Szerkesztő:Matthias Buchmeier/en-fa-r

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rabbi {n} (Jewish scholar or teacher) :: خاخام /xâxâm/, ربی /rabi/
rabbit {n} (mammal) :: خرگوش /xarguš/
raccoon {n} (nocturnal omnivore living in North America, Procyon lotor) :: راکون /râkon/
race {n} (a large group of people set apart from others on the basis of a common heritage) :: نژاد /nežâd/
race {n} (a large group of people set apart from others on the basis of common, physical characteristics) :: نژاد /nežâd/
racial {adj} (of or relating to a race (or a people)) :: نژادی /nežâdi/
racism {n} (racial prejudice or discrimination) :: نژادپرستی /nežâd-parasti/, راسیسم /râsism/
racist {adj} (relating to racism) :: نژادپرست /nežâdparast/
rack {n} (series of shelves) :: قفسه /qafase/
rack {n} (frame for hanging objects) :: رگال /regâl/
racoon {n} (raccoon) SEE: raccoon ::
racquet {n} (an implement with a handle used to hit a ball) :: راکت /râket/
rada {n} (soviet) SEE: soviet ::
radar {n} (method of detecting distant objects) :: رادار /râdâr/
radiant {adj} (radiating light and/or heat) :: تابناک /tâbnâk/
radiant {adj} (beaming with vivacity and happiness) :: درخشنده /deraxšande/, تابناک /tâbnâk/
radiate {v} (to come out or proceed in rays) :: فرتابیدن /fartâbidan/
radiation {n} (shooting forth of anything from a point or surface) :: تابش /tâbeš/
radical {adj} (favouring fundamental change) :: رادیکال /râdikâl/
radicalism {n} (social or political movements that aim at fundamental change in the structure of society) :: رادیکالیسم /râdikâlism/
radio {n} (technology) :: رادیو /râdiyo/
radio {n} (receiver) :: رادیو /râdiyo/
radio telescope {n} (astronomical device) :: رادیو تلسکوپ /râdio teleskop/
radish {n} (plant) :: ترب /torob/
radish {n} (edible root) :: ترب /torob/, تربچه /torobče/
radium {n} (chemical element) :: رادیوم /radiyom/
radius {n} (line segment) :: شعاع /šo'â'/
radix {n} (biology: root) SEE: root ::
radon {n} (chemical element) :: رادون /râdon/
raft {n} (flat, floating structure) :: کرجی /karaji/, کلک /kalak/, بلم /balam/
rag {n} (piece of cloth) :: لته /late/, رگو /rogu/
rag {n} (mean or tattered attire) :: ژنده /žende/
rag {n} (shabby, beggarly fellow) :: ژنده‌پوش /žende-puš/
rag doll {n} (a doll made from cloth and rags) :: عروسک پارچه‌ای
rage {n} (a violent anger) :: خشم /xašm/
ragged {adj} (rent or worn into tatters, or till the texture is broken) :: ژنده /žende/, مندرس /mondares/
rail {n} (means of transportation) SEE: railway ::
rail {n} (metal bar) :: ریل /reyl/
rail {n} (small bird in the family Rallidae) :: یلوه /yalve/
railroad {n} (permanent road consisting of fixed metal rails) SEE: railway ::
railroad {n} (transportation system) SEE: railway ::
railroad station {n} (place where trains stop for passengers) SEE: railway station ::
railway {n} (transport system using these rails) :: راه‌آهن /râh âhan/ (also: راه آهن)
railway station {n} (place where trains stop) :: ایستگاه راه آهن
rain {n} (condensed water from a cloud) :: باران /bârân/, بارون /bârun/ [colloquial]
rain {n} (any matter falling) :: باران /bârân/
rain {v} (of rain: to fall from the sky) :: باریدن /bâridan/, باران آمدن /bârân âmadan/
rain {v} (to fall in large quantities) :: باریدن /bâridan/
rainbow {n} (multicoloured arch in the sky) :: رنگین‌کمان /rangin-kamân/, قوس و قزح /qows o qazah/, آژفنداک /āžfandāk/, نیراژه /nirāže/, کمان رستم /kamān-e rostam/
raincoat {n} (waterproof coat) :: بارانی /bârâni/
raindrop {n} (droplet of rainwater) :: قطرۀ باربن /qatre-ye bârân/
rainy {adj} (abounding with rain) :: بارانی /bârâni/
Raipur {prop} (capital of Chhattisgarh) :: رای‌پور
raise {v} (to cause to rise) :: افراشتن /afrâštan/
raise {v} (to bring up, to grow) :: بالیدن /bâlidan/
raisin {n} (dried grape) :: کشمش /kešmeš/, مویز /maviz/
raison d'être {n} (Reason for existence) :: علت وجودی /'ellat-e vojudi/
Rajab {prop} (month) :: رجب
rajah {n} (Hindu prince) :: راجا /râjâ/, راجه /râje/
