Szerkesztő:Matthias Buchmeier/en-arb-r

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Rabat {prop} (capital of Morocco) :: الرباط {m} /ar-rabāṭ/, الرباط {m} /ar-ribāṭ/
rabbi {n} (Jewish scholar or teacher) :: حاخام {m} /ḥāḵām/, حبر {m} /ḥabr/, رابي {m} /rābī/
rabbit {n} (mammal) :: أرنب {m} /ʾarnab/
rabies {n} (viral disease) :: كلب {m} /kalab/, داء الكلب {m} /dāʾ al-kalab/
Rabi I {prop} (third month of the Islamic calendar) :: ربيع الأول {m} /rabīʿ al-ʾawwal/
Rabi II {prop} (fourth month of the Islamic calendar) :: ربيع الآخر {m} /rabīʿ al-ʾāḵir/
raccoon {n} (nocturnal omnivore living in North America, Procyon lotor) :: راكون {m} /rākūn/
race {n} (contest) :: سباق {m} /sibāq/
race {n} (a large group of people set apart from others on the basis of a common heritage) :: عرق {m} /ʿirq/
race {n} (a large group of people set apart from others on the basis of common, physical characteristics) :: عرق {m} /ʿirq/
race car {n} (car that goes at very fast speeds) :: سيارة سباق {f} /sayāra(t) sibāq/
Rachel {prop} (younger daughter of Laban) :: راحيل {f} /rāḥīl/
rachitis {n} (rickets) :: كساح {m} /kusāḥ/
racial {adj} (of or relating to a race (or a people)) :: عرقي /ʿirqiyy/
racism {n} (racial prejudice or discrimination) :: عرقية {f} /ʿirqiyya/, عنصرية {f} /ʿunṣuriyya/
racist {n} (person who believes a particular race is superior to others.) :: عرقي {m} /ʿirqiyy/, عرقية {f} /ʿirqiyya/, عنصري {m} /ʿunṣuriyy/, عنصرية {f} /ʿunṣuriyya/
racist {adj} (relating to racism) :: عرقي /ʿirqiyy/, عنصري /ʿunṣuriyy/
racket {n} (implement) :: مضرب {m} /miḍrab/, [plural] مضارب {m-p} /maḍārib/
racoon {n} (raccoon) SEE: raccoon ::
rada {n} (soviet) SEE: soviet ::
radiation {n} (shooting forth of anything from a point or surface) :: إشعاع {m} /ʾišʿāʿ/
radio {n} (technology) :: مذياع {m} /miḏyāʿ/, راديو {m} /rādyū/
radio {n} (receiver) :: راديو {m} /rādyū/
radioactive fallout {n} (material from a radioactive plume) :: تهاطل نووي {m} /tahāṭul nawawiyy/
radio station {n} (broadcast station emitting an audio signal) :: محطة إذاعية {f} /maḥaṭṭat ʾiḏāʿiyya/
radio telescope {n} (astronomical device) :: مقراب راديوي {m} /miqrāb rādyūy/, مقراب الكاشوفي {m} /miqrāb al-kāšūfī/
radish {n} (plant) :: فجل {m} /fujl/
radish {n} (edible root) :: فجل {m} /fujl/
radium {n} (chemical element) :: راديوم {m} /rādiyum/
radius {n} (bone (human)) :: كعبرة {f} /kuʿbura/
radius {n} (line segment) :: نصف قطر {m} /nuṣf quṭr/, شعاع {m} /šuʿāʿ/
radix {n} (biology: root) SEE: root ::
radon {n} (chemical element) :: رادون {m} /rādun/
raft {n} (flat, floating structure) :: طوف {m} /ṭawf/, رمث {m} /ramaṯ/
raft {n} (inflatable floating craft) :: قارب مطاطي {m} /qārib maṭṭāṭiyy/
rag {n} (piece of cloth) :: خرقة {f} /ḵirqa/
rage {n} (a violent anger) :: حنق {m} /ḥanaq/
rage {v} (act in an angry manner) :: غضب {m} /ḡaḍib/
rags to riches {n} (in a biographical context, from poverty to exceptional wealth) :: من الفقر إلى الثراء /mina l-faqri ʾilā ṯ-ṯarāʾi/, من الفقر المطلق إلى غنى الفاحش /mina l-faqri l-muṭlaqi ʾilā ḡinā l-fāḥiši/, من العسر إلى اليسر /mina l-ʿusri ʾilā l-yusri/
raid {n} (attack for the purpose of making arrests, seizing property, or plundering) :: غارة {f} /ḡāra/, غزوة {f} /ḡazwa/
rail {n} (means of transportation) SEE: railway ::
railroad {n} (permanent road consisting of fixed metal rails) SEE: railway ::
railroad {n} (transportation system) SEE: railway ::
railroad station {n} (place where trains stop for passengers) SEE: railway station ::
railway {n} (track, consisting of parallel rails) :: سكة حديدية {f} /sikka ḥadīdiyya/, سكة الحديد {f} /sikkat al-ḥadīd/
railway {n} (transport system using these rails) :: سكة حديدية {f} /sikka ḥadīdiyya/
railway station {n} (place where trains stop) :: محطة السكك الحديدية {f} /maḥaṭṭat as-sikak al-ḥadīdiyya/, محطة {f} /maḥaṭṭa/, محطة قطار {f} /maḥaṭṭat qiṭār/
rain {n} (condensed water from a cloud) :: مطر {m} /maṭar/
rain {v} (of rain: to fall from the sky) :: مطر /maṭara/, أمطر /ʾamṭara/
rainbow {n} (multicoloured arch in the sky) :: قوس قزح {m} /qaws quzaḥ/
rainbow {v} (To pattern with many colours, like a rainbow.) :: قزح /qazzaḥa/
rain buckets {v} (to rain heavily) SEE: rain cats and dogs ::
rain cats and dogs {v} (to rain very heavily) :: أمطر بغزارة /ʾamṭara bi-ḡazāra/
raincoat {n} (waterproof coat) :: معطف {m} /miʿṭaf/
raindrop {n} (droplet of rainwater) :: قطرة مطر {f}
rain pitchforks {v} (rain cats and dogs) SEE: rain cats and dogs ::
rainy {adj} (abounding with rain) :: مطر /maṭir/, ماطر /māṭir/, ممطر /mumṭir/
raise {v} (to cause to rise) :: رفع /rafaʿa/
raisin {n} (dried grape) :: [collective] زبيب /zabīb/, زبيبة {f} /zabība/
raison d'être {n} (Reason for existence) :: سبب الوجود {m} /sabab al-wujūd/
Rajab {prop} (month) :: رجب {m} /rajab/
rajah {n} (Hindu prince) :: راجا {m} /rājā/
Rajasthan {prop} (a state in western India) :: راجاستان {m} /rajastān/
rake {n} (garden tool) :: شوكة الحشائش
rake {v} (use a rake on) :: 1.يجمع الحشائش.3, يسرح الشعر\الحشائش.2, قذائف مكثفة
rale {n} (abnormal sound made by lungs and heard with a stethoscope) SEE: rales ::
rales {n} (symptom) :: كراكر
rally {n} (demonstration) :: تجمع {m} /tajammuʿ/, مظاهرة {f} /muẓāhara/, تظاهر {f} /taẓāhur/
ram {n} (male sheep) :: كبش {m} /kabš/
ram {n} (battering ram) SEE: battering ram ::
Ramadan {prop} (holy ninth month of Islamic lunar calendar) :: رمضان {m} /ramaḍān/
Ramallah {prop} (city) :: رام الله /rām allāh/
ramble {n} (stroll) SEE: stroll ::
ramble {v} (wander) SEE: wander ::
rambutan {n} (fruit) :: رامبوتان {m} /rambutān/
ramen {n} (soup noodles of wheat, with various ingredients (Japanese style)) :: رامن /rāmin/, رامن /rāman/, رامن /rāmen/
Ramesses {prop} (name of pharaohs) :: رمسيس /ramsīs/
rampant {adj} (unrestrained) :: جامح {m} /jāmiḥ/, هائج {m} /hāʾij/
rand {n} (currency of South Africa) :: راند {m} /rand/
random {adj} (all outcomes being unpredictable) :: عشوائي /ʿašwāʾiyy/
random {adj} :: عشوائي /ʿašwāʾiyy/
range {v} (to travel over) SEE: roam ::
Rangoon {prop} (Yangon) SEE: Yangon ::
ransom {n} (money paid for the freeing of a hostage) :: فدية {f} /fidya/
ranunculus {n} (buttercup) SEE: buttercup ::
rap {n} (rap music) SEE: rap music ::
rape {n} (act of forcing sexual activity) :: اغتصاب {m} /iḡtiṣāb/
rape {v} (force sexual intercourse) :: اغتصب /iḡtaṣaba/, غصب /ḡaṣaba/
Raphael {prop} (Archangel) :: رفائيل {m} /rufāʾīl/
rapid {adj} (Very swift or quick) :: سريع /sarīʿ/
raping {n} (rape) SEE: rape ::
rapist {n} (someone who rapes someone else) :: مغتصب {m} /muḡtaṣib/
rap music {n} (music form) :: موسيقى الراب {f} /mūsīqā r-rāb/, الراب {m} /ar-rāb/
raptor {n} (bird of prey) SEE: bird of prey ::
Rapunzel {prop} (the main character of that tale) :: رابونزل {f} /rābūnzil/
rare {adj} (very uncommon) :: نادر /nādir/
rarely {adv} (not occurring at a regular interval) :: قليلا /qalīlan/, قليلا ما /qalīlan mā/, قلما /qallamā/
raspberry {n} (plant) :: عليق {m} /ʿullayq/
raspberry {n} (fruit) :: توت العليق {m} /tūt al-ʿallayq/; فرمبواز /frambwāz/
Ras Tanura {prop} (city) :: رأس تنورة /raʾs tanūra/
rat {n} (rodent) :: جرذ {m} /juraḏ/, فأر {m} /faʾr/
rate {n} (speed) SEE: speed ::
rate {n} (proportional relationship between amounts) :: معدل {m} /muʿaddal/
rate {n} :: معدل {m} /muʿaddal/
rate {v} (berate) SEE: berate ::
ratel {n} (Mellivora capensis) SEE: honey badger ::
rather {adv} (preferably) :: بالأحرى /bi-l-ʾaḥrā/
rather than {conj} (to indicate that the following alternative is less preferred) :: بدلا من /badalan min/
rather than {prep} (instead of, in preference to) :: أكثر من /ʾakṯar min/, عن /ʿann/
