Szerkesztő:Matthias Buchmeier/en-arb-s

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Şanlıurfa {prop} (city in Turkey) :: الرها /ar-ruhā/
-s {suffix} (regular plurals of nouns) :: ان {d} /-āni/ [dual], ين {d} /-ayni/ [dual], ون /-ūna/, ين /-īna/, ات /-āt/
Saad {prop} (38th sura of the Qur'an) :: سورة ص
sabat {n} :: ساباط /sābāṭ/
Sabbath {n} (Jewish Saturday) :: السبت {m} /as-sabt/
saber-toothed tiger {n} (sabre-toothed tiger) SEE: sabre-toothed tiger ::
sable {n} (animal) :: سمور {m} /sammūr/
sabotage {n} (deliberate action of subversion, obstruction, disruption, destruction) :: أعمال تخريبية {m-p} /ʾaʿmāl taḵrībiyya/, تخريب {m} /taḵrīb/
sabre-toothed tiger {n} (prehistoric cat) :: نمر ذو صابر أسنان {m} /nimr ḏū ṣābir ʾasnān/, نمرة ذات صابر أسنان {f} /nimra(t) ḏāt ṣābir ʾasnān/
Sacher torte {n} (type of chocolate torte) :: تارت زاخا {m} /tārt zāḵā/
sack {n} (bag for commodities or items) :: كيس {m} /kīs/
Sacramento {prop} (Sacramento, the capital city of California) :: سكرامنتو {m} /sakrāmentū/, سكرامنتو {m} /sakrāmintū/
sacred {adj} (made holy) :: مقدس {m} /muqaddas/
sacrifice {v} (to offer as a gift to a deity) :: ضحى /ḍaḥḥā/
sacrifice {n} (something sacrificed) :: تضحية {f} /taḍḥiya/
sacrilege {n} (desecration, profanation, misuse or violation of something sacred) :: تدنيس {m} /tadnīs/, ترجيس {m} /tarjīs/
sad {adj} (feeling sorrow) :: حزين /ḥazīn/, مؤسف /muʾsif/
Saïda {prop} (port city in Lebanon) SEE: Sidon ::
Saddam {prop} (male given name) :: صدام {m} /ṣaddām/
Saddam {prop} (Saddam Hussein) :: صدام حسين {m} /ṣaddām ḥusayn/
saddle {n} (seat on an animal) :: سرج {m} /sarj/, مركب {m} /markab/
sadistic {adj} (of a person) :: سادى
sadly {adv} (unfortunately) SEE: unfortunately ::
sadness {n} (state/emotion) :: حزن {m} /ḥuzn/
sad to say {adv} (unfortunately) SEE: unfortunately ::
Safar {prop} (the second month of the Islamic calendar) :: صفر {m} /ṣafar/
safari {n} (a trip into any undeveloped area) :: سفاري {m} /safārī/
safe {adj} (not in danger) :: أمين /ʾamīn/, سالم /sālim/, آمن /ʾāmin/
safe {n} (box in which valuables can be locked for safekeeping) :: خزنة حديدية {f} /ḵazna ḥadīdiyya/, خزنة {f} /ḵazna/
safety {n} (condition or feeling of being safe) :: أمن {m} /ʾamn/, أمان {f} /ʾamān/, سلامة {f} /salāma/
safety pin {n} (pin in the form of a clasp) :: دبوس مشبك {m} /dabbūs mišbak/, دبوس أمان {m} /dabbūs ʾamān/
saffron {n} (plant) :: زعفران {m} /zaʿfarān/
Saga {prop} (a prefecture in Japan) :: ساغا {f} /sāḡā/
Saga {prop} (a city in Saga Prefecture) :: ساغا {f} /sāḡā/
sage {n} (plant) :: مريمية {f} /maryamiyya/
Sagittarius {prop} (constellation) :: برج القوس {m} /burj al-qaws/, القوس {m} /al-qaws/
Sagittarius {prop} (astrological sign) :: برج القوس {m} /burj al-qaws/, القوس {m} /al-qaws/
Sahara {prop} (desert) :: صحراء {f} /ṣaḥrāʾ/, الصحراء {f} /aṣ-ṣaḥrāʾ/
Sahrawi {adj} (related to Western Sahara) :: صحراوي /ṣaḥrāwiyy/
Sahrawi {n} (a person from Western Sahara) :: صحراوي {m} /ṣaḥrāwiyy/, صحراوية {f} /ṣaḥrāwiyya/
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic {prop} (a partially recognised state in Western Sahara) :: الجمهورية العربية الصحراوية الديمقراطية {f} /al-jumhūriyya l-ʿarabiyya ṣ-ṣaḥrāwiyya d-dimuqrāṭiyya/
Said {prop} (male given name) :: سعيد {m} /saʿīd/
Said {prop} (surname) :: سعيد {m} {f} /saʿīd/
said and done {adj} (agreed to and accomplished or finished) :: مقول ومفعول /maqūl wamafʿūl/
Saigon {prop} (Ho Chi Minh City) SEE: Ho Chi Minh City ::
Saigon {prop} (former name of Ho Chi Minh City) :: سايغون {m} /sayḡūn/
sail {n} (a piece of fabric attached to a boat) :: شراع {m} /širāʿ/
sail {v} (to ride in a boat, especially sailboat) :: أبحر /ʾabḥara/
sailing {n} (motion across water) :: إبحار {m} /ʾibḥār/
sailing ship {n} (type of ship) :: سفينة شراعية {f} /safīna(t) šarāʿiyya/
sailor {n} (worker on a ship, seaman) :: بحار {m} /baḥḥār/
sailplane {n} (sailplane) SEE: glider ::
saint {n} (person proclaimed as saint) :: قديس {m} /qiddīs/, قديسة {f} /qiddīsa/
Saint-Denis {prop} (administrative capital of Réunion) :: سان دوني {f} /sạn dwny/
Saint George {prop} (Patron saint of England and several other places) :: القديس جرجس {m} /al-qiddīs jurjus/, جرجس {m} /jurjus/
Saint Helena {prop} (island in the Atlantic Ocean) :: سانت هيلينا {f} /sant hilīnā/
Saint John's bread {n} (carob) SEE: carob ::
Saint Kitts and Nevis {prop} (a country in the Caribbean) :: سانت كيتس ونيفيس /sānt kīts wa-nīfīs/
Saint Lucia {prop} (country in the Caribbean) :: سانت لوسيا {f} /sant lusiyā/
Saint Mary {prop} (the mother of Jesus Christ) :: المقدسة مريم {f} /al-muqaddasa(t) maryam/, مريم {f} /maryam/
Saint Nicholas {prop} (Santa Claus) SEE: Santa Claus ::
Saint Nicholas {prop} (4th-century Greek bishop, patron of children and marines) :: القديس نقولا {m} /al-qiddīs niqūlā/
Saint Petersburg {prop} (city in Russia) :: سانت بطرسبرغ {m} /sant buṭrusburḡ/
Saint Valentine's Day {prop} (Saint Valentine's Day) :: عيد الحب {m} /ʿīd al-ḥubb/
Saitama {prop} (a city of Japan) :: سائيتاما {f} /saʾitāmā/
Saka {prop} (commune in Morocco) :: صاكة /ṣāka/
sake {n} (cause, interest or account) :: غاية /ḡāya/,غرض /ḡaraḍ/, قصد /qaṣd/,مصلحة /maṣlaḥa/
sake {n} (Japanese rice wine) :: ساكي {m} /sākī/
Sakha {prop} (region) :: ساخا {f} /sāḵā/
Sakhalin {prop} (island in Russia) :: سخالين {m} /saḵalīn/, سخالين {m} /saḵalin/
sakura {n} (cherry) SEE: cherry ::
sakura {n} (Japanese cherry tree) :: ساكورا {f} /sakurā/
sakura {n} (blossom of the Japanese cherry tree, see also: cherry blossom) :: ساكورا {f} /sakurā/
sakura {n} (cherry blossom) SEE: cherry blossom ::
Salé {prop} (city near Rabat) :: سلا /Sala/
salaam {interj} (a Muslim greeting) :: سلام /salām/
salaam alaikum {interj} (peace be upon you [Muslim greeting]) :: السلام عليكم /as-salāmu ʿalaykum/
salad {n} (food) :: سلطة {f} /salaṭa/
Salafi {adj} (of or pertaining to Salafism) :: سلفي {m} /salafiyy/
Salafism {n} (a Sunni Islamic movement) :: سلفية {f} /salafiyya/
Salamanca {prop} (city) :: شلمنقة {f} /šalamanqa/
salami {n} (penis) SEE: penis ::
salami {n} (sausage) :: سلامي {m} /salāmī/
sal ammoniac {n} (rare mineral) :: نشادر {m} /nušādir/
salary {n} (fixed amount of money paid on monthly or annual basis) :: راتب {m} /rātib/, أجر {m} /ʾajr/
salat {n} (Islamic prayer) :: صلاة {f} /ṣalāh/
sale {n} (exchange of goods or services for currency or credit) :: بيع {m} /bayʿ/
sale {n} (sale of goods at reduced prices) :: تخفيض {m-s} /taḵfīḍ/
sale {n} (act of putting up for auction to the highest bidder) :: مزايدة {f} /muzāyada/
sale {n} :: أوكازيون, تصريف /taṣrīf/, مبيع /mabīʿ/
saleable {adj} (suitable for sale) :: للبيع /lilbayʿ/
Salekhard {prop} (city in Russia) :: سالخارد {m} /saliḵārd/
salesman {n} (man whose job it is to sell things) :: بياع /bayyāʿ/
salesperson {n} (person who sells) :: بياع {m} /bayyāʿ/
Salisbury {prop} (city in England) :: سالزبوري
saliva {n} (liquid secreted into the mouth) :: لعاب {m} /luʿāb/, ريق {m} /rīq/, بزاق {m} /buzāq/
sally {n} (willow) SEE: willow ::
salmon {n} (fish) :: حوت سليمان {m} /ḥūt sulaymān/
salo {n} (non-rendered pig fat) :: سالو {m} /sālū/
salon {n} (large room) :: صالون {m} /ṣālūn/, صالة {f} /ṣāla/, قاعة {f} /qāʿa/
salpinx {n} (Fallopian tube) SEE: Fallopian tube ::
salt {n} (sodium chloride) :: ملح {m} /milḥ/
salt {n} :: ملح {m} {f} /milḥ/
salt of the earth {n} (a decent, dependable person) :: ملح الأرض
salt shaker {n} (a small container designed to hold salt and facilitate sprinkling) :: رشاشة الملح {f} /raššāšat al-milḥ/
salt water {n} (any water containing dissolved salt) :: ماء ملح {m} /māʾun milḥun/
salty {adj} (tasting of salt) :: مالح /māliḥ/
salty {adj} (containing salt) :: ملحي /milḥiyy/
Saluki {n} (Saluki breed of dog) :: سلوقي {m} /salwqy/
salvation {n} (the process of being saved (religion)) :: خلاص {m} /ḵalāṣ/, تطهير النفس {m} /taṭhīr an-nafs/
salve {n} (ointment, cream or balm) :: مرهم {m} /marham/, زبدة {f} /zabda/, بلسم {m} /balsam/
Salzburg {prop} (city) :: سالزبورغ {m} /sālzbūrḡ/
Salzburg {prop} (modern Austrian state) :: سالزبورغ {m} /sālzbūrḡ/
Samara {prop} (city in Russia) :: سمارا {f} /samārā/, سامارا {f} /samārā/
Samaritan {n} (a native or inhabitant of Samaria) :: سامري {m} /sāmiriyy/
samarium {n} (chemical element) :: ساماريوم {m} /samaryum/
Samarkand {prop} (city in Uzbekistan) :: سمرقند /samarqand/, [archaic] سمران {f} /sumaran/
sambuca {n} (Italian liqueur made from elderberries and flavoured with licorice) :: سامبوكا {f} /sambūka/
same {adj} (not different as regards self; identical) :: نفسه {m} /nafsahu/, نفسها {m} /nafsahā/
same {adj} (similar, alike) :: مثلها {f} /miṯlahā/, يشبهه {m} /yušbihahu/, يشبهها {f} /yušbihuhā/, ذات {f} /ḏāt/
same-sex marriage {n} (gay marriage) SEE: gay marriage ::
samisen {n} (shamisen) SEE: shamisen ::
Samoa {prop} (Independent State of Samoa) :: ساموا {f} /samuwwā/
samosa {n} (Indian snack) :: سنبوسة {f} /sanbūsa/
samovar {n} (metal urn with a spigot, for boiling water for making tea) :: ساموار {m} /samawār/, سموار {m} /samawār/
sample {n} (part taken for inspection) :: عينة {f} /ʿayyina/
Samson {prop} (Israelite judge) :: شمشون {m} /shamshūn/
Samsung {prop} (South Korean conglomerate company) :: سامسونج {m} /sāmsūnj/
Samuel {prop} (male given name) :: سموأل /samawʾal/, صاموئيل /ṣāmūʾīl/
Samuel {prop} (biblical person) :: صموئيل /ṣamūʾīl/
samurai {n} (feudal Japanese warrior) :: ساموراي {m} /sāmūrāy/
-san {suffix} (Mrs) SEE: Mrs ::
-san {suffix} (Miss) SEE: Miss ::
Sana'a {prop} (capital of Yemen) :: صنعاء /ṣanʿāʾ/
sanatorium {n} (institution that treats chronic diseases, and provides supervised recuperation and convalescence) :: مصحة {f} /maṣaḥḥa/
sanction {n} (penalty, coercive measure) :: عقاب {m} /ʿiqāb/, إستحسان {m} /ʾistiḥsān/, إعتماد {m} /ʾiʿtimād/
sand {n} (finely ground rock) :: رمل {m} /raml/
sandal {n} (type of footwear) :: صندل {m} /ṣandal/
sandal {n} (sandalwood) SEE: sandalwood ::
sandalwood {n} :: صندل /ṣandal/
sandbar {n} (ridge of sand) :: ضحضاح ماء {m} /ḍaḥḍāḥ māʾ/
sandhi {n} (phonological process) :: سندهي {m} /sandhī/, وصل {m} /waṣl/
sandstone {n} (sand/clay sedimentary rock) :: حجر رملي {m} /ḥajar ramliyy/
sandstorm {n} (strong wind carrying clouds of sand) :: عاصفة رملية {f} /ʿāṣifa ramliyya/
sandwich {n} (snack consisting of two slices of bread) :: ساندويتش {m} /sandawitš/, شطيرة {f} /šaṭīra/
sane {adj} (mentally healthy) :: عاقل /ʿāqil/
San Francisco {prop} (San Francisco, California city) :: سان فرانسسكو {m} /san faransiskū/, سان فرانسيسكو {m} /san faransiskū/, سان فرنسسكو {m} /san faransiskū/
sangria {n} (Spanish wine drink with fruit, sugar and soda) :: سانجريا {f}
sanitary napkin {n} (pad of cotton or other absorbent material) :: فوطة صحية /fūṭa(t) ṣiḥḥiyya/
sanitary towel {n} (pad of cotton) SEE: sanitary napkin ::
sanitation {n} (the policy and practice) :: الصحة العمومية {f} /aṣ-ṣiḥḥa l-ʿumūmiyya/
sanjak {n} (an administrative region under the Ottoman Empire) :: سنجق /sanjaq/
San José {prop} (the capital of Costa Rica) :: سان خوسيه {m} /sān ḵūsīh/
San José {prop} (A city in California, USA) SEE: San Jose ::
San Jose {prop} (a city in California, USA) :: سان هوزيه {m} /sān huzīh/
San Marino {prop} (Republic of San Marino) :: سان مارينو {f} /san marīnū/
sans {prep} (without) SEE: without ::
San Salvador {prop} (capital of El Salvador) :: سان سلفادور {m} /sān salfādūr/
Sanskrit {n} (language) :: سنسكريتي {m} /sanskrītiyy/
Santa {prop} (Santa Claus) SEE: Santa Claus ::
Santa Claus {prop} (fictional figure) :: بابا نويل {m} /bābā nuyīl/
Santiago {prop} (city in Chile) :: سانتياغو {m} /santyāḡū/
Santiago de Chile {prop} (Santiago) SEE: Santiago ::
Santo Domingo {prop} (the capital city of the Dominican Republic) :: سانتو دومينجو {m} /santū dumingū/
Santorini {prop} (Greek island) :: سانتوريني {m} /sāntūrīnī/
Sanya {prop} (a city in China) :: سانيا {f} /sanyā/
sap {n} (juice of plant) :: نسغ {m} /nusḡ/, عصارة {f} /ʿuṣāra/
sapling {n} (young tree) :: شتلة {f} /šatla/
sapphire {n} (gem) :: ياقوت {m} /yāqūt/
sapphire {n} (corundum) :: ياقوت {m} /yāqūt/
sapphire {n} (colour) :: أزرق ياقوتي /ʾazraq yāqūtiyy/
Sapporo {prop} (a city of Japan) :: سابورو {m} /sabūrū/
Sara {prop} (female given name) SEE: Sarah ::
Sarah {prop} (the wife of Abraham) :: سارة {f} /sāra/
Sarah {prop} (given name from Hebrew) :: سارة {f} /sārah/
Sarajevo {prop} (city) :: ساراييفو /sārāyīfū/, سراييفو /sarāyīfū/
Saransk {prop} (city in Russia) :: سارانسك {m} /sarānsk/
Saratov {prop} (city) :: ساراتوف {m} /sarātuf/
sarcasm {n} (derision, facetiousness) :: النقد الساخر, سخرية {f} /suḵriyya/, تهكم {m} /tahakkum/
sarcastic {adj} (Containing sarcasm) :: ساخر {m}
sarcastically {adv} (in a sarcastic manner) :: ساخرا
sarcophagus {n} (coffin) :: ناووس {m} /nāwūs/
sardine {n} (fish) :: سردين {m} /sardīn/
Sardinia {prop} (island of Italy) :: سردينيا {f} /sardīnyā/, سردانية {f} /sardāniya/, سردينية {f} /sardīniya/, سردانية {f} /suridāniya/
Sardinian {prop} (language) :: لغة سردينية {f} /luḡa(t) sardīniya/
Sargon {prop} (emperor) :: شروكين {m}
sari {n} (cloth) :: ساري {m} /sārī/
sarin {n} (neurotoxin) :: سارين {m} /sārīn/
Sarkozy {prop} (surname) :: ساركوزي /sarkuzī/
sarong {n} (garment made of printed cloth wrapped about the waist) :: صارون {m} /ṣārūn/
sashimi {n} (dish of slices of raw fish or meat) :: ساشيمي {m} /sāšīmī/
Saskatchewan {prop} (Province in western Canada) :: ساسكاتشوان {m} /saskatšuwān/
Satan {prop} (the Devil) :: شيطان {m} /šayṭān/, إبليس {m} /ʾiblīs/
Satanism {n} (devil worship) :: شيطانية {f} /šayṭāniyya/
Satanism {n} (a religion founded by Anton Szandor LaVey) :: شيطانية {f} /šayṭāniyya/
satay {n} (dish) :: ساتيه {m} /sātīh/
satellite {n} (a body orbiting a larger one) :: قمر {m} /qamar/
satellite {n} (man-made apparatus designed to be placed in orbit around a celestial body) :: قمر اصطناعي {m} /qamar iṣṭināʿiyy/
satiation {n} (satiety) SEE: satiety ::
satiety {n} (state of being perfectly satiated) :: شبع {m} /šabaʿ/
satin {n} (cloth with a glossy surface and a dull back) :: أطلس {m} /ʾaṭlas/
satin {adj} (smooth and shiny) :: صقيل /ṣaqīl/
satire {n} (literary technique) :: هجاء {m} /hijāʾ/
satisfaction {n} (fulfillment of a need or desire) :: رضا {m} /riḍā/
satisfaction {n} :: رضا {f} /riḍan/
satisfy {v} (to satisfy) SEE: respond ::
satrap {n} (governor of a Persian province) :: ساتراب {m} /sātrāb/
Saturday {n} (day of the week) :: السبت {m} /as-sabt/, يوم السبت {m} /yawm as-sabt/
Saturn {prop} (planet) :: زحل {m} /zuḥal/
Saturn {prop} (god) :: ساتورن {m} /saturn/
satyr {n} (Greek mythology) :: ساتير /satir/
sauce {n} (liquid condiment) :: صلصة {f} /ṣalṣa/, مرق {m} /maraq/, مرقة {f} /maraqa/
saucepan {n} (deep cooking vessel) :: قدر {m} /qidr/, طنجرة {f} /ṭanjara/
Saudi {prop} (Saudi Arabia) SEE: Saudi Arabia ::
Saudi {n} (person from Saudi Arabia) :: سعودي {m} /suʿūdiyy/, سعودية {f} /suʿūdiyya/
Saudi {adj} (pertaining to Saudi Arabia) :: سعودي /suʿūdiyy/
Saudi Arabia {prop} (country in the Middle East) :: السعودية {f} /as-suʿūdiyya/, المملكة العربية السعودية {f} /al-mamlaka l-ʿarabiyya s-suʿūdiyya/
Saudi Arabian {n} (person from Saudi Arabia) SEE: Saudi ::
Saudi Arabian {adj} (pertaining to Saudi Arabia) SEE: Saudi ::
Saul {prop} (first king of Israel) :: شاؤول الملك {m}, شاؤول {m}, طالوت {m}
Saul {prop} (original name of Paul) :: شاؤول {m}
Saul {prop} (male given name) :: سول {m} /sawl/, شاؤول {m}
sauna {n} (sauna room or house) :: ساونا {f} /sāwnā/
sausage {n} (a food made of minced meat packed into a tubular casing) :: سجق {m} /sujuq/, نقانق {m} /naqāniq/
savage {adj} (wild, not cultivated) :: متوحش /mutawaḥḥiš/
savage {n} (uncivilized or feral person) :: متوحش /mutawaḥḥiš/, همجي /hamajiyy/
savanna {n} (tropical grassland with scattered trees) :: سافانا {f} /safānā/
Savannah {prop} (the city in Georgia) :: سافانا
save {v} (to help someone to survive, or rescue someone) :: أنقذ /ʾanqaḏa/
save {prep} (except, with the exception of) :: ما عدا /mā ʿadā/, إلا /ʾilā/, حشا /ḥašā/, خلا /ḵalā/, سوى /siwā/, عدا /ʿadā/
save face {v} (preserve reputation) :: حفظ ماء الوجه /ḥafiẓa māʾa l-wajhi/
savin {n} (Juniperus sabina) :: أبهل {m} /ʾabhul/, شبينة {f} /šabīna/ [obsolete]
saving {n} (reduction in cost) :: خصم /ḵaṣm/, حسم /ḥasm/
saving {n} (something that is saved) :: مدخرات {f-p} /mudaḵarāt/
savior {n} (a person who saves someone, rescues another from harm) :: مخلص /muxalliṣ/
savory {adj} (Tasty, attractive to the palate) :: شهي /šahiyy/, مريء /marīʾ/
savory {adj} (Salty or non-sweet) :: مالح
savory {n} (herb of genus Satureja) :: ندغ {m} /nadḡ/
saw {n} (tool) :: منشار {m} /minšār/
saw {v} (cut with a saw) :: نشر /našara/
sawm {n} (Islamic fasting) :: صوم {m} /ṣawm/, صيام {m} /ṣiyām/
Saxony {prop} (state) :: صاقس {m} /ṣāqis/, سكسونيا {m} /saksūniyā/
saxophone {n} (a musical instrument of the woodwind family) :: ساكسفون {m} /sāksufūn/
say {v} (to pronounce) :: قال /qāla/
say {v} (to recite) :: يتلو /yatlū/
say {v} (to communicate verbally or in writing) :: قال /qāla/, يقول /yaqūl/ [present tense]
say {v} (to say) SEE: tell ::
say grace {v} (say a prayer of thanks) :: صلاة الشكر لله (قبل الأكل وبعد) /ṣállatu š-šúkri li-llāhi (qábla al-ʾákli wa-báʿd)/
saying {n} (proverb or maxim) :: قول {m} /qawl/
sayonara {interj} (goodbye, adieu) SEE: farewell ::
sayonara {interj} (goodbye, in reference to Japan (transliterations and different spellings only)) :: سايونارا /sāyūnārā/
scab {n} (incrustation over a wound) :: جلبة {f} /julba/
scab {n} (scabies) SEE: scabies ::
scabbard {n} (the sheath of a sword) :: غمد {m} /ḡimd/
scabies {n} (an infestation of parasitic mites, Sarcoptes scabiei) :: جرب {m} /jarab/
scaffolding {n} (system of tubes or poles used to support people and material) :: سقالات {f-p} /siqālāt/
scale {n} (ratio of distances) :: ميزان {m} /mīzān/
scale {n} (keratin pieces covering the skin of certain animals) :: فلس {m} /fals/, حرشف {m} /ḥaršaf/
scale {n} (ladder) SEE: ladder ::
scale {n} (device) SEE: scales ::
scales {n} (device for weighing goods for sale) :: ميزان /mīzān/
scallion {n} (Allium fistulosum) SEE: spring onion ::
scallop {n} (mollusc) :: إسكالوب /ʾiskalūb/
scalp {n} (part of head where the hair grows) :: فروة الرأس {f} /farwat ar-raʾs/
scalpel {n} (small straight knife) :: مشرط {m} /mišraṭ/
scam {n} (fraudulent deal) :: احتيال {m} /iḥtiyāl/
scam {v} (to defraud or embezzle) :: احتال /iḥtāla/
scan {v} (examine sequentially) :: محص /maḥaṣ/, تمعن /tamaʿan/
scan {v} (create a digital copy of an image using a scanner) :: مسح ضوئيا /masaḥ ḍawʾiyan/
scandal {n} (incident that brings disgrace) :: فضيحة {f} /faḍīḥa/
Scandinavia {prop} (Denmark, Norway, and Sweden) :: إسكندينافيا {f} /ʾiskandīnāfiyā/
Scandinavia {prop} (Scandinavian Peninsula) SEE: Scandinavian Peninsula ::
Scandinavian Peninsula {prop} (peninsula in Northern Europe, see also: Scandinavia) :: إسكندينافيا {f} /ʾiskandīnāfiyā/
scandium {n} (chemical element) :: سكانديوم {m} /sakandiyum/
scanlation {n} (the process of scanlation) :: مسح ترجمة {m} /masḥ tarjama/
scanner {n} (device which scans documents) :: ماسح {m} /māsiḥ/, ماسح ضوئي {m}
scanty {adj} (sparing, niggardly) SEE: niggardly ::
scapegoat {n} (a goat imbued with the sins of the people) :: كبش فداء {m} /kabš fidāʾ/
scapegoat {n} (someone punished for someone else's error(s)) :: كبش فداء {m} /kabš fidāʾ/
scapula {n} (large flat bone) SEE: shoulder blade ::
scar {n} (cliff) SEE: cliff ::
scar {n} (permanent mark on the skin) :: ندبة {f} /nadba/, ندب {m} /nadb/
scarab {n} :: جعل
scarce {adj} :: نادر /nādir/
scare {v} (to frighten) :: أفزع /ʾafzaʿa/
scarecrow {n} (an effigy made to scare the birds away) :: فزاعة {f} /fazzāʿa/
scared {adj} (afraid, frightened) :: خائف /ḵāʾif/, مذعور /maḏʿūr/
scarf {n} (long garment worn around the neck) :: وشاح {m} /wišāḥ/
scarf {n} (headscarf) SEE: headscarf ::
scarificator {n} (cupping glass) :: مشراط {m} /mišrāṭ/
scarlet {n} (colour) :: قرمزي /qirmiziyy/
scarlet eggplant {n} (species of fruiting plant) :: باذنجان أفريقي {m} /bāḏinjān ʾafrīqiyy/
scary {adj} (causing, or able to cause, fright) :: مجفل /mujaffil/
scatter {v} (to cause to separate) :: نثر /naṯara/, تفرق /tafarraqa/
scatter {v} :: نثر (náθara)
scenario {n} (outline of the plot of a dramatic or literary work) :: سيناريو {m} /sināryū/
scene {n} ((theater) the stage) SEE: stage ::
scene {n} (the location of an event that attracts attention) :: منظر {m} /manẓar/, مشهد {m} /mašhad/
scene {n} (landscape, scenery) SEE: scenery ::
scenery {n} (view, natural features, landscape) :: مشهد {m} /mašhad/
scent {n} (distinctive odour or smell) :: رائحة {f} /rāʾiḥa/, [plural] روائح {f-p} /rawāʾiḥ/
scent {n} (perfume) :: أريج /ʾarīj/
scent {n} :: الشم {m} /aš-šám/
sceptre {n} (ornamental staff) :: صولجان /ṣawlajān/
schadenfreude {n} (malicious enjoyment derived from observing someone else's misfortune) :: شماتة {f} /šamāta/
schedule {n} (time-based plan of events) :: جدول {m} /jadwal/
Scheherazade {prop} (female given name) :: شهرزاد {f} /šahrazād/
scheme {n} (secret, devious plan) :: مكيدة {f} /makīda/
scheme {n} :: مخطط {m} /muḵaṭṭaṭ/
Schengen {prop} (city in Luxembourg) :: شينجن {m} /šengen/, شينغن
Schiller {prop} (surname) :: شيلر /šilar/