Rajasthan {prop} (a state in western India) :: راجستان /râjastân/
Rajasthani {prop} (Rajasthani language) :: راجستانی /râjastâni/
rake {n} (garden tool) :: شن‌کش /šenkeš/
rale {n} (abnormal sound made by lungs and heard with a stethoscope) SEE: rales ::
rales {n} (symptom) :: کراکل /kerakel/
rally {n} (demonstration) :: تظاهرات /tazâhorât/, راهپیمایی /râhpeymâyi/
ram {n} (male sheep) :: قوچ /quč/, تکل /tekel/, راک /râk/
ram {n} (battering ram) SEE: battering ram ::
Ramadan {prop} (holy ninth month of Islamic lunar calendar) :: رمضان /ramazân, ramzân/
Raman spectroscopy {n} (form of spectroscopy) :: طیف‌بینی رامان /teyf-bini-ye râmân/
ramble {n} (stroll) SEE: stroll ::
ramen {n} (soup noodles of wheat, with various ingredients (Japanese style)) :: رامن /râmen/
Ramesses {prop} (name of pharaohs) :: رامسس /râmses/
Ramin {prop} (Male given name) :: رامین /râmin/
Ramin {prop} (Surname) :: رامین /râmin/
Ramin {prop} (municipality in Germany (coordinates: 53°24′N 14°17′E)) :: رامین /râmin/
Ramin {prop} (Surname) :: رامین /râmin/
ramshackle {adj} (in disrepair or disorder) :: لکنتی /lakanti/
random {adj} (all outcomes being unpredictable) :: تصادفی /tasâdofi/
random {adj} (mathematics: of or relating to probability distribution) :: تصادفی /tasâdofi/
random {adj} (computing: pseudorandom) :: تصادفی /tasâdofi/
range {v} (to separate into parts) SEE: sift ::
ranger {n} (Park ranger) :: رنجر /renjer/
Rangoon {prop} (Yangon) SEE: Yangon ::
rank {n} (position based on a shared property) :: رده /rade/, رتبه /rotbe/
ransom {n} (money paid for the freeing of a hostage) :: فدیه /fedye/
rape {n} (act of forcing sexual activity) :: تجاوز جنسی /tajâvoz-e jensi/, تجاوز /tajâvoz/
rape {v} (force sexual intercourse) :: تجاوز کردن /tajâvoz kardan/
Raphael {prop} (given name) :: رافائل /râfâ'el/
rapid {n} (section of river) :: تنداب /tondâb/
raping {n} (rape) SEE: rape ::
rapist {n} (someone who rapes someone else) :: تجاوزگر /tajâvozgar/
raptor {n} (bird of prey) SEE: bird of prey ::
Rapunzel {prop} (the main character of that tale) :: راپانزل /râpânzel/, راپونزل /râpunzel/
rare {adj} (very uncommon) :: کمیاب /kamyâb/, نایاب /nâyâb/, شاذ /šâzz/
rascal {n} (cheeky person) :: قالتاق /qâltâq/
raspberry {n} (fruit) :: تمشک /tamešk/
raspberry {n} (noise imitative of a fart) :: تمشک
rat {n} (rodent) :: (mouse or rat) موش /muš/
ratatouille {n} (traditional French Provençal stewed vegetable dish) :: راتاتوی /râtâtuy/
ratchet {n} (ratchet wrench) :: آچار بوکس
rate {n} (speed) SEE: speed ::
rate {n} (relative speed of change or progress) :: نرخ /nerx/
rate {n} (set price or fee determined in relation to a particular scale or standard) :: نرخ /nerx/
rate {n} (wage calculated in relation to a unit of time) :: نرخ /nerx/
ratel {n} (Mellivora capensis) SEE: honey badger ::
rating {n} (position on a scale) :: درجه‌بندی
ravage {v} (to devastate or destroy something) :: منهدم کردن /monhadem kardan/
raven {n} (bird) :: زاغ /zâğ/, کلاغ /kalâğ/, غراب /ğorâb/
ravish {v} (rape) SEE: rape ::
raw {adj} (uncooked) :: خام /xâm/
Rawalpindi {prop} (city) :: راولپندی /râvâlpendi/
ray {n} (beam of light or radiation) :: شعاع /šo'â'/, پرتو /partow/, فروغ /forugh/
Ray {prop} (city in Iran) :: شهر ری /šahr-e-rey/, ری /rey/
razor {n} (shaving knife) :: استره /ostore/
reaction {n} (action in response to an event) :: واکنش /vâkoneš/, رآکسیون /reâksyon/
reactionary {adj} (opposed to change) :: ارتجاعی
reactor {n} (a device which uses atomic energy to produce heat) :: رآکتور /reâktor/
read {v} (look at and interpret letters or other information) :: خواندن /xândan/
read {v} (speak aloud words or other information that is written) :: خواندن /xândan/
read {v} (have the ability to read text or other information) :: خواندن /xândan/
reader {n} (person who reads a publication) :: خواننده /xânande/
reading {n} (process of interpreting written language) :: خواندن /xândan/, قرائت /qerâat/ [often in a religious context], مطالعه /motâle'e/