rational {adj} (reasonable; not absurd) :: عقلاني /ʿaqlāniyy/
rationalism {n} (philosophical theory) :: عقلانية {f} /ʿaqlāniyya/, عقلية {f} /ʿaqliyya/
rattle {v} (to make a rattling noise) :: قعقع /qaʿqaʿa/
raven {n} (bird) :: غراب {m} /ḡurāb/, زاغ {m} /zāḡ/
ravish {v} (rape) SEE: rape ::
raw {adj} (uncooked) :: نيء /nayʾ/
ray {n} (beam of light or radiation) :: شعاع {m} /šuʿāʿ/
ray {n} (marine fish with a flat body, large wing-like fins, and a whip-like tail) :: شفنين {m} /šifnīn/
Ray {prop} (city in Iran) :: الري /ar-rayy/
razor {n} (shaving knife) :: موسى الحلاقة {f} /mūsā l-ḥilāqa/, موس الحلاقة {m} /mūs al-ḥilāqa/
re {prep} (regarding) :: في ما يخص /fī mā yaḵuṣṣ/
re {n} (the second note in solfège) :: ري {m} /rī/, ري {m} /rē/
reach {v} (to extend, to thrust out) :: بلغ /balaḡa/
reach {v} (to arrive at by effort) :: بلغ /balaḡa/
reach {v} :: نال /nāla/
reach for the sky {interj} (surrender) SEE: hands up ::
reaction {n} (action in response to an event) :: رد فعل {m} /rad fiʿl/
reaction {n} (chemical transformation) :: تفاعل {m} /tafāʿul/
read {v} (look at and interpret letters or other information) :: قرأ /qaraʾa/
read {v} (speak aloud words or other information that is written) :: قرأ /qaraʾa/
readable {adj} (legible) SEE: legible ::
read between the lines {v} (infer a meaning that is not stated explicitly) :: قرأ ما بين السطور /qaraʾa mā bayna s-suṭūr/
reader {n} (person who reads a publication) :: قارئ {m} /qāriʾ/, قارئة {f} /qāriʾa/
reader {n} (person who recites literary works, usually to an audience) :: قارئ {m} /qāriʾ/, قارئة {f} /qāriʾa/
reader {n} (person employed by a publisher to read works and determine their merits) :: قارئ {m} /qāriʾ/, قارئة {f} /qāriʾa/
reader {n} (any device that reads something) :: قارئ {m} /qāriʾ/
reader {n} (lecturer) SEE: lecturer ::
reading {n} (process of interpreting written language) :: قراءة {f} /qirāʾa/, مطالعة {f} /muṭālaʿa/
reading room {n} (space set aside for reading) :: قاعة المطالعة {f} /qāʿat(u) al-muṭālaʿa(ti)/
ready {n} (cash) SEE: cash ::
ready {adj} (prepared for immediate action or use) :: جاهز /jāhiz/, مستعد /mustaʿidd/
ready {adj} (inclined, apt to happen) :: حاضر /ḥāḍir/, مستعد /mustaʿidd/
ready {v} (to make prepared for action) :: جهز /jahhaza/
Reagan {prop} (surname) :: ريغان {m} {f} /rayḡān/, ريجان {m} {f} /raygān/ [Egyptian spelling]
real {adj} (true, genuine, not merely nominal) :: حقيقي /ḥaqīqiyy/
real {n} (former unit of currency of Spain and Spain's colonies) :: ريال {m} /riyāl/
real {n} (a unit of currency used in Brazil) :: ريال {m} /riyāl/
real {adv} (really) SEE: really ::
real estate {n} (property that cannot easily be moved) :: عقار {m} /ʿaqār/
realgar {n} (mineral) :: رهج الغار {m} /rahaj al-ḡār/
reality television {n} (television genre) :: تلفزيون الواقع {m} /tilifizyūn al-wāqiʿ/
realize {v} (to make real) :: حقق /ḥaqqaqa/
realize {v} (to become aware of) :: أدرك /ʾadraka/
realize {v} (to convert into actual money) :: باع /bāʿa/
really {adv} (actually) :: حقا /ḥaqqan/
really {interj} (indicating surprise at, or requesting confirmation of, some new information) :: والله؟ /wal-lāh?/, ليس معقل! /laysa maʿqul!/, حقا /ḥaqqan/
realm {n} (sphere or influence) :: حيز {m} /ḥayyiz/
realpolitik {n} (pragmatic international government policy) :: واقعية سياسية {f} /wāqiʿiyya(t) siyāsiyya/
real property {n} (real estate) SEE: real estate ::
reap {v} (to cut with a sickle) :: حصد /ḥaṣada/
reaper {n} (the Grim Reaper) SEE: Grim Reaper ::
reap hook {n} (sickle) SEE: sickle ::
reaping hook {n} (sickle) SEE: sickle ::
rear {adj} (being behind, or in the hindmost part) :: خلفي /ḵalfiyy/
rear window {n} (window at the back of a car) :: شباك خلفي {m} /šubbāk ḵalfiyy/
reason {n} (that which causes: a cause) :: سبب {m} /sabab/
reason {n} ((the capacity of the human mind for) rational thinking) :: عقل {m} /ʿaql/
reason {v} (to arrange and present the reasons for or against; to examine, debate, discuss) SEE: debate ::
reasonably {adv} (in accordance with reason) :: بشكل منطقي /bi-šakl manṭiqiyy/
reasonably {adv} (not extremely) :: بشكل معقول
reave {v} (to plunder, pillage, rob, pirate, or remove) :: نهب بالإعتداء /nahb bilʼiʻtidāʼ/
Rebecca {prop} (female given name) :: رفقة
rebel {n} (person who resists an established authority) :: متمرد {m} /mutamarrid/, متمردة {f} /mutamarrida/, ثائر {m} /ṯāʾir/
rebel {v} (to resist or become defiant towards) :: تمرد /tamarrada/, [imperfect] يتمرد /yatamarradu/
rebellion {n} (armed resistance) :: ثورة {f} /ṯawra/
rebellious {adj} (showing rebellion) :: عاص /ʿāṣin/
recall {v} (to remember, recollect) :: تذكر /taḏakkara/
receipt {n} (written acknowledgement) :: إيصال {m} /ʾīṣāl/
receive {v} (take what is offered, accept from another) :: استقبل /istaqbala/, استلم /istalama/
receive {v} (take possession of) :: استلم /istalama/
receive {v} (to act as a host for guests) :: استقبل /istaqbala/ [past], يستقبل /yastaqbil/ [present], الاستقبال [verbal noun]
recent {adj} (having happened a short while ago) :: أخير /ʾaḵīr/, جديد /jadīd/
recently {adv} (in the recent past) :: مؤخرا /muʾaḵḵaran/, حديثا /ḥadīṯan/
reception {n} (act of receiving) :: استقبال {m} /istiqbāl/
reception {n} (social engagement) :: استقبال {m} /istiqbāl/, حفلة استقبال {f} /ḥaflat istiqbāl/
reception {n} (front desk) :: مكتب الاستقبال {m} /maktab al-istiqbāl/
recess {n} (botany, zoology: sinus) SEE: sinus ::
recession {n} (a period of reduced economic activity) :: تراجع /tarājuʿ/
recidivism {n} (committing new offenses after being punished for a crime) :: عود {m} /ʿawd/
recipe {n} (instructions for making or preparing food dishes) :: وصفة {f} /waṣfa/
recipient {n} (one who receives) :: مستلم {m} /mustalim/
reciprocal {adj} (done by each of two people towards the other) :: متبادل /mutabādal/
reciprocate {v} (to mutually give and take something; to interchange) :: بادل /bādala/
recital {n} (a formal explanation of the reasons on which the transaction is founded) :: حيثية {f} /ḥayṯiyya/
recital {n} (narration) SEE: narration ::
recite {v} (to recite) SEE: say ::
recite {v} (to repeat aloud some passage, poem or other text) :: تلا /talā/
reclaim {v} (to recycle) SEE: recycle ::
reclaim {v} (to tame or domesticate a wild animal) SEE: tame ::
recognise {v} (to match in memory; to know from a previous encounter) :: تعرف /taʿarrafa/
recognize {v} (to match in memory; to know from a previous encounter) :: تعرف /taʿarrafa/
recollect {v} (to recall past events) :: تذكر /taḏakkara/
recommend {v} (to commend to the favorable notice of another) :: وصى /waṣṣā/, أوصى /ʾawṣā/
recommend {v} (to advise, propose) :: يوصي يقترح
recompense {n} (that which compensates for a harm done) :: مكافأة {f} /mukāfaʾaa/, بدل {m} /badal/
record {n} (information put into a lasting physical medium) :: تسجيل {m} /tasjīl/
record {n} (phonograph record) :: أسطوانة {f} /ʾusṭuwāna/
record {n} (computing: set of data relating to a single individual or item) :: سجل {m} /sijill/, دفتر {m} /daftar/
record {n} (most extreme known value of some achievement) :: رقم قياسي {m} /raqm qiyāsiyy/
record {v} (make a record of) :: سجل /sajjala/
recorder {n} (recording device) :: مسجل {m} /musajjil/
recorder {n} (someone who records) :: مسجل /musajjil/
recording {n} (reproduction stored in a permanent medium) :: تسجيل {m} /tasjīl/
recover {v} (intransitive: to get better, regain health) :: شفي /šufiya/, برئ /bariʾa/
recreation {n} (activity that diverts, amuses or stimulates) :: استجمام {m} /istijmām/
rectangle {n} (quadrilateral) :: مستطيل /mustaṭīl/