schizophrenia {n} (mental disorder) :: فصام /fuṣām/, الفصام الذهاني /al-fiṣām aḏ-ḏuhāniyy/, انفصام الشخصية /infiṣāmu š-šaḵṣiyya/, شيزوفرينيا {f} /šizufrenya/, انشطار الشخصية /ainšiṭāru š-šaḵṣiyya/
schnitzel {n} (a meat dish) :: شنيتزل {m} /šnītzal/
scholar {n} (specialist in a particular branch of knowledge) :: عالم /ʿālim/
scholar {n} (learned person) :: عالم {m} /ʿālim/
scholarship {n} (study allowance) :: منح دراسية {f} /manḥ dirāsiyya/
scholar's mate {n} (checkmate which occurs after the moves 1.e4 e5 2.Qh5 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.Qxf7#) :: ضربة الراعي {f} /ḍarba(t) ar-rāʿī/, خطة نابليون
school {n} (an institution dedicated to teaching and learning) :: مدرسة {f} /madrasa/, مكتب {m} /maktab/ [historical]
school {n} (college or university) :: كلية {f} /kulliyya/, جامعة {f} /jāmiʿa/
school {n} (a department/institute at a college or university) :: قسم {m} /qisim/
school {n} ((collectively) the followers of a particular doctrine) :: مدرسة {f} /madrasa/
schoolboy {n} (young male student) :: تلميذ {m} /tilmīḏ/
schoolchild {n} (young person attending school or of an age to attend school) :: تلميذ {m} /tilmīḏ/, تلميذة {f} /tilmīḏa/
schoolgirl {n} (girl attending school) :: تلميذة {f} /tilmīḏa/
schoolie {n} (schoolteacher) SEE: teacher ::
schooling {n} (training or instruction) :: تدريس {m} /tadrīs/, تعليم {m} /taʿlīm/
schoolteacher {n} (schoolteacher) SEE: teacher ::
school uniform {n} (uniform items to be worn by students in a school) :: زي مدرسي {m} /zī madrasiyy/
schooner {n} (sailing ship) :: سكونة
Schrödinger's cat {prop} (thought experiment) :: قطة شرودنغر {f} /qiṭṭa(t) šrūdinḡir/
Schubert {prop} (surname) :: شوبرت {m} {f} /šubert/
schwa {n} (indeterminate central vowel) :: شوا /šwā/
Schwarzenegger {prop} (surname of German-speakers) :: شوارزنيجر /šwārzinījar/
sciatica {n} (neuralgia of the sciatic nerve) :: عرق النساء
science {n} (collective discipline of learning acquired through the scientific method) :: علم {m} /ʿilm/
science {n} (particular discipline or branch of learning) :: علم {m} /ʿilm/
science fiction {n} (fiction) :: خيال علمي {m} /ḵayāl ʿilmiyy/
scientia potentia est {proverb} (knowledge is power) SEE: knowledge is power ::
scientific {adj} (of or having to do with science) :: علمي /ʿilmiyy/
scientific method {n} (method of discovering knowledge) :: المنهج العلمي {m} /al-manhaj al-ʿilmiyy/
scientist {n} (one whose activities make use of the scientific method) :: عالم {m} /ʿālim/
scientocracy {n} (members of an elite community of scientists) :: سياسة عامة علمية /siyāsa ʿāmma ʿilmiyya/
scimitar {n} (sword with curved blade) :: سيف {m} /sayf/
scissors {n} (tool used for cutting) :: مقص {m} /miqaṣṣ/
sclera {n} (white of the eye) :: بياض العين {m} /bayāḍ al-ʿayn/
scold {v} (rebuke) :: وبخ /wabaḵḵa/
scooter {n} (motor-scooter) :: سكوتر {m} /skūtar/, بسكليتة {f} /biskilitta/
scope {n} (breadth, depth or reach of a subject; a domain) :: حيز {m} /ḥayyiz/
score {v} (to score) SEE: strike ::
score {n} (number of points earned) :: إصابة {f} /ʾiṣāba/
scores {pron} (many) SEE: many ::
Scorpio {prop} (astrological sign) :: برج العقرب /burj al-ʿaqrab/, العقرب {m} /al-ʿaqrab/
Scorpio {prop} (constellation) SEE: Scorpius ::
scorpion {n} (any of various arachnids of the order Scorpiones) :: عقرب {m} /ʿaqrab/
Scorpius {prop} (astrological sign) SEE: Scorpio ::
Scorpius {prop} (constellation) :: برج العقرب /burj al-ʿaqrab/, العقرب {m} /al-ʿaqrab/
Scotch crow {n} (hooded crow) SEE: hooded crow ::
Scotland {prop} (country in northwest Europe to the north of England) :: إسكتلندا {f} /ʾiskutlandā/
Scotland Yard {prop} (headquarters of the Criminal Investigation Department of the London Metropolitan Police Force) :: سكوتلاند يارد {m} /skūtlānd yārd/
Scots Gaelic {n} (Scottish Gaelic) SEE: Scottish Gaelic ::
Scottish Gaelic {n} (The Gaelic language of Scotland) :: الأسكتلندية {f} /al-ʾuskutlandiyya/
scoundrel {n} (villain) :: وغد {m} /waḡd/, نذل {m} /naḏl/, أزعر {m} /ʾazʿar/, شرير {m} /širrīr/, ملط {m} /milṭ/, وضيع {m} /waḍīʿ/, شقي {m} /šaqiyy/
scourge {n} (persistent pest, illness, or source of trouble) :: وباء, بلوى /balwā/
scourge {n} (a whip often of leather) :: سوط
scowl {v} (to wrinkle the brows) :: عبس /ʿabasa/
scowl {v} (to look gloomy) :: عبس /ʿabasa/
scrap {v} (to discard) :: يتخلى, نبذ
scrap {v} (to fight) :: شجار
scratch {v} (to rub a surface with a sharp object) :: خربش /ḵarbaša/
scream {v} (to make the sound of a scream) :: صرخ /ṣaraḵa/
screen {n} (physical divider) :: حجاب /ħijāb/, ستارة {f} /sitārah/, حاجز /ħājiz/
screen {n} (viewing area of electronic output device) :: شاشة {f} /šāša/
screen {n} (movie viewing area) :: شاشة {f} /šāša/
screenplay {n} (script for a movie or a television show) :: سيناريو {m} /sināryū/
screen printing {n} (printing method) :: طباعة الشاشة الحريرية
screensaver {n} :: حافظ شاشة {m} /ḥāfiẓ šāša/
screenwriter {n} (one who writes for the screen) :: كاتب السيناريو {m} /kātib as-sināryū/
screw {n} (simple machine) :: لولب {m} /lawlab/
screw {n} (fastener) :: برغي {m} /burḡiyy/, قلاووظ {m} /qalāwūẓ/
screwdriver {n} (tool) :: مفك البراغي {m} /mifakk al-barāḡiyy/
scribe {n} (one who writes; a draughtsman) :: ناسخ {m} /nāsiḵ/, كاتب {m} /kātib/
script {n} (writing; written document) :: كتابة {f} /kitāba/
script {n} (written characters, style of writing) :: كتابة {f} /kitāba/
script {n} (text of the dialogue and action for a drama) :: سيناريو {m} /sināryū/
Scripture {prop} (Tanakh) SEE: Tanakh ::
Scripture {prop} (Bible) SEE: Bible ::
scriptwriter {n} (screenwriter) SEE: screenwriter ::
scrofulous {adj} (morally degenerate; corrupt) SEE: corrupt ::
scroll {n} (roll of paper or parchment) :: طومار {m} /ṭūmār/
scrotum {n} (the bag of the skin and muscle that contains the testicles) :: صفن {m} /ṣafan/, كيس الصفن {m} /kīs aṣ-ṣafan/, كيس {m} /kīs/
sculptor {n} (a person who sculpts) :: نحات {m} /naḥḥāt/, مثال {m} /maṯṯāl/
sculpture {n} (art of sculpting) :: نحت {m} /naḥt/
sculpture {n} (work of art created by sculpting) :: تمثال {m} /timṯāl/
scumbag {n} (condom) SEE: condom ::
scythe {n} (farm tool) :: منجل {m} /minjal/
Scythia {prop} (region of Central Eurasia) :: سكيثيا /sakīṯiyā/, سقيثيا /saqīṯiyā/, سيثيا /sīṯiyā/, سكيا /sakiyā/
sea {n} (body of water) :: بحر {m} /baḥr/, يم {m} /yam/
sea anemone {n} (polyp) :: شقيقة نعمان البحر {f} /šaqīqa(t) nuʿmāni l-baḥri/
seaborgium {n} (chemical element with atomic number 106) :: سيبورجيوم {m} /sīborgiyūm/
sea buckthorn {n} (shrub of the genus Hippophae) :: أبو قايس {m} /ʾabū qāyis/, شوك القصار {m} /šawk al-qaṣṣār/, غاسول {m} /ḡāsūl/
seafarer {n} (sailor) SEE: sailor ::
seafood {n} (fish, shellfish, seaweed and other edible aquatic life) :: مأكولات بحرية {m-p} /maʾkūlāt baḥriyya/, طعام البحر {m} /ṭaʿām al-baḥr/
seagrass {n} (grasslike marine plants) :: نجيل بحري
seagull {n} (bird of the family Laridae) :: نورس {m} /nawras/
sea holly {n} (Eryngium) :: قرصعنة {f} /qarṣaʿanna/, شنداب {m} /šindāb/
sea horse {n} (walrus) SEE: walrus ::
sea horse {n} (fish) :: فرس بحر {m} /faras baḥr/
seal {n} (pinniped) :: فقمة {f} /fuqma/
seal {n} (stamp used to impress a design on a soft substance) :: ختم {m} /ḵatm/
seal {n} (design or insignia associated with organization or official role) :: ختم {m} /ḵatm/
sea lion {n} (member of the Otariidae family) :: أسد بحر {m} /ʾasad baḥr/, كلب البحر {m} /kalb al-baḥr/
seam {n} (folded back and stitched piece of fabric) :: درز {m} /darz/
seaman {n} (mariner or sailor) SEE: sailor ::
Sea of Azov {prop} (sea) :: بحر آزوف {m} /baḥr ʾāzūf/
Sea of Galilee {prop} (lake in northern Israel) :: بحيرة طبرية {f} /buḥayra(t) ṭabariyya/
Sea of Japan {prop} (the sea between Japan and the rest of Asia) :: بحر اليابان {m} /baḥr al-yābān/
Sea of Okhotsk {prop} (sea) :: بحر أوخوتسك {m} /baḥr ʾuḵutsk/
sea onion {n} (Drimia maritima) :: إشقيل {m} /ʾišqīl/, بصل الفأر {m} /baṣal al-faʾr/, عنصل {m} /ʿunṣul/
search {v} (to search) SEE: look ::
search {n} (an attempt to find something) :: طلب {m} /ṭalab/
search {v} (to look throughout (a place) for something) :: بحث /baḥaṯa/, فتش /fattaša/
search {v} ((followed by "for") to look thoroughly) :: دور /dawwara/
search engine {n} (application that searches for data) :: محرك البحث {m} /muḥarrik al-baḥṯ/
searocket {n} (Cakile) :: إسليح {m} /ʾislīḥ/
seashell {n} (shell) :: صدفة {f} /ṣadafa/, صدفة بحرية {f} /ṣadafa baḥriyya/, محارة {f} /maḥāra/
sea-sickness {n} (seasickness) SEE: seasickness ::
seasickness {n} (a feeling of nausea caused by the motion of a ship) :: دوار البحر {m} /duwār al-baḥr/
season {n} (quarter of a year) :: فصل /faṣl/, موسم /mawsim/
season {n} (part of year with something special) :: موسم {m} /mawsim/
seasoning {n} (cooking ingredient) :: بهار {m} /bahār/
seat {n} (place in which to sit) :: مقعد {m} /maqʿad/
Seattle {prop} (city in Washington state, USA) :: سياتل {m} /siyātal/
sea urchin {n} (any of many marine echinoderms of the class Echinoidea) :: قنفذ البحر {m} /qunfuḏ al-baḥr/
seaweed {n} (marine plants and algae) :: عشب بحري {m} /ʿušb baḥriyy/
secession {n} (The act of seceding) :: إنشقاق {m} /ʾinšiqāq/
second {adj} (second (numeral), see also: 2nd) :: [indefinite] ثان {m} /ṯānin/, [definite] الثاني {m} /aṯ-ṯānī/, ثانية {f} /ṯāniya/
second {n} (one-sixtieth of a minute; SI unit of time) :: ثانية {f} /ṯāniya/
second hand {adj} (secondhand) SEE: secondhand ::
secondhand {adj} (not new; previously owned and used by another) :: مستعمل /mustaʿmal/
second-hand smoke {n} (smoke from cigarettes, that any person including non-smokers could breathe in) :: التدخين السلبي /at-tadḵaīn as-salbiyy/
second person {n} (the form of a verb used when the subject of a sentence is the audience) :: مخاطب {m} /muḵāṭab/
second to none {n} (heroin) SEE: heroin ::
Second World War {prop} (World War II) SEE: World War II ::
secrecy {n} (concealment) :: سرية {f} /sirriyya/
secret {n} (knowledge that is hidden) :: سر {m} /sirr/
secret {adj} (being or kept hidden.) :: سري /sirriyy/
secretary {n} (person keeping records and handling clerical work) :: سكرتير {m} /sekretēr/, سكرتيرة {f} /sekretēra/, كاتب {m} /kātib/, كاتبة {f} /kātiba/
secretary bird {n} (member of bird family) :: الكاتب {m} /ak-kateb/
secretive {adj} (having an inclination to secrecy) :: كتوم /katūm/, متحفظ /mutaḥaffiẓ/, متكتم /mutakattim/
secretly {adv} (in a secret manner) :: سرا /sirran/
secret police {n} (police operating outside normal boundaries of law) :: بوليس سري {m} /būlīs sirriyy/
sect {n} (religious movement) :: فرقة {f} /firqa/, مذهب /maḏhab/, طائفة {f} /ṭāʾifa/, نحلة {f} /niḥla/
sectarianism {n} (rigid adherence to a particular sect, party or denomination) :: طائفية {f} /ṭāʾifiyya/
section {n} (cutting, part cut out) :: قسم {m} /qism/, جزء {m} /juzʾ/
sector {n} (section) :: قطاع {m} /qiṭāʿ/
secular {adj} (not specifically religious) :: دنيوي /dunyawiyy/, علماني /ʿalmāniyy/
secularism {n} (The related political belief in the separation of church and state) :: علمانية {f} /ʿalmāniyya/
security {n} (condition of not being threatened) :: أمن {m} /ʾamn/, أمان {f} /ʾamān/, سلامة {f} /salāma/
security {n} (something that secures) :: حماية {f} /ḥimāya/
Security Council {prop} (UN Security Council) SEE: UN Security Council ::
sedimentary rock {n} (one of the major groups of rock that makes up the crust of the Earth) :: صخر رسوبي /ṣaḵr rusūbiyy/
sedition {n} (insurrection or rebellion) :: فتنة /fitna/
seduce {v} (to entice or induce someone to engage in a sexual relationship) :: أغرى /ʾaḡrā/
seductress {n} (woman who seduces) :: غاوية {f} /ḡāwiya/
see {v} (perceive with the eyes) :: رأى /raʾā/, عاين /ʿāyana/, شاهد /šāhada/
seed {n} (fertilized grain) :: بذرة {f} /biḏra/, زريعة {f} /zarīʿa/
seed {n} (semen) :: مني {m} /many/
seedling {n} (young plant grown from seed) :: شتلة {f} /šatla/
seeing {adj} (having vision; not blind) :: بصير /baṣīr/, مبصر /mubṣir/
seeing {n} (the action of the verb to see; eyesight) :: رؤية {f} /ruʾya/
seeing {conj} (inasmuch as; in view of the fact) :: نظرا ل /naẓaran li-/
seek {v} (to try to find) :: بحث /baḥaṯa/, فتش /fattaša/
seel {v} (To blind) SEE: blind ::
seem {v} (to appear, to seem) SEE: look ::
seem {v} (to appear) :: بدا /badā/ ([present tense:] يبدو /yabdū/), ظهر /ẓahara/
seemingly {adv} (apparently) SEE: apparently ::
see off {v} (to defeat) SEE: defeat ::
seethe {v} (to foam in an agitated manner, as if boiling) :: هاج /hāja/
see-through {adj} (transparent) SEE: transparent ::
see ya {interj} (see you) SEE: see you ::
see you {phrase} (see you later) :: سلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته /salām ʿalaykum wa-raḥmat allāh wa-barakātuhu/, سلام /salām/, إلى اللقاء قريبا /ʾilā l-liqāʾ qarīban/
see you later {phrase} (goodbye) :: إلى اللقاء /ʾilā l-liqāʾ/, باي /bay/, باي باي /bay bay/ [Levantine], إلى اللقاء قريبا /ʾilā l-liqāʾ qarīban/
see you soon {interj} (goodbye) :: أراك قريبا /ʾarāka qarīban/, [to a woman: ʾarāki qarīban], إلى اللقاء قريبا /ʾilā l-liqāʾ qarīban/
see you tomorrow {phrase} (see you tomorrow) :: أراك غدا /ʾarāka ḡadan/
Seferberlik {prop} (the mobilization effected by the late Ottoman Empire during the Second Balkan War of 1913 and World War I from 1914 to 1918) :: سفر برلك /safar barlik/
Sega {prop} (Japanese videogame developer) :: سيجا {f} /sēja/, سيگا {f} /sēga/
Segorbe {prop} (municipality in Castellón, Spain) :: سيجوربي
Segovia {prop} (city in Castile, Spain) :: شقوبية /šiqūbiyya/
Seine {prop} (river of northern France) :: السين {m} /as-sīn/
seismology {n} (the study of the vibration of the Earth's interior) :: علم الزلازل {m} /ʿilm az-zalāzil/
seize {v} (grab) :: إستولى على /ʾistawlā ʿalā/
sejunct {adj} (separate) SEE: separate ::
Selangor {prop} (western Malaysian state) :: سلانغور دار الإحسان {f} /salanghur darul-ʾehsān/
seldom {adv} (infrequently, rarely) :: نادرا /nādiran/
select {v} (to choose one or more elements from a set) :: اختار /iḵtāra/
Selenite {n} (inhabitant of the Moon) SEE: Lunarian ::
selenium {n} (chemical element) :: سلينيوم {m} /silinyum/
self {n} (individual person as the object of his own reflective consciousness) :: نفس /nafs/
self-confidence {n} (measure of one's belief in one's own abilities) :: ثقة في النفس {f} /thiqqa fin-nefs/
selfie {n} (photographic self-portrait) :: سلفي {m} /silfī/, سيلفي {m} /silfi, sīlfī/, صورة ذاتية {f} /ṣūra(t) ḏātiyya/
selfish {adj} (regard for oneself above others' well-being) :: أناني /ʾanāniyy/
Seljuk {adj} (Of or pertaining to the Seljuk dynasty) :: سلجوقي {m} /saljūqiyy/, سلجوقية {f} /saljūqiyya/
sell {v} (to agree to transfer goods or provide services) :: باع /bāʿa/
sell {v} (to be sold) :: انباع /inbāʿa/, بيع /bīʿa/
sellable {adj} (saleable) SEE: saleable ::
seller {n} (someone who sells) :: بائع {m} /bāʾiʿ/
selling {n} (action of the verb to sell) :: بيع {m} /bayʿ/
sellout {n} (a person who compromises his or her principles) :: مأجور {m} /maʾjuwrun/
Selma {prop} (female given name) :: سلمى {f} /salmā/
semantic {adj} (of or relating to semantics or the meanings of words) :: دلالات الألفاظ
semantics {n} (science of the meaning of words) :: علم المعاني {m} /ʿilm al-maʿānī/
semen {n} (semen (fluid)) SEE: sperm ::
semen {n} (male reproductory fluid) :: مني {m} /maniyy/
semester {n} (half of school year) :: فصل دراسي {m} /faṣl dirāsiyy/, نصف سنة {m} /niṣf sana/, فصل أكاديمي {m} /faṣl ʾakādīmiyy/
semi- {prefix} (half (prefix)) :: شبه /šibh/ [not an attached prefix]
semicolon {n} (punctuation mark ';') :: فاصلة منقوطة {f} /fāṣila manqūṭa/, ؛ /-/ [symbol]
semiconductor {n} (substance with electrical properties between conductor and insulator) :: شبه موصل {m} /šabah muwaṣṣil/
semiconsonant {n} (semivowel) SEE: semivowel ::
seminal vesicle {n} (seminal vesicle) :: حويصلة منوية {f} /ḥuwayṣila manawiyya/
semiotics {n} (study of signs) :: سميوطيقا
Semite {n} (descendant of any of these peoples) :: سامي {m} /sāmiyy/, سامية {f} /sāmiyya/
Semitic {adj} (pertaining to the Semitic subdivision of Afro-Asiatic languages) :: سامي /sāmiyy/
semivowel {n} (sound in speech) :: أشباه العلل /ʾašbāhu l-ʿilali/
Semnan {prop} (northern province of Iran) :: سمنان
semolina {n} (hard grains of flour left after milling) :: سميذ {m} /samīḏ/
senate {n} (the upper house in some bicameral legislative systems) :: مجلس الشيوخ {m} /majlis aš-šuyūḵ/
Senate {prop} (legislative body) :: مجلس {m} /majlis/, مجلس أعلى {m} /majlis ʾaʿlā/
Senate {prop} (Roman senate) :: مجلس الشيوخ الروماني {m} /majlis aš-šuyūḵ ar-rūmāniyy/
senator {n} (member in the house or chamber of a legislature called a senate) :: سناتور {m} /sinātūr/
send {v} (make something go somewhere) :: أرسل /ʾarsala/
Sendai {prop} (a city of Japan) :: سنداي {m} /sinday/
Senegal {prop} (Republic of Senegal) :: السنغال {f} /as-sinḡāl/
sense {n} (conscious awareness) :: إحساس {m} /ʾiḥsās/
sense {n} (meaning or reason) :: معنى {m} /maʿnan/
sense {n} (semantics term) :: معنى {m} /maʿnā/
sensei {n} (martial arts instructor) :: مدرب {m} /mudarrib/
sensitive {adj} :: حساس /ḥassās/
sensory {adj} (of the senses or sensation) :: حسي {m} /ḥissiyy/, حسية {f} /ḥissiyya/
sentence {n} (decision of a jury) :: حكم {m} /ḥukm/
sentence {n} (grammatically complete series of words consisting of a subject and predicate) :: جملة {f} /jumla/
Seongnam {prop} (a city in South Korea) :: سيونغنام {m} /syunḡnām/
Seoul {prop} (capital of South Korea) :: سيئول {f} /sīʾūl/, سيول {f} /siyūl/, سول {f} /sōl/
sepal {n} (part of calyx) :: سبلة {f} /sabala/, كأسية {f} /kaʼsiyya/
separate {adj} (apart from; not connected to) :: منفصل /munfaṣil/
separate {v} (to disunite, disconnect) :: فصل /faṣala/
separation of concerns {n} (programming: separating a computer program into distinct features) :: فصل الاهتمامات {m} /faṣlu l-ihtimāmāt/
separatism {n} (separatism) :: انفصالية {f} /infiṣāliyya/, انشقاقية {f} /inšiqāqiyya/
separatist {n} (political separatist) :: انشقاقي {m} /inšiqāqiyy/, منشق {m} /munšaqq/
Sephardi {n} (a Jew of Iberian ancestry, whose native language was Ladino) :: سفاردي {m} /sifārdiyy/
Sephardic {adj} (relating to the culture of the Sephardi Jews) :: سفاردي /sifārdiyy/
sepia {n} (cuttlefish) SEE: cuttlefish ::
seppuku {n} (ritual suicide by disembowelment) :: هارا كيري {m} /hārā kīrī/
September {prop} (ninth month of the Gregorian calendar) :: سبتمبر {m} /sibtimbir/, سبتمبر {m} /sibtambir/, سبتمبر {m} /sabtambar/, أيلول {m} /ʾaylūl/
Septuagint {prop} (an ancient translation of the Hebrew Bible into Greek) :: الترجمة السبعينية {f} /at-tarjama s-sabʿīniyya/
sepulchre {n} (burial chamber) :: قبر {m} /qabr/
sequent {adj} (that comes after) SEE: subsequent ::
Serb {n} (person of Serb descent, see also: Serbian) :: صربي {m} /ṣarbiyy/, صربية {f} /ṣarbiyya/
Serbia {prop} (a country in southeastern Europe) :: صربيا {f} /ṣirbiyā/, الصرب {f} /aṣ-ṣirb/
Serbia and Montenegro {prop} (former country on the Balkan Peninsula) :: صربيا والجبل الأسود /ṣirbiyā wa-l-jabal al-ʾaswad/
Serbian {n} (person from Serbia, see also: Serb) :: صربي {m} /ṣirbiyy/, صربية {f} /ṣirbiyya/
Serbian {n} (the standardized variety of Serbo-Croatian) :: الصربية {f} /aṣ-ṣirbiyya/
Serbian {adj} (pertaining to Serbia and Serbians) :: صربي /ṣirbiyy/
Serbian {n} (Serb) SEE: Serb ::
Serbo-Croatian {n} (South Slavic language) :: صربو-كرواتي {m} /ṣarbū-kuruwātiyy/
Serbo-Croatian {adj} (pertaining to the Serbo-Croatian language) :: صربو-كرواتي /ṣarbū-kuruwātiyy/
serenity {n} (state) :: سكينة الروح {f} /sakīnat ar-rūḥ/, صفاء {f} /ṣafāʾ/
sergeant {n} (non-commissioned officer rank) :: رقيب {m} /raqīb/
Sergey {prop} (transliteration of Сергей) :: سيرجي {m} /sergey/
Sergius {prop} (male given name) :: سركيس {m} /sarkīs/, سرجون {m} /sarjūn/
serial killer {n} (person who commits multiple murders) :: قاتل متسلسل {m} /qātil mutasalsil/
sericulture {n} (rearing of silkworms for the production of silk) :: إنتاج الحرير من دودة القز
series {n} (television or radio program) :: مسلسلات تلفزيونية {f-p} /musalsalāt tilifizyūniyya/ (TV), مسلسلات {p} /musalsilāt/
series {n} (in analysis: sum of the terms of a sequence) :: متسلسلة {f} /mutasalsila/, سلسلة {f} /silsila/
serigraphy {n} (printing method) SEE: screen printing ::
serious {adj} (without humor or expression of happiness) :: جدي /jiddiyy/
serious {adj} (important; weighty; not trifling; leaving no room for play) :: جدي /jaddiyy/, جاد /jādd/
serious {adj} (really intending what is said; being in earnest) :: جدي /jaddiyy/, جاد /jādd/
seriously {adv} (in a serious or literal manner) :: بجدية /bi-jiddiyya/
seriousness {n} (state of being serious) :: جدية {f} /jiddiyya/
sermon {n} (religious discourse) :: موعظة {f} /mawʿiẓa/, خطبة {f} /ḵuṭba/, وعظ {m} /waʿẓ/
serpent {n} (snake) :: ثعبان {m} /ṯuʿbān/, حنش {m} /ḥanaš/, حية {f} /ḥayya/, أفعى {f} /ʾafʿā/
Serpentarius {prop} (Ophiuchus) SEE: Ophiuchus ::
serum {n} (yellowish fluid obtained from blood) :: مصل دم {m} /maṣl dam/, مصل {m} /maṣl/
servant {n} (one who is hired to perform regular household or other duties, and receives compensation) :: خادم {m} /ḵādim/, خادمة {f} /ḵādima/, خدم /ḵadam/, فراش {m} /farrāš/, عبد {m} /ʿabd/
serve {v} (to work for) :: خدم /ḵadama/
serve {v} (to bring food to) :: قدم /qaddama/
