} (the act of evicting) :: طرد {m} /ṭard/
evidence {n} (facts or observations presented in support of an assertion) :: دليل {m} /dalīl/, برهان {m} /burhān/
evidence {n} (anything admitted by a court as proof) :: دليل {m} /dalīl/
evil {adj} (intending to harm) :: شرير /širrīr/
evil {n} (moral badness, wickedness) :: شر {m} /šarr/
evil eye {n} (wicked look) :: عين الحسود {f} /ʿayn al-ḥasūd/
evoke {v} (to cause the manifestation of) :: استحضار /istaḥḍāra/, استدعى /istadaʿā/
evolution {n} (general: a gradual process of development) :: تطور {m} /taṭawwur/
evolution {n} (biology: change in the genetic composition of a population over time) :: تطور {m} /taṭawwur/
evolutionary biology {n} (sub-field of biology) :: علم الأحياء التطوري
evolutionary developmental biology {n} (branch of biology) :: علم الأحياء النمائي التطوري
ew {interj} (expression of disgust or nausea) :: يع /yaʿ/
ewe {n} (female sheep) :: نعجة {f} /naʿja/
ewer {n} (widemouthed pitcher) :: إبريق {m} /ʾibrīq/
ex {n} (name of the letter X, x) :: إكس {m} /ʾiks/, إكس {m} /ʾeks/
exact {adj} (precisely agreeing) :: مضبوط /maḍbūṭ/, دقيق /daqīq/
exactly {adv} (in an exact manner) :: بالضبط /bi-ḍ-ḍabṭ/, تماما /tamāman/
exaggerate {v} (to overstate, to describe more than is fact) :: بالغ /bālaḡa/
examination {n} (act of examining) :: اختبار {m} /iḵtibār/, امتحان {m} /imtiḥān/
examination {n} (inspection by a doctor) :: فحص {m} /faḥṣ/
examination {n} (formal test) :: امتحان {m} /imtiḥān/, اختبار {m} /iḵtibār/
examine {v} (to observe or inspect carefully or critically) :: يفحص
example {n} (something representative of a group) :: مثال {m} /miṯāl/, مثل {m} /maṯal/, أمثولة {f} /ʾumṯūla/,
example {n} (something serving to explain or illustrate a rule) :: مثال {m} /miṯāl/
Excalibur {prop} (Legendary sword) :: إكسكاليبر /ʾikskālībur/
excavator {n} (curette used to scrape out pathological material) SEE: curette ::
excavator {n} (vehicle, often on tracks, used to dig ditches etc; a backhoe) :: حفارة {f} /ḥaffāra/, حفارة آلية {f} /ḥaffāra ʾāliyya/, حفارة ميكانيكية {f} /ḥaffāra mīkānīkiyya/
Excellency {n} (Form of address for certain high officials or dignitaries) :: سعادة {f} /saʿāda/
excellent {adj} (of the highest quality) :: ممتاز /mumtāz/, فاخر /fāḵir/
except {v} (to exclude) :: استثنى /istaṯnā/
except {prep} (with the exception of) :: إلا /ʾillā/, باستثناء /bi-stiṯnāʾ/, عدا /ʿadā/, دون /dūna/, سوى /siwā/, حاشا /ḥāšā/, خلا /ḵalā/, غير /ḡayr/
except {conj} (with the exception that) :: إلا /ʾillā/, باستثناء /bi-stiṯnāʾ/, عدا /ʿadā/, دون /dūna/, سوى /siwwā/ ,حشا /ḥašā/, خلا /ḵalā/,
exception {n} (act of excepting or excluding; exclusion) :: استثناء {m} /istiṯnāʾ/
exception {n} (that which is excepted or taken out from others) :: استثناء {m} /istiṯnāʾ/
exceptional {adj} (forming an exception) :: استثنائي /istiṯnāʾiyy/
exceptional {adj} (superior due to exception or rarity) :: استثنائي /istiṯnāʾiyy/
excerpt {n} (a clip, snippet, passage or extract from a larger work) :: نبذة – مقتطفات من
excessive {adj} (exceeding the bounds of something) :: زائد /zāʾid/
exchange {n} (act of exchanging or trading) :: تبديل {m} /tabdīl/, تبادل {m} /tabādul/, صرف {m} /ṣarf/
exchange {v} (To trade or barter) :: تبادل /tabādala/, صرف /ṣarafa/
exchange rate {n} (currency rate (finance)) :: سعر صرف {m} /siʿr ṣarf/