reading {n} (occasion in which material is read aloud) :: خوانی /-xâni/
ready {n} (cash) SEE: cash ::
ready {adj} (prepared for immediate action or use) :: آماده /âmâde/, تیار /tayyâr/, رو به راه /ru be râh/
ready, set, go {phrase} (on your mark, get set, go) SEE: on your mark, get set, go ::
ready, steady, go {phrase} (on your mark, get set, go) SEE: on your mark, get set, go ::
real {adj} (true, genuine, not merely nominal) :: حقیقی /haqiqi/
real {adj} (that has physical existence) :: واقعی /vâqe'i/
real {adv} (really) SEE: really ::
really {adv} (actually) :: واقعاً /vâqe'an/
really {adv} (informally, as an intensifier; very, very much) :: واقعاً /vâqe'an/
really {interj} (indicating surprise at, or requesting confirmation of, some new information) :: جداً؟ /jeddan/, واقعاً؟ /vâqe'an/
really {interj} (indicating displeasure at another person's behaviour) :: واقعاً که! /vâqe'an ke/
realpolitik {n} (pragmatic international government policy) :: سیاست واقعی /siyâsat vâqe'i/, واقع‌گرایانه /vâqe'-garâyâne/
reap {v} (to cut with a sickle) :: درو کردن /dero kardan/
reap hook {n} (sickle) SEE: sickle ::
reaping hook {n} (sickle) SEE: sickle ::
reason {n} (that which causes: a cause) :: دلیل /dalil/, سبب /sabab/
reason {n} ((the capacity of the human mind for) rational thinking) :: عقل /'aql/
reason {n} :: سبب /sabab/
reason {v} (to arrange and present the reasons for or against; to examine, debate, discuss) SEE: debate ::
reata {n} (lasso) SEE: lasso ::
Rebecca {prop} (female given name) :: ربه‌کا /rebekâ/
rebel {n} (person who resists an established authority) :: شورشی /šureši/
rebellion {n} (armed resistance) :: شورش /šureš/
rebuke {n} (harsh criticism) :: سرکوفت /sarkuft/, عتاب /etâb/
rebuke {v} (to criticise harshly; to reprove) :: سرکوفت زدن /sarkuft zadan/
rebut {v} (deny the truth of something) :: تکذیب کردن /takzib kardan/
recapture {v} (to capture something for a second time) :: بازپس گرفتن /bâz-pas gereftan/
receipt {n} (written acknowledgement) :: رسید /resid/
receive {v} (take what is offered, accept from another) :: دریافت کردن /daryâft kardan/, گرفتن /gereftan/
recency {n} (newness) SEE: newness ::
recent {adj} (having happened a short while ago) :: تازه /tāza/, اخیر /axir/
recently {adv} (in the recent past) :: اخیراً /axiran/, به تازگی /be tâzegi/
reception {n} (front desk) :: پذیرش /pazireš/
recess {n} (time of play) :: زنگ تفریح /zang-e tafrih/
recite {v} (to recite) SEE: say ::
recite {v} (to repeat aloud some passage, poem or other text) :: برخواندن /barxândan/
reclaim {v} (to recycle) SEE: recycle ::
recline {v} (to cause to lean back; to bend back) :: بر پشت دراز کشیدن
recognize {v} (to match in memory; to know from a previous encounter) :: شناختن /šenâxtan/
recognize {v} (to acknowledge the existence or legality of something) :: به رسمیت شناختن /be rasmiyyat šenâxtan/
recognize {v} (to realize or discover the nature of something) :: تشخیص دادن /tašxis dâdan/
recorder {n} (recording device) :: رکوردر /rekorder/
recount {v} (to tell, narrate) :: بازگفتن /bâzgoftan/
recreation {n} (activity that diverts, amuses or stimulates) :: تفریح /tafrih/
rectangle {n} (quadrilateral) :: مستطیل /mostatil/
rectify {v} (to heal) SEE: heal ::
rectitude {n} (straightness; state or quality of having a constant direction) :: درستکاری /dorostkari/
rectitude {n} (rightness of principle or practice) :: نیکوکاری /nikukari/
recursive {adj} (computing: of a function which can be computed in a finite amount of time) :: بازگشتی
recuse {v} (To refuse to act as a judge; to declare oneself disqualified to act) :: رفع صلاحیت کردن /raf'-e salâhiyat kardan/
recycle {v} (to break down and reuse component materials) :: بازیافت کردن /bâzyâft kardan/
recycling {n} (the practice of sorting and collecting waste materials for new use) :: بازیافت /bâzyâft/
red {adj} (having red as its colour) :: قرمز /ghermez/, سرخ /sorkh/, احمر /ahmar/