serve {v} (to be a servant) :: خدم /ḵadama/
serve {v} (to be in service) :: خدم /ḵadama/
server {n} (computing: a program which provides services to other programs or users) :: خادم {m} /ḵādim/, ملقم {m} /mulaqqim/ [dated]
server {n} (computing: a computer dedicated to running server programs) :: خادم {m} /ḵādim/
server {n} :: نادل {m} /nādil/, خادم {m} /ḵādim/
serve someone right {v} (serves you right!) :: يخدم لكم الحق
Servian {adj} (Serbian) SEE: Serbian ::
Servian {n} (Serbian) SEE: Serbian ::
Servian {prop} (Serbian) SEE: Serbian ::
service {n} (practice of providing services as economic activity) :: خدمة {f} /ḵidma/, خدمة {f} /ḵidma/
service {n} (service tree) SEE: service tree ::
service station {n} (gas station) SEE: gas station ::
service tree {n} (Sorbus domestica) :: غبيراء {f} /ḡubayrāʾ/
service tree {n} (Sorbus torminalis) SEE: wild service tree ::
serviette {n} (napkin) SEE: napkin ::
sesame {n} (plant) :: سمسم {m} /simsim/
sesame {n} (seed) :: سمسم {m} /simsim/
sesamoid bone {n} (small bone embedded within tendon) :: رضفة {f} /raḍafa/
session {n} (period devoted to a particular activity) :: جلسة {f} /jalsa/
set {v} (of a heavenly body: to disappear below the horizon) :: غرب /ḡaraba/
set {n} (set theory: collection of objects) :: مجموعة {f}
set {v} (to sit) SEE: sit ::
Set {prop} (Egyptian god) :: ست {m} /set/, ست {m} /sat/, ست {m} /sit/
set forth {v} (to start) SEE: start ::
Seth {prop} (Egyptian god) :: ست {m} /set/, ست {m} /sat/, ست {m} /sit/
setting pole {n} (pole for pushing out boats, see also: gaff; hook; pike pole; boathook) :: مردي {m} /murdiyy/
settle {v} (to fix one's dwelling) :: استعمر /istaʿmara/, استوطن /istawṭana/
settlement {n} (newly established colony) :: مستعمرة {f} /mustaʿmara/, مستوطنة {f} /mustawṭana/
settler {n} (someone who settles in a new location, especially one who makes a previously uninhabited place his home) :: مستوطن {m} /mustawṭin/, مستعمر {m} /mustaʿmir/, معمر {m} /muʿammir/
Sevastopol {prop} (city) :: سيفاستوبول {m} /sifastūbul/
seven {num} (cardinal number 7) :: سبعة /sabʿa/, (numeral: ٧ /7/)
seven deadly sins {n} (the cardinal sins) :: سبع خطايا مميتة {m-p} /sabʿ ḵaṭāyā mamīta/
seven hundred {num} (cardinal number 700) :: سبعمئة /sabʿumiʾa/, سبعما۟ئة /sabʿumiʾa/
sevennight {n} (period of seven consecutive days and nights) SEE: week ::
seven o'clock {n} (the start of the eighth hour) :: الساعة السابعة {f} /as-sāʿa s-sābiʿa/
seven seas {n} (all of the Earths oceans) :: البحار السبعة /al-biḥār as-sabʿa/
seventeen {num} (cardinal number) :: سبعة عشر /sabʿata ʿašara/
seventh {adj} (ordinal form of the number seven, see also: 7th) :: سابع {m} /sābiʿ/, سابعة {f} /sābiʿa/
seventh {n} (one of seven equal parts of a whole) :: سبع /subʿ/
seventy {num} (cardinal number) :: سبعين /sabʿīna/, [only nominative, formal] سبعون /sabʿūn/
seventy-eight {num} (78) :: ثمانية وسبعون /ṯamāniya wa-sabʿūn/, ٧٨ /78/
seventy-five {num} (75) :: خمسة وسبعون /ḵamsa wa-sabʿūn/
seventy-four {num} (74) :: أربعة وسبعون /ʾarbaʿa wa-sabʿūn/
seventy-nine {num} (79) :: تسعة وسبعون /tisʿa wa-sabʿūn/
seventy-one {num} (71) :: واحد وسبعون /wāḥid wa-sabʿūn/
seventy-seven {num} (77) :: سبعة وسبعون /sabʿa wa-sabʿūn/
seventy-six {num} (76) :: ستة وسبعون /sitta wa-sabʿūn/
seventy-three {num} (73) :: ثلاثة وسبعون /ṯalāṯa wa-sabʿūn/
seventy-two {num} (72) :: اثنان وسبعون /iṯnān wa-sabʿūn/
seven virtues {n} (seven heavenly virtues) :: سبع فضائل سماوية /sabʿ faḍāʾil samāwiyya/
several {determiner} (consisting of a number more than two, but not very many) :: بعض /baʿḍ/, عدة /ʿidda/
several {determiner} :: عديد /ʿadīd/
severe {adj} :: قاس /qá:si/
Seville {prop} (city in Andalusia, Spain) :: إشبيلية {f} /ʾišbīliya/
Seville orange {n} (Seville orange) SEE: bitter orange ::
sew {v} ((transitive) use a needle) :: خيط /ḵayyaṭa/, قطب /qaṭṭaba/
sew {v} ((intransitive) use a needle) :: خاط /ḵāṭa/
sewing {n} (action of the verb to sew) :: خياطة {f} /ḵiyāṭa/
sewing machine {n} (device) :: ماكينة خياطة {f} /makīnat ḵiyāṭa/
sex {n} (act of sexual intercourse) :: جماع {m} /jimāʿ/, مجامعة {f} /mujāmaʿa/, تسافد {m} /tasāfud/, سيكس {m} /sīks/
sex {n} (gender (female or male)) :: جنس /jins/
sex appeal {n} (sexual attractiveness) :: انجذاب جنسي {m} /injiḏāb jinsiyy/, جاذبية جنسية {f} /jāḏibiyya jinsiyya/
sex drive {n} (tendency to engage in sexual activity) :: رغبة جنسية {f} /raḡba jinsiyya/
sexology {n} (study of sex and sexuality) :: طب جنسي {m} /ṭibb jinsiyy/
sex organ {n} (organ used in sexual reproduction) :: عضو جنسي {m} /ʿuḍw jinsiyy/
sex position {n} (sex position) :: وضع جنسي {m} /waḍʿ jinsiyy/
sex shop {n} (shop that sells sexual merchandise) :: محل الجنس {m} /maḥall al-jins/, سيكس شوب {m} /siks šub/
sext {n} (noon) SEE: noon ::
sexual {adj} (of or relating to having sex) :: جنسي /jinsiyy/
sexual {adj} :: جنسي /jínsi/
sexual harassment {n} (sexual harassment) :: تحرش جنسي {m} /taḥarruš jinsiyy/
sexual intercourse {n} (sexual interaction) :: جماع {m} /jimāʿ/, مجامعة {f} /mujāmaʿa/, مضاجعة {f} /muḍājaʿa/
sexual intercourse {n} (coitus) SEE: copulation ::
sexuality {n} (sexual orientation) SEE: sexual orientation ::
sexuality {n} (that which is characterized or distinguished by sex) :: جنسية {f} /jinsiyya/
sexuality {n} (concern with or interest in sexual activity) :: جنسية {f} /jinsiyya/
sexuality {n} (sexual identity) :: جنس {m} /jins/, هوية جنسية {f} /huwiyya(t) jinsiyya/
sexually transmitted disease {n} (disease contracted through sexual contact) :: داء منقول جنسيا {m} /dāʾ manqūl jinsiyyan/
sexual orientation {n} (sexual orientation) :: توجه جنسي {m} /tawajjuh jinsiyy/
sexual reproduction {n} (process whereby a new organism created by combining the genetic material of two organisms) :: تكاثر جنسي /takāṯur jinsiyy/
sexual slavery {n} (criminal activity) :: الاستعباد الجنسي
sexy {adj} (having sexual appeal) :: جنسي /jinsiyy/, مثير للشهوة /muṯīr li-š-šahwa/, سيكسي /seksī/
Seychelles {prop} (country in East Africa) :: سيشيل {m} /sišīl/
Sfax {prop} (Tunisian city) :: صفاقس /ṣafāqis/
Sha'aban {prop} (eighth month of the Islamic calendar) :: شعبان {m} /šaʿbān/
Shaanxi {prop} (province of northwest China) :: شانشي {m} /šānšī/
shabka {n} (Engagement ring) :: شبكة
shackle {n} (stubble) SEE: stubble ::
shadda {n} (diacritic used in the Arabic script) :: شدة {f} /šadda/, تشديد {m} /tašdīd/
shade {n} (darkness where light is blocked) :: ظل {m} /ẓill/, مظلة {f} /maẓalla/, مظلة {f} /miẓalla/
shadow {n} (dark image projected onto a surface) :: ظل {m} /ẓill/
shadow {n} (spirit, ghost) SEE: ghost ::
Shafiite {n} :: شافعي /šāfiʿiyy/
shah {n} (king of Persia) :: شاه {m} /šāh/
shahada {n} (Islamic declaration of belief) :: شهادة {f} /šahāda/
shahanshah {n} (title of the rulers of ancient Persia: “king of kings”, see also: king of kings) :: شاهنشاه /šāhanšāh/
shaheed {n} (martyr) SEE: martyr ::
Shahryar {prop} (Name of the fictional Persian Sassanid king) :: شهريار {m} /šahrayār/
shaitan {n} (Iblis, Satan in Islam) :: شيطان {m} /šayṭān/
shake {v} (transitive: to cause to move) :: هز /hazza/
shake {v} (intransitive: to move from side to side) :: هز /hazza/
shake {n} (beverage made of ice cream and carbonated drink) SEE: float ::
shakedown {n} (extortion) SEE: extortion ::
shake off {v} (to remove by shaking) :: انتفض /intafaḍa/
shake one's head {v} (move one's head from side to side) :: هز رأسه /hazza raʾsahu/ [also means "to nod"]
Shakespeare {prop} (English playwright) :: شكسبير {m} /šaksbīr/
shakshuka {n} :: شكشوكة
shallot {n} (vegetable in the onion family) :: كراث أندلسي {m} /kurrāṯ ʾandalusiyy/
shallow {adj} (having little depth and significantly less deep than wide) :: ضحل /ḍaḥil/
shalom {interj} (transliteration of the Jewish greeting or farewell) :: شلوم /šalōm/
shalwar {n} (garment) :: سروال {m} /sirwāl/
shaman {n} (a medium between the concrete and spirit worlds) :: شامان {m} /šāmān/, كاهن {m}, عراف
shamanism {n} (range of traditional beliefs) :: شامانية {f} /šāmāniyya/
shame {n} (uncomfortable or painful feeling) :: خجل {m} /ḵajal/
shameless {adj} (having no shame) :: وقح {m} /waqiḥ/, صفيق {m} /ṣafīq/
shame on you {interj} (expression of disapproval) :: عيب عليك /ʿayb ʿalayka/, عار عليك /ʿārun ʿalayka/
shamisen {n} (a Japanese musical instrument) :: شاميسين /šāmīsīn/
shampoo {n} (product for washing the hair or other fibres) :: شامبو {m} /šāmbū/
shampoo ginger {n} (plant related to ginger, Zingiber zerumbet) :: زرنباد {m} /zurunbād/
shamrock {n} (any of several small plants, forms of clover) SEE: clover ::
Shandong {prop} (province of China) :: شاندونغ {m} /šandunḡ/
Shanghai {prop} (Chinese city as provincial-level municipality) :: شانغهاي {m} /šānḡhāy/, شانغخاي {m} /šānḡḵāy/
Shangri-La {n} (a place of complete bliss, delight, and peace) :: شانغريلا {f} /šanḡrilā/, شانغريلا {f} /šangrilā/
shank {n} (lower part of the leg) :: عرقوب {m} /ʿurqūb/
Shantou {prop} (a city of China) :: شانتو {m} /šantū/
Shanxi {prop} (province of China) :: شانشي {m} /šānšī/
shape {n} (appearance or outline) :: شكل {m} /šakl/, [plural] أشكال {m-p} /ʾaškāl/
shapely {adj} (having a pleasing shape) :: حسن /ḥasan/
sharbat {n} (sherbet) SEE: sherbet ::
share {n} (portion of something) :: نصيب {m} /naṣīb/
share {n} (financial instrument) :: سهم {m} /sahm/
share {v} (to give) :: شارك /šāraka/
share {v} (to divide and distribute) :: شارك /šāraka/
shareholder {n} (one who owns shares of stock) :: مساهم {m} /musāhim/
sharemarket {n} (stock market) SEE: stock market ::
shareowner {n} (shareholder) SEE: shareholder ::
shari'a {n} (Islamic religious law) :: شريعة {f} /šarīʿa/
sharif {n} (traditional Arab tribal title given to those who serve as the protector of the tribe and all tribal assets) :: شريف /šarīf/
Sharjah {prop} (one of the emirates of the United Arab Emirates) :: الشارقة {f} /aš-šāriqa/
Sharjah {prop} (city) :: الشارقة {f} /aš-šāriqa/
shark {n} (fish) :: قرش {m} /qirš/, سمكة القرش {f} /samakatu l-qirš/; Tunisian: ركان {m} /rekān/
Sharm el-Sheikh {prop} (city in Egypt) :: شرم الشيخ {f} /šarm aš-šayḵ/
sharp {adj} (able to cut easily) :: حاد /ḥād/
shashiya {n} (a Maghrebi brimless cap with a tassel and straight sides.) :: شاشية {f} /šāšiyya/
shashlik {n} (skewered dish) :: شيشليك {m} /šišlīk/
shave {v} (to remove hair from) :: حلق /ḥalaqa/
shaver {n} (boy) SEE: boy ::
shaver {n} (barber) SEE: barber ::
shaving brush {n} (brush for applying shaving cream) :: فرشاة الحلاقة {f} /furšāh al-ḥilāqa/
shawarma {n} (Middle Eastern sandwich-like wrap) :: شاورما {f} /šāwirmā/, شاورما {f} /šāwarmā/
shawl {n} (a square piece of cloth worn as a covering for the head, neck, and shoulders) :: شال {m} /šāl/
Shawwal {prop} (tenth month of the Islamic calendar) :: شوال {m} /šawwāl/
Shazia {prop} (given name) :: شاذية {f}
she {pron} (person) :: هي /hiya/
shear {v} (to remove the fleece from a sheep) :: قص /qaṣṣa/
she-ass {n} (female ass, female donkey, jenny) :: أتان {f} (’atān)
sheath {n} (condom) SEE: condom ::
sheath {n} (scabbard) :: غمد {m} /ḡimd/, غلاف {m} /ḡilāf/
Sheba {prop} (biblical kingdom) :: سبأ /sabaʾ/, شبا /šabā/
Sheba {prop} (34th sura of the Qur'an) :: سورة سبأ
shebop {v} (masturbate) SEE: masturbate ::
shed {n} (temporary structure to shelter something) :: سقيفة {f} /saqīfa/
sheep {n} (animal) :: خروف {m} /ḵarūf/ [both ram and sheep]
sheepherder {n} (shepherd) SEE: shepherd ::
sheer {adj} (pure) SEE: pure ::
sheer {adj} (very thin or transparent) :: شفاف {m} /šaffāf/
sheet {n} (sheet of paper) :: ورقة {f} /waraqa/, ورق {m} /waraq/ [collective]
sheet {n} (thin bed cloth) SEE: bedsheet ::
Sheffield {prop} (city) :: شيفيلد {m} /šifild/
sheik {n} (leader of an Arab village, family or small tribe) :: شيخ {m} /šayḵ/
sheik {n} (Islamic religious clergy) :: شيخ {m} /šayḵ/
sheik {n} (Gulf countries: official title for members of the royal family) :: شيخ {m} /šayḵ/
shekel {n} (sheqel) SEE: sheqel ::
shelf {n} (structure) :: رف {m} /raff/
shell {n} (hard calcareous or chitinous external covering of many invertebrates) :: صدفة {f} /ṣadafa/
shellfish {n} (aquatic food that has a shell) :: محار {m} /maḥār/
shell script {n} (file containing instructions for the shell) :: سكربت شل {m} /skribt šel/
shell shock {n} (psychiatric condition characterized by fatigue caused by battle) :: إرتجاج دماغي {m} /ʾirtijāj dimāḡiyy/
shelter {n} (a refuge or other protection) :: ملاذ {m} /malāḏ/
Shem {prop} (son of Noah) :: سام /sām/
Shenyang {prop} (a city of China) :: شنيانغ {m} /šinyānḡ/, شينيانغ {m} /šinyānḡ/
Shenzhen {prop} (a city in China) :: شينتشين {m} /šintšīn/, شينجين {m} /šinjīn/
shepherd {n} (a person who tends sheep) :: راع {m} /rāʿin/
shepherd {n} (someone who watches over or guides) :: راع {m} /rāʿin/
sheqel {n} (currency unit in Israel) :: شيكل {m} /šekel/, شيكل {m} /šīkil/
sherbet {n} (frozen fruit juice) :: شربات {f} /šarbāt/
sherbet {n} (sweet drink prepared from fruits or flower petals) :: شربات {m} /šarbāt/
Sheremetyevo {prop} (airport in Russia) :: شيريميتييفو {m} /širimītyifū/
sheriff {n} (all meanings) :: شريف {m} /šarīf/
Sherlock Holmes {prop} (fictional detective) :: شرلوك هولمز {m} /šerluk hulms/
sherry {n} (fortified wine) :: شيري /širī/, خمرة {f} /ḵamra/
she-tiger {n} (tigress) SEE: tigress ::
she-wolf {n} (female wolf) :: ذئبة {f} /ḏiʾba/
Shi'a {n} (branch of Islam) :: شيعة {f} /šīʿa/
Shi'a {n} (follower of Shi'a Islam) :: شيعي {m} /šīʿiyy/
Shibuya {prop} (one of the special wards that form Tokyo) :: شيبويا {f} /šībūyā/
shield {n} (lavatory) SEE: toilet ::
shield {n} (armor) :: ترس {m} /turs/, درع {m} /dirʿ/
shield {n} (anything that protects or defends) :: وقايه {f} /wiqāyah/, وقاء {m} /wiqāʾ/
shield {v} (to protect, to defend) :: وقى /waqā/, حمى /ḥamā/
shift {n} (type of women's undergarment) SEE: slip ::
Shiga {prop} (Shiga, Japan) :: شيغا {f} /šīḡā/
Shih Tzu {n} (small dog breed which originated in China) :: تشيه تزو
shiitake {n} (Lentinula edodes, an edible mushroom) :: شيتاكي {m} /šītākī/
Shiite {n} (Shi'a) SEE: Shi'a ::
Shiite {adj} (of or pertaining to the Shi'a branch of Islam) :: شيعي {m} /šīʿiyy/
Shiite {adj} (of or pertaining to the Shiites) :: شيعي {m} /šīʿiyy/
Shijiazhuang {prop} (a city of China) :: شيجياتشوانج {m} /šijyatšwāng/, شيجياجوانغ {m} /šijyajwānḡ/
Shikoku {prop} (Japanese island) :: شيكوكو {m} /šikūkū/
shilajit {n} (tar-like substance used in traditional medicine) :: مومياء {m} /mūmiyāʾ/
shilling {n} (currency) :: شلن {m} /šillin/
Shimane {prop} (Shimane, Japan) :: شيمانه {m} /šimānih/
Shimshon {prop} (given name) SEE: Samson ::
shin {n} (front part of the leg below the knee) :: قصبة {f} /qaṣaba/
shin {n} (Semitic letter) :: شين /šīn/
shinbone {n} (inner bone of the hind limb below the knee) :: قصبة {f} /qaṣaba/
shine {v} (to emit light) :: لمع /lamaʿa/
shiner {n} (black eye) SEE: black eye ::
shingles {n} (herpes zoster) :: الهربس العصبي {m} /al-hirbis al-ʿaṣabiyy/, الهربس العصبي {m}
shinkansen {n} (bullet train) SEE: bullet train ::
Shinto {prop} (religion) :: شنتو {m} /šintū/
Shintoism {prop} (Shinto) SEE: Shinto ::
shiny {adj} (reflecting light) :: براق /barrāq/, لامع /lāmiʿ/
shiny cowbird {n} (shiny cowbird) :: شحرور البقر اللماع
ship {n} (large water vessel) :: سفينة {f} /safīna/
ship {v} (to send a parcel or container) :: شحن /šaḥana/
shipwreck {n} (A ship that has sunk or run aground so that it is no longer seaworthy.) :: حطام سفينة /ḥuṭām safīna/
Shiraz {prop} (a city in southern Iran) :: شيراز {m} /šīrāz/
shirt {n} (article of clothing) :: قميص {m} /qamīṣ/
shit {n} :: خراء {m} /ḵarāʾ/, خراء {m} /ḵirāʾ/
shit {v} :: خرئ /ḵariʾa/
shit happens {phrase} (expression of acceptance of misfortune) SEE: such is life ::
shithole {n} (anus) SEE: asshole ::
shithole {n} (unpleasant person) SEE: asshole ::
shitter {n} (coarse slang for the anus) SEE: anus ::
shitty {adj} (drunk) SEE: drunk ::
shitty {adj} (high) SEE: high ::
Shiva {prop} (deity) :: شيڤا /šivā/
Shizuoka {prop} (a prefecture in Japan) :: شيزوكا {f} /šizūkā/
Shizuoka {prop} (prefecture capital of Shizuoka) :: شيزوكا {f} /šizūkā/
Shlomo {prop} (given name) SEE: Solomon ::
Shoah {prop} (the systematic mass murder of 6 million Jews) SEE: Holocaust ::
shoal {n} (group of fish) SEE: school ::
shock {n} (sudden, heavy impact) :: صدمة {f} /ṣadma/
shock {n} (something surprising) :: صدمة {f} /ṣadma/
shock and awe {n} (doctrine based on the use of spectacular displays of force) :: الصدمة والترويع
shocking {adj} (inspiring shock; startling) :: صادم /ṣādim/
shoe {n} (protective covering for the foot) :: حذاء {m} /ḥiḏāʾ/, نعل {m} /naʿl/
shoe {n} (piece of metal designed to be attached to a horse’s foot) SEE: horseshoe ::
shoebill {n} (wading bird) :: أبو مركوب {m} /'abu markub/
shoehorn {n} (tool used to assist the foot) :: قرن {m} /qarn/
shoelace {n} (for fastening a shoe, see also: lace) :: شراك {m} /širāk/, رباط الحذاء {m} /ribāṭ al-ḥiḏāʾ/
shoestring {n} (the string or lace used to secure the shoe to the foot; a shoelace) SEE: shoelace ::
shofar {n} (ram’s-horn trumpet) :: شبور /šabbūr/
shogun {n} (shogun) :: شوغون {m} /šogun/, شوغون {m} /šūḡūn/
shoot {v} (to fire a shot) :: صوب /ṣawwaba/, أطلق النار /ʾaṭlaqa n-nār/
shoot {v} (to fire multiple shots) :: صوب /ṣawwaba/
shoot {v} (to hit with a shot) :: صوب /ṣawwaba/
shooting {n} (the sport or activity of firing a gun or other weapon) :: رماية {f} /rimāyah/
shooting star {n} (meteor) :: شهاب {m} /šihāb/
shoot one's mouth off {v} (make reckless or exaggerated statements) :: تبادل لإطلاق النار الفم
shop {n} (establishment that sells goods) :: دكان {m} /dukkān/, متجر {m} /matjar/, محل {m} /maḥall/, بقالة {f} /biqāla/, حانوت {m} /ḥānūt/
shop {v} (to visit shops) :: تسوق /tasawwaqa/, تبضع /tabaḍḍaʿa/
shoplifting {n} (action of the verb to shoplift) :: سرقة السلع من المتاجر /saraqatu s-silaʿa mina l-matājir/
shoppe {n} (shop) SEE: shop ::
shopper {n} (a person who shops) :: متسوق {m} /mutasawwiq/, متسوقة {f} /mutasawwiqa/
shopping {n} (activity of buying) :: تسوق {m} /tasawwuq/
shopping center {n} (shopping centre) SEE: shopping centre ::
shopping centre {n} (large retail outlet) :: مركز تسوق {m} /markaz tasawwiq/, مركز تجاري {m} /markaz tijāriyy/, مول {m} /mūl/
shopping mall {n} (shopping centre) SEE: shopping centre ::
shop window {n} (large window at the front of a shop) :: شباك {m} /šubbāk/, فاترينة {f} /fatrīna/, واجهة {f} /wājiha/
shore {n} (land adjoining a large body of water) :: شاطئ {m} /šāṭiʾ/, ساحل {m} /sāḥil/
short {adj} (having a small distance between ends or edges) :: قصير /qaṣīr/
short {adj} (having little duration) :: قصير /qaṣīr/
shorten {v} (to make shorter) :: قصر /qaṣṣara/
shortness {n} (The property of being short, of being small of stature or brief) :: قصر {m} /qiṣar/
short of {phrase} (except) SEE: except ::
shorts {n} (plural of short) SEE: short ::
shorts {n} (pants worn primarily in the summer that do not go lower than the knees) :: شورت {p} /šūrt/
short-sightedness {n} (disorder of the vision) SEE: nearsightedness ::
short story {n} (work of fiction) :: قصة قصيرة {f} /qiṣṣa qaṣīra/, أقصوصة {f} /ʾuqṣūṣa/
short-tailed weasel {n} (Mustela erminea) SEE: ermine ::
shot {n} (result of launching a projectile) :: طلقة {f} /ṭalqa/
shot {n} (launching of a ball or similar object toward a goal) :: رمية {f} /ramya/
shoulder {n} (joint between arm and torso) :: كتف {m} /kataf/, منكب {m} /mankib/
shoulder {n} :: كتف {f} /katif/
shoulder blade {n} (bone) :: لوح الكتف {m} /lawḥ al-katif/, عظم كتفي {m} /ʿaẓm katifiyy/
shoulder bone {n} (shoulder blade) SEE: shoulder blade ::
shout {n} (a loud burst of voice) :: صيح {m}, صياح {f} /ṣiyāḥ/
shout {v} (to utter a sudden and loud outcry) :: صرخ /ṣaraḵa/ (present tense: يصرخ yaṣruxu), صاح /ṣāḥa/
shovel {n} (spade) SEE: spade ::
shovel {n} (tool for moving portions of material) :: مجرفة {f} /mijrafa/
show {v} (to display) :: عرض /ʿaraḍa/, قدم /qaddama/, ظهر /ẓahara/
show {v} (to indicate (a fact) to be true) :: ثبت /ṯabata/, وضح /waḍaḥa/
show {n} (entertainment) :: عرض {m} /ʿarḍ/, استعراض {m} /istiʿrāḍ/
show {n} (exhibition) :: معرض {m} /maʿriḍ/
show {n} (demonstration) :: إظهار /ʾiẓhār/, عرض /ʿarḍ/
show {n} (broadcast program(me)) :: برنامج {m} /barnāmaj/
showcase {n} (a setting for displaying something favorably) :: واجهة {f} /wājiha/, فاترينة {f} /fatrīna/
shower {n} (brief fall of rain) :: شتوة {f} /šatwa/, مطرة {f} /maṭra/
shower {n} (device for bathing) :: دش {m} /duš/, دوش /dūš/
shower {v} (to bathe using a shower) :: استحم /istaḥamma/, أخذ دوشا /ʾaḵaḏa dūšan/
shower {n} (baby shower) SEE: baby shower ::
show off {v} (to exhibit, to demonstrate something for the purpose of bragging) :: تفاخر /tafāḵar/, تباهى /tabāhā/
shrew {n} (mouselike animal) :: زبابة {f} /zabāba/
shrewd {adj} (showing clever resourcefulness in practical matters) :: حاذق /ḥāḏiq/
shrewd {adj} (artful, tricky or cunning) :: ناصح /nāṣiḥ/, نبيه /nabīh/
shriek {n} (a sharp, shrill outcry or scream) :: زعق /zaʿaqa/
shrimp {n} (decapod crustacean) :: روبيان {m} /rūbiyān/, جمبري {m} /jambariyy/
shrine {n} (a holy place dedicated to a specific figure of respect) :: ضريح {m} /ḍarīḥ/
shrink {v} (intransitive: to contract, to become smaller) :: تقلص /taqallaṣa/, أحجم /ʾaḥjama/