exchequer {n} (treasury) SEE: treasury ::
excited {adj} (having great enthusiasm) :: متحمس /mutaḥammis/
excited {adj} (being in a state of higher energy) :: متهيج /mutahayyij/
exclaim {v} (to cry out) :: صاح /ṣāḥa/, صرخ /ṣaraḵa/
exclamation {n} (exclamation mark) SEE: exclamation mark ::
exclamation mark {n} (punctuation “!”) :: ! /!/, علامة تعجب {f} /ʿalāmat taʿajjub/, علامة هتاف {f} /ʿalāmat hutāf/
exclamation point {n} (exclamation mark) SEE: exclamation mark ::
excluding {prep} (to the exclusion of) :: باستثناء /bi-stiṯnāʾ/
excrement {n} (human and animal solid waste) :: غائط {m} /ḡāʾiṭ/, براز {m} /birāz/, خراء {m} /ḵarāʾ/, خراء {m} /ḵirāʾ/
excuse {v} (forgive, pardon) :: غفر /ḡafara/
excuse {v} (allow to leave) :: اعتذر /iʿtaḏara/
excuse {n} (explanation designed to avoid or alleviate guilt or negative judgement) :: عذر {m} /ʿuḏr/
excuse me {phrase} (request to repeat, see also: come again) :: عفوا! /ʿafwan!/, [to a male] ماذا قلت؟ /māḏā qulta?/, [to a female] ماذا قلت؟ /māḏā qulti?/, [to a male] مرة ثانية، من فضلك؟ /marra ṯāniya, min faḍlika?/, [to a female] مرة ثانية، من فضلك؟ /marra ṯāniya, min faḍliki?/, عذرا! /ʿuḏran!/
excuse me {phrase} (request for attention) :: عن إذنك /ʿan ʾiḏnak/ [to man], عن إذنك /ʿan ʾiḏnik/ [to woman], عفوا /ʿafwan/, عذرا /ʿaḏran/
excuse me {phrase} (request to pass) :: المعذرة /al-maʿḏira/
excuse me {phrase} (sorry, as apology) :: اعذرني /iʿḏirnī/, آسف! /ʾāsif!/, آسفة! {f} /ʾāsifa!/
execute {v} (to kill as punishment) :: أعدم /ʾaʿdama/
execute {v} (To start a defined process and run it to completion) :: ينفذ
execute {v} (To start a defined process, without regard to whether it runs to completion or not) :: ينفذ
execute {v} (To start, launch or run software) :: ينفذ
execution {n} (act of putting to death or being put to death as a penalty) :: إعدام {m} /ʾiʿdām/ (also spelled إعدام {m} /ʾiʿdām/)
executive {adj} (designed for execution) :: إجرائي /ʾijrāʾiyy/
exemplar {n} (something fit to be imitated) :: أسوة {f} /ʾuswa/
exercise {n} (any activity designed to develop or hone a skill or ability) :: تمرين {m} /tamrīn/, تدريب {m} /tadrīb/
exercise {n} (physical activity intended to improve strength and fitness) :: تمرين {m} /tamrīn/
exercise {v} (exert for the sake of training) :: تمرن /tamarrana/
exercise book {n} (booklet for students) :: دفتر {m} /daftar/, كراس {m} /kurrās/
exhalation {n} (meteor) SEE: meteor ::
exhalation {n} (act or process of exhaling) :: زفير {m} /zafīr/
exhaust {v} (to drain, metaphorically; to wear out) :: استهلك /istahlaka/, استنفد /istanfada/
exhibit {n} (something exhibited) :: معروض {m} /maʿrūḍ/
exhibition {n} (large scale public showing of objects or products) :: معرض {m} /maʿraḍ/
exile {n} (the state of being banished from one's home or country) :: نفي /nafy/, نفي /nafy/
exist {v} (to be) :: وجد /wujida/
existence {n} (state of being, existing, or occurring) :: وجود {m} /wujūd/
existentialism {n} (philosophical movement) :: وجودية {f} /wujūdiyya/
exit {n} (way out) :: مخرج {m} /maḵraj/
exit {v} (go out) :: خرج /ḵaraja/
Exodus {prop} (book of Torah and Old Testament) :: سفر الخروج
exoplanet {n} (planet outside Earth's solar system) :: كوكب خارج المجموعة الشمسية {m} /kawkab ḵārij al-majmūʿa š-šamsiyya/