rectify {v} (to heal) SEE: heal ::
rectum {n} (terminal part of the large intestine) :: مستقيم {m} /mustaqīm/
recuperate {v} (recover, especially from an illness) SEE: recover ::
recycle {v} (to break down and reuse component materials) :: إعادة تدوير {f} /ʾiʿādat tadwīr/
recycle bin {n} ((computing) in Microsoft Windows, a storage location for deleted files) :: سلة المحذوفات {f}
recycling {n} (the practice of sorting and collecting waste materials for new use) :: إعادة تدوير {f} /ʾiʿādat tadwīr/
red {adj} (having red as its colour) :: أحمر {m} /ʾaḥmar/, حمراء {f} /ḥamrāʾ/, حمر {p} /ḥumr/
red {n} (colour) :: حمرة {f} /ḥumra/, أحمر {m} /ʾaḥmar/
red beet {n} (beetroot) SEE: beetroot ::
redbud {n} (Judas tree) SEE: Judas tree ::
Red Crescent {prop} (branch of the Red Cross) :: الهلال الأحمر {m} /al-hilāl al-ʾaḥmar/
Red Cross {prop} (Red Cross) :: الصليب الأحمر {m} /aṣ-ṣalīb al-ʾaḥmar/
redden {v} (to become red) :: احمر /iḥmarra/
redden {v} (to make red) :: حمر /ḥammara/
red-handed {adj} (in the act of wrongdoing) :: متلبس {m} /mutalabbas/, جرم مشهود, جرم مشهود /Curmu mashut/
red hot {n} (hot dog) SEE: hot dog ::
redirect {n} (redirection) SEE: redirection ::
redirection {n} (setting a new direction) :: تحويل {m} /taḥwīl/
red kite {n} (Milvus milvus) :: حدأة حمراء {f} /ḥadaʾa ḥamrāʾ/
red line {n} (a boundary or limit which should not be crossed) :: خط أحمر {m} /ḵaṭṭ ʾaḥmar/
red line {n} (a line dividing ice rink in half) :: خط أحمر {m} /ḵaṭṭ ʾaḥmar/
red link {n} :: وصلة حمراء {f} /waṣla(t) ḥamrāʾ/
red lynx {n} (bobcat) SEE: bobcat ::
redness {n} (quality of being red) :: حمرة {f} /ḥumra/
Red Sea {prop} (sea between Africa and Arabia) :: البحر الأحمر {m} /al-baḥr al-ʾaḥmar/
Red Sea Governorate {prop} (governorate of Egypt) :: البحر الأحمر
Red Square {prop} (Moscow square) :: الميدان الأحمر {m} /al-maydān al-ʾaḥmar/
redstart {n} (ground-feeding bird) :: حميراء /hamira'/
red tea {n} (black tea) SEE: black tea ::
reduce {v} :: أنقص /ʾanqaṣṣa/
reduction {n} (act, process, or result of reducing) :: نقص {m} /naqṣ/
reduplication {n} (the act of, or an instance of, reduplication ) :: مضاعفة, مضاعفة {f}
red wine {n} (red coloured wine) :: نبيذ أحمر {m} /nabīḏ ʾaḥmar/; [less common] خمر أحمر {m} /ḵamr ʾaḥmar/
reed {n} (grass-like plant) :: قصبة {f} /qaṣaba/, بوصة {f} /būṣa/
reef {n} (rocks at or near surface of the water) :: شعاب {m} /šaʿāb/
reefer {n} (marijuana) SEE: marijuana ::
reek {n} (unpleasant smell) :: نتانة {f} /natāna/
reel {n} (spool) :: بكرة {f} /bakara/
refer {v} (to direct to a source for help or information) :: أشار الى /ʾašāra ilā/
referee {n} (sport: umpire, judge, the supervisor of a game) :: حكم {m} /ḥakam/
referendum {n} (direct popular vote) :: استفتاء {m} /istiftāʾ/
reflect {v} (to mirror, or show the image of something) :: عكس /ʿakasa/
reflection {n} (act of reflecting; the state of being reflected) :: انعكاس {m} /inʿikās/, عكس {m} /ʿaks/
reflex angle {n} (angle greater than 180 degrees but less than 360 degrees) :: زاوية منعكسة {f} /zāwiya(t) munʿakisa/, زاوية معكوسة /zāwiya(t) maʿkūsa/
reflexive {n} (reflexive pronoun) SEE: reflexive pronoun ::
reflexive pronoun {n} (a part of speech) :: ضمير انعكاسي {m} /ḍamīr inʿikāsiyy/
reform {n} (amendment) :: إصلاح {m} /ʾiṣlāḥ/
refrain {v} (to abstain (from)) :: امتنع /imtanaʿa/
refresh {v} (to renew or revitalize) :: جدد /jaddada/
refrigerate {v} (freeze) SEE: freeze ::
refrigerator {n} (appliance) :: ثلاجة {f} /ṯallāja/
refuge {n} (state of safety, protection or shelter) :: ملجأ {m} /maljaʾ/, ملاذ {m} /malāḏ/
refugee {n} (person seeking political asylum) :: لاجئ {m} /lājiʾ/
refugee {n} (person seeking economic asylum) :: لاجئ {m} /lājiʾ/
refund {n} (amount of money returned) :: إعادة مال {f} /ʾiʿādat māl/
refurbish {v} (rebuild or replenish) :: جدد /jaddada/, صقل
refuse {v} ((transitive) decline (request, demand)) :: رفض /rafaḍa/, أبى /ʾabā/
refuse {v} ((intransitive) decline a request or demand) :: رفض /rafaḍa/
refute {v} (to prove (something) to be false or incorrect) :: دحض /daḥaḍa/
regal {adj} (of or having to do with royalty) :: ملكي /malakiyy/
regarding {prep} (concerning) :: بالنسبة ل /bi-n-nisba li-/
regardless {prep} (paying no attention to) :: دون الاهتمام ب /dūna l-ihtimām bi-/
regardless of {prep} (without attention to) :: بغض النظر عن /bi-ḡaḍḍ an-naẓar ʿan/, دون الاهتمام ب /dūna l-ihtimām bi-/
regards {n} (greeting at the end of a letter) :: مع تحياتي /maʿa taḥiyyātī/, مع تمنياتي /maʿa tamanniyyātī/
regime {n} (mode of rule or management) :: نظام {m} /niẓām/
regime {n} (form of government) :: نظام {m} /niẓām/, سطوة {f} /saṭwa/
regime change {n} (overthrow of a government) :: تغيير النظام /taḡyīr al-niẓām/
regiment {n} (army unit) :: فوج {m} /fawj/
region {n} (any considerable and connected part of a space or surface) :: منطقة {f} /minṭaqa/
region {n} (an administrative subdivision) :: إقليم {m} /ʾiqlīm/
register {n} (formal recording) :: سجل {m} /sijiel/
register {v} (to enter in a register) :: سجل /sajjala/
register {n} (cash register) SEE: cash register ::
registered mail {n} (type of mail) :: بريد مسجل {m} /barīd musajjil/
registration {n} (the act of signing up or registering for something) :: تسجيل {m} /tasjīl/
regret {v} (feel sorry about some past thing) :: ندم /nadima/, تأسف /taʾassafa/
regret {n} (instance of such an emotion) :: أسف {m} /ʾasaf/, تأسف {m} /taʾassuf/
regular {adj} (having a constant pattern) :: عادي /ʿādiyy/
regular {adj} (having expected characteristics) :: عادي /ʿādiyy/
regulate {v} (control) SEE: control ::
regulate {v} (adjust) :: ضبط /ḍabaṭa/
regulation {n} (law or administrative rule) :: تنظيم {m} /tanẓīm/
regulatory framework {n} (set of regulations) :: إطار تنظيمي {m} /ʾiṭār tanẓīmiyy/
Reich {n} (a German empire or nation) :: إمبراطورية {f} /ʾimbirāṭūriyya/ [empire], رايش {m} /rayš/
reify {v} (to regard something abstract as if it were a concrete material thing) :: جسد /jassada/, جسم /jassama/
reign {n} (The exercise of sovereign power) :: حكم {m} /ḥukm/
reindeer {n} (Rangifer tarandus) :: رنة {f} /rana/
reinforce {v} (to strengthen by addition) :: قوى /qawwā/
reject {v} (refuse to accept) :: رفض /rafaḍa/
rejoice {v} (be happy) :: فرح ب /fariḥa bi-/
relate {v} (to narrate) SEE: narrate ::
related {adj} (standing in relation or connection) :: متعلق /mutaʿallaq/
relational {adj} (relative) SEE: relative ::
relationship {n} (connection or association) :: علاقة {f} /ʿalāqa/
relationship {n} (kinship) :: صلة {f} /ṣila/, علاقة {f} /ʿalāqa/
relative {adj} (conditional; depending on something else) :: نسبي /nisbiyy/
relative {n} (someone in the same family; someone connected by blood, marriage, or adoption) :: قريب {m} /qarīb/, قريبة {f} /qarība/, أقرباء {p} /ʾaqribāʾ/ [collective]
relatively {adv} (proportionally) :: نسبيا /nisbiyyan/
relativism {n} (theory that truth and moral values are relative) :: نسبوية {f} /nisbawiyya/
relativity {n} :: نسبية {f} /nisbiyya/
relax {v} (to make something loose) :: استرخى /istarḵā/
relax {v} (to become loose) :: استرخى /istarḵā/
release {v} (to let go (of)) :: حرر /ḥarrara/
release {v} (to free or liberate) :: أطلق سراح
relevance {n} (property or state of being relevant, pertinency) :: علاقة {f} /ʿalāqa/, صلة {f} /ṣila/
relevancy {n} (relevance) SEE: relevance ::
relevant {adj} (directly related, connected, or pertinent to a topic) :: متصل /muttaṣil/, متعلق /mutaʿalliq/
relief {n} (removal of stress or discomfort) :: راحة {f} /rāḥa/
relief {n} (type of artwork) :: نقش نافر {m} /na'aesh naqir/