shrink {v} (transitive: to cause something to shrink) :: قلص /qallaṣa/
shrithe {v} (to go about, roam) SEE: roam ::
shrive {v} (confess) SEE: confess ::
shroom {n} (mushroom) SEE: mushroom ::
shroud {n} (dress for the dead) :: كفن {m} /kafan/
Shrove Tuesday {n} (day before the beginning of Lent) :: الثلاثاء البدين, ثلاثاء المرافع, يوم البان كيك هي
shrub {n} (woody plant) :: شجيرة {f} /šujayra/
shrub {n} (drink) :: شراب {m} /šarāb/
Shubra el-Kheima {prop} (city in Egypt) :: شبرا الخيمة {f} /šubrā l-ḵayma/
shunt {v} (to divert to a less important place, position, or state) :: حول /ḥawwala/
shuriken {n} (a ninja weapon) :: شوريكن {m} /šūrīkin/, شوريكين {m} /šūrīkīn/
shut {v} (to close) :: أغلق /ʾaḡlaqa/, أقفل /ʾaqfala/, غلق /ḡalaqa/
shut one's trap {v} (shut up) SEE: shut up ::
shuttle {n} (part of a loom) :: مكوك {m} /makkūk/
shuttle {n} (transport service) :: مكوك {m} /makūk/
shuttlecock {n} (badminton ball) :: ريشة {f} /rīša/
shut up {v} (imperative: "Shut up!", see also: hold one's tongue) :: صه /ṣah/, اسكت /uskut/, إخرس /ʾiḵras/, سكر تمك /sakkir tummak/
shvitz {n} (sweat) SEE: sweat ::
shy {adj} (easily frightened) :: خجول /ḵajūl/, خجل /ḵajil/
shy {adj} (reserved) :: خجول /ḵajūl/
shy {adj} (embarrassed) :: مورط /muwarraṭ/
si {n} (seventh note of a major scale) :: سي {m} /sī/
Siam {prop} (the former name of Thailand) :: سيام {m} /siyām/
Siamese cat {n} (mammal) :: قط سيامي {m} /qiṭṭ siyāmiyy/
sib {n} (sibling) SEE: sibling ::
sib {n} (kindred) SEE: kin ::
Siberia {prop} (region of Russia) :: سيبيريا {f} /sībīriyā/
Siberian Husky {n} (Siberian Husky dog) :: هسكي سيبيري {m} /haskī sībīriyy/
sibling {n} (person who shares same parents) :: شقيق {m} /šaqīq/, شقيقة {f} /šaqīqa/
sic {adv} (thus, thus written) :: كذا /kaḏā/
Sichuan {prop} (a province in China) :: سيشوان {m} /sišwān/, سيتشوان {m} /sitšwān/
Sichuan tit {n} (Poecile weigoldicus) :: قرقف سيتشوان
Sicilian {adj} (relating to Sicily or its inhabitants) :: صقلي /ṣiqilliyy/
Sicilian {n} (person) :: صقلية {f} /ṣiqilliya/, صقلي {m} /ṣiqilliyy/
Sicilian {n} (chess opening) SEE: Sicilian Defence ::
Sicilian Defence {n} (chess opening) :: دفاع صقلي {m} /difāʿ ṣiqiliyy/
Sicily {prop} (island) :: صقلية {f} /ṣiqilliyya/
sick {adj} (ill) SEE: ill ::
sickle {n} (agricultural implement) :: منجل {m} /minjal/
sickness {n} (the quality or state of being sick or diseased; illness; disease or malady) :: مرض {m} /maraḍ/
side {n} (bounding straight edge of an object) :: جانب {m} /jānib/
side {n} (left or right half) :: جانب /jānib/
side {n} (surface of a sheet of paper) :: صفحة {f} /ṣafḥa/
side {n} (television channel) SEE: channel ::
sideboard {n} (sideburns) SEE: sideburns ::
sideburn {n} (sideburns) SEE: sideburns ::
sideburns {n} (facial hair reaching from the top of the head down the side of the face to the side of the chin) :: سوالف {m-p} /sawālif/, سالف الشعر {m} /sālif aš-šaʿr/
side by side {adv} :: جنبا إلى جنب /janban ʾilā janb/
sidewalk {n} (paved footpath) :: رصيف {m} /raṣīf/, طوار {m} /ṭawār/, طوار {m} /ṭuwār/
Sidon {prop} (city state of Phoenicia) :: صيدا /ṣaydā/
siege {n} (lavatory) SEE: toilet ::
siege {n} (military blockade of settlement) :: حصار {m} /ḥiṣār/
siege {v} (besiege) SEE: besiege ::
Sieg Heil {phrase} (Nazi greeting) :: زيج هايل /zīg hāyl/
Siena {prop} (province) :: سيينا {f}
Siena {prop} (city) :: سيينا {f}
sienna {n} (clay) :: طين {m}
Sierra Leone {prop} (Republic of Sierra Leone) :: سيراليون {f} /sīrāliyūn/
sieve {n} (device to separate larger and smaller objects) :: غربال {m} /ḡirbāl/
sigh {v} (to inhale a larger quantity of air than usual, and immediately expel it) :: تنهد /tanahhada/
sight {n} (something seen) :: مشهد {m} /mašhad/
sight {n} (something worth seeing) :: منظر يستحق المشاهدة {m}
sight {n} (eyesight) SEE: eyesight ::
sighted {adj} (Not blind) SEE: seeing ::
sightseeing {n} (tourism) :: زيارة معالم المدينة {f} /ziyārat maʿālim al-madīna/, سياحة {f} /siyāḥa/
sigma {n} (letter of the Greek alphabet) :: سيغما {f} /sīḡmā/
sign {n} (visible indication) :: إشارة {f} /ʾišāra/, علامة
sign {n} (flat object bearing a message) :: لافتة {m} /lāfita/
sign {v} (to make (a document) official by writing one's signature) :: وقع /waqqaʿa/, أمضى /ʾamḍā/
sign {v} (to write one's signature on a document) :: وقع /waqqaʿa/
signal {n} (sign made to give notice) :: إشارة {f} /ʾišāra/
signature {n} (person’s autograph name) :: توقيع {m} /tawqīʿ/, إمضاء {m} /ʾimḍāʾ/
signature {n} (act of signing) :: توقيع /tawqīʿ/
signboard {n} (a board carrying a sign) :: لافتة {f} /lāfita/
significance {n} (extent to which something matters) :: معنى /maʿnā/
significant {adj} (having noticeable effect) :: هام /hāmm/
Siirt {prop} (city) :: سعرد
Sikh {n} (an adherent of Sikhism) :: سيخ {m} /sīḵ/
Sikhism {prop} (religion) :: سيخية {f} /sīḵiyya/
Sikkim {prop} (state in eastern India which has Gangtok as its capital) :: سيكيم {m} /sikīm/
silence {n} (lack of any sound) :: صمت {m} /ṣamt/, سكوت {m} /sukūt/
silence {v} (to make something silent) :: صمت /ṣammata/
silence {interj} (be silent) :: صمتا! /ṣamtan!/, صه! /ṣahin!/
silence is golden {proverb} (proverb) :: السكوت من ذهب /as-sukūtu min ḏahabin/
silent {adj} (free from sound or noise; absolutely still; perfectly quiet) :: صامت /ṣāmit/
silent {adj} (to refrain from speaking) SEE: be silent ::
silent fart {n} :: فسو /fasw/
silent film {n} (film without sound) :: سينما صامتة {f} /sīnimā ṣāmita/
Silesia {prop} (region) :: سيليزيا {f} /silīzyā/
Siliana {prop} (Tunisian town) :: سليانة
silicon {n} (non-metallic element) :: سليكون {?} /silikōn/
Silicon Valley {prop} (nickname for region in San Francisco) :: وادي السيلكون {m} /wādī s-silikūn/
silk {n} (fiber) :: حرير {m} /ḥarīr/
silk {n} (fabric) :: حرير {m} /ḥarīr/
Silk Road {prop} (routes used by silk traders across Europe, Asia and northern Africa) :: طريق الحرير {m} /ṭarīq al-ḥarīr/
silk-screen printing {n} (screen printing) SEE: screen printing ::
silkworm {n} (caterpillar) :: دودة القز {f} /dūdat al-qazz/
silly {adj} (foolish, showing a lack of good sense and wisdom) :: سخيف /saḵīf/
silo {n} (vertical building for storing grain) :: صومعة {f} /ṣawmaʿa/
Silvan {prop} (city in the Diyarbakır Province of Turkey) :: ميافارقين /Mayyafariqin/
silver {n} (metal) :: فضة {f} /fiḍḍa/
silver {adj} (made from silver) :: فضي /fiḍḍiyy/, لجين /lujayn/
silver {adj} (having a color/colour like silver) :: فضي /fiḍḍiyy/, لجين /lujayn/
silver age {n} (historical period) :: عصر فضي {m} /ʿaṣr fiḍḍiyy/
silver bullet {n} (bullet made of silver) :: رصاصة الفضة {f} /rasˤa:sˤatu-l fudˤdˤa/
silvern {adj} (made from silver) SEE: silver ::
silvery {adj} (resembling silver) :: لجين /lujayn/
SIM card {n} (small, removable card which stores mobile phone data) :: بطاقة SIM {f} /biṭāqa(t) SIM/
Simferopol {prop} (city) :: سمفروبل {m} /simfirūbul/
similar {adj} (having traits or characteristics in common; alike, comparable) :: مماثل /mumāṯil/
similarity {n} (closeness of appearance) :: تشابه {m} /tašābuh/, شبه {m} /šabah/
similarness {n} (similarity) SEE: similarity ::
simile {n} (figure of speech in which one thing is compared to another) :: تشبيه {m} /tašbīh/
simit {n} (ring-shaped bread roll) :: سميط {m} /samīṭ/
Simon {prop} (biblical characters) :: سمعان {m} /simʿān/, شمعون {m} /šamʿūn/
Simon {prop} (male given name) :: سمعان {m} /simʿān/, شمعون {m} /šamʿūn/
simoom {n} (hot, dry wind) :: سموم {m} /samūm/
simple {adj} (uncomplicated) :: بسيط /basīṭ/, سهل /sahl/ [easy]
simple fraction {n} (type of fraction) SEE: common fraction ::
simple machine {n} (device) :: آلة بسيطة /ʾāla(t) basīṭa/
simpleton {n} (simple-minded naive person lacking common sense) :: مغفل {m} /muḡaffal/, ساذج {m} /sāḏaj/
simplicity {n} (quality or state of being simple, unmixed, or uncompounded; as, the simplicity of metals or of earths) :: بساطة {f} /basāṭa/
Simplified Chinese {prop} (Chinese written using simplified characters) :: حروف صينية مبسطة {m-p} /ḥurūf ṣīniyya mubassaṭa/
Simpson {prop} (surname) :: سيمبسون {m} {f} /simbsun/
simultaneous {adj} (occurring at the same time) :: متزامن /mutazāmin/
simultaneously {adv} (occurring at the same time) :: معا /maʿan/
sin {v} (to commit a sin) :: أثم /ʾaṯama/, أذنب /ʾaḏnaba/
sin {n} (violation of religious law) :: خطيئة {f} /ḵaṭīʾa/, إثم {m} /ʾiṯm/, ذنب {m} /ḏanb/, معصية {f} /maʿṣiya/
sin {n} :: إثم /ʾiṯm/
Sinai {prop} (peninsula) :: سيناء {f} /sīnāʾ/
Sinai {prop} (mountain) :: طور سيناء {m} /ṭūr sīnāʾ/, جبل موسى /jabal mūsā/
Sinaloa {prop} (state of Mexico) :: سينالوا {n}
Sinbad {prop} (fictional sailor) :: سندباد {m} /sindibād/
since {prep} (from (time)) :: منذ /munḏu/
since {conj} (from the time that) :: منذ /munḏu/
since {conj} (because) :: لأن /liʾanna/
sincere {adj} (earnest) :: مخلص /muḵliṣ/
Sindh {prop} (province of Pakistan) :: السند {f} /as-sind/
Sindhi {adj} (pertaining to Sindh) :: سندي /sindiyy/, سندية /sindiyya/
Sindhi {prop} (language) :: السندية {f} /as-sindiyya/
sine {n} (trigonometric function) :: جيب {m} /jayb/
sine qua non {n} (prerequisite) :: شرط لازم {m} /šarṭ lāzim/
sinew {n} (cord or tendon of the body) SEE: tendon ::
sinful {adj} (evil) SEE: evil ::
sing {v} (to produce harmonious sounds with one’s voice) :: غنى /ḡannā/
Singapore {prop} (Republic of Singapore) :: سنغافورة {f} /sinḡāfūra/
Singaporean {adj} (of, from, or pertaining to Singapore) :: سنغافوري /sinḡāfūriyy/
Singaporean {n} (a person from Singapore) :: سنغافوري {m} /sinḡāfūriyy/, سنغافورية {f} /sinḡāfūriyya/
Singapore dollar {n} (official currency of Singapore) :: دولار سنغافوري {m} /dōlār sinḡāfūriyy/
singer {n} (person who sings) :: مطرب {m} /muṭrib/, مغن {m} /muḡannin/ [indefinite], المغني {m} /al-muḡannī/ [definite]
Singh {prop} (surname) :: سينغ /sīnḡ/
singing {n} (the act of using the voice to produce musical sounds; vocalizing) :: غناء {m} /ḡināʾ/
single {adj} (not accompanied by anything else) :: أحادي {m} /ʾaḥādiyy/
single {adj} (not divided in parts) :: واحد {m} /wāḥid/
single {adj} (not married nor dating) :: أعزب /ʾaʿzab/, غير متزوج /ḡayr mutazawwij/
single {n} (one who is not married) :: عزب {m} /ʿazab/
single room {n} (a hotel room with one single bed) :: غرفة لشخص واحد {f} /ḡurfa li-šaḵṣ wāḥid/
singular {adj} (grammar: referring to only one thing) :: مفرد {m} /mufrad/
singular {n} (grammar: form of a word that refers to only one thing) :: مفرد {m} /mufrad/, صيغة المفرد {f} /ṣīḡat al-mufrad/
Sinhala {n} (language) SEE: Sinhalese ::
Sinhalese {n} (the language) :: سنهالي {m} /sinhāliyy/, لغة سنهالية {f} /luḡa sinhāliyya/
sinister {adj} (evil) :: شرير {m} /šarīr/
sinistromanual {adj} (left-handed) SEE: left-handed ::
sink {v} (descend into liquid, etc) :: غطس /ḡaṭasa/
sink {n} (basin) :: مجلى {f} /majlā/, مغسلة {f} /maḡsala/
sink {n} (sinkhole) SEE: sinkhole ::
sinkhole {n} (depressed area in which water collects) :: بالوعة {f} /bālūʿa/, بلاعة {f} /ballāʿa/
Sinkiang {prop} (Xinjiang) SEE: Xinjiang ::
sinner {n} (person who has sinned) :: خاطئ {m} /ḵāṭiʾ/
sinus {n} (pouch or cavity in any organ or tissue) :: جيب الأنف {m} /jayb al-ʾunf/
Sion {prop} (capital of Valais, a canton in Switzerland) :: سيون
sip {n} (A small mouthful of drink) :: مصة /maṣṣa/, رشفة /rašfa/
sip {v} (to drink slowly, small mouthfuls at a time) :: مز /mazz/, كرع /karaʿ/, رشف /rašafa/, حسا /ḥasā/, تمصص, تحسى, امتص /imtaṣṣ/, ارتشف /irtašafa/, احتسى /iḥtasā/
sipahsalar {n} (a title) :: إسفهسلار /ʾisfahsalār/, إصبهسلار /ʾiṣbahsalār/
sir {n} (address to any male, especially if his name or proper address is unknown) :: أستاذ {m} /ʾustāḏ/, سيد {m} /sayyid/, سيدي {m} /sayyidī/, حضرتك {m} /ḥaḍratak/, أفندي {m} /ʾafandī/, باشا {m} /bāšā/
Sir {n} (title) :: سير {m} /ser/
siren {n} (device for making a sound alarm) :: صفارة {f} /ṣaffāra/
Sirius {prop} :: الشعرى {f} /aš-šiʿrā/
sirtaki {n} (modern Greek folk dance) :: سيرتاكي {m} /sīrtākī/
sister {n} (woman or girl having the same parents) :: أخت {f} /ʾuḵt/, شقيقة {f} /šaqīqa/
sister-in-law {n} (wife's sister) :: أخت زوجة {f} /ʾuḵt zawja/, سلفة {f} /silfa/
sister-in-law {n} (husband's sister) :: أخت زوج {f} /ʾuḵt zawj/
sister-wife {n} (co-wife) :: ضرة {f} /ḍurra/
Sisyphus {prop} (figure) :: سيزيف {m} /sizif/
sit {v} (of a person, be in a position in which the upper body is upright and the legs are supported) :: جلس /jalasa/
sitcom {n} (situation comedy, see also: situation comedy) :: كوميديا الموقف {f} /kōmīdiyā l-mawqif/
sit down {v} (to assume a sitting position from a standing position) :: جلس /jalasa/, قعد /qaʿada/
site {n} (place where anything is fixed; situation; local position) :: موضع {m} /mawḍiʿ/
site {n} (a website) :: موقع {m} /mawqiʿ/
site map {n} (webpage that lists the contents of a website) :: خريطة الموقع {f}
sit-in {n} (type of protest) :: اعتصام {m} /iʿtiṣām/
sitting room {n} (living room) SEE: living room ::
situated {adj} (located in a specific place) :: واقع /wāqiʿ/
situation {n} (position vis-à-vis surroundings) :: حالة {f} /ḥāla/
situation {n} (location) :: موقع {m} /mawqiʿ/
situation {n} (one's status with regard to circumstances) :: حالة {f} /ḥāla/
situation {n} (state of affairs) :: حالة {f} /ḥāla/
situational {adj} (of or pertaining to a particular situation) :: ظرفي
six {num} (cardinal number) :: ستة /sitta/
six hundred {num} (cardinal number 600) :: ستمئة /sittumiʾa/, ستما۟ئة /sittumiʾa/
six o'clock {n} (the start of the seventh hour) :: الساعة السادسة {f} /as-sāʿa s-sādisa/
sixteen {num} (cardinal number 16) :: ستة عشر /sittata ʿašara/
sixth {adj} (ordinal form of the number six, see also: 6th) :: سادس {m} /sādis/, سادسة {f} /sādisa/
sixth {n} (one of six equal parts of a whole) :: سدس {m} /suds/
sixty {num} (cardinal number) :: ستين /sittīna/, [only nominative, formal] ستون /sittūna/
sixty-eight {num} (cardinal number) :: ثمانية وستون /ṯamāniya wa-sittūn/
sixty-five {num} (cardinal number) :: خمسة وستون /ḵamsa wa-sittūn/
sixty-four {num} (cardinal number) :: أربعة وستون /ʾarbaʿa wa-sittūn/
sixty-nine {n} (cardinal number) :: تسعة وستون /tisʿa(t) wasittūn/
sixty-nine {n} :: تسعة وستون /tisʿa wa-sittūn/
sixty-one {num} (cardinal number) :: واحد وستون /wāḥid wa-sittūn/
sixty-seven {num} (cardinal number) :: سبعة وستون /sabʿa wa-sittūn/
sixty-six {num} (cardinal number) :: ستة وستون /sitta wa-sittūn/
sixty-three {num} (cardinal number) :: ثلاثة وستون /ṯalāṯa wa-sittūn/
sixty-two {num} (cardinal number) :: اثنان وستون /iṯnān wa-sittūn/
size {n} (dimensions or magnitude of a thing) :: مقاس {m} /maqās/, حجم {m} /ḥajm/
skandha {n} (any of the five aspects constituting the sentient being in Buddhism) :: سكاندا /skāndā/
skate {n} (ice skate or roller skate) :: تزلج {m} /tazalluj/
skate {n} (fish of family Rajidae) :: شفنين {m} /šifnīn/
skateboard {n} (platform on wheels) :: لوح التزلج /lawḥ at-tazalluj/
skating {n} (action or sport) :: تزلج {m} /tazalluj/
skeeter {n} (mosquito) SEE: mosquito ::
skeleton {n} (system that provides support to an organism) :: هيكل عظمي {m} /haykal ʿaẓmiyy/, هيكل {m} /haykal/
skeptical {adj} (related to skepticism) :: شكوكي /šukūkiyy/
sketch {n} (lookout) SEE: lookout ::
ski {n} (one of a pair of long flat runners designed for gliding over snow) :: تزلج {m} /tazalluj/
skiing {n} (sport or activity) :: تزحلق {m} /tazaḥluq/
skilful {adj} (possessing skill, skilled) SEE: skillful ::
skill {n} (capacity to do something well) :: مهارة {f} /mahāra/
skillful {adj} (possessing skill, skilled) :: ماهر /māhir/, حاذق /ḥāḏiq/, بارع /bāriʿ/
skim {v} (ricochet) :: يرت /yarta/
skimble-skamble {n} (gibberish, mumbo-jumbo, nonsense) SEE: nonsense ::
skimble-skamble {adj} (confused, chaotic, disorderly) SEE: chaotic ::
skin {n} (outer protective of the body of a person or animal) :: جلد {m} /jild/, بشرة {f} /bašara/
skin cancer {n} (malignant growth on the skin) :: سرطان الجلد {m} /saraṭān al-jild/
skinhead {n} (someone with a shaved head) :: أصلع حليق {m} /ʾaṣlaʿ ḥalīq/
skinhead {n} (member of skinhead subculture) :: سكينهيد {m} /skinhid/
skink {n} (lizard) :: سقنقورية /saqnqury/
skinny {adj} (thin) :: نحيف /naḥīf/
skipping rope {n} (rope for play or exercise) :: نط الحبل {m} /naṭ al-ḥabl/
skip rope {n} (rope used) SEE: skipping rope ::
skip rope {v} (to jump over a rope) SEE: jump rope ::
skirt {n} (clothing) :: تنورة {f} /tannūra/, جوب {m} /jūb/, خراطة {f} /ḵarrāṭa/, وزرة {f} /wazara/, جونلة {f} /junilla/
skirt {n} :: التنورة {f}
Skopje {prop} (Macedonia) SEE: Macedonia ::
Skopje {prop} (capital of North Macedonia) :: سكوبيه {m} /skubīh/, سكوبيا {f} /skūbiyyā/
skull {n} (bones of the head: cranium and mandible) :: جمجمة {f} /jumjuma/
skullcap {n} (cap that covers the area from the forehead to just above the back of the neck) :: كبة {f} /kibba/
skunk {n} (animal) :: ظربان {m} /ẓaribān/
skunk {n} (skunkweed) SEE: marijuana ::
sky {n} (atmosphere above a point) :: سماء {f} /samāʾ/
sky {n} (specific view, condition) :: سماء {m} {f} /samāʾ/, سماوات {p} /samāwāt/
sky {n} (heaven) :: جنة {f} /janna/
skyclad {adj} (nude) SEE: nude ::
skylark {n} (small brown passerine bird) :: قبرة {f} /qubbara/
skyline {n} (horizon) SEE: horizon ::
skyline {n} (silhouette against city or buildings) :: أفق {m} /ʾufuq/
skype {v} (make a Skype telephone call) :: سكايب
skyrocket {n} (pocket) SEE: pocket ::
skyscraper {n} (tall building) :: ناطحة سحاب {f} /nāṭiḥat saḥāb/
slang {n} (jargon) SEE: jargon ::
slang {n} (slang) :: عامية {f} /ʿāmmiyya/ [Eastern Arabic], دارجة {f} /dārija/ [Western Arabic]
slant {n} (typography: slash) SEE: slash ::
slap {n} (A blow dealt with the open hand) :: صفعة /ṣafʿa/, لطمة /laṭma/
slap {v} (to give a slap) :: صفع /ṣafaʿa/, صفق /ṣafaqa/, لاطم /lāṭama/, لطم /laṭama/, وطش /waṭaša/
slash {n} (typography: / symbol) :: خط مائل {m} /ḵaṭṭ māʾil/
slash and burn {n} (technique) :: القطع والحرق
slat {n} :: سديبة
slate {n} (rock) :: أردواز {m} /ʾardwāz/
slattern {n} (slut) SEE: slut ::
slaughter {n} (killing of animals (also kosher and halal rituals)) :: ذبح {m} /ḏabḥ/
slaughter {n} (killing of many people) :: مذبحة {f} /maḏbaḥa/, تقتيل {m} /taqtīl/
slaughter {v} (to butcher animals, generally for food (also kosher and halal rituals)) :: ذبح /ḏabaḥa/
slaughterhouse {n} (abattoir) SEE: abattoir ::
Slav {n} (a member of a group of peoples in Eastern Europe speaking a Slavic language) :: سلاف {m} /salāf/, صقالبة /ṣaqāliba/
slave {n} (person owned by another) :: عبد {m} /ʿabd/
slave {n} :: رقيق /raqīq/
slave-girl {n} (female slave) :: أمة {f} /ʾama/
slavery {n} (institution or practice of owning human beings) :: عبودية {f} /ʿubūdiyya/
Slavic {adj} (of the Slavs, their culture or languages) :: سلافي /slāfiyy/
Slavonic {adj} (Slavic) SEE: Slavic ::
slay {v} (to kill, murder) :: ذبح /ḏabaḥa/, فطس /faṭṭasa/, أزهق /ʾazhaqa/, قتل /qatala/
sleazy {adj} (Marked by low quality; inferior; inadequate) :: مهلهل
sled {n} (sledge) SEE: sledge ::
sledge {n} (sleigh or sled) :: مزلقة {f} /mazlaqa/, زحافة {f} /zaḥḥāfa/
sleep {v} (to rest in state of reduced consciousness) :: نام /nāma/
sleep {n} (state of reduced consciousness) :: نوم {m} /nawm/, سنة {f} /sina/
sleep {n} (informal: act or instance of sleeping) :: نومة {f} /nawma/
sleep {n} (substance found in the corner of the eyes (gound), sometimes as a figurative objectification of sleep, see also: ) :: غمص /ḡamaṣ/ [semiliquid], رمص /ramaṣ/ [solid]
sleepiness {n} (property of being sleepy) :: نعاس {m} /nuʿās/
sleeping {adj} (asleep) SEE: asleep ::
sleeping bag {n} (padded or insulated bag) :: حقيبة النوم {f} /ḥaqībatu n-nawm/
Sleeping Beauty {prop} (fairy tale) :: الجميلة النائمة {f} /al-jamīla an-nāʾima/
sleep paralysis {n} (inability to move or speak while falling asleep or upon awakening) :: جاثوم {m} /jāṯūm/
sleepy {adj} (feeling the need for sleep) :: نعسان /naʿsān/
sleeve {n} (part of a garment that covers the arm) :: كم {m} /kumm/
sleigh {adj} (sly) SEE: sly ::
sleigh {n} (vehicle on runners) SEE: sledge ::
slender {adj} (thin) :: نحيف /naḥīf/, أهيف /ʾahyaf/, نحيل /naḥīl/
slide {v} (to move in continuous contact with a surface) :: انزلق /inzalaqa/
slide fastener {n} (zip fastener) SEE: zip fastener ::
slide rule {n} (analog calculator) :: مسطرة حاسبة {f} /misṭara ḥāsiba/
slight {adj} (small in amount, insignificant) :: طفيف /ṭafīf/
slim {adj} (slender) :: نحيل /naḥīl/, نحيف /naḥīf/, أهيف /ʾahīf/
sling {n} (instrument for throwing) :: مقلاع /miqlāʿ/
slingshot {n} (Y-shaped stick) :: مقلاع /miqlāʿ/
slip {v} (to lose one's traction) :: انزلق /inzalaqa/
slipper {n} (low shoe slipped on and off easily) :: خف {m} /ḵuff/
slipper {n} (low shoe usually worn indoors) :: خف {m} /ḵuff/
slippery {adj} (of a surface) :: زلق /zaliq/
slipstick {n} (slide rule) SEE: slide rule ::
slob {n} (lazy, obese person) :: تنبل {m} /tanbal/
sloe {n} (tree Prunus spinosa) SEE: blackthorn ::
slogan {n} (phrase associated with a product, used in advertising) :: شعار {m} /šiʿār/
slope {n} (area of ground that tends evenly upward or downward) :: منحدر
slope {n} (degree to which a surface tends upward or downward) :: ميل /mayl/
sloth {n} (laziness) :: كسل {m} /kasal/
sloth {n} (mammal) :: كسلان {m} /kaslān/
slot machine {n} (vending machine) SEE: vending machine ::
slough {n} (the skin shed by a snake or other reptile) :: سلخ {m} /salḵ/