red {n} (colour) :: قرمز /ghermez/, سرخ /sorkh/, احمر /ahmar/
Red Army {prop} (name of the Soviet army) :: ارتش سرخ /arteš-e sorx/
red beet {n} (beetroot) SEE: beetroot ::
redbud {n} (Judas tree) SEE: Judas tree ::
Red Crescent {prop} (branch of the Red Cross) :: هلال احمر /helâl-e ahmar/
Red Cross {prop} (Red Cross) :: صلیب سرخ /salib-e sorx/
red dwarf {n} (small star) :: کوتوله سرخ, ستاره کوتوله سرخ
red hot {n} (hot dog) SEE: hot dog ::
redirect {n} (redirection) SEE: redirection ::
redirection {n} (setting a new direction) :: تغییرمسیر /tağyir-e-masir/
redirection {n} (automated process) :: تغییرمسیر /tağyir-e-masir/
red kite {n} (Milvus milvus) :: کورکور حنایی /kurkur hanai/
red lynx {n} (bobcat) SEE: bobcat ::
redolent {adj} (fragrant or aromatic) :: خوشبو /xošbu/
redoubt {v} (to dread) SEE: dread ::
red pepper {n} (red colored pepper) :: فلفل قرمز /felfel qermez/
redress {n} (The act of redressing) :: اصلاح /eslâh/
Red Sea {prop} (sea between Africa and Arabia) :: دریای سرخ /daryâ-ye sorx/
Red Square {prop} (Moscow square) :: میدان سرخ /meydân-e sorx/
red tape {n} (excessive bureaucracy) :: کاغذبازی /kâğaz-bâzi/
red tea {n} (black tea) SEE: black tea ::
reed {n} (grass-like plant) :: نی /ney/, روخ /rux/
reed {n} (hollow stem) :: کلک /kelk/
reed bed {n} (place where reeds grow) :: نیستان /neyestân/, نیزار /neyzâr/
reef {n} (rocks at or near surface of the water) :: آبسنگ /âbsang/
reefer {n} (marijuana) SEE: marijuana ::
re-engage {v} (to engage again) :: دوباره مجذوب شدن /dobaare majzoub shodan/, دوباره مشارکت کردن, دوباره درگیر شدن
reference {n} :: اشاره /ešâre/, شناس /šenâs/, منبع /manba/
referendum {n} (direct popular vote) :: همه‌پرسی /hame-porsi/, رفراندوم /refrândom/
refined {adj} (cultured, elegant) :: بافرهنگ /bâ-farhang/
refinery {n} (building used to produce refined products) :: پالایشگاه /pâlâyešgâh/
reflect {v} (to think seriously; to ponder or consider) :: سنجیدن /sanjidan/
reflection {n} (act of reflecting; the state of being reflected) :: بازتاب /bâztâb/, فرتور /fartur/, انعکاس /en'ekâs/, عکس /'aks/
reform {n} (amendment) :: رفرم /reform/, اصلاح /eslâh/, اصلاحات /eslâhât/
refrain {v} (to keep oneself from action) :: خودداری کردن /xoddâri kardan/
refrigerate {v} (freeze) SEE: freeze ::
refrigerator {n} (appliance) :: یخچال /yaxčâl/
refugee {n} (person seeking political asylum) :: پناهنده /panâhande/
regarding {prep} (concerning) :: دربارۀ /darbâre-ye/
regards {n} (greeting to pass to another person) :: ملاحظات
Regensburg {prop} (city in Germany) :: رگنسبورگ
regent {n} (one who rules in place of the monarch) :: نایب‌السلطنه
regicide {n} (one who kills a king) :: فارسی, قاتل پادشاه
regime {n} (mode of rule or management) :: رژیم /režim/
regime {n} (form of government) :: رژیم /režim/
regime change {n} (overthrow of a government) :: تغییر رژیم /tağyir-e režim/, رژیم چنج /režim čenj/
regiment {n} (army unit) :: هنگ /hang/
region {n} (any considerable and connected part of a space or surface) :: منطقه /mantaqe/
region {n} (an administrative subdivision) :: ولایت /velâyat/
registered mail {n} (type of mail) :: پست سفارشی /post-e sefâreši/
regret {v} (feel sorry about some past thing) :: افسوس خوردن /afsus xordan/, افسوسیدن /afsusidan/
regret {n} (instance of such an emotion) :: افسوس /afsus/
regretful {adj} (full of regret) :: پشیمان /pašimân/
regular {adj} (demonstrating consistent set of rules) :: باقاعده /bā qāʿede/
regular expression {n} (computing: a concise description of a pattern to be matched) :: عبارت باقاعده /'ebârat-e bâqâ'ede/
rehearse {v} (repeat what has already been said) :: تکرار کردن /tekrâr kardan/
Reichstag {prop} (the lower chamber of the federal parliament of Germany until 1945) :: رایشتاگ /rāyeštāg/
rein {n} (strap or rope) :: افسار /afsâr/, دوال /davâl/, پالهنگ /pâlhang/
reindeer {n} (Rangifer tarandus) :: گوزن شمالی /gavazn-e šomâli/
reinforce {v} (to strengthen by addition) :: تقویت کردن /taqviyat kardan/