religion {n} (system of beliefs dealing with soul, deity and/or life after death) :: دين {m} /dīn/
religious {adj} (concerning religion) :: ديني /dīniyy/
religious {adj} (committed to the practice of religion) :: متدين /mutadayyinun/, دين /dayyinun/
religious education {n} (teaching of a particular religion) :: التربية الدينية /at-tarbiya(t) ad-dīniyya/
relive {v} (to experience again) :: أحيا /ʾaḥyā/
rely {v} (rest with confidence) :: اعتمد /iʿtamada/ [على]
remain {v} (to stay behind while others withdraw) :: بقي /baqiya/, مكث /makaṯa/
remain {v} (to continue unchanged) :: بقي /baqiya/
remainder {n} :: [indefinite] باق /bāqin/, [definite] [indefinite] باق /bāqin/, [definite] الباقي /al-bāqī/
remains {n} (remains) SEE: wreck ::
remark {n} :: ملاحظة {f} /mulāḥaẓa/
remedy {n} (something that corrects or counteracts) :: علاج {m} /ʿilāj/, ترياق /tiryāq/
remedy {n} (medicine, application, or treatment) :: ترياق {m} /tiryāq/
remember {v} (to recall from one's memory) :: تذكر /taḏakkara/
remember {v} (to memorize) :: استذكر /istaḏkara/
remember {v} ((obsolete) to remind) SEE: remind ::
remembrance {n} (act of remembering) :: ذكرى {m} /ḏikrā/
remind {v} (Cause one to experience a memory; bring to a person's notice) :: ذكر /ḏakkara/
remit {v} (to postpone) SEE: postpone ::
remix {n} (rearrangement of an older piece of music) :: ريمكس {m} /rimiks/
remorse {n} (feeling of regret or sadness for doing wrong or sinning) :: ندم {m} /nadam/, وخز الضمير {m} /waḵaz aḍ-ḍamīr/
remote {adj} (at a distance) :: بعيد /baʿīd/
remote control {n} (device used to operate an appliance or mechanical toy from a short distance away) :: تحكم من بعد {m} /taḥakkum min buʿd/
remove {v} (to remove) SEE: delete ::
remove {v} (to take away) :: نقل /naqala/, أزال /ʾazāla/
remuneration {n} (something given in exchange for goods or services rendered) :: أجر {m} /ʾajr/, مكافأة {f} /mukāfaʾa/, تعويض {m} /taʿwīḍ/
remuneration {n} (a payment for work done; wages, salary, emolument) :: أجر {m} /ʾajr/, راتب {m} /rātib/
Remus {prop} (the founder of Rome) :: رموس
ren {n} (a kidney) SEE: kidney ::
renaissance {n} (Renaissance) SEE: Renaissance ::
Renaissance {prop} (14th century revival) :: نهضة {f} /nahḍa/, عصر النهضة {m} /ʿaṣr an-nahḍa/
Renaissance {prop} (the period) :: عصر النهضة {m} /ʿaṣr an-nahḍa/, النهضة {f} /an-nahḍa/
render {v} (to cause to become) :: جعل /jaʿala/, صير /ṣayyara/
renew {v} (to repeat; to go over again) :: جدد /jadid/
rennet {n} (An enzyme) :: منفحة {f} /minfaḥa/
rennet stomach {n} (abomasum) SEE: abomasum ::
renovation {n} (act or process of renovating) :: تجديد {m} /tajdīd/, إحياء {m} /ʾiḥyāʾ/, ترميم {m} /tarmīm/
renown {n} (Fame or wide recognition) :: شهرة {f}
rent {n} (payment made by a tenant) :: أجرة {f} /ʾujra/, استأجر {m} /istaʾjar/
rent {n} (payment made for the use of equipment or a service) :: أجرة {f} /ʾujra/
rent {v} (to occupy premises in exchange for rent) :: استأجر /istaʾjara/
rep {n} (reputation) SEE: reputation ::
rep {n} (representative) SEE: representative ::
rep {n} (repetition) SEE: repetition ::
repair {v} (to restore to good working order) :: أصلح /ʾaṣlaḥa/, صلح /ṣallaḥa/
repair {n} (act of repairing something) :: تصليح {m} /taṣlīḥ/
repair {n} :: اصلاح {m} /iṣlāḥ/
repay {v} (pay back) SEE: pay back ::
repeat {v} (do or say again) :: كرر /karrara/, أعاد /ʾaʿāda/
repel {v} (to ward off) :: دفع /dafaʿa/, صد /ṣadda/, درأ /daraʾa/
repent {v} (to feel sorrow or regret for what one has done or omitted to do) :: تاب /tāba/
repent {v} (theology: to be sorry for sin as morally evil, and to seek forgiveness) :: تاب /tāba/
repentance {n} (condition of being penitent) :: توبة {f} /tawba/
repentance {n} (feeling of regret or remorse) :: توبة {f} /tawba/
repentance {n} :: توبة {f} /tawba/
repercussion {n} (consequence, result of action) :: أثر {m} /ʾaṯṯar/
repetition {n} (act or an instance of repeating or being repeated) :: تكرار {m} /takrār/, إعادة {f} /ʾiʿāda/
replace {v} (to substitute) :: استبدل /istabdala/, بدل /baddala/
replica {n} (exact copy) :: نشخة {f} /nušḵa/
replier {n} :: راد /rādd/
reply {v} (to give a written or spoken response) :: أجاب /ʾajāba/, رد /radda/
reply {n} (written or spoken response) :: إجابة {f} /ʾijāba/, جواب {m} /jawāb/, رد {m} /radd/
report {v} (to relate details of) :: وصف /waṣafa/, أبلغ /ʾablaḡa/
report {n} (information describing events) :: تقرير {m} /taqrīr/
report card {n} (grades) :: التقرير المدرسي عن الطالب
reporter {n} (journalist) :: مراسل {m} /murāsil/, مراسلة {f} /murāsila/, صحافي {m} /ṣaḥāfiyy/
repository {n} (a location for storage, often for safety or preservation) :: مخزن {m} /maḵzan/
represent {v} (to stand in the place of) :: مثل /maṯṯala/
representative {n} (one who speaks for another) :: ممثل {m} /mumaṯṯil/, وكيل {m} /wakīl/
reprise {n} (repetition) SEE: repetition ::
reproduction {n} (the act of reproducing new individuals biologically) :: تكاثر {m} /takāṯur/
reproductive organ {n} (organ used in sexual reproduction) SEE: sex organ ::
reproductive organ {n} (organ for sexual reproduction) :: عضو تكاثر {m} /ʿuḍū takāṯur/
reproductive system {n} (reproductive system) :: جهاز تناسلي {m} /jihāz tanāsuliyy/
reptile {n} (a cold-blooded vertebrate) :: زحافة {f} /zaḥḥāfa/
republic {n} (a type of state) :: جمهورية {f} /jumhūriyya/
Republic of Albania {prop} (Official name of Albania) :: جمهورية ألبانيا
Republic of Armenia {prop} (official name of Armenia) :: جمهورية أرمينيا {f} /al-jumhūriyya l-ʾarmīnyā/, الجمهورية الأرمينية {f} /al-jumhūriyya l-ʾarmēniyya/
Republic of Austria {prop} (official name of Austria) :: جمهورية النمسا {f} /jumhūriyya(t) an-namsā/
Republic of Botswana {prop} (official name of Botswana) :: جمهورية بوتسوانا
Republic of Bulgaria {prop} (official name of Bulgaria) :: جمهورية بلغاريا {f} /jumhūriyya(t) bulḡāriyā/
Republic of China {prop} (state in East Asia) :: جمهورية الصين {f} /jumhūriyyatu ṣ-ṣīn/, تايوان {m} /taywān/
Republic of Croatia {prop} (official name of Croatia) :: جمهورية كرواتيا {f} /jumhūriyya(t) kuruwātiyā/
Republic of Djibouti {prop} (Djibouti) :: جمهورية جيبوتي {f} /jumhūriyyat jībūtī/
Republic of Equatorial Guinea {prop} (official name of Equatorial Guinea) :: جمهورية غينيا الاستوائية /jumhūriyyat al-ḡīniyā l-istiwāʾiyya/
Republic of Estonia {prop} (official name of Estonia) :: جمهورية إستونيا {f} /jumhūriyya(t) ʾistūnyā/
Republic of Finland {prop} (official full name of Finland) :: جمهورية فنلندا {f} /jumhūriyyatu finlandā/
Republic of Hungary {prop} (former official name of Hungary) :: جمهورية المجر {f} /jumhūriyya(t) al-majari/
Republic of India {prop} (official name of India) :: جمهورية الهند {f} /jumhūriyya(t) al-hind/
Republic of Iraq {prop} (official name of Iraq) :: جمهورية العراق {f} /jumhūriyyat al-ʿirāq/
Republic of Ireland {prop} (country) :: جمهورية أيرلندا {f} /jumhūriyya(t) ʾayirlandā/
Republic of Korea {prop} (country) :: جمهورية كوريا {f} /jumhūriyat kōriyā/
Republic of Latvia {prop} (Official name of Latvia) :: جمهورية لاتفيا {f} /jumhūriyya(t) lātfiyā/
Republic of Lithuania {prop} (Official name of Lithuania) :: جمهورية لتوانيا {f} /jumhūriyya(t) litwāniyā/
Republic of Niger {prop} (official name of Niger) :: جمهورية النيجر
Republic of North Macedonia {prop} (Republic of North Macedonia, see also: North Macedonia) :: جمهورية شمال مقدونيا {f} /jumhūriyya(t) šamāli maqdūniyā/
Republic of Poland {prop} (official name of Poland) :: الجمهورية البولندية /al-jumhūriyya(t) al-būlandiyya/
Republic of Serbia {prop} (official name of Serbia) :: جمهورية صربيا {f} /jumhūriyya(t) ṣirbiyā/