slough {v} (to shed (skin)) :: انسلخ /insalaḵa/ [intransitive], سلخ /salaḵa/ [transitive]
Slovak {adj} (of Slovakia or its language) :: سلوفاكي /slūfākiyy/
Slovak {n} (native of Slovakia) :: سلوفاكي {m} /slūfākiyy/, سلوفاكية {f} /slūfākiyya/
Slovak {n} (language of Slovakia) :: سلوفاكية {f} /slūfākiyya/
Slovakia {prop} (Slovakia) :: سلوفاكيا {f} /slovākiyā/
Slovak Republic {prop} (official name of Slovakia) :: جمهورية سلوفاكيا {f} /jumhūriyya(t) slūfākiyā/
Slovene {adj} (adjective) :: سلوفيني /slovēniyy/
Slovene {n} (a person) :: سلوفيني {m} /slovēniyy/, سلوفينية {f} /slovēniyya/
Slovene {prop} (the language) :: سلوفينية {f} /slovēniyya/
Slovenia {prop} (country in Europe) :: سلوفينيا {f} /slovēniyā/
Slovenian {adj} (Slovene) SEE: Slovene ::
Slovenian {n} (language) SEE: Slovene ::
Slovenian {n} (person) SEE: Slovene ::
Slovincian {prop} (extinct language of the Slovincian people) :: سلوفينسية {f} /slūfīnsiyya/, لغة سلوفينسية {f} /luḡa(t) slūfīnsiyya/
slow {adj} (not quick in motion) :: بطيء /baṭīʾ/
slowly {adv} (at a slow pace) :: ببطء /bi-buṭʾ/
sludge {n} (residual material from a process) :: حمأ /ḥamaʾ/, حمأة {f}
sludge {n} (sediment of minerals in a steam boiler) :: رسابة {f} /rusāba/
sluff {n} (slough) SEE: slough ::
sluff {v} (slough) SEE: slough ::
slug {n} (gastropod) :: بزاقة {f} /bazzāqa/
sluice gate {n} (portal to allow passage of water) :: خوخة {f} /ḵawḵa/
slum {n} (dilapidated neighborhood) :: منطقة عشوائية {f} /minṭaqa ʿašwāʾiyya/
slut {n} (prostitute) SEE: whore ::
slut {n} :: امرأة فاسقة {f} /imraʾa(t) fāsqa/, مومس /mūms/
sly {adj} (artfully cunning; secretly mischievous; wily) :: خبيث /ḵabīṯ/, ماكر /mākir/
smack {n} ((slang) heroin) SEE: horse ::
small {adj} (not large) :: صغير /ṣaḡīr/
small {adj} (young) :: صغير /ṣaḡīr/
small change {n} (a minor or insignificant amount of money) :: فراطة {f} /furāṭa/
smaller {adj} (comparative of small) :: أصغر /ʾaṣḡar/
smallest room {n} (toilet) SEE: toilet ::
smallness {n} (state of being small) :: صغر {m} /ṣiḡar/
small of the back {n} (lumbar region of the back) :: مستدق الظهر {m} /mustadaqq aẓ-ẓahr/
small talk {n} (idle conversation) :: كلام خفيف {m} /kalām ḵafīf/, محادثة خفيفة {f} /muḥādaṯa ḵafīfa/
smaragdine {n} (emerald) SEE: emerald ::
smart {adj} (exhibiting intellectual knowledge, such as that found in books) :: ذكي /ḏakiyy/
smartphone {n} (electronic handheld device) :: هاتف ذكي {m} /hātif ḏakiyy/, سمارت فون {m} /simārt fūn/
smash {v} (to break violently) :: كسر /kassara/
smash {v} (be destroyed by being smashed) :: تكسر /takassara/
smatter {v} (intransitive: talk superficially) :: هذى /haḏā/
smatter {v} (to speak (a language) with spotty or superficial knowledge) :: لحن /laḥana/
smegma {n} (sebaceous secretion) :: اللخن
smell {n} (sensation) :: رائحة {f} /rāʾiḥa/
smell {v} (sense with nose) :: شم /šamma/, اشتم /ištamma/
smell {v} (to have a particular smell, whether good or bad; if descriptive, followed by "like" or "of") :: شمم /šammama/
smelly {adj} (having a bad smell) :: منتن /muntin/
smell you later {interj} (see you later; goodbye) SEE: goodbye ::
smile {n} (a happy face expression using mouth, but without producing voice) :: ابتسامة {f} /ibtisāma/, بسمة {f} /basma/
smile {v} (to have a smile on one's face) :: ابتسم /ibtasama/
smith {n} (craftsperson who works metal, see also: blacksmith) :: حداد {m} /ḥaddād/, قين {m} /qayn/
Smith {prop} (transliterations of the name Smith) :: سميث /smīṯ/
Smith {prop} (surnames derived from the equivalents of “smith”) :: حداد /ḥaddād/
Smith {prop} (most common surnames by language) :: حداد /ḥaddād/
smithsonite {n} (mineral) :: سميثسونيت
smog {n} (urban air pollution) :: ضبخان {m} /ḍubḵān/, الضباب الدخاني {m} /aḍ-ḍabāb ad-duḵāniyy/
smoke {v} (to inhale and exhale smoke from a burning cigarette) :: دخن /daḵḵana/
smoke {v} (to inhale and exhale tobacco smoke regularly or habitually) :: دخن /daḵḵana/
smoke {v} (to give off smoke) :: دخن /daḵana/
smoke {n} (visible particles and vapour given off by burning material) :: دخان {m} /duḵān/
Smoke {prop} (44th sura of the Qur'an) :: سورة الدخان
smoker {n} (person who smokes tobacco habitually) :: مدخن /mudaḵḵin/
smokestack {n} (a conduit or group of conduits atop a structure allowing smoke to flow out) SEE: chimney ::
smoking {n} (smoking of tobacco) :: تدخين {m} /tadḵīn/
Smolensk {prop} (city) :: سمولينسك {m} /smulinsk/
smooth {adj} (lacking friction, not rough) :: ناعم /nāʿim/
SMS {n} (a text message sent on a cell phone) :: رسالة {f} /risāla/, رسالة إس إم إس {f} /risālat ʾes ʾem ʾes/
smuggle {v} (to import or export, illicitly or by stealth, without paying lawful customs charges or duties) :: هرب /harraba/
smuggling {n} (an act of something being smuggled) :: تهريب {m} /tahrīb/
smurf {n} (fictional character) :: سنفور {m-s} /sanfūr/, سنافر {m-p} /sanāfir/
smut {n} (promiscuous woman) SEE: slut ::
smut {n} (soot) SEE: soot ::
Smyrna {prop} (city) :: سميرنا /smīrnā/
snack {n} (a light meal) :: وجبة خفيفة {f} /wajba ḵafīfa/
snail {n} (any animal of the class Gastropoda having a shell) :: حلزونة {f} /ḥalazūna/
snake {n} (legless reptile) :: ثعبان {m} /ṯuʿbān/, حنش {m} /ḥanaš/, حية {f} /ḥayya/, أفعى {f} /ʾafʿā/
Snapchat {prop} (A photo-messaging application.) :: سناب /snāb/
snapdragon {n} (any plant of the genus Antirrhinum) :: أنف العجل {m} /ʾanf al-ʿijl/
snare {n} (trap) :: شرك {m} /šarakun/, مصيدة {f} /miṣyadatun/
sneaker {n} (one who sneaks) :: متسلل /mutasallil/
sneaker {n} (leisure shoes, often worn for sports; trainers) :: حذاء رياضي {m} /ḥiḏāʾ riyāḍiyy/
sneeze {v} (expel air as a reflex) :: عطس /ʿaṭasa/
sneeze {n} (act of sneezing) :: عطاس {m} /ʿuṭās/, عطسة {f} /ʿaṭsa/
Snickers {n} (chocolate bar) :: سنيكرز
sniff out {v} (find something using smell) :: يشم /yašumm/,يكتشف /yaktašif/,عثر على
sniper {n} (a person using long-range small arms for precise attacks from a concealed position) :: قناص {m} /qannāṣ/
snob {n} (person who seeks to be a member of the upper classes) :: [indefinite] متعال {m} /mutaʿālin/, [definite] المتعالي {m} /al-mutaʿālī/
snooker {n} (cue sport) :: سنوكر {m} /snukar/, سنوكر {m} /snūkar/
Snoopy {prop} (pet beagle) :: سنوبي {m} /snūbī/
snore {v} (breathe during sleep with harsh noises) :: شخر /šaḵara/
snore {n} (act and noise of snoring) :: شخير {m} /šaḵīr/
snot {n} (mucus) :: مخاط {m} /muḵāṭ/, مخاط أنف {m} /muḵāṭ ʾanf/
snow {n} (precipitation) :: ثلج {m} /ṯalj/
snow {v} (have snow fall from the sky) :: أثلج /ʾaṯlaja/, هطل ثلج /haṭala ṯalj/
snowball {n} (ball of snow) :: كرة الثلج {f} /kurat aṯ-ṯalj/
Snowdonia {prop} (region) :: سنودونيا {f} /sanudunia/
snowflake {n} (crystal) :: رقاقة الثلج {f} /ruqāqat aṯ-ṯalj/
snow leopard {n} (a large feline mammal, Uncia uncia) :: نمر الثلوج {m} /nimr aṯ-ṯulūj/
snowman {n} (figure made of snow) :: إنسان ثلجي {m} /ʾinsān ṯaljiyy/, تمثال ثلجي {m} /timṯāl ṯaljiyy/
snow plow {n} (vehicle) :: كاسحة ثلوج {f} /kāsiḥa(t) ṯulūj/
Snow Queen {prop} (fairy tale character with power over snow and ice) :: ملكة الثلج {f} /malika(t) aṯ-ṯalji/
Snow White {prop} (character from Snow White (Schneewittchen)) :: بيضاء الثلج {f} /bayḍāʾ aṯ-ṯalj/
Snow White {prop} (character from Snow-White and Rose-Red (Schneeweißchen und Rosenrot)) :: سنو وايت {f} /snū wāyt/
so {n} (sol) SEE: sol ::
so {conj} (with the result that) :: ف /fa-/, لذا /li-ḏā/
so {interj} (interjection used to introduce a new topic) :: يعني /yaʿnī/
so-and-so {n} (placeholder name) :: فلان /fulān/
so-and-so {n} (anything generic) :: فلان /fulān/, كذا وكذا /kaḏā wakaḏā/, كذا /kaḏā/
soap {n} (soap opera) SEE: soap opera ::
soap {n} (substance) :: صابون {m} /ṣābūn/
soap opera {n} (television serial) :: تمثيلية {f} /tamṯīliyya/, [literal], مسلسلات تلفزيونية {f-p} /musalsalāt tilifizyūniyya/, مسلسلات {p} /musalsilāt/
soapwort {n} (herb) :: غاسول {m} /ḡāsūl/, شرش الحلاوة {m} /širš al-ḥalāwa/, عرق الحلاوة {m} /ʿirq al-ḥalāwa/, صابونية {f} /ṣābūniyya/; Palestine: عصلج {m} /ʾaṣlaj/, عسلج {m} /ʾaslaj/
soba {n} (Japanese buckwheat noodle) :: سوبا {f} /sūbā/, سوبا {f} /sobā/
sober {adj} (not drunk) :: صاح /ṣāḥin/
soccer {n} (game) :: كرة القدم {f} /kurat al-qadam/
Sochi {prop} (city in Russia) :: سوتشي {m} /sōtšī/, سوتشي {m} /sūtšī/
social {adj} (relating to society) :: مجتمعي /mujtamaʿiyy/
social democracy {n} (moderate left-wing political philosophy) :: الديمقراطية الاجتماعية
socialism {n} (political philosophy of social and economic equality) :: اشتراكية {f} /ištirākiyya/
socialist {adj} (of, promoting, practicing, or characteristic of socialism) :: اشتراكي /ištirākiyy/
socialist {n} (one who practices or advocates socialism) :: اشتراكي {m} /ištirākiyy/, اشتراكية {f} /ištirākiyya/
social media {n} (interactive forms of media) :: إعلام اجتماعي {m} /ʼiʻlām ijtimāʻiyy/
society {n} (group of people sharing culture) :: مجتمع {m} /mujtamaʿ/
society {n} (people of one’s country or community as a whole) :: اجتماعية {f} /ijtimāʿiyya/
sociolect {n} (variant of language used by a social group) :: لهجة اجتماعية
sociolinguistics {n} (the study of social and cultural effects on language) :: لسانيات اجتماعية /lisaniat aijtimaeia/
sociology {n} (study of society, human social interactions, etc.) :: علم المجتمع {m} /ʿilm al-mujtamaʿ/
sock {n} (covering for the foot) :: جورب {m} /jawrab/ (pl: جوارب {m-p} /jawārib/)
socket {n} (mechanical opening) :: مقبس {m} /maqbis/
Socrates {prop} (Greek philosopher) :: سقراط {m} /suqrāṭ/, سوكراتس {m} /sukrātis/ [untraditional]
Socratic method {prop} :: طريقة سقراط {f} /ṭarīqa(t) suqrāṭa/
soda {n} (sodium carbonate) :: صودا {f} /ṣōdā/, كربونات الصوديوم {m} /karbunāt aṣ-ṣodyum/
soda {n} (sweet, carbonated drink) :: مشروب غازي {m} /mašrūb ḡāziyy/
soda water {n} (water with carbon dioxide) :: ماء الصودا {m} /māʾ aṣ-ṣōdā/
sodium {n} (reactive metal) :: صوديوم {m} /ṣodyum/
sodium benzoate {n} (the sodium salt of benzoic acid) :: بنزوات الصوديوم {m} /binzuwāt aṣ-ṣōdiyum/
Sodom {prop} (city in the Middle East) :: سدوم {m} /sadūm/, صديم {m} /ṣadīm/
sodomite {n} :: لوطي (lūʈi) {m}
sodomy {n} (sex held to be unnatural) :: لواط {m} /liwāṭ/
sofa {n} (upholstered seat) :: أريكة {f} /ʾarīka/, كنبة {f} /kanaba/, تخت {f} /taḵt/, ديوان {m} /dīwān/
so far {adv} (until now; previously; yet) :: حتى الآن /ḥattā l-ʾāna/
Sofia {prop} (the capital city of Bulgaria) :: صوفيا {f} /Sufíya/
soft {adj} (foolish) SEE: foolish ::
soft {adj} (giving way under pressure) :: ناعم /nāʿim/
soft {adj} (of a cloth) :: ناعم /nāʿim/
soft drink {n} (sweet, non-alcoholic carbonated beverage) :: [carbonated] مشروب غازي {m} /mašrūb ḡāziyy/
softness {n} (the quality of being soft) :: نعومة {f} /nuʿūmatun/
soft palate {n} (tissue) :: حنك رخو {m} /ḥanak raḵū/
soft spot {n} (fontanelle) SEE: fontanelle ::
software {n} (encoded computer instructions) :: برمجيات {p} /barmajiyāt/, برامج الحاسب {m-p} /barāmij al-ḥāsib/
soil {n} (mixture of sand and organic material) :: تربة {f} /turba/, أرض {f} /ʾarḍ/
soil {v} (to make dirty) :: اتسخ /ittasaḵa/
sol {n} (fifth note of a major scale) :: سول {m} /sūl/, سول {m} /sol/
solar {adj} (of or pertaining to the sun) :: شمسي /šamsiyy/
solar eclipse {n} (when the Moon passes between the Earth and the sun) :: كسوف الشمس {m} /kusūf aš-šams/
solar flare {n} (violent explosion) :: انفجار شمسي {m} /infijār šamsiyy/
solar system {n} (any collection of heavenly bodies orbiting a star) :: منظومة شمسية {f}
solar system {prop} (Solar System) SEE: Solar System ::
Solar System {prop} (the Sun and all the heavenly bodies that orbit around it) :: منظومة شمسية {f} /manẓūma šamsiyya/, مجموعة شمسية {f} /majmūʿa šamsiyya/, نظام شمسي {m} /niẓām šamsiyy/
solar wind {n} (outflow of charged particles from the solar corona into space) :: رياح شمسية {f-p} /riyāḥ šamsiyya/
soldering iron {n} (tool) :: مكواة اللحام {f} /mikwātu l-laḥḥām/, كاوية اللحام {f} /kāwiyatu l-laḥḥām/
soldier {n} (member of an army) :: جندي {m} /jundiyy/, عسكري {m} /ʿaskariyy/
sole {n} (bottom of the foot) :: أخمص {m} /ʾaḵmuṣ/
sole {n} (bottom of a shoe or boot) :: نعل {m} /naʿl/
sole {n} (fish) :: سمك موسى {m} /samak mūsā/
solecism {n} (error in the use of language) :: لحن {m} /laḥn/
solicitor {n} :: أفوكاتو /avokātō/, محام /muḥāmin/
solicitude {n} (anxiety) :: عناية /ʿināya/
solid {adj} (in the solid state) :: صلب /ṣulb/
solid {adj} :: صلب /ʂulb/
solidarity {n} (unifying bond between individuals with common goal or enemy) :: تضامن {m} /taḍāmun/
solidus {n} (slash) SEE: slash ::
solitaire {n} (patience) SEE: patience ::
solitary {n} (solitary confinement) SEE: solitary confinement ::
solitary confinement {n} (forced isolation) :: حبس انفرادي {m} /ḥabs infirādiyy/
solitude {n} (state of being alone) :: عزلة /ʿuzla/
Solomon {prop} (king of Israel) :: سليمان {m} /sulaymān/, سليمن {m} /sulaymān/ [archaic]
Solomon {prop} (male given name) :: سليمان /sulaymān/
Solomon Islands {prop} (A country in Melanesia) :: جزر سليمان {f-p} /juzur sulaymān/
so long as {phrase} (as long as) SEE: as long as ::
solstice {n} (point where the earth stands at the extreme of its ellipsis around the sun) :: انقلاب شمسي {m} /inqilāb šamsiyy/
solution {n} (liquid mixture) :: محلول {m} /maḥlūl/
solution {n} (an act, plan or other means, used or proposed, to solve a problem.) :: حل {n} /ḥall/
solution {n} (answer to a problem (mathematics)) :: حل {m} /ḥall/
solve {v} (to find an answer or solution) :: ذاب /ḏāba/, حل /ḥalla/
solver {n} (one who solves) :: حال {m} /ḥāll/, حلال {m} /ḥallāl/
Somali {n} (a language) :: صومالية {f} /ṣomāliyya/
Somali {n} (a person from Somalia or of Somali descent) :: صومالي {m} /ṣomāliyy/, صومالية {f} /ṣomāliyya/
Somali {adj} (pertaining to Somalia) :: صومالي /ṣomāliyy/
Somalia {prop} (country in the Horn of Africa) :: الصومال {f} /aṣ-ṣomāl/
Somalian {adj} (pertaining to Somalia) SEE: Somali ::
Somalian {n} (someone from Somalia) SEE: Somali ::
Somaliland {prop} (region) :: أرض الصومال {f} /ʾarḍ aṣ-ṣomāl/
Somaliland {prop} (unrecognized state) :: صوماليلاند {f} /ṣomālīland/, أرض الصومال {f} /ʾarḍ aṣ-ṣomāl/
some {pron} (indefinite quantity or number) :: بعض {m} /baʿḍ/
some {determiner} :: بعض /baʿḍ/, حوالي /ḥawālī/
somebody {pron} (some unspecified person) :: أحد {m} /ʾaḥad/; as a subject, the participle of the verb is also used, e.g. []
someday {adv} (sometime; at some time in the future) :: يوما ما /yawman mā/
someone {pron} (some person) :: أحد /ʾaḥad/
something {pron} (unspecified object) :: شيء {m} /šayʾ/
sometime {adj} (occasional) SEE: occasional ::
sometime {adv} (obsolete: sometimes) SEE: sometimes ::
sometimes {adv} (on certain occasions, but not always) :: أحيانا /ʾaḥyānan/
somewhat {pron} (something) SEE: something ::
somewhere {adv} (in some place) :: مكان ما /makān mā/
somewhither {adv} (to some place) SEE: somewhere ::
somoni {n} (national currency of Tajikistan) :: ساماني {m} /sāmānī/
son {n} (a male person in relation to his parents) :: ابن {m} /ibn/
son {n} (a son through major influence) :: ابن {m} /ibn/
son {n} (male descendant) :: ابن {m} /ibn/
son {n} (familiar address) :: ابن {m} /ibn/
Son {prop} (one of the three persons of the Trinity) :: الابن {m} /al-ibn/
sonar {n} (device) :: سونار {m} /sūnār/
song {n} (music with words) :: أغنية {f} /ʾuḡniyya/, أغنية {f} /ʾuḡniya/
Song of Solomon {prop} (book of the Bible) SEE: Song of Songs ::
Song of Songs {prop} (book of the Bible) :: سفر نشيد الأنشاد /sifru našīdi l-ʾanšādi/
sonic {adj} (of or relating to sound) :: صوتي /ṣawtiyy/
sonic boom {n} (the audible effect of a shock wave in the air) :: صوت عال {m} /ṣawt ʿālin/
son-in-law {n} (son-in-law) :: زوج الابنة {m} /zawj al-ibna/, صهر {m} /ṣihr/
sonnet {n} (verse form consisting of fourteen lines) :: سونيت
son of a bitch {n} (objectionable person) :: ابن كلب {m} /ibn kalb/
son of a gun {n} (euphemism) :: ابن الفاعلة {m} /ibnu l-fāʿilati/
Son of God {prop} :: ابن الله {m} /ibn allāh/
Sony {prop} (An international electronics and media company based in Tokyo, Japan) :: سوني {f} /sōni/
Sonya {prop} (female given name) :: صونيا
soon {adv} (within a short time) :: قريبا /qarīban/
sooner or later {adv} (set phrase; eventually) :: عاجلا أم آجلا /ʿājilan ʾam ʾājilan/, عاجلا أو آجلا /ʿājilan ʾaw ʾājilan/, في نهاية المطاف /fī nihāyati l-maṭāfi/
soot {n} (fine black or dull brown particles) :: سخام {m} /suḵām/
soothsayer {n} (one who predicts the future) :: عراف {m} /ʿarrāf/
soothsayer {n} (mantis or rearhorse) SEE: mantis ::
sop {n} (gravy) SEE: gravy ::
São Paulo {prop} (city and state) :: ساو باولو {m} /saw bāwlū/
Sophia {prop} (female given name) :: صوفيا {f} /ṣūfiyā/
sophist {n} (one who is captious, fallacious, or deceptive in argument) :: سوفسطائي {m}
Sophocles {prop} (Greek dramatic poet) :: سوفوكليس {m} /sufuklis/
soporific {n} (sleep inducing agent) :: منوم /munawwim/
soporific {adj} (tending to induce sleep) :: منوم /munawwim/
soppy {adj} :: مفرط في العاطفية /mufriṭ fī l-ʿāṭifiyya/, صبياني /ṣibyāniyy/
Sorani {prop} (Kurdish dialect) :: سوراني /sūrāniyy/
sorb {n} (wild service tree) SEE: wild service tree ::
sorbet {n} (frozen fruit juice) SEE: sherbet ::
Sorbian {prop} (language) :: صوربي {m} /ṣūrbiyy/
sorcerer {n} (magician/wizard drawing upon natural powers) :: ساحر {m} /sāḥir/
sorceress {n} (female wizard) :: ساحرة {f} /sāḥira/
sorcery {n} (magical power) :: سحر {m} /siḥr/
sororal {adj} (of or pertaining to a sister) :: أختي /ʾuḵtiyy/
sororal nephew {n} (son of one's sister) :: ابن الاخت {m} /ibni l-uḵt/
sororal niece {n} (daughter of one's sister) :: بنت الأخت {f} /bint al-ʾuḵt/
sorrel {n} (plant) :: حماض بستاني {m} /ḥummāḍ bustāniyy/
sorrel {n} (colour) :: أشقر {m} /ʾašqar/
Sorrento {prop} (town in the province of Naples) :: سورينتو {m} /surrēntu/
sorrow {n} (unhappiness) :: حزن {m} /ḥuzn/
sorrowful {adj} (full of sorrow) :: محزن /muḥzan/
sorry {adj} (regretful for an action or grieved) :: آسف /ʾāsif/
sorry {interj} (expression of regret or sorrow) :: آسف {m} /ʾāsif/, آسفة {f} /ʾāsifa/, أنا آسف {m} /ʾanā ʾāsif/, أنا آسفة {f} /ʾanā ʾāsifa/
sorry {interj} (request to repeat) :: عفوا! /ʿafwan!/, [to a male] ماذا قلت؟ /māḏā qulta?/, [to a female] ماذا قلت؟ /māḏā qulti?/, عذرا! /ʿuḏran!/
sort {n} (type) :: نوع {m} /nawʿ/
so-so {adj} (neither good nor bad) :: نصف نصف /niṣf niṣf/
so-so {adv} (neither well nor poorly) :: نصف نصف /niṣf niṣf/, [casual, dialectal] نص نص /nuṣṣ nuṣṣ/
so that {conj} (in order to) :: حتى /ḥattā/
soufflé {n} (baked dish) :: نفيخة
soul {n} (the spirit or essence of a person that is often believed to live on after the person's death) :: روح {m} {f} /rūḥ/, نفس {f} /nafs/
soul patch {n} (narrow beard) :: عنفقة
sound {n} (sensation perceived by the ear) :: صوت {m} /ṣawt/
sound {n} :: صوت {m} /ṣawt/
sound {v} (to produce a sound) :: صوت /ṣawata/
sound {n} (cuttlefish) SEE: cuttlefish ::
sound engineer {n} (one who practices sound engineering) :: مهندس صوت /muhandis ṣawt/
sound plural {n} (in Arabic and other languages, regular plural formed by adding a suffix) :: جمع سالم {m} /jamʿ sālim/
soup {n} (dish) :: شوربة {f} /šūraba/, شربة {f} /šurba/, حساء {m} /ḥasāʾ/
souped-up {adj} (drunk, intoxicated) SEE: drunk ::
souped-up {adj} (excited) SEE: excited ::
soupçon {n} (suspicion, suggestion) SEE: suspicion ::
soupspoon {n} (spoon for eating soup) :: ملعقة الحساء {f} /milʿaqa(t) al-ḥasāʾ/
souq {n} (a street market in the Arabic-speaking countries) :: سوق {m} {f} /sūq/
sour {adj} (having an acidic, sharp or tangy taste) :: حامض /ḥāmiḍ/
source {n} (person, place or thing) :: مصدر {m} /maṣdar/, مصادر {p} /maṣādir/
source {n} (informant) :: مصدر {m} /maṣdar/
source {n} ((computing) source code) SEE: source code ::
source code {n} (human-readable instructions in a programming language) :: كود مصدري {m} /kūd maṣdariyy/
sour cream {n} (cream which has been treated with a benign bacterium) :: كريم حامض {m} /krīm ḥāmiḍ/
south {n} (compass point) :: جنوب {m} /janūb/
South Africa {prop} (country) :: جنوب إفريقيا {f} /janūb ʾifrīqiyyā/
South African Defence Force {prop} (apartheid-era South African military) :: قوات الدفاع الجنوب أفريقية
South America {prop} (continent that is the southern part of the Americas) :: أمريكا الجنوبية {f} /ʾamrīkā l-janūbiyya/
Southampton {prop} (city) :: ساوثهامبتون /sawṯhambtūn/
South Asia {prop} (South Asia) :: جنوب آسيا {f} /janūb ʾāsiyā/
South Australia {prop} (state of Australia) :: جنوب أستراليا {f} /junūb ʾustrāliyā/
South Carolina {prop} (US state) :: كارولاينا الجنوبية {f} /karulaynā l-janubiyya/
South Caucasus {prop} (region of southwest Asia) :: جنوب القوقاز {m} /janūb al-qawqāz/
South China Sea {prop} (Pacific Ocean, between the Asian mainland and Taiwan, Borneo and the Philippines) :: بحر الصين الجنوبي {m} /baḥr aṣ-ṣīn al-janūbiyy/
South Dakota {prop} (state of the USA) :: داكوتا الجنوبية {f} /dakūtā l-janūbiyya/
Southeast Asia {prop} (a subregion of Asia) :: جنوب شرق آسيا {f} /janūb šarq ʾāsyā/
southern {adj} (of the south) :: جنوبي /janūbiyy/
Southern Cross {prop} (constellation) :: صليب الجنوب {m} /salīb al-janūn/
Southern Europe {prop} (Southern Europe) :: أوروبا الجنوبية {f} /ʾurubbā l-janūbiyya/
Southern Hemisphere {n} (hemisphere to the south of its equator) :: نصف الكرة الأرضية الجنوبي {m} /nisf kura l-ʾardiyya l-janūbiyy/