reinforced concrete {n} (building material) :: بتن آرمه /beton-ārme/
reinforcement {n} (act or state of reinforcing or being reinforced) :: تقویت /taqviyat/
relate {v} (to tell in a descriptive manner) :: روایت کردن
relate {v} (to narrate) SEE: narrate ::
relation {n} (mathematics: set of ordered tuples, a Boolean function of two or more arguments) :: رابطه
relational {adj} (relative) SEE: relative ::
relative {adj} (conditional; depending on something else) :: نسبی /nesbi/
relative {n} (someone in the same family; someone connected by blood, marriage, or adoption) :: نزدیکان {p} /nazdikân/, فامیل /fâmil/, نزدیک /nazdik/
relay {n} (electrical actuator) :: رله /rele/
release {v} (to let go (of)) :: رها کردن /rahâ kardan/
relent {v} (become less severe, soften in temper) :: نرم شدن /narm šodan/
religion {n} (system of beliefs dealing with soul, deity and/or life after death) :: دین /din/, مذهب /mazhab/, کیش /kiš/, آیین /âyin/
religious {adj} (concerning religion) :: دینی /dini/
religious {adj} (committed to the practice of religion) :: دیندار /dindâr/, مذهبی /mazhabi/
reluctant {adj} (not wanting to take some action) :: بی‌میل /bi-meyl/
remain {v} (to stay behind while others withdraw) :: بازماندن /bâzmândan/, ماندن /mândan/
remain {v} (to continue unchanged) :: پایداشتن /pâydštan/, استوار بودن /ostovâr budan/
remedy {n} (something that corrects or counteracts) :: چاره /čâre/
remedy {n} (medicine, application, or treatment) :: درمان /darmân/
remedy {v} (To provide or serve as a remedy for) :: چاره کردن /čâre kardan/
remember {v} (to recall from one's memory) :: به یاد آوردن /be yâd âvardan/, یاد آمدن /yâd âmadan/, یاد کردن /yâd kardan/
remember {v} (to memorize) :: به یاد داشتن /be yâd dâštan/
remember {v} (to not forget to do something required) :: به یاد داشتن /be yâd dâštan/
remember {v} ((obsolete) to remind) SEE: remind ::
remind {v} (Cause one to experience a memory; bring to a person's notice) :: یادآوری کردن /yād-āvari kardan/
reminiscent {adj} (suggestive of an earlier event or times) :: یادآور /yâd-âvar/
reminiscent {adj} (tending to bring some memory etc. to mind) :: یادآور /yâd-âvar/
remix {n} (rearrangement of an older piece of music) :: رمیکس /remiks/
remote {adj} (at a distance) :: دور /dur/
remoteness {n} (quality of being remote) :: دوری /duri/
Remus {prop} (the founder of Rome) :: رموس /remus/
ren {n} (a kidney) SEE: kidney ::
renaissance {n} (Renaissance) SEE: Renaissance ::
Renaissance {prop} (14th century revival) :: رنسانس /ronesâns/
rename {v} (to give a new name to) :: بازنامیدن /bâznâmidan/
rendezvous {n} (meeting or date) :: دیدار /didâr/, ملاقات /molâqât/
rendezvous {n} (agreement to meet) :: وعدهٔ دیدار /va'de-ye didâr/, قرار ملاقات /qarâr-e molâqât/
renege {v} (break a promise or commitment) :: جا زدن /jâ zadan/
renewal {n} (act of renewing) :: تجدید /tajdid/, نوگان /nowgān/
rennet stomach {n} (abomasum) SEE: abomasum ::
rent {n} (payment made by a tenant) :: کرایه /kerâya/, اجاره /ejâre/
rent {v} (to occupy premises in exchange for rent) :: کرایه کردن /kerâya kardan/, اجاره کردن /ejâre kardan/
rent {v} (to grant occupation in return for rent) :: اجاره دادن /ejâre dâdan/
rep {n} (representative) SEE: representative ::
rep {n} (repetition) SEE: repetition ::
repeal {v} (to cancel) :: لغو کردن /lağv kardan/
repeat {v} (do or say again) :: تکرار کردن /tekrâr kardan/
repeatedly {adv} (done several times) :: مکرراً /mokarraran/, به‌کرات /be-karrât/
repechage {n} (heat for competitors who have lost in a previous round) :: شانس مجدد /šâns-e mojaddad/, ریشاژ /repešâž/
repentance {n} (condition of being penitent) :: پشیمانی /pašimâni/
repentance {n} (feeling of regret or remorse) :: پشیمانی /pašimâni/
repetition {n} (act or an instance of repeating or being repeated) :: تکرار /takrâr/
replace {v} (to substitute) :: جایگزین کردن /jâygozin kardan/
reply {v} (to give a written or spoken response) :: جواب دادن /javāb dādan/, پاسخانیدن /pāsoxānidan/