Republic of Slovenia {prop} (official name of Slovenia) :: جمهورية سلوفينيا {f} /jumhūriyya(t) slūfīniyā/
Republic of the Congo {prop} (country) :: جمهورية الكونغو {f} /jumhūriyyat al-konḡō/
Republic of the Philippines {prop} (country in Southeast Asia) :: جمهورية الفلبين
Republic of the Sudan {prop} (official name of Sudan) :: جمهورية السودان {f}
Republic of Turkey {prop} (official name of the country of Turkey) :: الجمهورية التركية {f} /al-jumhūriyya t-turkiyya/
Republika Srpska {prop} (Entity within Bosnia and Herzegovina) :: جمهورية صرب البوسنة {f} /jumhūriyyat ṣarb al-būsna/
reputation {n} (what somebody is known for) :: سمعة {f} /sumʿa/, سمعة
request {v} (to express the need or desire for) :: طلب /ṭalaba/
request {n} (act of requesting) :: طلب {m} /ṭalab/
require {v} (ask) SEE: ask ::
requirement {n} (something asked) :: مطلب {m} /maṭlab/
rescue {v} (to save from any danger or violence) :: أنقذ /ʾanqaḏa/, خلص /ḵallaṣa/
rescue {n} (liberation) SEE: liberation ::
research {n} (inquiry or examination) :: بحث {m} /baḥṯ/, تحقيق {m} /taḥqīq/
research {n} :: بحث {m} /baḥṯ/
research {v} (to examine with continued care) :: بحث /baḥaṯa/
reseda {n} (plant of the genus Reseda) :: بليحاء
resemble {v} (compare) SEE: compare ::
resemble {v} (to be like or similar to something else) :: شبه /šabiha/, ماثل /māṯala/
resentment {n} (anger or displeasure felt out of belief that others have engaged in wrongdoing or mistreatment; indignation.) :: مرارة
reservation {n} (arrangement by which something is secured in advance) :: حجز {m} /ḥajaz/
reserve {v} (to reserve) SEE: hold ::
reserve {n} :: حجز {m} /ḥajz/
reserve {v} (to book in advance) :: حجز /ḥajaza/
reservoir {n} (large natural or artificial lake used as a source of water supply) :: فنطاس {m} /finṭās/
reside {v} (to dwell permanently or for a considerable time) :: أقام /ʾaqāma/, سكن /sakana/, عاش /ʿāša/
residence {n} (place where one lives) :: مسكن {m} /maskan/
residence permit {n} (right to legally reside in a country) :: إقامة {f} /ʾiqāma/
resident {n} (person living at a location or an area) :: ساكن {m} /sākin/, سكان {p} /sukkān/
resign {v} (quit a job or position) :: استقال /istaqāla/
resignation {n} (act of resigning) :: استقالة
resilient {adj} (able to withstand force without cracking; elastic) :: مرن
resin {n} (secretion of plants) :: راتينج {m} /rātīnaj/, صرع {m} /ṣurʿ/
resist {v} (to withstand actions or effects of) :: قاوم /qāwama/
resistance {n} (act of resisting) :: مقاومة {f} /muqāwama/
resolve {v} (to find a solution to) :: حل /ḥalla/
resounding {adj} (having a deep, reverberating sound) :: مجلجل /mujiljil/
resource {n} (something that one uses to achieve an objective) :: مورد {m} /mawrid/
resource {n} :: مصدر {m} /maṣdar/
respect {n} (admiration for a person or entity because of perceived merit) :: احترام {m} /iḥtirām/
respect {v} (to have respect for) :: احترم /iḥtarama/
respiratory {adj} (relating to respiration; breathing) :: جهاز تنفسي {m} /jihāz tanaffusiyy/
respite {n} (brief interval of rest or relief) :: متنفس {m}
resplendent {adj} (shiny and colourful, and thus pleasing to the eye) :: ناضر /nāḍir/
respond {v} (to say in reply, to respond) SEE: return ::
respond {v} (to say something in return) :: أجاب /ʾajāba/
responsibility {n} (the state of being responsible) :: مسؤولية {f} /masʾūliyya/
responsibility {n} (a duty, obligation or liability for which someone is responsible) :: مسؤولية {f} /masʾūliyya/
responsible {adj} (answerable for an act performed or for its consequences) :: مسؤول {m} /masʾūl/, مسئول {m} /masʾūl/; مسؤولة {f} /masʾūla/, مسئولة {f} /masʾūla/
responsible {adj} (able to answer reasonably for one's conduct) :: ملام /mulām/
ressentiment {n} (obsolete: resentment) SEE: resentment ::
rest {n} (relief afforded by sleeping; sleep) :: راحة {f} /rāḥa/, استراحة {f} /istirāḥa/
rest {v} (intransitive: take repose) :: استراح /istarāḥa/
rest {n} (remainder) :: باقية {f} /bāqiyya/, أثارة {f} /ʾaṯāra/
rest {v} (to remain) SEE: remain ::
restaurant {n} (an eating establishment in which diners are served food) :: مطعم {m} /maṭʿam/
rest in peace {v} (blessing or expression of hope) :: ارقد في سلام /urqud fī salām/
restore {v} (To bring back to a previous condition or state) :: يستعيد
restrict {v} (to restrain within bounds) :: حدد /ḥaddada/
restriction {n} (act or state) :: تقييد
restriction {n} (regulation or limitation) :: قيد
restrictive {adj} (confining; limiting) :: تقييدي /taqyīdiyy/
restroom {n} (public room containing a toilet) :: حجرة التواليت {f}
result {n} (that which results) :: نتيجة {f} /natīja/
resume {n} (curriculum vitae) SEE: curriculum vitae ::
resume {v} (start something again that has been stopped or paused) :: استأنف /istaʾnafa/
Resurrection {prop} (75th sura of the Qur'an) :: سورة القيامة
retain {v} (to keep in possession or use) :: أبقى /ʾabqā/, أدام /ʾadāma/, بقى /baqqā/, حفظ /ḥafiẓa/, رعى /raʿā/, صان /ṣāna/, احتفظ /iḥtafaẓa/
retell {v} (to tell again) :: سرد /sarada/, نقل /naqala/
reticulum {n} (the second stomach of a ruminant) :: قلنسوة {f} /qalansuwa/
retina {n} (thin layer of cells at the back of the eyeball) :: شبكية عين {f} /šabakiyyat ʿayn/, شبكية {f} /šabakiyya/
retiree {n} (someone who has retired from active working) :: متقاعد {m} /mutaqāʿid/
retirement home {n} (multi-residence housing facility intended for the elderly) :: بيت تقاعد /baytu taqāʿudin/
retort {v} (to retort; to throw back) SEE: return ::
retreat {v} (to withdraw military forces) :: تراجع /tarājaʿa/
retreat {n} (lavatory) SEE: toilet ::
retreat {v} (retreat) SEE: withdraw ::
retreat {n} (to turn back, retreat) SEE: return ::
retrieve {v} (to regain or get back something) :: استرجع (istarajaʿa)
retroflex {adj} (bent backwards) :: مرتد /murtadd/
retromingent {adj} (cowardly) SEE: cowardly ::
retronym {n} (A new coinage for an old concept) :: رترونيم {n}
retrospective {adj} (of, relating to, or contemplating the past) :: متعلق بالماضي ,رجعي /rajʿiyy/
return {n} (answer) SEE: answer ::
return {v} (to come or go back) :: رجع /rajaʿa/, عاد /ʿāda/
return {v} (to give something back to its original holder or owner) :: أرجع /ʾarjaʿa/, أعاد /ʾaʿāda/, رد /radda/
return {n} (act of returning) :: عودة {f} /ʿawda/
reunification {n} (the unification of something that was previously divided; used especially of a country) :: إعادة توحيد {f} /ʾiʿādat tawḥīd/
reunion {n} (the process or act) :: لم شمل /lam šaml/
reunion {n} (planned event) :: لم شمل /lam šaml/
reunion {n} (reunification) SEE: reunification ::
revamp {v} (to renovate, revise, improve or renew; to patch) :: أجد /ʾajadda/, أحيا /ʾaḥyā/, استجد /istajadda/, تجدد /tajaddada/, جدد /jaddada/, حدث /ḥaddaṯa/, عصر /ʿaṣṣara/, نقح /naqqaḥa/
reveal {v} (to uncover) :: كشف /kašafa/
reveal {v} (to communicate that which could not be known or discovered without divine or supernatural instruction) :: أوحى /ʾawḥā/, أنزل /ʾanzala/ [literally “to send down”], نزل /nazzala/ [literally “to send down”]
revelation {n} (manifestation of divine truth) :: وحي {m} /waḥy/, تنزيل {m} /tanzīl/
Revelation {prop} (book of Bible) :: رؤيا {m} /ruʾyā/
revenge {n} (retaliatory action) :: ثأر {m} /ṯaʾr/, انتقام {m} /intiqām/
revenge {v} (to take revenge for an action) :: انتقم /intaqama/
revenge is a dish best served cold {proverb} (emotional detachment is preferable when taking revenge) :: الانتقام وجبة تؤكل باردة /al-intiqāmu wajba(t) tuʾkalu bārida/ [literally “revenge must be eaten cold”]
reverse engineering {n} (analyzing the construction and operation of a product in order to manufacture a similar one) :: هندسة عكسية {f} /handasa ʿaksiyya/