exorcism {n} (ritual driving out of evil spirits) :: رقية /ruqya/
exoskeleton {n} (hard outer structure) :: هيكل خارجي /haykal ḵārijiyy/
exotic {adj} (foreign, with the connotation of excitingly foreign) :: مجلوب
exotic {adj} (non-native to the ecosystem) :: دخيل
expansion {n} (act of expanding) :: تمدد {m} /tamaddud/, توسع {m} /tawassuʿ/
expatriate {n} (person living outside own country) :: مغترب {m} /muḡtarib/
expatriate {n} (person banished from their own country) :: منفي {m} /manfiyy/
expect {v} :: توقع /tawaqqaʿa/
expectorate {v} (spit) SEE: spit ::
expect the unexpected {v} ( Not be surprised by the usual events. Anything might happen) :: توقع ما هو غير متوقع /tawaqqaʿa mā huwa ḡayr mutawaqqaʿ/
expensive {adj} (having a high price or cost) :: غال /ḡālin/ [indefinite], الغالي /al-ḡālī/ [definite]
experience {n} (event(s) of which one is cognizant) :: خبرة {f} /ḵibra/, تجربة {f} /tajriba/
experience {n} (activity which one has performed) :: اختبار {m} /iḵtibār/
experience {n} (collection of events and/or activities from which an individual or group may gather knowledge) :: خبرة {f} /ḵibra/
experiment {n} (test under controlled conditions) :: تجربة {f} /tajriba/, اختبار {m} /iḵtibār/
expert {n} (person with extensive knowledge or ability) :: متخصص {m} /mutaḵaṣṣiṣ/, خبير {m} /ḵabīr/
expiration date {n} (expiration date) SEE: expiry date ::
expire {v} (die) SEE: die ::
expired {adj} (dead) SEE: dead ::
expiry {n} (death) SEE: death ::
expiry date {n} (date something expires) :: تاريخ انهاء الصلاحية
explain {v} (report) :: شرح /šaraḥa/, فسر /fassara/, أبان /ʾabāna/
explanation {n} (the act or process of explaining) :: تفسير {m} /tafsīr/, شرح {m} /šarḥ/
expletive {n} (profane, vulgar term) SEE: swear word ::
explication {n} (explanation) SEE: explanation ::
explicit {adj} (very specific) :: صريح {m}
explicitly {adv} (in an explicit manner) :: صراحة /ṣarāḥatan/
explode {v} (to destroy with an explosion) :: تفرقع /tafraqaʿa/
explode {v} (to explode (intransitive)) :: انفجر /infajara/
exploit {n} (heroic or extraordinary deed) :: مأثرة {f} /maʾṯura/
exploit {v} (use for one’s advantage) :: استغل /istaḡalla/
exploration {n} (act of exploring) :: استكشاف {m} /istikšāf/
explorer {n} (person who explores) :: مستكشف /mustakšif/
explorer {n} :: رحلة
explosion {n} (violent release of energy) :: انفجار {m} /infijār/, تفجير {m} /tafjīr/
explosive {adj} (shocking) SEE: shocking ::
exponent {n} ((in mathematics) the power to which something is raised) :: أس {m}
exponential {adj} (relating to an exponent) :: أسي /ʾussiyy/
exponential {adj} (expressed in terms of a power of e) :: أسي /ʾussiyy/
exponential {adj} (having a high or rapid rate of change) :: أسي /ʾussiyy/
export {n} (the act of exporting) :: تصدير {m} /taṣdīr/
export {v} (to sell (goods) to a foreign country) :: صدر /ṣaddara/
exposition {n} (action of putting something out to public view) :: معرض {m} /maʿriḍ/
express {v} (to convey meaning) :: عبر /ʿabbara/
expression {n} (particular way of phrasing an idea) :: تعبير {m} /taʿbīr/
expression {n} (colloquialism or idiom) :: تعبير {m} /taʿbīr/, عبارة {f} /ʿibāra/
expression {n} (facial appearance) :: سيماء {f} /sīmāʾ/
expressionism {n} (movement in the arts) :: تعبيرية /taʿbīriyya/
expressway {n} (freeway) SEE: freeway ::