reply {n} (written or spoken response) :: جواب /javâb/
report {n} (information describing events) :: گزارش /gozâreš/, راپرت /râport/
reportage {n} (reporting of news, especially by an eyewitness) :: رپورتاژ /reportâž/
reporter {n} (journalist) :: گزارشگر /gozârešgar/, رپورتر /reporter/
repository {n} (a location for storage, often for safety or preservation) :: مخزن /maxzan/
representation {n} (that which represents something else) :: نمایش /namâyeš/
representation {n} (figure, image or idea that substitutes reality) :: نمایش /namâyeš/
representation {n} (theatrical performance) :: نمایش /namâyeš/
representative {adj} (typical) :: نماینده /namâyande/
representative {n} (one who speaks for another) :: نماینده /namâyande/, ممثل /momassal/, وکیل /vakil/
representative {n} (representative of a constituency) :: نماینده /namâyande/
representative {n} (one that is taken as typical of its class) :: نماینده /namâyande/
representative {n} (member of the House of Representatives) :: نماینده /namâyande/
repress {v} (forcefully prevent an upheaval from developing) :: سرکوفتن /sarkūftan/, سرکوب کردن /sarkūb kardan/
repressor {n} (protein that represses) :: سرکوبگر /sarkūbgar/
reprimand {n} (a severe, formal or official reproof) :: توبیخ /towbix/
reprimand {v} (to reprove in a formal or official way) :: توبیخ کردن /towbix kardan/
reprise {n} (repetition) SEE: repetition ::
reproach {n} (mild rebuke, or an implied criticism) :: سرزنش /sarzaneš/
reproductive system {n} (reproductive system) :: دستگاه تناسلی /dastgâh-e tanâsoli/, دستگاه تولید مث
reptile {n} (a cold-blooded vertebrate) :: خزنده /xazande/
republic {n} (a type of state) :: جمهوری /jomhuri/
Republican {n} (supporter of the Republican Party of the U.S.) :: جمهوری‌خواه /jomhuri-xâh/
Republic of Armenia {prop} (official name of Armenia) :: جمهوری ارمنستان /jomhuri-ye armanestân/
Republic of Austria {prop} (official name of Austria) :: جمهوری اتریش /jomhuri-ye otriš/
Republic of Bulgaria {prop} (official name of Bulgaria) :: جمهوری بلغارستان /jomhuri-ye bolğârestân/
Republic of Croatia {prop} (official name of Croatia) :: جمهوری کرواسی /jomhuri-ye koroâsi/
Republic of Estonia {prop} (official name of Estonia) :: جمهوری استونی /jomhuri-ye estoni/
Republic of Finland {prop} (official full name of Finland) :: جمهوری فنلاند /jomhuri-ye fanlând/
Republic of Hungary {prop} (former official name of Hungary) :: جمهوری مجارستان /jomhuri-ye majârestân/
Republic of India {prop} (official name of India) :: جمهوری هندوستان /jomhuri-ye hendustân/
Republic of Ireland {prop} (country) :: جمهوری ایرلند /jomhuri-ye irland/
Republic of Korea {prop} (country) :: جمهوری کره /jomhuri kore/
Republic of Latvia {prop} (Official name of Latvia) :: جمهوری لتونی /jomhuri-ye letoni/
Republic of Lithuania {prop} (Official name of Lithuania) :: جمهوری لیتوانی /jomhuri-ye litvâni/
Republic of North Macedonia {prop} (Republic of North Macedonia, see also: North Macedonia) :: جمهوری مقدونیه شمالی /jomhuri maqduniye šomâli/
Republic of Poland {prop} (official name of Poland) :: جمهوری لهستان /jomhuri-ye lahestân/
Republic of Serbia {prop} (official name of Serbia) :: جمهوری صربستان /jomhuri-ye serbestân/
Republic of Slovenia {prop} (official name of Slovenia) :: جمهوری اسلوونی /jomhuri-ye esloveni/
Republic of Tajikistan {prop} (official name of Tajikistan) :: جمهوری تاجیکستان /jomhuri-ye tâjikestân/
Republic of the Congo {prop} (country) :: جمهوری کنگو /jomhuri-ye kongo/
Republic of Turkey {prop} (official name of the country of Turkey) :: جمهوری ترکیه /jomhuri-ye torkiye/
reputable {adj} (having a good reputation) :: معتبر /mo'tabar/
request {v} (to express the need or desire for) :: درخواست کردن /darxâst kardan/, طلب کردن /talab kardan/, درخواستن /darxâstan/
request {n} (act of requesting) :: درخواست /darxâst/
require {v} (ask) SEE: ask ::
requirement {n} (necessity) :: ضرورت /zarurat/
rescue {v} (to save from any danger or violence) :: نجات دادن /nejât dâdan/