revise {v} :: يراجع /yurājiʿ/
revise {n} :: مراجعة
revision {n} (act of revising) :: مراجعة {f} /murājaʿa/
revive {v} (to bring again to life) :: أحيا /ʾaḥyā/
revolt {n} (act of revolting) :: عصيان {m} /ʿiṣyān/, تمرد {m} /tamarrud/
revolution {n} (political upheaval) :: ثورة {f} /ṯawra/, انقلاب {m} /inqilāb/
revolution {n} (removal and replacement of a government) :: ثورة {f} /ṯawra/, انقلاب {m} /inqilāb/
revolutionary {adj} (of or pertaining to a revolution in government) :: ثوري /ṯawriyy/
revolutionary {n} (A revolutionist; a person who revolts) :: ثوري {m} /ṯawriyy/, ثورية {f} /ṯawriyya/
revolver {n} (a handgun with revolving chambers) :: مسدس {f} /musaddas/
reward {n} (something of value given in return for an act) :: مكافأة {f} /mukāfaʾa/, جزاء {m} /jazāʾ/, ثواب {m} /ṯawāb/
reward {n} (prize promised for a certain deed or catch) :: جائزة {f} /jāʾiza/
reward {n} (result of an action) :: جزاء {m} /jazāʾ/
reward {v} (give a reward to) :: منح /manaḥa/
reward {v} (recompense) SEE: recompense ::
Reykjavik {prop} (capital of Iceland) :: ريكيافيك {m} /rikyāfik/
rhenium {n} (chemical element) :: رنيوم {m} /rinyum/
rheum {n} (eye discharge, see also: sleep) :: غمص {m} /ḡamaṣ/ [semiliquid], رمص {m} /ramaṣ/ [solid]
rheumatics {n} (rheumatism) SEE: rheumatism ::
rheumatism {n} (any painful disorder of muscles, tendons, joints, bones and nerves) :: رثية {f} /raṯya/
Rhine {prop} (river that flows through Europe) :: نهر الراين {m} /nahr ar-rayn/
Rhineland {prop} (land on both sides of the river Rhine) :: راينلاند {m} /rāynlānd/
rhinoceros {n} (herbivorous pachyderm with horn(s)) :: وحيد القرن {m} /waḥīd al-qarn/, كركدن {m} /karkaddan/, حريش {m} /ḥarīš/
rho {n} (letter of Greek alphabet) :: رو {m} /rū/
Rhode Island {prop} (a state of the United States of America) :: رود آيلاند {m} /rūd ʾāyland/
Rhodes {prop} (island) :: رودس /rūdus/
rhodium {n} (chemical element) :: روديوم {m} /rudyum/
rhododendron {n} (oleander) SEE: oleander ::
rhombus {n} (A parallelogram having all sides of equal length) :: معين {m} /muʿayyin/
rhubarb {n} (any plant of the genus Rheum) :: راوند {m} /rāwand/
rhumb {n} (One of the 32 points of the compass (compass points)) :: ديرة {f} /dīra/
rhumb {n} (A unit of angular measure equal to 1/32 of a circle or 11.25°) :: خن {m} /ḵann/
rhyme {n} (verse, poetry) :: قصيدة {f} /qaṣīda/
rhyme {n} (word that rhymes with another) :: قافية {f} /qāfiyya/
rhyme {n} (rime) SEE: rime ::
rhythm {n} (variation of strong and weak elements of sounds over time) :: إيقاع {m} /ʾiqāʿ/
rial {n} (currency in Middle East) :: ريال {m} /riyāl/
rib {n} (curved bone) :: ضلع {m} /ḍilʿ/
ribbit {n} (the sound made by a frog or toad) SEE: croak ::
ribbit {v} (make the sound of a frog or toad) SEE: croak ::
ribbon {n} (long, narrow strip of material) :: شريط {m} /šarīṭ/
rib cage {n} (part of skeleton) :: القفص الصدري {m} /al-qafaṣ aṣ-ṣadriyy/
rice {n} (plants) :: أرز {m} /ʾaruzz/, رز {m} /ruzz/
rice {n} (seeds used as food) :: أرز {m} /ʾaruzz/, رز {m} /ruzz/
ricefield {n} (field where rice is grown) SEE: paddy ::
rice paddy {n} (field immersed in water dedicated for the cultivation of rice) SEE: paddy ::
rich {adj} (having wealth) :: غني /ḡaniyy/
Richard {prop} (male given name) :: ريتشارد {m} /ritšard/
Richmond {prop} (capital of Virginia) :: ريتشموند
Richter scale {prop} (logarithmic scale) :: مقياس ريختر {m} /miqyās rīḵtar/
ricksha {n} (rickshaw) SEE: rickshaw ::
rickshaw {n} (two-wheeled carriage) :: ريكشا {f} /rīkšā/
ricotta {n} (Italian whey cheese) :: ريكوتا {f} /rīkūttā/, جبن ريكوتا {m} /jubn rīkūttā/
riddle {n} (sieve) SEE: sieve ::
riddle {n} (verbal puzzle) :: لغز {m} /luḡz/, أحجية {f} /ʾuḥjiyya/, معضلة {f} /muʿḍila/
ride {v} (to transport oneself by sitting on and directing a horse, bicycle etc.) :: ركب /rakiba/, [horse] امتطى /imtaṭā/
ride {v} (to be transported in a vehicle as a passenger) :: ركب /rakiba/
ride {n} (instance of riding) :: ركوب {m} /rukūb/
ride {n} (informal: vehicle) :: آلية {f}
rider {n} (robber) SEE: robber ::
ridiculous {adj} (foolish, absurd) :: سخيف /saḵīf/, مسخرة /masḵara/
rifle {n} (firearm with a rifled barrel) :: بندقية {f} /bunduqiyya/
Riga {prop} (capital of Latvia) :: ريغا {f} /rīḡā/
right {adj} (perpendicular) :: صحيح {m} /ṣaḥīḥ/, صواب /ṣawāb/
right {adj} (of direction, opposite of left) :: يمين /yamīn/
right {adv} (on the right side) :: على اليمين /ʿalā l-yamīn/
right {adv} (towards the right side) :: إلى اليمين /ʾilā l-yamīn/
right {n} (legal or moral entitlement) :: حق {m} /ḥaq/, حقوق {m-p} /ḥuqūq/
right {n} (right, not left, side) :: يمين /yamīn/
right {v} (to correct) :: صحح /ṣaḥḥaḥa/
right {adj} (all right, not requiring assistance) SEE: all right ::
right angle {n} (angle of 90 degrees) :: زاوية قائمة {f} /zāwiya(t) qāʾima/
right away {adv} (very soon; immediately) :: فورا /fawran/
rightful {adj} (by right, by law) :: شرعي /šarʿiyy/
right now {adv} (immediately) SEE: immediately ::
rigid {adj} :: متصلب, غير مرن
Rijeka {prop} (coastal city in Croatia) :: رييكا {f} /riyēka/
rime {n} (hoar frost) :: برد {m} /barad/
ring {n} (circumscribing object) :: حلقة {f} /ḥalqa/
ring {n} (round piece of (precious) metal worn around the finger) :: خاتم {m} /ḵātam/
ring {n} (place where some sports take place) :: حلبة {f} /ḥalba/
ring {v} (to produce the sound of a bell or a similar sound) :: طرق جرس /ṭaraqa jaras/, رن /ranna/
ring {n} (algebra: an algebraic structure) :: حلقة {f} /ḥalqa/
ring down the curtain {v} (stop) SEE: stop ::
ring finger {n} (finger between the middle finger and little finger) :: بنصر {m} /binṣir/
ringgit {n} (currency) :: رينغيت {m} /rinḡīt/
ringtone {n} (sound made by a telephone when ringing) :: نغمة الرنة {f} /naḡmat ar-ranna/, نغمة رنين {f} /naḡmat ranīn/, نغمة {f} /naḡma/
ring up the curtain {v} (start) SEE: start ::
rinse {v} (to wash something quickly using water and no soap) :: شطف /šaṭafa/
Rio de Janeiro {prop} (municipality) :: ريو دي جانيرو {m} /riyyū dī jānīrū/
riot {n} (tumultuous disturbance of public peace) :: شغب {m} /šaḡab/, عصيان {m} /ʿiṣyān/
rip {v} (to fart) SEE: fart ::
rip {n} (tear) SEE: tear ::
ripe {adj} :: ناضج
ripen {v} (to grow ripe) :: ينع /yanaʿa/, نضج /naḍaja/
ripped {adj} (torn, either partly or into separate pieces) :: ممزق /mumazzaq/
rise {v} (to move upwards) :: نهض /nahaḍa/, ارتفع /irtafʿa/
rise {v} (of a celestial body: to appear to move from behind the horizon) :: بزغ /bazaḡa/, شرق /šaraqa/, طلع /ṭalaʿa/
risotto {n} (food) :: ريزوتو {m} /rizutū/, ريزوتو {m} /rizoto/
rite {n} (ritual) :: طقس ديني {m} /ṭaqs dīniyy/, شعيرة {f} /šaʿīra/
ritual {n} (rite) :: شعيرة {f} /šaʿīra/, مراسم {m} /marāsim/, طقوس {m-p} /ṭuqūs/
rival {n} (competitor with the same objective) :: منافس {m} /munāfis/
river {n} (large stream which drains a landmass) :: نهر {m} /nahr/, أنهار {p} /ʾanhār/, أنهر {p} /ʾanhur/
river horse {n} (hippopotamus) SEE: hippopotamus ::
rivet {n} (cylindrical mechanical fastener) :: برشام {m} /biršām/
Riyadh {prop} (capital of Saudi Arabia) :: الرياض {m} /ar-riyāḍ/
riyal {n} (currency) :: ريال {m} /riyāl/
roach {n} (US: cockroach) SEE: cockroach ::
road {n} (a way for travel) :: طريق {m} {f} /ṭarīq/ (طرق {m-p} /ṭuruq/)
road roller {n} (heavy engineering vehicle used to compact asphalt) :: محدلة {f} /miḥdala/, مدحلة {f} /midḥala/
roam {v} (wander freely) :: تجول /tajawwala/
roar {v} (of animals, to make a loud deep noise) :: زأر /zaʾara/, هرهر /harhara/
roar {n} (cry of the lion) :: زئير {m} /zaʾīr/
roast beef {n} (Beef cooked by roasting) :: لحم بقر مشوي {m} /laḥm baqar mašwī/