Southern Ocean {prop} (the ocean surrounding Antarctica) :: المحيط المتجمد الجنوبي {m} /al-muḥīṭ al-mutajammid al-janūbiyy/, المحيط الجنوبي {m} /al-muḥīṭ al-janūbiyy/
South Korea {prop} (country in East Asia) :: كوريا الجنوبية {f} /kōriyā l-janūbiyya/, كوريا الجنوبية {f} /kūriyā l-janūbiyya/
South Levantine Arabic {prop} (South Levantine Arabic) :: اللهجة الجنوبية /allāhja(t) al-janūbiyya/
South Ossetia {prop} (South Ossetia) :: جنوب أوستيا /janūb ʾusītyā/
south pole {n} (the southernmost point on a celestial body) :: القطب الجنوبي {m} /al-quṭb al-janūbiyy/
South Pole {prop} (the southernmost point on Earth) :: القطب الجنوبي {m} /al-quṭb al-janūbiyy/
South Sea {prop} (Southern Ocean) SEE: Southern Ocean ::
South Sudan {prop} (country in Africa) :: جنوب السودان {m} /janūb as-sūdān/
South Yemen {prop} (country) :: جنوب اليمن {f} /janūb al-yaman/
souvenir {n} (item of sentimental value to remember an event or location) :: تذكار {m} /taḏkār/
sovereignty {n} (of a nation: the state of making laws and controlling resources without the coercion of other nations.) :: سيادة {f} /siyāda/
soviet {n} (council) :: سوفييت {m} /sōvyēt/, سوفيات {m} /sufyāt/, سوفيات {m} /sovyēt/, سوفيات {m} /sovyēt/
soviet {n} (form of government) :: سوفيت {m} /sovyet/
soviet {adj} (relating to the Soviet Union) SEE: Soviet ::
Soviet {prop} (soviet) SEE: soviet ::
Soviet {adj} (pertaining to the Soviet Union or its republics) :: سوفيتي /sovyetiyy/, سوفييتي /sovyētiyy/, سوفياتي /suvyātiyy/, سوفياتي /sufyātiyy/
Soviet Russia {prop} (Russia) SEE: Russia ::
Soviet Russia {prop} (Soviet Union) SEE: Soviet Union ::
Soviet Union {prop} (USSR, see also: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics; USSR) :: الاتحاد السوفياتي {m} /al-ittiḥādu s-sūfyātiyy/
sow {n} (female pig) :: خنزيرة {f} /ḵinzīra/
sow {v} (disperse seeds) :: زرع /zaraʿa/
soy {n} (soy beans) :: صويا {f} /ṣūyā/
soy {n} (soy sauce) SEE: soy sauce ::
soya bean {n} (soybean) SEE: soybean ::
soybean {n} (plant) :: فول الصويا {m-p} /fūl aṣ-ṣūyā/
soybean {n} (seed) :: فول الصويا {m-p} /fūl aṣ-ṣūyā/
soy sauce {n} (a condiment and ingredient made from fermented soybeans) :: صلصة الصويا {f} /ṣalṣat aṣ-ṣūyā/
Soyuz {n} (a Soviet/Russian spacecraft) :: سويوز {m} /suyūz/
spa {n} (spa) :: منتجع {m} /muntajaʿ/
space {n} (physical extent in two or three dimensions) :: فراغ /farāḡ/, مكان {m} /makān/
space {n} (area beyond atmosphere of planets) :: فضاء {m} /faḍāʾ/
space age {n} (current historical period which started with the launch of the Sputnik) :: عصر الفضاء {m} /ʿaṣr al-faḍāʾ/
spacecraft {n} (vehicle that travels through space) SEE: spaceship ::
spaceship {n} (vehicle that flies through space) :: سفينة فضائية {f} /safīna faḍāʾiyya/, مركبة فضائية {f} /markaba faḍāʾiyya/
space shuttle {n} (vehicle capable of travelling repeatedly btw Earth and outer space) :: مكوك فضاء {m} /makūk faḍāʾ/
space station {n} (crewed artificial satellite) :: محطة فضاء {f} /muḥaṭṭat faḍāʾ/
space suit {n} :: فضاء تناسب /faḍāʾ tanāsub/
space-time {n} (spacetime) SEE: spacetime ::
spacetime {n} (four dimensional continuum) :: زمكان {m} /zamakān/
space travel {n} (travel through space in order to visit and explore other worlds) :: الرحلات الفضائية {f-p} /ar-riḥlāt al-faḍāʾiyya/
spacious {adj} (having much space; roomy) :: واسع /wāsiʿ/, رحب /raḥb/
spaciousness {n} (the state or quality of being spacious) :: رحب {m} /ruḥb/, رحب {m} /raḥab/
spade {n} (a garden tool with a handle and a flat blade for digging) :: مجرفة {f} /mijrafa/, مجرف {m} /mijraf/, مسحاة {f} /misḥāh/
spade {n} (one of the black suits in a deck of cards) :: البستوني {m} /al-bastūniyy/
spades {n} (spade) SEE: spade ::
spades {n} (suit of playing cards) :: البستوني {m} /al-bastūniyy/
spaghetti {n} (pasta) :: سباغيتي /sbāḡītī/
spaghetti western {n} (western film produced in Europe by an Italian company) :: فلم سباغيتي {m} /film sbāḡītī/, غربي سباغيتي {m} /ḡarbiyy sbāḡītī/, سباغيتي وسترن {m} /sbāḡītī wastarn/
Spain {prop} (country in Europe) :: إسبانية {f} /ʾisbāniya/, أسبانيا {f} /ʾasbāniyā/
spam {n} (unsolicited bulk electronic messages) :: بيان مزعج {m} /bayānun muzʿij/, سخام {m} /suḵām/
span {n} (space from thumb to little finger) :: شبر {m} /šibr/
Spaniard {n} (somebody from Spain) :: إسباني {m} /ʾisbāniyy/, إسبانية {f} /ʾisbāniyya/
Spanish {adj} (of or pertaining to Spain) :: إسباني /ʾisbāniyy/
Spanish {adj} (of or pertaining to the Spanish language) :: إسبانية
Spanish {n} (Romance language of Spain and the Americas) :: إسبانية {f} /ʾisbāniyya/
spare part {n} (component kept in reserve) :: قطعة غيار {f} /qiṭʿa ḡayār/
spare time {n} (free time) SEE: free time ::
spark {n} (particle of glowing matter) :: شرارة {f} /šarāra/
sparkling water {n} (a form of carbonated water) SEE: soda water ::
sparrow {n} (bird of the family Passeridae) :: عصفور /ʿaṣfūr/, عصفور {m} /ʿuṣfūr/
sparrow {n} (generically, any small, nondescript bird) :: عصفور {m} /ʿaṣfūr/
sparrow {n} (Passer domesticus) SEE: house sparrow ::
sparrow hawk {n} (Accipiter nisus) SEE: Eurasian sparrowhawk ::
sparrowhawk {n} (Eurasian sparrowhawk) SEE: Eurasian sparrowhawk ::
Sparta {prop} (ancient city-state in southern Greece) :: أسبرطة {f} /ʾasbarṭa/
Spartacus {prop} (Thracian name) :: سبارتاكوس
spatter {v} (to splash with small droplets) :: ترشيش, طرطشة
spatula {n} (kitchen utensil for turning and lifting) :: ملعقة الصيدلي /malʿaqat aṣ-ṣīdliyy/
speak {v} (to communicate with one's voice using words) :: تحدث /taḥaddaṯa/, تكلم /takallama/
speak {v} (to be able to communicate in a language) :: تكلم /takallama/
speaker {n} (one who speaks) :: خطيب {m} /ḵaṭīb/, متكلم {m} /mutakallim/
speaker {n} (loudspeaker) :: سماعة {f} /samāʿa/
speaking {adj} (eloquent) SEE: eloquent ::
speak of the devil {phrase} (expression used when a person mentioned in the current conversation happens to arrive) :: اذكر غائبا تره /uḏkur ḡāʾiban tarahu/ [Mention an absent person, and you shall see him]
spear {n} (long stick with a sharp tip) :: رمح {m} /rumḥ/, حربة {f} /ḥarba/
spearhead {n} (the pointed head, or end, of a spear) :: رأس حربة
spearmint {n} (Mentha spicata) :: نعناع مدبب {m} /naʿnāʿ mudabbab/
special {adj} (distinguished by a unique or unusual quality) :: خاص /ḵāṣṣ/
specialist {n} (expert) :: متخصص /mutaḵaṣṣiṣ/
specialty {n} (that in which one specializes) :: اختصاص {m} /iḵtiṣāṣ/
species {n} (group of plants or animals having similar appearance) :: نوع {m} /nawʿ/
species {n} (rank in a taxonomic classification) :: نوع /nawʿ/
specific {adj} :: معين /muʿayyin/
spectacle {n} (optical instrument) SEE: spectacles ::
spectacle {n} (something exciting or extraordinary) :: مشهد {m} /mašhad/, مسرحية {f} /masraḥiyya/
spectacled bear {n} (Tremarctos ornatus) :: دب أبو نظارة {m} /daba 'abu nizaratan/
spectacles {n} (a pair of lenses set in a frame) :: نظارة {f} /naẓẓāra/
spectacles {n} (plural of spectacle) SEE: spectacle ::
spectator {n} (observer) :: مشاهد {m} /mušāhid/, راء {m} /rāʾin/, متفرج {m} /mutafarrij/
specter {n} (ghostly apparition) :: شبح {m} /šabaḥ/, شبح {m} /šabḥ/
spectroscope {n} (optical instrument used for spectrographic analysis) :: مطياف {m} /miṭyāf/
spectrum {n} (range of colors) :: طيف {m} /ṭayf/
speech {n} (dialect or language) SEE: dialect ::
speech {n} (vocal communication) :: حديث {m} /ḥadīṯ/, خطبة {f} /ḵuṭba/, كلام {m} /kalām/, قول {m} /qawl/, نتق {m} /nutq/
speech {n} (an oration, session of speaking) :: خطاب {m} /ḵiṭāb/, حديث {m} /ḥadīṯ/, كلام {m} /kalām/, قول {m} /qawl/, نتق {m} /nutq/
speech is silver, silence is golden {proverb} (proverb) :: إن كان الكلام من فضة فالسكوت من ذهب
speed {n} (luck, success, prosperity) SEE: luck ::
speed {n} (rapidity) :: سرعة {f} /surʿa/
speed {n} (rate of motion) :: سرعة {f} /surʿa/
speed bump {n} (transverse ridge in the road) :: مطب السرعة {m} /maṭabb as-surʿa/
speed limit {n} (maximum speed permitted) :: حد السرعة الأقصى {m} /ḥadd as-surʿa l-ʾuqṣā/, حد السرعة {m} /ḥadd as-surʿa/
speed of light {n} (the speed of electromagnetic radiation in a perfect vacuum) :: سرعة الضوء
speed of sound {n} (speed at which sound is propagated) :: سرعة الصوت {f}
spell {n} (magical incantation) :: تعويذة {f} /taʿwīḏa/
spell {v} (to write or say the letters that form a word) :: تهجأ /tahajjaʾa/
spell {v} (to compose a word) :: تهجئ /tahajjaʾa/
spelling {n} (the practice, ability, or subject of forming words with letters, or of reading the letters of words; orthography) :: علم الإملاء {m} /ʿilm al-ʾimlāʾ/
spelling {n} (a specific spelling of a word) :: علم الإملاء {m} /ʿilm al-ʾimlāʾ/, هجاء {m} /hijāʾ/, تهجئة {f} /tahjiʾa/
spelunk {n} (cave, cavern, grotto) SEE: cave ::
spend {v} (to pay out) :: أنفق /ʾanfaqa/, صرف /ṣarafa/
spend {v} (to consume, to use up (time)) :: [pass (time)] قضى /qaḍā/
spend {v} :: صرف /ṣarafa/, أنفق /ʾanfaqa/, [time] قضى /qaḍā/
spendthrift {n} (someone who spends money improvidently or wastefully) :: مبذر {m} /mubaḏḏir/
spend time {v} (dedicate time to an activity) :: قضى وقت /qaḍā waqt/
sperm {n} (cell) :: نطفة {f} /nuṭfa/, حيوان منوي {m} /ḥayawān manawiyy/
sperm {n} (semen (fluid)) :: نطفة {f} /nuṭfa/, مني {m} /many/
spermatozoid {n} (male gamete of certain basal plants) :: حيوان منوي {m} /ḥayawān manawī/
sperm bank {n} (vulgar: vagina) SEE: cunt ::
sperm whale {n} (sperm whale) :: حوت العنبر {m} /ḥūtu l-ʿanbar/
spew {n} (vomit) SEE: vomit ::
spew {n} (ejaculate) SEE: ejaculate ::
sphere {n} (mathematics: regular three-dimensional object) :: كرة {f} /kura/
sphere {n} (spherical physical object) :: فلكة {f} /falka/
sphere {n} (astronomy: apparent outer limit of space) SEE: celestial sphere ::
sphincter {n} (band of muscle) :: عاصرة {f} /ʿāṣira/
sphinx {n} (mythology: creature with the head of a person and the body of an animal) :: أبو الهول {m} /ʾabū l-hawl/
Sphinx {prop} (large monument in Egypt) :: أبو الهول {m} /ʾabū l-hūl/
spice {n} (Yorkshire dialect: sweets, candy) SEE: sweet ::
spice {n} (plant matter used to season or flavour food) :: بهار {m} /bahār/
spick-and-span {adj} (clean, spotless) :: جديد
spicy {adj} (tangy or pungent) :: حريف /ḥirrīf/
spider {n} (arthropod) :: عنكبوت {m} /ʿankabūt/, شبث {m} /šabaṯ/
Spider {prop} (29th sura of the Qur'an) :: سورة العنكبوت
spiderweb {n} (net-like construct of a spider) :: بيت العنكبوت {m} /bayt al-ʿankabūt/, نسيج العنكبوت {m} /nasīj al-ʿankabūt/
spignel {n} (meum athamanticum) SEE: baldmoney ::
spigot {n} (faucet) SEE: tap ::
spike {n} (ear of grain) :: سنبلة {f} /sunbula/
spikenard {n} :: سنبل هندي {m} /sunbul hindiyy/
spill {v} (transitive: to drop something so that it spreads out) :: دلق /dalaqa/, أراق /ʾarāqa/, أسجم /ʾasjama/
spill one's guts {v} (vomit) SEE: vomit ::
spinach {n} (a particular edible plant, Spinacia oleracea) :: سبانخ {m} /sabāniḵ/, إسفاناخ {m} /ʾisfānāḵ/
spinal column {n} (spinal column) SEE: vertebral column ::
spinal cord {n} (thick, whitish cord of nerve tissue) :: نخاع شوكي {m} /nuḵāʿ šawkiyy/
spindle {n} (dragonfly) SEE: dragonfly ::
spindle {n} (rod in spinning and winding thread) :: مغزل {m} /miḡzal/
spine {n} (backbone) :: عمود فقري {m} /ʿamūd faqriyy/
spinel {n} (any of several hard minerals of cubic symmetry that are mixed oxides of magnesium and aluminium) :: لعل
spine pig {n} (porcupine) SEE: porcupine ::
spin-off {n} (offshoot) SEE: offshoot ::
spiny anteater {n} (common name for echidna) SEE: echidna ::
spiny-tailed lizard {n} (any lizard of the genus Uromastyx) :: ضب {m} /ḍabb/
spiral {n} (geometry) :: لولب {m} /lawlab/, برغي {m} /burḡiyy/, حلزون {m} /ḥalazūn/
spiral galaxy {n} (spiral galaxy) :: مجرة حلزونية {f} /majara ḥalazūniyya/
spirit {n} (soul) :: روح {m} {f} /rūḥ/
spirit {n} (supernatural being) :: روح {m} {f} /ruwaḥ/
spiritual {adj} (of or pertaining to the spirit or the soul) :: روحاني /rūḥāniyy/, روحي /rūḥiyy/
spit {v} (to dig, to spade) SEE: dig ::
spit {n} (thin rod on which meat is skewered for cooking) :: سفود {m} /saffūd/
spit {v} (to evacuate (saliva or another substance) from the mouth, etc.) :: بصق /baṣaqa/, بزق /bazaqa/, تفل /tafala/
spleen {n} (organ) :: طحال {m} /ṭiḥāl/
splendid {adj} :: مشرق /mušriq/
splice {v} (to unite in marriage) SEE: marry ::
splinter {n} (fragment of material) :: شظية {f} /šaẓiyya/
split {v} (divide along a more or less straight line) :: قسم /qasama/
split {v} (separate) :: انفصل
split {v} (divulge a secret; to betray confidence; to peach) SEE: peach ::
Split {prop} (port city in Croatia) :: أسبالطو {m} [classically], سبليت {m} /siblīt/ [modern colloquial]
Spoils of War {prop} (8th sura of the Qur'an) :: سورة الأنفال
spoilt {adj} (of food: rendered unusable or inedible) :: مدلل /mudallal/
spoken {adj} (concerning speech) :: منطوق /manṭūq/, شفهي /šafahiyy/, محكي /maḥkiyy/
spondyle {n} (joint of the backbone) SEE: vertebra ::
sponge {n} (marine invertebrate) :: إسفنج {m} /ʾisfanj/
sponge {n} (piece of porous material used for washing) :: سفنج {m} /safing/
sponge {n} (sponge cake) SEE: sponge cake ::
sponge cake {n} (type of soft cake made from flour, sugar, baking powder and eggs, with a spongy structure) :: كعكة إسفنجية {f} /kaʿka(t) ʾisfanjiyya/
spontaneous {adj} (random) SEE: random ::
spool {n} (spindle) :: بكرة {f} /bakara/
spoon {n} (scooped utensil for eating (or serving)) :: ملعقة {f} /milʿaqa/
spoon {n} (measure that will fit into a spoon) SEE: spoonful ::
spoonful {n} (amount a spoon will hold) :: ملء ملعقة
sport {n} (any athletic activity that uses physical skills) :: رياضة {f} /riyāḍa/
sportive {adj} (gay, frolicsome, merry) SEE: merry ::
sportsman {n} (male athlete) :: رياضي {m} /riyāḍiyy/
sportsmanship {n} :: روح رياضية {f} /rūḥ riyāḍiyya/
sportswoman {n} (woman who engages in sports) :: رياضية {f} /riyāḍiyya/
spot {n} (a round or irregular patch of a different color) :: بقعة {f} /buqʿa/
spouse {n} (husband) SEE: husband ::
spouse {n} (wife) SEE: wife ::
spouse {n} (person in a marriage or marital relationship) :: زوج {m} /zawj/, زوجة {f} /zawja/
spread {v} (to disperse, scatter) :: نشر /našara/
spread {v} ((transitive) to disseminate, make known or present) :: نشر /našara/
sprig {n} (small shoot or twig) :: عسلوج {m} /ʿaslūj/
spring {n} (season between winter and summer in temperate climates) :: ربيع {m} /rabīʿ/
spring {n} (water springing from the ground) :: عين {m} /ʿayn/, ينبوع {m} /yanbūʿ/
spring {n} (device made of flexible material) :: ياي /yāy/, زنبرك /zunburuk/, نابض /nābiḍ/
spring {v} (to jump) SEE: jump ::
spring {n} (jump) SEE: jump ::
spring {n} (people sharing the same origin) SEE: race ::
spring {n} (shoot) SEE: shoot ::
spring {n} (erection of the penis) SEE: erection ::
spring {n} (youth) SEE: youth ::
spring {n} (time of growth, early stages) SEE: beginning ::
springboard {n} (figuratively: anything that launches or provides impulse) :: منطلق {m}
Spring Festival {n} (Chinese New Year) SEE: Chinese New Year ::
spring onion {n} (Allium fistulosum) :: بصل أخضر {m} /baṣal ʾaḵḍar/ (green onion)
Sprite {prop} (colourless, caffeine-free, lemon and lime-flavoured soft drink) :: سبرايت {m} /sbrāyt/
spruce {n} (tree from the genus Picea) :: تنوب {m} /tannūb/
spur {n} (implement for prodding a horse) :: مهماز {m} /mihmāz/
spur on {v} (spur) SEE: spur ::
sputnik {n} (a Soviet robotic space satellite) :: سبوتنيك {m} /sbūtnik/, سبوتنيك {m} /sputnik/
spy {n} (person who secretly watches) :: جاسوس {m} /jāsūs/, جاسوسة {f} /jāsūsa/
spyglass {n} (binoculars) SEE: binoculars ::
spying {n} (espionage) SEE: espionage ::
spyware {n} (program) :: برامج تجسس {m-p} /barāmij tajassus/
SQL {n} (SQL (Structured Query Language)) :: إس كيو إل {m} /ʾes kyū ʾel/, إس كيو إل {m} /ʾis kyū ʾil/
square {n} (type of polygon) :: مربع {m} /murabbaʿ/
square {n} (open space in a town) :: ميدان {m} /maydān/
square {n} (act quarrelling) SEE: quarrel ::
square {v} (to take opposing sides) SEE: quarrel ::
square {adj} (fair) SEE: fair ::
square root {n} (number) :: جذر تربيعي {m} /jaḏr tarbīʿiyy/
squawk {n} (shrill noise) :: صخب /ṣaḵab/
squawk {v} (to make a squawking noise) :: صخب /ṣaḵiba/
squeegee {n} (tool used for cleaning glass) :: مساحة {f} /massāḥa/
squeeze {v} (to apply pressure to from two or more sides at once) :: عصر /ʿaṣara/
squid {n} (sea animal) :: حبار {m} /ḥabbār/
squirrel {n} (rodent) :: سنجاب {m} /sinjāb/
Sri Lanka {prop} (a country in South Asia) :: سريلانكا {f} /sirīlānkā/, سرنديب /sarandīb/ [archaic]
Srinagar {prop} (summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir, India) :: سريناجار {m} /srinagār/
stab {v} (To pierce or wound with pointed object) :: طعن /ṭaʿana/
stable {n} (building for animals with hoofs) :: حظيرة {f} /ḥaẓīra/, اسطبل {m} /isṭabl/
stable {n} (building for horses) :: إسطبل {m} /ʾisṭabl/
stable {n} (stable for oxen, cows, cattle) :: زريبة {f} /zarība/
stable {adj} (relatively unchanging) :: ثابت /ṯābit/
stack {n} (a pile of identical objects) :: كومة {f}
stadium {n} (venue where sporting events are held) :: ملعب {m} /malʿab/, إستاد {m} /ʾistād/
stage {n} (phase) :: مرحلة {f} /marḥala/
stage {n} (in theatre) :: منصة {f} /munaṣṣa/, مسرح {m} /masraḥ/, خشبة المسرح {f} /ḵašabatu l-masraḥ/
stage fright {n} (state of nervousness about performing) :: رهاب المسرح /rahāb al-masraḥ/
stagflation {n} (inflation accompanied by stagnant growth) :: الركود التضخمي
stagger {n} (an unsteady movement of the body in walking or standing) :: ترنح
staggered {adj} (astonished) SEE: astonished ::
stain {n} (discoloured spot or area) :: بقعة {f} /baqʿa/
stained glass {n} (coloured glass) :: زجاج معشق {m}
stainless {n} (stainless steel) SEE: stainless steel ::
stainless steel {n} (corrosion-free alloy) :: فولاذ غير قابل للصدأ {m} /fūlāḏ ḡayr qābil li-ṣ-ṣadaʾ/
stair {n} (series of steps) :: سلالم {m-p} /salālim/
staircase {n} (stairway) :: بيت الدرج {m} /bayt ad-daraj/, درج {m} /daraj/, سلم {m} /sullam/
stairs {n} (contiguous set of steps) :: سلالم {m-p} /salālim/
stairwell {n} (a shaft in a multi-story building enclosing a stairway or staircase) :: عمود السلم {m} /ʿamūd as-sullam/
stake {n} (pointed long and slender piece of wood etc.) :: وتد {m} /watid/, خازوق {m} /ḵāzūq/
stake {n} (timber to which a martyr was affixed to be burned) :: محرقة {f} /miḥraqa/
stake {n} (share or interest in a business) :: حصة {f} /ḥiṣṣa/
stake {n} (wager or pledge) :: رهان {m} /rihān/
stakeholder {n} (escrow agent) :: وكيل الضمان {m}
stalemate {n} (blocked situation without personal loss) :: طريق مسدود, مأزق
Stalin {prop} (Stalin) :: ستالين {m} /stālin/
Stalinism {n} (Communist philosophies espoused by Josef Stalin) :: ستالينية {f} /stālīniyya/
stalk {n} (stem or main axis of a plant) :: ساق {f} /sāq/
stalker {n} (a person who secretly follows someone, sometimes with unlawful intentions) :: مطارد {m} /muṭārid/
stallion {n} (uncastrated male horse) :: حصان {m} /ḥiṣān/
stamen {n} (A flower part that produces pollen) :: سداة /sadāh/
stammer {v} (to stutter) :: تلجلج /talajlaja/, تلعثم /talaʿṯama/
stamp {n} (postage stamp) SEE: postage stamp ::
-stan {suffix} (home of; place where one stays; used especially in place names) :: ستان /-stān/
stance {n} (manner, pose, or posture in which one stands) :: موقف {m} /mawqif/
stanchion {n} (vertical pole, post or support) :: عمود ، دعامة ، قائم دعم فولاذي
stand {v} (to support oneself on the feet in an erect position) :: وقف /waqafa/
stand {v} :: وقف /waqafa/
standard {adj} (falling within an accepted range) :: معياري /miʿyāriyy/
standard {n} (level of quality) :: مستوى {f} /mustawā/, معيار {m} /miʿyār/
standard language {n} (standard variety) :: معيرة لغة {f} /muʿīra luḡa/
standard of living {n} (relative measure of quality of life) :: مستوى المعيشة {m} /mustawā l-maʿīša/
stand for {v} (to mean, symbolize or represent) :: إستند /ʾistanada/
stand for {v} (to advocate or support) :: ساند /sānada/
stand up {v} (rise from a sitting position) :: قام /qāma/
stapler {n} (device which binds together paper) :: دباسة {f}
star {n} (luminous celestial body) :: نجم {m} /najm/, كوكب /kawkab/
star {n} ((astronomy) a luminous celestial body) :: نجم {m} /najm/, كوكب /kawkab/
star {n} (celebrity) :: نجمة {f} /najma/
Starbucks {prop} (chain of coffee shops) :: ستاربكس {m} /starbaks/
starch {n} (substance) :: نشاء /našāʾ/
stare {v} (To look fixedly) :: حدق /ḥaddaqa/
starfish {n} (various echinoderms) :: نجمة البحر {f} /najmatu l-baḥri/
star fruit {n} (fruit) :: فاكهة النجمة {f} /fākihat an-najma/
Star of Bethlehem {prop} (star mentioned in the Gospel of Matthew) :: نجم بيت لحم {m} /najm bayta laḥma/
Star of David {prop} (symbol of Jewish Community and Judaism) :: نجمة داوود {f} /najma(t) dāwūd/
starring {v} (present participle of "to star") SEE: star ::
Stars {prop} (53rd sura of the Qur'an) :: سورة النجم
start {n} (beginning of an activity) :: نجمة {f} /najma/, ابتداء /ibtidāʾ/
start {n} (beginning point of a race) :: نجمة {f} /najma/
start {v} (to begin) :: بدأ /badaʾa/
starvation {n} (condition) :: جوع {m} /jūʿ/
starve {v} (to die because of lack of food) :: مات جوعا /māta jawʿan/
Star Wars {prop} (Saga) :: حرب النجوم {f} /ḥarb an-nujūm/
state {n} (any sovereign polity) :: دولة {f} /dawla/