rescue {n} (liberation) SEE: liberation ::
research {n} (inquiry or examination) :: تحقیق /tahqiq/, پژوهش /pažuheš/
reseda {n} (plant of the genus Reseda) :: اسپرک
resemble {v} (compare) SEE: compare ::
resemble {v} (to be like or similar to something else) :: شباهت داشتن /šabâhat dâštan/
resent {v} (to feel resentment) :: دلخور شدن /delxor šodan/
resent {v} (to express displeasure or indignation at) :: دلخور شدن /delxor šodan/
reserve {v} (to reserve) SEE: hold ::
reserved {adj} (slow to reveal emotion or opinions) :: کم‌حرف /kam-harf/, تودار /tudâr/
reserved {adj} (set aside for a particular person or purpose) :: رزروشده /rezerv-šode/
reside {v} (to dwell permanently or for a considerable time) :: زندگی کردن /zendegi kardan/
residence permit {n} (right to legally reside in a country) :: اجازه اقامت
resin {n} (secretion of plants) :: انگم /angom/, رزین /rezin/
resin {n} (viscous liquid of plant origin) :: انگم /angom/, رزین /rezin/
resin {n} (similar synthetic compound) :: انگم /angom/, رزین /rezin/
resolution {n} :: عزم /'azm/, قصد /qasd/
resonance {n} (condition of being resonant) :: رزونانس /rezonāns/, بازآوایی /bāzāvāyī/, تشدید /tašdīd/
resort {n} (a relaxing environment for people on vacation) :: ویلا
resort {v} (to have recourse out of necessity or frustration) :: اندخسیدن /andaxsidan/
resound {v} ((intransitive) to reverberate with sound or noise) :: خنیدن /xonidan/
respect {n} (admiration for a person or entity because of perceived merit) :: احترام /ehterâm/, ادب /adab/
respect {v} (to have respect for) :: احترام گذاشتن /ehterâm gozâštan/
respond {v} (to say in reply, to respond) SEE: return ::
responsibility {n} (the state of being responsible) :: مسئولیت /mas'uliyyat/
rest {n} (relief afforded by sleeping; sleep) :: استراحت /esterâhat/
rest {n} (relief from exertion; state of quiet and recreation) :: استراحت /esterâhat/
rest {n} (peace, freedom from trouble, tranquility) :: آرامش /ârâmeš/
rest {v} (intransitive: take repose) :: استراحت کردن /esterâhat kardan/, آسودن /âsudan/
rest {v} (to remain) SEE: remain ::
restaurant {n} (an eating establishment in which diners are served food) :: رستوران /restorân/
restive {adj} (impatient, under delay, duress, or control.) :: چموش /čamuš/
restless {adj} (unable to be still or quiet) :: بی‌قرار /bi-qarâr/
restrictive {adj} (confining; limiting) :: محدود /mahdud/
result {n} (that which results) :: نتیجه /natije/
resume {n} (curriculum vitae) SEE: curriculum vitae ::
resurrection {n} (the act of arising from the dead) :: رستاخیز /rastâxiz/
retch {n} (an unsuccessful effort to vomit) :: هراش /harâš/
reticle {n} (a gridwork or lattice of lines set into the eyepiece of optical instruments) :: رتیکل /retikel/, تورک /turak/
reticule {n} (reticle) SEE: reticle ::
retina {n} (thin layer of cells at the back of the eyeball) :: شبکیه /šabakiyye/
retort {v} (to retort; to throw back) SEE: return ::
retreat {v} (to withdraw military forces) :: عقب‌نشینی /'aqab-nešini/
retreat {n} (lavatory) SEE: toilet ::
retreat {n} (to turn back, retreat) SEE: return ::
retribution {n} (punishment inflicted in the spirit of moral outrage or personal vengeance) :: پادافراه /pâdefrâh/
retrograde {adj} ((astronomy) In the opposite direction to the orbited body's spin) :: بازگشتی /bāzgaštī/
retrograde {v} (to move backwards, recede, retire, decline, revert) :: بازگشتن /bāzgaštan/
return {n} (answer) SEE: answer ::
return {v} (to come or go back) :: برگشتن /bargaštan/, بازگشتن /bâzgaštan/
return {v} (to go back in thought, narration, or argument) :: بازگشتن /bâzgaštan/
return {v} (to give something back to its original holder or owner) :: برگرداندن /bargardaandan/, بازگرداندن /baaz-gardaandan/
return {n} (act of returning) :: بازگشت /bâzgašt/, برگشت /bargašt/
return {n} (return ticket) :: دوسره /dosare/
return {n} (item that is returned) :: برگشتی /bargašti/
return {v} (to take something back to a retailer for a refund) SEE: take back ::