roastbeef {n} (roast beef) SEE: roast beef ::
rob {v} (to steal from, using violence) :: نهب /nahab/, سلب /salab/
rob {v} :: سرق /saraqa/
robber {n} (one who robs) :: سارق {m} /sāriq/
Robert {prop} (given name) :: روبرت /rūbirt/
Robin Hood {prop} (legendary outlaw) :: روبن هود {m} /rubin hūd/
robot {n} (intelligent mechanical being) :: روبوت {m} /rōbōt/, روبوط {m} /rōbōṭ/, إنسان آلي {m} /ʾinsān ʾāliyy/, رجل آلي {m} /rajul ʾāliyy/
robot {n} (traffic light) SEE: traffic light ::
roc {n} (enormous mythical bird in Eastern legend) :: رخ /ruxx/
rock {n} (natural mineral aggregate) :: صخرة {f} /ṣaḵra/
rock {n} (mass of projecting rock) :: صخرة {f} /ṣaḵra/
rock {n} (style of music) :: روك {m} /rūk/, روك {m} /rok/, موسيقى الروك {f} /mūsīqā r-rūk/
rock {n} (distaff) SEE: distaff ::
rock and roll {n} (style of music) :: روك أند رول {m} /rok ʾand rol/, روك أند رول {m} /rūk ʾand rūl/
rock band {n} (rock group) SEE: rock group ::
rocket {n} (a rocket engine) :: صاروخ {m} /ṣārūḵ/
rocket {n} (non-guided missile) :: صاروخ {m} /ṣārūḵ/, قذيفة {f} /qaḏīfa/
rocket {n} (a vehicle) :: صاروخ {m} /ṣārūḵ/
rocket {n} (arugula) SEE: arugula ::
rock group {n} (musical group specializing in rock music) :: مجموعة روك {f} /majmūʿat rok/
Rockies {prop} (Rocky Mountains) SEE: Rocky Mountains ::
rockmelon {n} (melon) SEE: melon ::
rock music {n} (popular music genre) :: موسيقى الروك {f} /mūsīqā r-rūk/, الروك {m} /ar-rūk/, الروك {m} /ar-rok/
rock paper scissors {n} (popular child's game) :: ورقة مقص الصخرة /waraqa(t) miqaṣṣ aṣ-ṣaḵra/
Rocky Mountains {prop} (mountain range) :: جبال روكي {m-p} /jibāl rūkī/
rod {n} (slang: pistol) SEE: pistol ::
rodent {n} (mammal of the order Rodentia) :: قارض {m} /qāriḍ/, قوارض {m-p} /qawāriḍ/
roe {n} (eggs of fish) :: يحمور {m} /yaḥmūr/
roentgenium {n} (chemical element) :: رونتجينيوم {m} /rontginyum/
role {n} (character or part) :: دور {m} /dawr/
roll {v} (to cause to revolve) :: دحرج /daḥraja/
roller {n} (slang: police) SEE: cop ::
rollercoaster {n} (amusement ride) :: افعوانية {f} /ufʿuwāniyya/
rolling pin {n} (food preparation utensil) :: مرقاق {m} /mirqāq/, فرادة {f} /farrāda/, شوبك {m} /šawbak/
rolling stone {n} (womanizer) SEE: womanizer ::
Rolls-Royce {prop} (British brand - manufacturer(s) of cars, aero engines, etc.) :: رولز رويس {m} /rulz ruys/
Rom {n} (a member of the Romani people) :: روماني {m} /rūmāniyy/; غجري {m} /ḡajariyy/, غجر /ḡajar/
Roma {prop} (the Romani people) :: روماني {m} /rūmāniyy/
romaji {n} (romanization of Japanese) :: روماجي {m} /rūmajī, romajī/
Roman {n} (the Roman script) :: لاتينية {f} /lātīniyya/, رومانية {f} /rūmāniyya/
Roman alphabet {n} (Latin alphabet) SEE: Latin alphabet ::
Roman Catholic Church {prop} (Catholic Church) :: الكنيسة الرومانية الكاثوليكية {f} /al-kanīsa(t) al-rūmāniyya(t) al-kāṯūlīkiyya/
romance {n} (story or novel dealing with idealized love) :: رومانسية /rōmansiyya/
Romance {adj} (of or dealing with languages or cultures derived from Roman influence and Latin) :: رومانسي /rōmansiyy/
Romance language {n} (language descended from Latin) :: لغة رومانسية {f} /luḡa rōmansiyya/
Roman Empire {prop} (ancient Latin empire) :: الإمبراطورية الرومانية {f} /al-ʾimbirāṭūriyya(t) ar-rūmāniyya/
Romani {n} (member of the Roma people) SEE: Rom ::
Romani {n} (nomadic people) SEE: Roma ::
Romania {prop} (South-Eastern European country) :: رومانيا {f} /rūmāniyā/
Romanian {n} (native of Romania) :: روماني {m} /rūmāniyy/, رومانية {f} /rūmāniyya/
Romanian {n} (official language of Romania) :: رومانية {f} /rūmāniyya/
romanise {v} (romanize) SEE: romanize ::
Romanise {v} (romanize) SEE: romanize ::
Romanization {n} (putting text into the Latin (Roman) alphabet) :: رومنة {f} /rawmana/, نقحرة {f} /naqḥara/, كرشنة {f} /karšana/
romanize {v} (to put letters or words into the Latin alphabet) :: رومن /rawmana/, نقحر /naqḥara/, كرشن /karšana/
Roman nose {n} (aquiline nose) SEE: aquiline nose ::
Romans {prop} (30th sura of the Qur'an) :: سورة الروم
romantic {adj} (concerned with, or conducive to, romance and love) :: رومانسي /rōmansiyy/
Rome {prop} (city) :: روما {f} /rūmā, rōmā/, الروم {f} /ar-Rūm/
Rome {prop} (empire) :: روما {f} /rūmā/, الروم {f} /ar-Rūm/
Romeo {n} (boyfriend) SEE: boyfriend ::
Romeo {prop} (character in Romeo and Juliet) :: روميو {m} /rūmyū/
Romeo and Juliet {prop} (the tragedy) :: روميو وجولييت /rūmyū wa-jūliyit/
Rome wasn't built in a day {proverb} (it takes a long time to create something complicated or impressive) :: لم تبن روما في يوم /lam tubna rūmā fī yawm/
Romney {n} (surname) :: رومني /rumnī/
Romulus {prop} (legendary founder of Rome) :: رومولوس
Ronald {prop} (male given name) :: رونالد {m} /rūnāld/, رونالد {m} /ronald/
ronin {n} (masterless samurai) :: رونين {m} /rūnin/
roof {n} (the cover at the top of a building) :: سقف {m} /saqf/, سطح {m} /saṭḥ/
rook {n} (chesspiece) :: طابية {f} /ṭābiya/
rookie {adj} (amateur) SEE: amateur ::
room {n} (space) :: فضاء {m} /faḍāʾ/
room {n} (division in a building) :: غرفة {f} /ḡurfa/, حجرة {f} /ḥujra/, قمرة {f} /qamara/, قمرة {f} /qamra/, صالة {f} /ṣāla/
roommate {n} (a person with whom one shares a room) :: رفيق السكن {m} /rafīq as-sakan/
roomy {adj} (spacious) :: واسع /wāsiʿ/, رحب /raḥb/
Roosevelt {prop} (surname) :: روزفلت {m} {f} /rūzifilt/
rooster {n} (flower) SEE: violet ::
rooster {n} (male chicken; male gallinaceous bird) :: ديك {m} /dīk/, ذكر {m} /ḏakar/ [suffix "for any kind"]
root {n} (part of a plant) :: جذر {m} /jaḏr/
root {n} (of a tooth) :: جذر {m} /jaḏr/ ([plural] جذور {m-p} /juḏūr/)
root {n} (primary source) :: أصل {m} /ʾaṣl/ ([plural] أصول {m-p} /ʾuṣūl/)
root {n} (arithmetic: number or expression which when raised to a power gives the specified number or expression) :: جذر {m} /jaḏr/ ([plural] جذور {m-p} /juḏūr/)
root {n} (linguistic morphology: primary lexical unit of a word) :: جذر {m} /jaḏr/
root {n} (philology: word from which another word or words are derived) :: أصل {m} /ʾaṣl/ ([plural] أصول {m-p} /ʾuṣūl/)
root {n} (arithmetic: square root) SEE: square root ::
rope {n} (thick, strong string) :: حبل {m} /ḥabl/
rosary {n} (Catholic prayer beads) :: مسبحة {f} /misbaḥa/, سبحة {f} /subḥa/
rosary {n} (devotion) :: مسبحة {f} /misbaḥa/, سبحة {f} /subḥa/
rosary {n} (non-Catholic prayer beads) SEE: prayer beads ::
rose {n} (flower) :: وردة {f} /warda/
Roseau {prop} (capital of Dominica) :: روسو {m} /rusū/
rosemary {n} (shrub) :: إكليل الغار {m} /ʾiklīl al-ḡār/, إكليل الجبل {m} /ʾiklīl al-jabal/, ضرم ضيق الأوراق {m} /ḍirm ḍayyiq al-ʾawrāq/
Rosemary {prop} (female given name) :: إكليل الجبل {m} /ʾiklīl al-jabal/
Rosetta Stone {prop} (large inscribed stone) :: حجر رشيد {m} /ḥajar rašīd/
rosewater {n} (a liquid produced by steeping rose petals in water) :: ماء ورد {m} /māʾ ward/
Rosh Hashanah {prop} (Jewish holiday) :: رأس السنة /raʾs as-sana/, راش هشنه /rāš hašanah/ روش هاشناه /rūš hāšanāh/
rosin {n} (liquid resin) SEE: resin ::
roster {n} (schedule) SEE: schedule ::
Rostov {prop} (Rostov Veliky, Yaroslavl oblast, Russia) :: روستوف {m} /rustūf/
Rostov {prop} (Rostov-na-Donu) SEE: Rostov-na-Donu ::
Rostov-na-Donu {prop} (a city in Russia) :: روستوف-نا-دونو {m} /rustūf-na-dunū/
Rostov-on-Don {prop} (synonym of Rostov-na-Donu) SEE: Rostov-na-Donu ::
rostrum {n} (zoology: beak) SEE: beak ::
rosé wine {n} (pink coloured wine) :: نبيذ وردي {m} /nabīḏ wardiyy/
rot {v} (to decay) :: أفسد /ʾafsada/, فسد /fasada/
rotary {n} (traffic circle) SEE: traffic circle ::
rotate {v} (to spin, turn, or revolve something) :: أدار /ʾadāra/