state {n} (a political division of a federation retaining a degree of autonomy) :: ولاية {f} /wilāya/
state {n} (a condition) :: حالة {f} /ḥāla/
state {v} :: قرر /qarara/
statefunction {n} (wavefunction) SEE: wavefunction ::
statement {n} (declaration or remark) :: تصريح {m} /taṣrīḥ/
statement {n} :: بيان {m} /bayān/, تصريح {m} /taṣrīḥ/
State of Eritrea {prop} (official name of Eritrea) :: دولة إرتريا {f} /dawlat ʾiritriyā/
State of Israel {prop} (country (official name)) :: دولة إسرائيل {f} /dawlat ʾisrāʾīl/
State of Kuwait {prop} (country (official name)) :: دولة الكويت {f} /dawlat al-kuwayt/
State of Qatar {prop} (Official name of Qatar.) :: دولة قطر {f}
State of the Union {prop} (annual address given by the US president) :: خطبة حالة الاتحاد {f} /ḵuṭbat ḥālat al-ittiḥād/
static electricity {n} (an electric charge) :: كهرباء ساكنة
station {n} (place where a vehicle may stop) :: محطة {f} /maḥaṭṭa/
stationery {n} (writing materials) :: قرطاسية {f} /qirṭāsiyya/
statistics {n} (mathematical science) :: علم الإحصاء {m} /ʿilm al-ʾiḥṣāʾ/, إحصائيات {f-p} /ʾiḥṣāʾiyyāt/
statistics {n} (collection of measurements) :: إحصائيات {?} /ʾiḥṣāʾiyyāt/
statue {n} (three-dimensional work of art) :: تمثال {m} /timṯāl/, دمية {f} /dumya/
statue {n} (portrait) SEE: portrait ::
stature {n} :: قامة {f} /qāma/
status {n} (person’s position or standing) :: ترتيب /tartīb/, درجة /daraja/, رتبة /rutba/, مرتبة /martaba/, منزلة /manzila/, منصب /manṣib/
status {n} :: وضع اجتماعي {m} /waḍʿ ijtimāʿiyy/
status quo {n} (the state of things) :: وضع راهن {m} /waḍʿ rāhin/
status symbol {n} (visible possession that is a sign of one's personal wealth or social status) :: رمز المكانة {m} /ramz al-makāna/
statute of limitations {n} (law that sets a time limit after some legal action may not take place) :: تقادم {m} /taqādum/
stavesacre {n} (perennial plant) :: عائق جبلي {m} /ʿāʾiq jabaliyy/, زبيب الجبل {m} /zabīb al-jabal/, زبيب بري {m} /zabīb barriyy/, حب الرأس {m} /ḥabb ar-raʾs/
Stavropol {prop} (city) :: ستافروبول {m} /stafrubūl/
stay {v} (to remain in a particular place) :: مكث /makaṯa/, بقي /baqiya/
steak {n} (slice of beef) :: ستيك {m} /stayk/, ستيك {m} /steyk/, ستيك {m} /stīk/
steal {v} (to illegally take possession of) :: سرق /saraqa/
steal {v} (to move silently) :: استرق /istaraqa/
steam {n} (water vapor) :: بخار {m} /buḵār/
steam {n} (steam-powered vehicle) SEE: steamer ::
steamboat {n} (vessel powered by steam) :: باخرة {f} /bāḵira/, سفينة بخارية {f} /safīna buḵāriyya/
steamer {n} (vessel in which articles are subjected to the action of steam) :: باخرة {f} /bāḵira/
steamer {n} (cooking appliance) :: قدر بخاري {m} /qidr buḵāriyy/
steamer {n} (steamboat or steamship) :: باخرة {f} /bāḵira/, سفينة بخارية {f} /safīna(t) buḵāriyya/
steamship {n} (vessel propelled by steam) :: باخرة {f} /bāḵira/, سفينة بخارية {f} /safīna buḵāriyya/
steatosis {n} (over-retention of lipids) :: تنكس دهني /tanks dahni/
steel {n} (metal produced from iron) :: فولاذ {m} /fūlāḏ/
steelyard {n} (steelyard balance) :: قبان {m} /qabbān/, قرسطون {m} /qarasṭūn/
steep {adj} (expensive) SEE: expensive ::
steer {v} (intransitive: to guide the course) :: قاد /qāda/
steer {v} (transitive: to guide the course of) :: قاد /qāda/
steer {v} :: توجيه
steer {n} (castrated male of cattle) :: ثور {m} /ṯawr/
steering wheel {n} (wheel-shaped control) :: مقود {m} /miqwad/, عجلة القيادة {f} /ʿajalatu l-qiyādati/
stele {n} ((archaeology) tall, slender stone monument) :: لوحة تذكارية {f} /lawḥa tidhkaria/
stellar wind {n} (equivalent of solar wind) :: رياح نجمية {f-p} /riyāḥ najmiyya/
stench {n} (a strong foul smell, a stink) :: نتانة {f} /natāna/
step {n} (pace) :: خطوة {f} /ḵuṭwa/, خطوة {f} /ḵaṭwa/
step {n} (footstep) :: خطوة {f} /ḵaṭwa/
step {n} (manner of walking) :: قيافة {f} /qiyāfa/, مشية {f} /mišya/
Stepanakert {prop} (the capital of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic) :: سيتباناكيرت {m} /stibanakīrt/
stepfather {n} (husband of one's biological mother, other than one's biological father) :: زوج الأم {m} /zawj al-ʾumm/, راب {m} /rābb/
Stephen {prop} (biblical martyr) :: إسطفانوس /ʾisṭifānūs/, استفانوس {m} /istifānūs/
Stephen {prop} (male given name) :: إصتفان {m} /ʾiṣtifān/ (cognate), ستيفن {m}
step in {v} (To act) SEE: act ::
stepmother {n} (wife of one's biological father, not one's biological mother) :: زوجة الأب {f} /zawjatu l-ʾab/, رابة {f} /rābba/
steppe {n} (the grasslands of Eastern Europe and Asia) :: مرعى {f} /marʿā/, ستيب {m} /steb/, ستيب {m} /stīb/
stereo {adj} (of sound) :: ستيريو /esteryo/
stereotype {n} (conventional, formulaic, and oversimplified conception, opinion, or image) :: صورة نمطية {f} /ṣūra namaṭiyya/
sterile {adj} (unable to reproduce) :: عقيم {m}, عقيمة {f}
sterling {n} (the currency of the United Kingdom; especially the pound) :: جنيه إسترليني {m}
stern {adj} (having a hardness and severity of nature or manner) :: صارم /ṣārim/, متشدد /mutašaddid/
sternum {n} (breastbone) SEE: breastbone ::
stethoscope {n} (medical instrument) :: سماعة الطبيب {f} /sammāʿatu ṭ-ṭabīb/, مسماع الصدر {m} /mismāʿu ṣ-ṣadr/
Stettin {prop} (Szczecin) SEE: Szczecin ::
steven {v} (to vote) SEE: vote ::
steven {n} (speech) SEE: speech ::
steven {n} (command) SEE: command ::
steven {n} (a promise) SEE: promise ::
steven {n} (tune) SEE: tune ::
steven {n} (a prayer) SEE: prayer ::
steven {v} (to utter) SEE: utter ::
steven {n} (voice) SEE: voice ::
Steven {prop} (male given name) SEE: Stephen ::
stew {n} (dish) :: يخنة {f} /yaḵna/
stewardess {n} (female flight attendant) :: مضيفة طيران {f} /muḍīfat ṭayarān/
St. George's {prop} (the capital of Grenada) :: سانت جورجز {m} /sant jurjis/
stick {n} (twig or small branch) :: غصين {m} /ḡuṣayn/
stick {n} (long piece of wood) :: عصا {m} /ʿaṣan/
stick {n} (cylindrical piece (of chalk, wax etc)) :: إصبع {m} /ʾiṣbaʿ/
stick {n} (cane or walking stick) :: عصا {m} /ʿaṣan/
stick {n} (gearstick, stickshift) :: عصا {m} /ʿaṣan/, عصي {f-p} /ʿuṣiyy/, عصي {f-p} /ʿiṣiyy/, أعص {p} /ʾaʿṣin/, عود {m} /ʿūd/, أعواد {p} /ʾaʿwād/, عكاز {m} /ʿukkāz/, عكازات {p} /ʿukkāzāt/, عكاكيز {p} /ʿakākīz/ , ذراع {m} /ḏirāʿ/
stick note {n} (post-it note) SEE: post-it note ::
sticky note {n} (post-it note) SEE: post-it note ::
stiletto {n} (awl) SEE: awl ::
still {adv} (up to a time, as in the preceding time) :: لا يزال /lā yazāl/ (negative form of زال), الى الأن /ilā l-ʾān/
still {adv} (nevertheless) :: رغم ذلك /raḡim ḏālik/, مع ذلك /maʿa ḏālik/
stilt {n} (crutch) SEE: crutch ::
sting {v} (of an insect: to bite) :: لسع /lasaʿa/
stingray {n} (venomous ray of the orders Rajiformes and Myliobatiformes) :: سمكة راي لاسع {f} /samakat rāy lāsiʿ/, ستينغري {m} /stīnḡray/
stingy {adj} (unwilling to spend or give) :: بخيل /baḵīl/
stink {v} (have a strong bad smell) :: نتن /natuna/, نتن /natina/
stinkbird {n} (hoatzin) SEE: hoatzin ::
stinky {adj} (having a strong, unpleasant smell) :: نتن /natin/, منتن /muntin/
stir {v} (to change the place of in any manner; to move) :: تحرك /taḥarraka/
stir {v} :: مزج /mazaja/
stirrup {n} (footrest used by riders) :: ركاب {m} /rikāb/
stitch {v} (form stitches in) SEE: sew ::
stitch {n} (single pass of the needle in sewing) :: غرزة {f} /ḡaraza/
stitch {v} (agriculture: to form land into ridges) SEE: plough ::
stitch {n} (furrow) SEE: furrow ::
stoat {n} (stoat) SEE: ermine ::
stock {n} (part of gun, see also: butt) :: قنداق {m} /qandāq/
stock exchange {n} (building and the associated organization) :: بورصة {f} /būrṣa/, سوق الأوراق المالية {m} {f} /sūq al-ʾawrāq al-maliyya/
stockholder {n} (one who owns stock) SEE: shareholder ::
Stockholm {prop} (capital of Sweden) :: ستوكهولم {f} /stōkhōlm/
stocking {n} (garment (for translations of "sock", see sock)) :: جورب {m} /jawrab/ (pl: جوارب {m-p} /jawārib/)
stock market {n} (market for the trading of company stock) :: سوق الأوراق المالية {m} {f} /sūq al-ʾawrāq al-māliyya/, بورصة {f} /būrṣa/
stoic {n} (proponent of a school of thought) :: رواقي /riwāqiyy/
stoic {adj} (of or relating to the Stoics) :: رواقي /riwāqiyy/
stoicism {n} (school of philosophy) :: رواقية {f} /riwāqiyya/
stoker {n} (poker) SEE: poker ::
stolen {adj} (that has been stolen) :: مسروق /masrūq/
stomach {n} (digestive organ) :: معدة {f} /maʿida/, معدة {f} /miʿda/
stomach {n} (belly) :: معدة {f} /maʿida/, معدة {f} /miʿda/, بطن {m} /baṭn/
stomach {n} (appetite) SEE: appetite ::
stomach {n} (figuratively: desire, appetite) SEE: appetite ::
stomach {n} (pride, haughtiness) SEE: haughtiness ::
stomach acid {n} (gastric acid) SEE: gastric acid ::
stompie {n} (cigarette butt) SEE: butt ::
stone {n} (substance) :: حجر {m} /ḥajar/
stone {n} (small piece of stone) :: حجر {m} /ḥajar/, حصى {m} /ḥaṣā/
stone {n} (centre of some fruits) :: نواة {f} /nawāh/
stone {v} (To pelt with stones) :: رجم /rajama/
Stone Age {prop} (prehistoric period) :: العصر الحجري {m} /al-ʿaṣr al-ḥajariyy/
stonecrop {n} (Sedum) :: حي العالم {m} /ḥayy al-ʿālam/
stoned {adj} (drunk) SEE: drunk ::
stone fruit {n} (fruit with soft flesh and a hard pit) :: حسلة /hasala/
Stonehenge {prop} (ancient group of standing stones in England) :: ستونهنج {m} /stūnhinj/
stoner {n} (a habitual user of cannabis) :: حشاش {m} /ḥaššāš/
stoning {n} (lapidation) SEE: lapidation ::
stony {adj} (broke) SEE: broke ::
stool {n} (toilet) SEE: toilet ::
stool {n} (chamber pot) SEE: chamber pot ::
stop {v} (to cease moving) :: وقف /waqafa/
stop {v} (to not continue) :: توقف /tawaqqafa/
stop {v} (to cause to cease moving) :: أوقف /ʾawqafa/, وقف /waqafa/
stop {v} (to cause to come to an end) :: أوقف /ʾawqafa/, وقف /waqafa/
stop {n} (place to get on and off mass transport) :: موقف {m} /mawqif/
stop {n} (interruption of travel) :: وقفة {f} /waqfa/
stop {n} (consonant sound) SEE: plosive ::
stopcock {n} (valve, tap or faucet) :: محبس {m} /miḥbas/
store {n} (in computing) SEE: memory ::
store {n} (shop) SEE: shop ::
store {v} (keep (something) while not in use) :: خزن /ḵazana/
storey {n} (floor, level) :: طابق {m} /ṭābiq/, دور {m} /dawr/, طبقة {f} /ṭabaqa/
stork {n} (large wading bird of the family Ciconiidae) :: لقلق /laqlaq/, بجعة {f} /bajaʿa/
storm {n} (disturbed state of the atmosphere) :: عاصفة {f} /ʿāṣifa/, طوفان {m} /ṭūfān/
storm {n} :: إعصار {m} /ʾiʿṣār/
story {n} (lie) SEE: lie ::
story {n} (account of events) :: قصة {f} /qiṣṣa/, حكاية {f} /ḥikāya/
story {n} (storey) SEE: storey ::
stout {adj} (obstinate) SEE: obstinate ::
stoutness {n} (a state or quality of being stout) :: سمن {f} /siman/
stove {n} (heater) :: موقد {m} /mawqid/, مدفأة {f} /midfaʾa/, مدفأ {m} /midfaʾ/
stove {n} (device for heating food) :: موقد {m} /mawqid/
Strabo {prop} (historian and philosopher) :: سترابو
straddle {v} (to sit or stand with a leg on each side of something) :: امتطى
Stradivarius {n} (stringed instrument built by members of the Stradivari family) :: ستراديفاريوس {m} /satrādīfāriyūs/
straight {adj} (not crooked or bent) :: مستقيم /mustaqīm/
straight {adj} :: مستقيم /mustaqīm/
straight angle {n} (angle equal to 180°) :: زاوية مستقيمة {f} /zāwiya(t) mustaqīma/
straight away {adv} (very soon; immediately) SEE: right away ::
straightedge {n} (tool used to draw, cut or check the straightness of straight lines) :: ميزان زئبقي {m} /mīzān ziʾbaqiyy/
straightforward {adj} (not deviating; honest; frank) :: صريح /ṣarīḥ/, مستقيم /mustaqīm/
strait {n} (narrow channel of water) :: مضيق {m} /maḍīq/, مختنق {m} /muḵtanaq/
Strait of Hormuz {prop} (strait) :: مضيق هرمز /maḍīq hurmuz/
Strait of Messina {prop} (narrow section of water between Sicily and mainland Italy) :: مضيق مسينة {m} /maḍiyq missīna/
Strait of Sicily {prop} (strait between Sicily and Tunisia) :: مضيق صقلية {m} /maḍiyq ṣiqilliyya/, مضيق الوطن القبلي {m} /maḍiyq al-waṭan al-qiblī/, مضيق قليبية {m} /maḍiyq qilībiya/
strange {adj} (not normal) :: غريب /ḡarīb/, عجيب /ʿajīb/
strange {adj} (not yet part of one’s experience) :: أجنبي /ʾajnabiyy/
strangeness {n} ((uncountable) quality of being strange) :: غرابة {f} /ḡarāba/
strange quark {n} (strange quark) :: كوارك غريب {m} /kuwark ḡarīb/
stranger {n} (person whom one does not know) :: غريب {m} /ḡarīb/
stranger {n} (outsider or foreigner, see also: foreigner) :: أجنبي {m} /ʾajnabiyy/
Strasbourg {prop} (city in France) :: ستراسبورغ {m} /strāsbūrḡ/
strategic {adj} (of or pertaining to strategy) :: إستراتيجي /ʾistirātījiyy/
strategical {adj} (strategic) SEE: strategic ::
Strategic Defense Initiative {prop} (Star Wars) SEE: Star Wars ::
strategy {n} (science and art of military command) :: إستراتيجية {f} /ʾistrātījiyya/
strategy {n} (plan of action) :: إستراتيجية {f} /ʾistrātījiyya/
strategy {n} (techniques in politics or business) :: إستراتيجية {f} /ʾistrātījiyya/
stratosphere {n} (region of the uppermost atmosphere) :: ستراتوسفير {m} /strātūsfīr/
Strauss {prop} (surname) :: شتراوس {m} {f} /štrāws/
straw {n} (dried stalks considered collectively) :: قش {m} /qašš/
straw {n} (drinking straw) SEE: drinking straw ::
strawberry {n} (fruit) :: فراولة {f} /farāwila/, فريز {m} /firīz/, توت الأرض {m} /tūt al-ʾarḍ/
strawberry {n} :: فراولة {f} /farāwla/ , شليك /šulīk/
stray {v} (to wander from a direct course) :: ضل /ḍalla/
strayed {adj} (having lost one's way) SEE: stray ::
stream {n} (small river) :: جدول {m} /jadwal/
street {n} (paved part of road in a village or a town) :: شارع {m} /šāriʿ/
streetcar {n} (tram) SEE: tram ::
streetlight {n} (lamps set along a street) :: مصباح الشارع {m} /miṣbāḥ aš-šāriʿ/
strength {n} (quality of being strong) :: قوة {f} /quwwa/
stress {n} (on a syllable) SEE: accent ::
stress {n} ((physics) internal force across a boundary per area ) :: إجهاد {m} /ʾijhād/
stressed {adj} (stressed-out) :: مرهق /murhaq/
stretch {v} (lengthen by pulling) :: تمدد /tamaddada/
stretcher {n} (simple litter designed to carry a sick, injured, or dead person) :: نقالة {f} /naqqāla/
strict {adj} (governed or governing by exact rules) :: صارم /ṣārim/
strict {adj} (severe in discipline) :: صارم /ṣārim/
strife {n} (violent conflict) :: فتنة {f} /fitna/
strike {v} (to hit) :: ضرب /ḍaraba/
strike {n} (work stoppage) :: إضراب {m} /ʾiḍrāb/
strike out {v} (to draw a line through a text) SEE: cross out ::
strike through {v} (to obliterate by drawing a line over) SEE: cross out ::
striking {adj} (of that which makes a strong impression) :: لافت للنظر {m}, لافتة للنظر {m-p} {f} {f-p}
string {n} (long, thin structure made from twisted threads) :: وتر {m} /watar/
string {n} (computing: sequence of characters) :: سلسلة {f} /silsila/
string {n} (string of a musical instrument) :: وتر {m} /watar/
string theory {n} (candidate unified theory of all physical forces and particles) :: نظرية الأوتار {f} /naẓariyya(t) al-ʾawtār/
striptease {n} (arousing act) :: رقص تعري {m} /raqṣ taʿariyy/, استربتيز {m} /istribtīz/
strive {v} (to try to achieve) :: كافح /kāfaḥa/, اجتهد /ijtahada/, ناضل /nāḍala/, حرص /ḥaraṣa/, جد /jadda/, جاهد /jāhada/
strive {v} (to struggle in opposition) :: ≈ against جاهد /jāhada/
stroke {n} (blow) :: ضربة {f} /ḍarba/
stroke {n} (line drawn with a writing implement) :: خط {m} /ḵaṭṭ/
stroke {n} (- slash) SEE: slash ::
stroke {n} (appetite) SEE: appetite ::
stroll {n} (wandering on foot) :: تجول {m} /tajawwul/, تنزه {m} /tanazzuh/
stroll {v} (wander on foot) :: تجول /tajawwala/, تنزه /tanazzaha/
stroller {n} (seat on wheels used to transport babies) :: عربة أطفال {f} /ʿarabatu ʾaṭfāl/
stromatolite {n} (rock-like structure built by microorganisms) :: ستروماتوليت {f} /strūmātūlīt/
strong {adj} (capable of producing great physical force) :: قوي /qawiyy/
strong {adj} (capable of withstanding great physical force) :: منيع /manīʿ/
strong {adj} (having a high concentration of an essential or active ingredient) :: حاد /ḥādd/
strong {adv} (in a strong manner) :: بقوة /biquwwa/
strongbox {n} (sturdy box with a lock) SEE: safe ::
stronghold {n} (place built to withstand attack) :: حصن /ḥiṣn/
strontium {n} (chemical element) :: استرونتيوم {m} /istirūntiyūm/
structure {n} (cohesive whole built up of distinct parts) :: هيكل {m} /haykal/
structure {n} :: مبنى/شكل (mabna / shakel)
struggle {n} (strife, effort) :: كفاح /kifāḥ/, نضال {m} /niḍāl/, جهاد {m} /jihād/
struggle {v} (to strive, to labour in difficulty, to fight) :: كافح, جاهد /jāhada/, ناضل /nāḍala/
stub {n} ((wikis) page providing minimal information) :: بذرة {f}
stubble {n} (short, coarse hair) :: شعيرات اللحية {f-p} /šuʿayrāt al-liḥya/
stubble {n} (short stalks left in a field after harvest) :: قش {m} /qašš/
stubborn {adj} (refusing to move or change one's opinion) :: عنيد /ʿanīd/
student {n} (person who studies a subject) :: طالب {m} /ṭālib/, طالبة {f} /ṭāliba/, تلميذ {m} /tilmīḏ/, تلميذة {f} /tilmīḏa/
student {n} (person enrolled at a school, university or other education institution) :: طالب {m} /ṭālib/, طالبة {f} /ṭāliba/, تلميذ {m} /tilmīḏ/, تلميذة {f} /tilmīḏa/
student {n} (person enrolled at a university) :: طالب {m} /ṭālib/, طالبة {f} /ṭāliba/
student {n} (schoolchild, pupil, person attending school) SEE: schoolchild ::
studio {n} (artist’s or photographer’s workshop) :: ستوديو {m} /stūdiyū/
study {v} (to take a course) :: درس /darasa/
study {v} (to acquire knowledge) :: درس /darasa/, تعلم /taʿallama/
study {v} :: درس /darasa/
study {n} (mental effort to acquire knowledge) :: تعلم {m} /taʿallum/, دراسة {f} /dirāsa/
study {n} (act of studying or examining) SEE: examination ::
stuff {n} :: شيء
stumble upon {v} (to come across by accident; to discover by accident) :: عثر /ʿaṯara/
stupa {n} (Buddhist monument) :: ستوبا {m} /stūbā/
stupid {adj} (lacking in intelligence) :: غبي /ḡabiyy/
stupidity {n} (property of being stupid) :: غباء {m} /ḡabāʾ/, غباوة {f} /ḡabāwa/
sturgeon {n} (fish of family Acipenseridae) :: حفش {m} /ḥafš/
stutter {v} (to speak with spasmodic repetition) SEE: stammer ::
Stuttgart {prop} (a city in Germany) :: شتوتغارت {m} /štutḡart/
St. Vitus' dance {n} (Sydenham's chorea) :: داء الرقص {m} /dāʾ ar-raqṣ/
sty {n} (ladder) SEE: ladder ::
sty {v} (to rise up) SEE: ascend ::
style {n} (gnomon or pin of a sundial) SEE: gnomon ::
style {n} (manner of creating, doing, or presenting something, especially a work of architecture or art) :: أسلوب {m} /ʾuslūb/
stylist {n} (hairdresser) SEE: hairdresser ::
stylist {n} (designer) SEE: designer ::
Subaru {prop} (automobile manufacturer) :: سوبارو {m} /subārū/
subcontinent {n} (large landmass) :: شبه قارة {f}
subject {n} (in grammar) :: فاعل {m} /fāʿil/, مبتدأ {m} /mubtadaʾ/
subject {n} (main topic) :: موضوع {m} /mawḍūʿ/
subject {n} (particular area of study) :: دورة /dawra/, مادة {f} /mādda/
subject {n} (citizen in a monarchy) :: رعية /raʿiyya/
subjunctive {n} (subjunctive mood) SEE: subjunctive mood ::
subjunctive mode {n} (subjunctive mood) SEE: subjunctive mood ::
subjunctive mood {n} (subjunctive mood) :: حالة النصب {f} /ḥālatu n-naṣbi/
submarine {n} (undersea boat) :: غواصة {f} /ḡawwāṣa/
submissive {adj} (meekly obedient or passive) :: خاضع /ḵāḍiʿ/
submit {v} :: قدم /qaddama/
subscribe {v} (to sign up to receive a publication) :: اشترك /ištaraka/
Subscriber Identity Module {n} (component on a SIM card that stores information to identify a mobile phone user) :: وحدة تعريف المشترك {f}
subsequent {adj} :: لاحق (lāħaq)
subsidy {n} (financial support) :: إعانة مالية {f} /ʾiʿāna(t) māliyya/
subsistent {adj} (inherent) SEE: inherent ::
subspecies {n} (rank in the classification of organisms) :: نويع /nuwayʿ/
substance {n} :: مادة {f} /mádda/
substance {n} (theology: hypostasis) SEE: hypostasis ::
substantial {adj} (not imaginary; real; veritable) :: حقيقي /ḥaqīqiyy/
substantial {adj} :: حقيقي (ħaqíeqi)
substantive {n} (noun) SEE: noun ::
substitute {v} (to use in place of something else) :: استبدل /istabdala/
substitute {v} (to substitute) SEE: replace ::
substitution {n} (substitute) SEE: substitute ::
subtitle {n} (heading below a title) :: عنوان فرعي {m} /ʿunwān farʿiyy/ (plural: عناوين فرعية {m-p} /ʿanāwīn farʿiyya/)
subtitle {n} (textual versions of the dialog in films) :: ترجمة {f} /tarjama/
subtraction {n} (process) :: طرح {m} /ṭarḥ/
suburb {n} (area on the periphery of a city or large town) :: ضاحية {f} /ḍāḥiya/
suburb {n} (Australian, New Zealand English: any subdivision of a conurbation) :: حي {m} /ḥayy/
subvention {n} (subsidy) SEE: subsidy ::
subway {n} (underground railway) :: مترو {m} /mitrū/, مترو {m} /metro/
succeed {v} (To obtain the object desired; to accomplish what is attempted or intended; to have a prosperous issue or termination; to be successful) :: نجح /najaḥa/
success {n} (achievement of one's aim or goal) :: نجاح {m} /najāḥ/
successful {adj} (resulting in success) :: ناجح /nājiḥ/, فائز /fāʾiz/, موفق /muwaffaq/
successfully {adv} (in a successful manner) :: بنجاح /binajāḥin/
successive {adj} (in a series) :: متتابع /mutatābiʿ/, متتال /mutatālin/, متوال /mutawālin/
such {determiner} (used to make a comparison with something implied by context) :: مثل /miṯl/, هكذا /hakaḏā/
such-and-such {n} (generic placeholder) :: كذا وكذا /kaḏā wa-kaḏā/, كذا /kaḏā/
such as {prep} (for example) SEE: for example ::
such as {prep} (like) :: هكذا /hakaḏā/
such is life {phrase} (used to express the acceptance of misfortune) :: هذه هي الحياة /hāḏihi hiya l-ḥayāh/