expulsion {n} (the act of expelling or the state of being expelled) :: إبعاد {m} /ʾibʿād/
extent {n} (space, area, volume to which something extends) :: اتساع {m} /ittisāʿ/, مدى {f} /maddā/
exterior {adj} (being from outside a country) SEE: foreign ::
external link {n} :: وصلة خارجية {f} /waṣla(t) ḵārijiyya/
extinct {adj} (having died out) :: منقرض {m} /munqariḍ/
extinction {n} (the action of making or becoming extinct) :: انقراض {m} /inqirāḍ/
extinguish {v} (to put out, as in fire; to end burning; to quench) :: أطفأ /ʾaṭfaʾa/
extortion {n} (the practice of extorting money or other property) :: ابتزاز {m} /ibtizāz/
extra- {prefix} (outside, beyond) :: خارج عن {m} {m-p}
extradition {n} (a formal process by which a criminal suspect is handed over to another government) :: تسليم {m} /taslīm/
extra-natural {adj} (supernatural) SEE: supernatural ::
extraneous {adj} (not belonging to, or dependent upon, a thing) :: خارجي /ḵārijiyy/
extraordinary {adj} (not ordinary) :: استثنائي /istiṯnāʾiyy/, غير عادي /ḡayru ʿādiyy/
extraterrestrial {adj} (originating from outside of the Earth) :: قائم خارج الأرض /qāʾimun ḵārija l-ʾarḍ/
extreme {adj} (of a place, the most remote, farthest or outermost) :: الأقصى /al-ʾuqṣā/, الأبعد /al-ʾabʿad/, الأكثر /al-ʾakṯar/
extreme {adj} (in the greatest or highest degree; intense) :: شديد /šadīd/
extreme {adj} (excessive, or far beyond the norm) :: غير اعتيادي /ḡayr iʿtiyādiyy/
extreme {adj} (drastic, or of great severity) :: خطير /ḵaṭīr/, مميت /mumīt/
extreme {adj} (of sports, difficult or dangerous; performed in a hazardous environment) :: متطرف /mutaṭarrif/
extreme {adj} (archaic: ultimate, final or last) :: أخير /ʾaḵīr/
extremism {n} (extreme ideas or actions) :: تطرف {m} /taṭarruf/
extremist {n} (person who holds extreme views) :: متطرف {m} /mutaṭarrif/, متطرفة {f} /mutaṭarrifa/
extremist {adj} (holding extreme views) :: تطرفي /taṭarrufiyy/
extremity {n} (limb) SEE: limb ::
extroverted {adj} (psychology: of or related to an extrovert) :: منبسط, انبساطي /inbisāṭiyy/, العكس من خجول
eye {v} :: حدج /ḥaddaja/
eye {n} (organ) :: عين {f} /ʿayn/
eyeball {n} (ball of the eye) :: مقلة العين {f} /muqlat al-ʿayn/
eyebrow {n} (hair that grows over the bone ridge above the eye socket) :: حاجب {m} /ḥājib/
eye for an eye {n} (compensation for an injury) :: العين بالعين /al-ʿayn bi-l-ʿayn/
eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth {proverb} (compensation for an injury) :: العين بالعين والسن بالسن
eyeglasses {n} (spectacles) SEE: spectacles ::
eyehole {n} (eye socket) SEE: eye socket ::
eyelash {n} (hair growing on the edge of an eyelid) :: رمش /rimš/, [collective] هدب {m} /hudb/
eyelid {n} ((anatomy) a thin skin membrane that covers and moves over an eye) :: جفن {m} /jafn/
eye shadow {n} (makeup around the eyes) :: ظل العين {m} /ẓill al-ʿayn/
eyesight {n} (faculty of sight) :: نظر {m} /naẓar/, رؤية {f} /ruʾya/, بصر {m} /baṣar/
eye socket {n} (socket of eye) :: محجر {m} /miḥjar/, حجاج {m} /ḥajāj/
eye tooth {n} (canine tooth) SEE: canine tooth ::
eyewitness {n} (person who has seen and can testify about an event) :: شاهد عيان
ezafe {n} (grammatical particle) :: إضافة {f} /ʾiḍāfa/
Ezekiel {prop} (book of the Bible) :: حزقيال {m} /ḥizqiyāl/
Ezekiel {prop} (male given name) :: حزقيال {m} /ḥizqiyāl/