rotor {n} (a rotating part of a mechanical device) :: عمود ناقل الحركة {m} /ʿamūd nāqil al-ḥaraka/
rotten {adj} (decayed, gone bad) :: فاسد /fāsid/
rottol {n} :: رطل
Rottweiler {n} (breed of dog) :: روت فايلر
rotula {n} (kneecap) SEE: kneecap ::
rotunda {n} (roundabout) SEE: roundabout ::
rough {adj} (not smooth) :: خشن /ḵašin/
roughly {adv} (approximately) SEE: approximately ::
roulette {n} (game of chance) :: روليت {m} /rulet/
round {adj} (circular or cylindrical) :: مستدير /mustadīr/, مدور /mudawwar/
round {adj} (spherical) :: مستدير /mustadīr/, كروي /kurawiyy/
round {adj} :: مستدير /mustadīr/
round {n} (circular object) :: دائرة {f} /dāʾira/
round {n} (segment of a sport event) :: مرحلة {f} /marḥala/
round {prep} (around) SEE: around ::
round {adv} (around) SEE: around ::
roundabout {n} (road junction at which traffic streams circularly around a central island) :: دوار {m} /dawwār/
round angle {n} (an angle of 360 degrees) :: Standard: زاوية تامة {f} /zāwiya tāmma/
round bracket {n} (parenthesis, bracket) :: قوس {m} /qaws/ (plural: أقواس {m-p} /ʾaqwās/)
rounding {n} (the act of rounding a mathematical value) :: تقريب {m} /taqrīb/
route {n} (course or way traveled) :: طريق {m} /ṭarīq/
router {n} (device that connects local area networks to form a larger internet) :: راوتر {m} /rāwtar/, موجه {m}
row {n} (line of objects) :: صف {m} /ṣaff/
rowan {n} :: غبيراء
rowboat {n} (small boat that is rowed) :: زورق {m} /zawraq/
rowing boat {n} (rowboat) SEE: rowboat ::
royal {adj} (of or relating to a monarch or their family) :: ملكي /malakiyy/
royal {n} (old English gold coin) SEE: rial ::
royal family {n} (family of the ruling sovereign of a country or state) :: عائلة ملكية {f} /ʿāʾila(t) malikiyya/
royal jelly {n} (substance secreted by bees) :: غذاء ملكي {m} /ḡiḏāʾ malakiyy/, غذاء ملكات {m} /ḡiḏāʾ malikāt/
royalty {n} (rank, status, etc. of a monarch) :: ملكية /malakiyya/
rösti {n} (traditional dish in Germanophone Switzerland made from fried potatoes) :: روستي {m} /rūstī/
rub {v} (to move one object while maintaining contact with another object over some area) :: حك /ḥakka/
rubber {n} (pliable material derived from the sap of the rubber tree) :: مطاط {m} /maṭṭāṭ/
rubber {n} (eraser) SEE: eraser ::
rubberneck {n} (tourist) SEE: tourist ::
rubber stamp {n} (piece of rubber to make an imprint) :: ختم مطاطي /ḵatm maṭṭāṭiyy/
rubbish {n} (garbage) SEE: garbage ::
rubble {n} (the broken remains of an object, usually rock or masonry) :: أنقاض /ʾanqāḍ/
rubeola {n} (measles) SEE: measles ::
rubidium {n} (element with atomic number 37) :: روبيديوم {m} /rubidyum/
Rubik's cube {n} (cubical mechanical puzzle) :: مكعب روبيك {m} /mukaʿʿab rūbīk/
ruble {n} (Russian monetary unit) :: روبل {m} /rūbl/
ruby {n} (type of gem) :: ياقوت {m} /yāqūt/
ruby {n} (5½-point type) SEE: agate ::
Rudd {prop} (surname) :: رود /rūd/
rudder {n} (underwater vane used to steer a vessel) :: دفة {f} /daffa/; [chiefly eastern dialects also] سكان {m} /sukkān/
rudder {n} (control surface of an aircraft) :: سكان {m} /sukkān/, دفة {f} /daffa/
rude {adj} (bad-mannered) :: غير مهذب /ḡayr muhaḏḏib/
rue {n} (any of various perennial shrubs) :: سذاب {m} /suḏāb/
ruff {n} (the bird Philomachus pugnax (syn. Calidris pugnax)) :: دريجة شرسة
ruff {v} (play a trump card) SEE: trump ::
rug {n} (wig) SEE: wig ::
rug {n} (partial floor covering) :: سجادة {f} /sajjāda/
rugby {n} (a sport where players can hold or kick an ovoid ball) :: رجبي {m} /ragbī/, رجبي {m} /rajbī/, ركبي {m} /rakbī/, رغبي {m} /raḡbī/
Ruhr {prop} (A branch of the river Rhine and its basin) :: رور /rūr/
Ruhr {prop} ((The Ruhr) An urban area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany) :: حوض الرور /ḥawḍu ur-rūr/
ruin {n} (remains of destroyed construction) :: خراب {m} /ḵarāb/
ruin {v} (to cause the economical ruin of) :: دمر /dammara/
ruin {v} (to ruin) SEE: wreck ::
Ruism {n} (Confucianism) SEE: Confucianism ::
rule {n} (regulation) :: قانون {m} /qānūn/, قاعدة {f} /qāʿida/
rule {v} (to regulate, be in charge of, make decisions for, reign over) :: حكم /ḥakama/
rule {n} (straight-edge) SEE: ruler ::
ruler {n} (measuring or drawing device) :: مسطرة {f} /misṭara/
ruler {n} (person who rules or governs) :: حاكم {m} /ḥākim/
ruling {adj} (that rules) :: حاكم /ḥākim/
rum {n} (distilled spirit) :: رم {m} /ram/
rumen {n} (first stomach of ruminants) :: كرش {f} /kariš/
ruminate {v} (to chew cud) :: اجتر /ijtarra/
rummy {n} (card game) :: هاند ريمي {m} /hānd rīmī/, هاند {m} /hānd/
rumor {n} (statement or claim from no known reliable source) :: إشاعة /ʾišāʿa/
run {v} (to move quickly on two feet) :: ركض /rakaḍa/, جرى /jarā/
run {v} (to smuggle illegal goods) SEE: smuggle ::
run away {v} (to flee by running) :: هرب /haraba/
run away with {v} (to overwhelm) SEE: overwhelm ::
runner-up {n} (the person who finishes second) :: وصيفة {f} /waṣīfa/ (in beauty contest)
running {n} (the action of the verb to run) :: ركض {m} /rakḍ/
running dog {n} (lackey) SEE: lackey ::
run out {v} (to expire, to come to an end) :: نفد /nafida/
run someone ragged {v} (to exhaust) SEE: exhaust ::
run time {n} (time during which a program is executing) :: نظمة /naẓma/
rupee {n} (monetary currency) :: روبية {f} /rūbiyya/
rural {adj} (pertaining to non-urban areas) :: فلاحي /fallāḥiyy/, قروي /qarawiyy/
Rus {prop} (people) :: روس {m} {f} /rūs/
rusalka {n} (female water spirit that leads handsome men to their deaths) :: روسالكا {f} /rūsālkā/
rush {n} (plant) :: سمار {m} /samār/
rush {v} (hurry) :: اندفع /indafaʿa/, أسرع /ʾasraʿa/, هرع /hariʿa/, عجل /ʿajila/
rush hour {n} (times of day when traffic jams are commonplace, principally due to commuting) :: ساعة الذروة {f} /sāʿat aḏ-ḏurwa/
Russia {prop} (country in Asia and Europe) :: روسيا {f} /rūsiyā/
Russian {n} (person from Russia) :: روسي {m} /rūsiyy/, روسية {f} /rūsiyya/
Russian {n} (ethnic Russian) :: روسي {m} /rūsiyy/, روسية {f} /rūsiyya/
Russian {n} (Russian (language)) :: روسية {f} /rūsiyya/, روسي {m} /rūsiyy/, اللغة الروسية {f} /al-luḡa r-rūsiyya/
Russian {adj} (of or pertaining to Russia) :: روسي /rūsiyy/
Russian doll {n} (wooden doll) :: ماتريوشكا {f} /mātryūškā/, دمية روسية {f} /dumyatu rūsiyya/
Russian Empire {prop} (state) :: الإمبراطورية الروسية {f} /al-ʾimbirāṭūriyya r-rūsiyya/
Russian Federation {prop} (alternative formal name of Russia) :: الاتحاد الروسي {m} /al-ittiḥād ar-rūsiyy/
Russian Orthodox Church {prop} (Russian Orthodox Church) :: الكنيسة الروسية الأرثوذكسية {f} /al-kanīsa(t) al-rūsiyya(t) al-ʾurṯūḏuksiyya/
Russian roulette {prop} (deadly game with revolver and random spinning) :: روليت روسي {m} /rulit rūsiyy/
rust {n} (result of oxidation) :: صدأ {m} /ṣadāʾ/
rustic {adj} (country-styled) :: ريفي {m} /rayfiyy/
rustle {n} (soft crackling sound) :: حفيف {m} /ḥafīf/
rusty {adj} (affected by rust) :: صدئ /ṣadiʾ/
Ruth {prop} (book of the Bible) :: سفر راعوث {m} /sifr rāʿūṯ/
Ruth {prop} (female given name) :: روث {f} /rūṯ/, راعوث {f} /rāʿūṯ/, روت {f} /rūt/
ruthenium {n} (chemical element) :: روتينيوم {m} /rūtīnyūm/
rutherfordium {n} (chemical element) :: روذرفورديوم {m} /roḏarfordiyum/
Rwanda {prop} (country) :: رواندا {f} /ruwāndā/
Ryan {prop} (male given name) :: ريان
Ryazan {prop} (city in Russia) :: ريازان {m} /ryazān/
rye {n} (the grass Secale cereale or its grains as food) :: سلت /sult/, شيلم /šaylam/, جاودار /jāwdār/
Rzeczpospolita {prop} (Poland) SEE: Poland ::
Rzeczpospolita {prop} (republic) SEE: republic ::
Rzeczpospolita {prop} (commonwealth) SEE: commonwealth ::
Rzeczpospolita {prop} (Republic of Poland) SEE: Republic of Poland ::