suck {n} (instance of drawing something into one's mouth by inhaling) :: مصة {f} /maṣṣa/
suck {v} (to use the mouth to pull in (liquid etc)) :: مص /maṣṣa/
suck {n} (sycophant) SEE: sycophant ::
sucker {n} (someone or something that sucks) :: ماص /māṣṣ/
sucker {n} (one who is easily fooled) :: مغفل {m} /muḡaffal/
suckling pig {n} :: خنزير الرضاعة {m} /ḵinzīr alradaea/
sucrose {n} (a disaccharide) :: سكروز /sakruz/
Sudan {prop} (Republic of Sudan) :: السودان {m} /as-sūdān/
Sudanese {adj} (Of, from, or pertaining to the country of Sudan, the Sudanese people or the Sudanese language) :: سوداني /sūdāniyy/
Sudanese {n} (person from Sudan or of Sudanese descent) :: سوداني {m} /sūdāniyy/, سودانية {f} /sūdāniyya/
Sudanese Arabic {prop} (Sudanese Arabic) :: لهجة سودانية /lahja(t) sūdāniyya/
sudden {n} (surprise) SEE: surprise ::
sudden death {n} (instantaneous death) :: موت الفجأة /mawt al-fajʾah/
suddenly {adv} (happening quickly and with little or no warning) :: فجأة /fajʾatan/
Sudetenland {prop} (region in Czechia) :: السوديت {?} /as-sudet/
sudoku {n} (a puzzle using numbers) :: سودوكو {m} /sūdūkū/
Suez {prop} (Suez, Egypt) :: السويس {m} /as-suways/
Suez Canal {prop} (canal) :: قناة السويس {f} /qanāt as-suways/
suffer {v} (undergo hardship) :: تألم /taʾallama/, عانى /ʿānā/
suffer {v} (endure, undergo) :: عانى /ʿānā/
suffer {v} (to suffer) SEE: endure ::
suffering {n} (condition) :: معاناة {f} /muʿānāh/
suffice {v} (be enough, sufficient, adequate) :: كفى /kafā/
sufficient {adj} (adequate to wants) :: [indefinite] كاف /kāfin/, [definite] الكافي /al-kāfī/
suffix {n} (morpheme added at the end of a word to modify the word's meaning) :: لاحقة {f} /lāḥiqa/
Sufi {n} (a Sufi muslim) :: صوفي /ṣūfiyy/
sugar {n} (sucrose from sugar cane or sugar beet and used to sweeten food and drink) :: سكر {m} /sukkar/
sugar {n} :: سكر {m} /sukkar/
sugar apple {n} (sweetsop) :: قشطة صدفية /qišṭa(t) ṣadafiyya/
sugar beet {n} (type of beet) :: شمندر السكر {m} /šamandar as-sukkar/
sugar bowl {n} (small receptacle for serving sugar on a table) :: سكرية
sugar cane {n} (species of grass whose sap is a source of sugar) :: قصب السكر {m} /qaṣab as-sukkar/
Sugarloaf Mountain {prop} (rocky peak in Rio de Janeiro) :: بائو دي أكوكار {m} /bāʾū dī ʾakūkār/
suggest {v} (to ask for without demanding) :: اقترح /iqtaraḥa/
suggest {v} (to recommend) :: اقترح /iqtaraḥa/
suggestion {n} (something suggested) :: اقتراح {m} /iqtirāḥ/, مقترح {m} /muqtaraḥ/
suicidal {adj} (pertaining to suicide) :: انتحاري /intiḥāriyy/
suicide {n} (instance of killing oneself) :: انتحار {m} /intiḥār/
suicide {v} (to kill oneself intentionally) SEE: commit suicide ::
suicide bomber {n} (one who carries explosives) :: مهاجم انتحاري {m} /muhājim intiḥāriyy/, زارع الألغام {m} /zāriʿ al-ʾalḡām/
suicide bombing {n} (attack) :: عملية تفجيرية إنتحارية /ʿamaliyya(t) tafjīriyya(t) ʾintiḥāriyya/, عملية تفجيرية /ʿamaliyya(t) tafjīriyya/
Suifenhe {prop} (city in China) :: سويفنخه {m} /suyfinḵih/
suit {n} (set of clothes) :: بذلة {f} /baḏla/, بدلة {f} /badla/
suit {n} (card games: set of cards distinguished by color and emblems) :: رمز {m} /ramz/
suit {v} (to be appropriate or apt for) :: ناسب /nāsaba/
suit {n} (attempt to gain an end by legal process) SEE: lawsuit ::
suitcase {n} (large piece of luggage) :: حقيبة السفر {f} /ḥaqībatu s-safar/, شنطة {f} /šanṭa/
sujuk {n} (type of sausage) :: سجق {m} /sujuq/
Sukhumi {prop} (capital city) :: سخومي {m} /suḵūmī/
sukiyaki {n} (a Japanese dish) :: سوكيياكي {m} /sukiyākī/
Sukkot {prop} (Jewish festival) :: العرش /al-ʿarš/
sukun {n} (Diacritic used to mark the absence of a vowel) :: سكون {m} /sukūn/
Sulawesi {prop} (island) :: سولاوسي {m} /sulawasī/
sulcus {n} (anatomy: groove on the surface of the brain) :: ثلم {m} /ṯalm/
sulfur {n} (element) :: كبريت {m} /kibrīt/
sulfur mustard {n} (mustard gas) SEE: mustard gas ::
sultan {n} (office) :: سلطان {m} /sulṭān/
sultan {n} (ruler) :: سلطان {m} /sulṭān/
sultanate {n} (state ruled by a sultan) :: سلطنة /salṭana/
Sultanate of Oman {prop} (official name of Oman) :: سلطنة عمان /salṭanat ʿumān/
sultry {adj} (very hot and dry) :: خمسيني {m} /ḵamsīniyy/, خمسينية {f} /ḵamsīniyya/
sum {n} (quantity obtained by addition or aggregation) :: مجموع {m} /majmūʿ/
sum {n} (quantity of money) :: مبلغ {m} /mablaḡ/
sum {v} (give a summary of) SEE: summarize ::
sum {n} (summary) SEE: summary ::
sum {n} (summit) SEE: summit ::
sumac {n} (shrub or small tree of the genus Rhus, etc.) :: سماق /summāq/
sumac {n} (sour spice) :: سماق /summāq/
Sumatra {prop} (the largest island of Indonesia) :: سومطرة {f} /sūmaṭra/
Sumerian {n} (person) :: السومري /as-sumriyy/
summarisation {n} (the act of summarizing) :: تلخيص /talḵīṣ/
summarise {v} (summarize) SEE: summarize ::
summarize {v} (to prepare a summary) :: لخص /laḵḵaṣa/, اختصر /iḵtaṣara/
summary {n} (condensed presentation) :: خلاصة {f} /ḵulāṣa/, ملخص {m} /mulaḵḵaṣ/
summer {n} (hottest season) :: صيف {m} /ṣayf/
summer camp {n} (institution devoted to housing and entertaining children) :: مخيم صيفي {m} /muḵayyim ṣayfiyy/
summit {n} (peak, top of mountain) :: قمة {f} /qimma/
summit {n} (gathering of leaders) :: إجتماع قمة {m} /ʾijtimāʿ qimma/
summon {v} :: دعى /daʿā/
sumo {n} (form of wrestling) :: سومو {m} /sūmū/
sum up {v} (sum up) SEE: summarize ::
sun {prop} (the star around which the Earth revolves, see also: Sun) :: شمس {f} /šams/
sun {n} (a star, especially when seen as the centre of any single solar system) :: شمس {f} /šams/
sun {n} :: شمس {f} /šams/
Sun {prop} (star) :: الشمس {f} /aš-šams/ [definite], شمس {f} /šams/
Sun {prop} (91st sura of the Qur'an) :: سورة الشمس
Sun {prop} (newspaper) :: ذا صن {f} /ḏā ṣan/
sunbath {n} (period of tanning) :: حمام شمس {m} /ḥammām šams/, حمام شمسي {m} /ḥammām šamsiyy/
sunburn {n} (burn) :: سفعة الشمس {f} /safʿat aš-šams/
Sunday {n} (day of the week) :: الأحد {m} /al-ʾaḥad/, يوم الأحد {m} /yawm al-ʾaḥad/
sundial {n} (device noting the time of day by the position of a shadow) :: مزولة /mizwala/
sundown {n} (sunset) SEE: sunset ::
sunflower {n} (flower) :: زهرة الشمس {f} /zahrat aš-šams/, دوار الشمس {m} /dawwār aš-šams/
sunglasses {n} (tinted glasses worn to protect the eyes from the sun) :: نظارات شمسية {f-p} /naẓẓārāt šamsiyya/
sun letter {n} (sun letter) :: حرف شمسي {m} /ḥarf šamsiyy/ (plural: حروف شمسية {m-p} /ḥurūf šamsiyya/)
sunnah {n} (custom, system, way of life) :: سنة {f} /sunna/
Sunni {n} (follower of the Sunni branch of Islam) :: سني {m} /sunniyy/
Sunni {n} (Sunni Islam, a branch of Islam) :: سنة {f} /sunna/
Sunnite {n} (Sunni) SEE: Sunni ::
sunny {adj} (weather, day) :: مشمس /mušmis/
sunrise {n} (time of day) :: شروق /šurūq/, شروق الشمس /šurūq aš-šams/
sunset {n} (time of day) :: مغرب {m} /maḡrib/, غروب {m} /ḡurūb/
sunset {n} (changes in color of sky at sunset) :: غروب الشمس {m} /ḡurūb aš-šams/, غروب الشمس {m} /ḡurūb aš-šams/
sunshade {n} (something to keep the sun off) :: مظلة {f} /maẓalla/
sunstroke {n} (heatstroke caused by an excessive exposure to the sun's rays) :: ضربة شمس {f} /ḍarbat šams/
sunup {n} (time of day) SEE: sunrise ::
sunup {n} (change in color of sky) SEE: sunrise ::
sun worshipper {n} (worshipper of the Sun) :: عابد شمس {m} /ʿābidu šamsin/; عابد للشمس {m} /ʿābidun li-š-šamsi/
supercilium {n} (arch of hair) SEE: eyebrow ::
superego {n} (part of the mind) :: الأنا العليا {f} /al-ʾanā l-ʿulyā/, الأنا الأعلى {m} /al-ʾanā l-ʾaʿlā/
superficial {adj} (shallow, lacking substance) :: سطحي /saṭḥiyy/
superficiality {n} (property of being superficial) :: سطحية {m} /saṭḥiyya/
superior {adj} (higher in rank or quality) :: أجدر /ʾajdar/
superior {adj} (located above) :: يعلو
superlative {n} (form of adjective expressing "most") :: درجة فائقة {f} /daraja fāʾiqa/
superlative degree {n} ((grammar)) :: درجة فائقة {f} /daraja fāʾiqa/
Superman {prop} (a fictional character with superhuman powers) :: سوبرمان {m} /sūbarmān/
supermarket {n} (store) :: سوبرماركت {m} /subarmārkit/, سوبر ماركت {m} /subar mārkit/
supernatural {adj} (above nature) :: خارق /ḵāriq/
superpower {n} (sovereign state) :: قوى عظمى {f} /quwā ʿuẓmā/
superstition {n} (a belief that events may be influenced by one's behaviour in some magical or mystical way) :: خرافة {f} /ḵurāfa/
superstitious {adj} (susceptible to superstitions) :: خرافي /ḵurāfiyy/
supper {n} (food before going to bed) :: عشاء {f} /ʿašāʾ/
supper {n} (dinner at night) :: عشاء {f} /ʿašāʾ/
supplant {v} :: يحل محل
supplement {n} (extension to a document or publication) :: ملحق
supplementary {adj} (additional) :: إضافي /ʾiḍāfiyy/
supply {v} :: زود (záwwada)
supply and demand {n} (economic model of pricing) :: العرض والطلب {m} /al-ʿarḍ wa-l-ṭalab/
support {v} (to keep from falling) :: دعم /daʿama/, دعم /daʿʿama/
support {v} (to back a cause, party, etc., mentally or with concrete aid) :: أيد /ʾayyada/, دعم /daʿama/
support {n} (financial or other help) :: تأييد {m} /taʾyīd/, دعم {m} /daʿm/
support {n} :: تأييد {m} /taʾyīd/
suppose {v} (conclude; believe) :: افترض /iftaraḍa/
suppose {v} (theorize; hypothesize) :: افترض /iftaraḍa/
supposition {n} (assumption) :: افتراض {m} /iftirāḍ/, فرضية {f} /farḍiyya/
suppository {n} (medicine in the form of a small plug that is inserted into a bodily cavity) :: لبوس {m} /libūs/
suppress {v} (to hold in place, to keep low) :: قمع /qamaʿa/
suppurate {v} (form or discharge pus) :: تقيح /taqayyaḥa/
Supreme Leader {n} (head of state of Iran) :: قائد الثورة الإسلامية {m} /qāʾid aṯ-ṯawra l-ʾislāmiyya/
sura {n} (chapter of the Qur'an) :: سورة {f} /sūra/
Surabaya {prop} (city in Indonesia) :: سورابايا {f} /sūrābāyā/
sure {adj} (certain, reliable) :: أكيد /ʾakīd/
sure {adj} (certain in one's knowledge or belief) :: متأكد /mutaʾakkid/
sure {interj} (of course) :: طبعا /ṭabʿan/, أكيد /ʾakīd/
surely {adv} (certainly, undoubtedly) :: بالتأكيد /bi-t-taʾkīd/
surely {adv} :: بالتأكيد /bi-t-taʾkīd/
surety {n} (certainty) SEE: certainty ::
suretyship {n} (agreement) :: ضمان {m} /ḍamān/
surface {n} (up-side of a flat object) :: سطح {m} /saṭḥ/
surfactant {n} (surface active agent) :: عامل سطحي /ʿāmil saṭḥiyy/
surfing {n} (sport) :: ركوب أمواج {m} /rakūb ʾamwāj/
surf riding {n} (surfing) SEE: surfing ::
surgeon {n} (doctor who performs surgery) :: جراح {m} /jarrāḥ/
surgery {n} (procedure involving major incisions) :: عملية جراحية {f} /ʿamaliyya jirāḥiyya/, جراحة {f} /jirāḥa/
surgery {n} (medical specialty) :: جراحة {f} /jirāḥa/
Suriname {prop} (country) :: سورينام {f} /sūrīnām/
surmount {v} (to get over; to overcome) :: هزم /hazama/, تغلب /taḡallaba/, قهر /qahar/
surname {n} (name that indicates family) :: لقب {m} /laqab/, كنية {f} /kunya/, اسم العائلة {m} /ism al-ʿāʾila/
surpass {v} (to exceed) :: فاق /fāqa/
surprise {n} (something not expected) :: مفاجأة {f} /mufājaʾa/, دهشة {f} /dahša/
surprise {n} (feeling that something unexpected has happened) :: دهشة {f} /dahša/
surprise {v} (cause (someone) to feel surprise) :: باغت /bāḡata/, فاجأ /fājaʾa/ (present: يفاجئ (yufājiʿ)), دهش /dahiša/
surprised {adj} (caused to feel surprise) :: مندهش /mundahiš/
surrender {v} (intransitive or reflexive: to give oneself up into the power of another) :: استسلم /istaslama/
surrender {n} (an act of surrendering) :: استسلام {m} /istaslām/
surrogate mother {n} (woman who gives birth to a child not her own) :: أم بديلة {f} /ʾumm badīla/
surround {v} (to encircle something or simultaneously extend in all directions) :: طوق /ṭawwaqa/, لف /laffa/, أحاط /ʾaḥāṭa/
Susan {prop} (female given name) :: سوزان {f} /swzān/
Susanna {prop} (female given name) SEE: Susan ::
Susanoo {prop} (Japanese storm god) :: سوسانو {m} /sūsānū/
susceptible {adj} (likely to be affected by) :: عرضه
sushi {n} (Japanese dish) :: سوشي {m} /sūšī/
suspect {v} (believe to be guilty) :: ...اشتبه ب /...ištabaha bi/
suspect {n} (person suspected of something) :: مشبوه {m} /mašbūh/, مشبوهة {f} /mašbūha/
suspicion {n} (act of suspecting something or someone, especially of something wrong) :: اتهام {m} /ittihām/, شك {m} /šakk/
suspicion {n} (condition of being suspected) :: اتهام {m} /ittihām/
suspicion {n} :: اشتباه /ištibāh/
sustain {v} (to maintain something) :: أبقى /ʾabqā/
sustain {v} (to provide for or nourish something) :: عال /ʿāla/, [imperfect] يعول /yaʿūlu/
Sutekh {prop} (Egyptian God) SEE: Set ::
Suva {prop} (capital of Fiji) :: سوفا {f} /sūfā/
Suzhou {prop} (Chinese city in Jiangsu) :: سوجو {m} /sūjū/
Suzuki {prop} (a Japanese surname) :: سوزوكي /suzūkī/
Svalbard {prop} (islands north east of Greenland) :: سفالبارد {m} /sfalbard/
svelte {adj} :: هيفاء,رشيق, ممشوق القامة
Swahili {n} (language) :: السواحلية {f} /as-sawāḥiliyya/
swallow {v} (to cause to pass from the mouth into the stomach) :: جرع /jaraʿa/, بلع /balaʿa/
swallow {n} (bird) :: سنونو {m} /sunūnū/
swamp {n} (type of wetland) :: مستنقع {m} /mustanqaʿ/
swan {n} (waterfowl of the genus Cygnus) :: تم {m} /tamm/, إوز عراقي {m} /ʾiwazz ʿirāqiyy/
swarf {n} :: رايش
swarthy {adj} (dark) SEE: dark ::
swarthy {adj} (dark-skinned) SEE: dark-skinned ::
swastika {n} (a cross with arms of equal length all bent halfway along at a 90° angle) :: صليب معقوف {m} /ṣalīb maʿqūf/
swath {n} (The track cut out by a scythe in mowing) :: ممر {m} /mamarr/
swathe {n} (swath) SEE: swath ::
Swaziland {prop} (Kingdom of Swaziland, see also: eSwatini) :: سوازيلاند /suwazilanda/
swear {v} (to take an oath) :: حلف /ḥalafa/
swear {v} (to curse, to use offensive language) :: شتم /šatama/, سب /sabba/
swear word {n} (impolite or offensive taboo word) :: بذاءة {f} /baḏāʾa/
sweat {n} (fluid that exits the body through pores) :: عرق {m} /ʿaraq/
sweat {v} (to emit sweat) :: عرق /ʿariqa/
sweater {n} (similar garment worn for warmth) :: سويتر {m} /swītar/
sweating {n} (bodily process) :: عرق /ʿaraq/
swede {n} (turnip) SEE: turnip ::
Swede {n} (person from Sweden or of Swedish descent) :: سويدي /suwīdiyy/
Sweden {prop} (Scandinavian country) :: السويد {f} /as-suwayd/
Swedish {n} (language) :: السويدية {f} /as-suwīdiyya/, سويدي {m} /suwīdiyy/, اللغة السويدية {f} /al-luḡa s-suwīdiyya/
Swedish {adj} (of or pertaining to Sweden) :: سويدي /suwīdiyy/
Swedish {adj} (of or pertaining to the Swedish language) :: سويدي /suwaydiyy/
sweep {v} (to clean using a broom or brush) :: مسح /masaḥa/
sweet {adj} (having a pleasant taste) :: حلو {m} /ḥulw/
sweet {adj} :: حلو /ḥulw/
sweet {n} (food eaten for dessert) SEE: dessert ::
sweet {n} (sweetheart) SEE: sweetheart ::
sweet clover {n} (Melilotus) :: حندقوق {m} /ḥandaqūq/
sweet dreams {phrase} (sweet dreams) :: ليلة سعيدة وأحلام لذيذة /layla saʿīda wa-ʾaḥlām laḏīḏa/
sweetener {n} (food additive) :: محلي {m} /muḥalliyy/
sweet flag {n} (Acorus calamus) :: وج {m} /wajj/, ذريرة {f} /ḏarīra/
sweetheart {n} (darling) SEE: darling ::
sweetheart {n} (a person very much liked or loved by someone) :: حبيب {m} /ḥabīb/, حبيبة {f} /ḥabība/
sweet pepper {n} (fruit) :: فلفل حلو {m} /filfil ḥulw/
sweet potato {n} (yam) SEE: yam ::
sweet potato {n} (ocarina) SEE: ocarina ::
sweet potato {n} (tuber) :: بطاطا حلوة {f} /baṭāṭā ḥulwa/, بطاطا {f} /baṭāṭā/, بطاطة {f} /baṭāṭa/
sweets {n} (confectionery, candy) :: حلويات {f-p} /ḥalwayāt/
sweetshop {n} (shop selling predominantly confectionery) :: صناعة الحلويات {f} /ṣanāʿatu l-ḥalwayāt/
sweetsop {n} (sugar apple) SEE: sugar apple ::
sweetwater {n} (fresh water) SEE: fresh water ::
swell {v} (intransitive: to become bigger, especially due to being engorged) :: انتفخ /intafaḵa/
swim {v} (move through water) :: سبح /sabaḥa/
swim {n} (act or instance of swimming) :: سبحة {f} /sabḥa/, سباحة {f} /sibāḥa/
swimmer {n} (one who swims) :: سباح {m} /sabbāḥ/
swimming {n} (human activity of moving oneself through water) :: سباحة {f} /sibāḥa/
swimming costume {n} (garment for swimming) SEE: swimsuit ::
swimming pool {n} (pool for swimming) :: حمام سباحة {m} /ḥammām sibāḥa/, مسبح {m} /masbaḥ/
swimming trunks {n} (a pair of shorts or briefs worn for swimming or bathing) :: مايوه رجالي {m} /māyūh rijāly/
swimmist {n} (swimmer) SEE: swimmer ::
swimsuit {n} :: لباس سباحة {m} /libās sibāḥa/
swimwear {n} (clothing for swimming) SEE: swimsuit ::
swindle {v} (to defraud someone) :: غش /ḡašša/, جدع /jadaʿa/
swindle {v} (to obtain money or property by fraudulent or deceitful methods) :: غش /ḡašša/, جدع /jadaʿa/
swine {n} (pig) SEE: pig ::
swine flu {n} (influenza caused by orthomyxoviruses) :: إنفلونزا خنازير {f} /ʾinfluwanzā ḵanāzīr/
swine influenza {n} (swine flu) SEE: swine flu ::
swing {v} (to rotate about an off-centre fixed point) :: تأرجح /taʾarjaḥa/
swirl {n} (whirling eddy) :: دوامة {f} /duwwāma/
Swiss Army knife {n} (type of pocket knife) :: سكين سويسري {m} /sikkīn swīsiriyy/
Swiss Confederation {prop} (Official name of Switzerland) :: الاتحاد السويسري {m} /al-ittiḥād as-suwaysriyy/
Swiss franc {n} (currency of Switzerland) :: فرنك سويسري {m} /frank swīsiriyy/
switch {n} (device to turn electric current on and off) :: مقلاد {m} /miqlād/
Switzerland {prop} (sovereign country) :: سويسرا {f} /swīsrā/, سويسرا {f} /suwīsrā/
swole {adj} (upset) SEE: upset ::
sword {n} (weapon) :: سيف {m} /sayf/
swordfish {n} (Xiphias gladius) :: سمكة سيف {f} /samaka(t) sayf/
swordman {n} (swordsman) SEE: swordsman ::
swordsman {n} (a person skilled at using swords) :: سياف {m} /sayyāf/
swordsman {n} (a person who fights with a sword) :: سياف {m} /sayyāf/
sycamore {n} (Platanus) :: شجر جميز /shakhar jamīz/
sycophant {n} (one who uses compliments to gain self-serving favor or advantage from another person.) :: متملق ذليل {m} /mutamalliq ḏalīl/
Sydney {prop} (in Australia) :: سيدني {m} /sidnī/, سدني {m} /sidnī/
Sydney Opera House {prop} (performing arts centre) :: دار أوبرا سيدني {f} /dār ʾūbirā sidnī/
Syeda {n} (honorific title) :: سيدة {f} /sayyida/
syenite {n} (obsolete: granite) SEE: granite ::
Syktyvkar {prop} (city in Russia) :: سيكتيفكار {m} /siktifkār/
syllable {n} (unit of speech) :: مقطع لفظي {m} /maqṭaʿ lafẓiyy/, مقطع {m} /maqṭaʿ/
symbol {n} (character or glyph) :: رمز {m} /ramz/
symbol {n} (object meant to represent another) :: رمز {m} /ramz/, شارة {f} /šāra/, شعار {m} /šiʿār/
symmetric {adj} (symmetrical) SEE: symmetrical ::
symmetrical {adj} (exhibiting symmetry) :: متماثل /mutamāṯil/
symmetry {n} (correspondence on either side of a dividing line, plane, center or axis) :: تناظر {m} /tanāẓir/
sympathy {n} (feeling of pity or sorrow for the suffering or distress of another) :: تعاطف {m} /taʿāṭuf/, عطف {m} /ʿaṭf/, حنو {m} /ḥunū/
sympathy {n} :: تعاطف /taʕāṭafa/
symphony {n} (piece of orchestral music) :: سيمفونية {f} /sīmfūniyya/
symphony orchestra {n} (large orchestra that traditionally plays Western classical orchestral music) :: أوركسترا سمفوني {f} /ʾūrkistrā ssimfūnī/
symptom {n} (figuratively: indicator of something) :: عرض {m} /ʿaraḍ/
symptomatology {n} :: علم الأعراض {m} /ʿilm al-ʾaʿrāḍ/
synagogue {n} (Jewish place of worship) :: كنيس {m} /kanīs/, بيعة {f} /bīʿa/
synapse {n} (junction between neurons) :: مشبك {m}
syndrome {n} (recognizable pattern of symptoms or behaviours) :: متلازمة {f} /mutalāzima/, أعراض {m} /ʾaʿrāḍ/, سندرم {m} /sindurum/
synergy {n} (medicine: combined action) :: تعاضد {m} /taʿāḍud/
synergy {n} (benefits from combining different groups, people, objects or processes) :: تعاضد {m} /taʿāḍud/
synod {n} (ecclesiastic council or meeting) :: سينودوس {m} /siyanūdūs/
synonym {n} (word with same meaning as another) :: مرادف {m} /murādif/, مرادفات {p} /murādifāt/
syntactic sugar {n} :: التجميل اللغوي {m} /at-tajmīl al-luḡawiyy/
syntax {n} (set of rules that govern how words are combined) :: بناء جملة {m} /bināʾ jumla/
syntaxis {n} (syntax) SEE: syntax ::
synthesis {n} (formation of something complex or coherent) :: تركيب {m} /tarkīb/
synthesis {n} (chemistry: reaction of elements or compounds) :: اصطناع {m} /iṣṭināʿ/, اصطناع كيميائي {m} /iṣṭināʿ kīmiyāʾiyy/
synthesizer {n} (music: an electronic keyboard instrument) :: سنثسيزر {m} /sinṯisayzar/
syphilis {n} (sexual disease caused by Treponema pallidum) :: زهري /zuhariyy/, مرض فرنجي /maraḍ firanjiyy/, الافرنجي /al-ifranjiyy/
Syracuse {prop} (province Sicily) :: سرقوسة {f} /sirqūsa/
Syracuse {prop} (city in New York state) :: سيراكيوز
Syria {prop} (country in the Middle East) :: سوريا {f} /sūriyā/, سورية {f} /sūriyya/
Syriac {prop} (language) :: السريانية /as-suryāniyya/
Syriac {n} (Syriac speaker) :: سرياني {m} /suryāniyy/, سريانية {f} /suryāniyya/, سريان {p} /suryān/
Syrian {n} (A person from Syria or of Syrian descent) :: سوري {m} /sūriyy/, سورية {f} /sūriyya/
Syrian {adj} (Of, from, or pertaining to Syria, the Syrian people or the Syrian language) :: سوري /sūriyy/
syringe {n} (hypodermic syringe) :: حقنة {f} /ḥuqna/, محقنة {f} /miḥqana/
sysadmin {n} (systems administrator) :: مدير أنظمة {m} /mudīr ʾanẓima/
system {n} (collection of organized things; whole composed of relationships among its members) :: نظام {m} /niẓām/, جهاز {m} /jihāz/ [anatomy]
systematic {adj} (carried out using a planned, ordered procedure) :: ممنهج /mumanhaj/
systematic {adj} (methodical, regular and orderly) :: ممنهج /mumanhaj/
Szczecin {prop} (city in Poland) :: شتتين {m} /štitīn/