reveal {v} (to uncover) :: مکشوف ساختن /makšuf sâxtan/
revelation {n} (the act of revealing or disclosing) :: افشاگری /efšâ-gari/, افشاسازی /efšâ-sâzi/
revelation {n} (something dramatically disclosed) :: افشا /efšâ/
revelation {n} (manifestation of divine truth) :: وحی /vahy/
Revelation {prop} (book of Bible) :: مکاشفه
revelry {n} (joyful merry-making) :: سپرخی /separxi/
revenge {n} (retaliatory action) :: انتقام /enteqâm/
reverent {adj} (showing respect or reverence; respectful) :: مکرم /mokarrem/
revise {v} (to review, alter and amend, especially of written material) :: تجدید نظر کردن /tajdid-e nazar kardan/
revolt {v} (to rebel) :: شورش /šureš/, طغیان /toghyân/
revolt {n} (act of revolting) :: شورش /šureš/, طغیان /toghyân/, بلوا /balvā/
revolution {n} (political upheaval) :: انقلاب /enqelâb/, شورش /šureš/, رولوسیون /revolusyon/
revolution {n} (removal and replacement of a government) :: انقلاب /enqelâb/
revolution {n} (turning of an object around an axis) :: گشتن /gaštan/
revolutionary {n} (A revolutionist; a person who revolts) :: انقلابی /enqelâbi/
revolver {n} (a handgun with revolving chambers) :: هفت‌تیر /haft-tir/, رولور /revolver/
reward {n} (something of value given in return for an act) :: پاداش /pâdâš/
reward {n} (result of an action) :: پاداش /pâdâš/
Reykjavik {prop} (capital of Iceland) :: ریکیاویک
rhetoric {n} (art of using language for persuasion) :: بلاغت
rheumatology {n} (branch of medicine) :: روماتولوژی /româtoloži/
Rhine {prop} (river that flows through Europe) :: راین /râyn/
Rhineland {prop} (land on both sides of the river Rhine) :: رنانی /renâni/, راینلاند /râynlând/
rhinoceros {n} (herbivorous pachyderm with horn(s)) :: کرگدن /kargadan/, کرگ /karg/
rhizome {n} (horizontal underground stem of some plants) :: ریزوم /rizom/
Rhodes {prop} (island) :: رودس
rhombus {n} (A parallelogram having all sides of equal length) :: لوزی /lowzi/
rhubarb {n} (any plant of the genus Rheum) :: ریواس /rivâs/, ریوند /rivand/
rhyme {n} (verse, poetry) :: قافیه /qâfiye/
rhyme {n} (word that rhymes with another) :: قافیه /qâfiye/
rhythm {n} (variation of strong and weak elements of sounds over time) :: ریتم /ritm/
rhyton {n} (a drinking vessel) :: تکوک
rial {n} (currency in Middle East) :: ریال /riyâl/
ribbon {n} (long, narrow strip of material) :: روبان /rubân/
rice {n} (plants) :: برنج /berenj/
rice {n} (seeds used as food) :: برنج /berenj/, پلو /polow/ (cooked), چلو /čelow/
rice cooker {n} (kitchen appliance designed to cook rice) :: پلوپز /polo-paz/
ricefield {n} (field where rice is grown) SEE: paddy ::
rice hull {n} (hard protecting covering of a grain of rice) :: شلتوک /šaltuk/
rice husk {n} (rice hull) SEE: rice hull ::
rice paddy {n} (field immersed in water dedicated for the cultivation of rice) SEE: paddy ::
rich {adj} (having wealth) :: غنی /ğani/, ثروتمند /servatmand/, رایومند /ráyumand/
Richard {prop} (male given name) :: ریچارد /ričârd/
Richter scale {prop} (logarithmic scale) :: مقیاس ریشتر /meqyâs-e rišter/
rick {n} (stack or pile, of straw, hay etc.) :: راژ /rāž/, راش /rāš/, چاچ /čāč/
rickety {adj} (not strong because of poor construction or upkeep) :: زپرتی /zeperti/
ricksha {n} (rickshaw) SEE: rickshaw ::
rickshaw {n} (two-wheeled carriage) :: ریکشا /rikšâ/
ricotta {n} (Italian whey cheese) :: ریکوتا /rikotâ/
riddle {n} (sieve) SEE: sieve ::
riddle {n} (verbal puzzle) :: چیستان /čistân/, معما /mo'ammâ/
ride {v} (to transport oneself by sitting on and directing a horse, bicycle etc.) :: سواری کردن /savâri kardan /, راندن /rândan /
ride {v} (to be transported in a vehicle as a passenger) :: راندن /rândan/
rider {n} (robber) SEE: robber ::
ridge {n} (line of intersection) :: گریوه /garive/
ridicule {v} (to make fun of someone) :: مسخره کردن /masxare kardan/
ridicule {n} (derision) :: استهزا /estehzâ/
ridiculous {adj} (foolish, absurd) :: مسخره /masxare/
rifle {n} (firearm with a rifled barrel) :: تفنگ /tofang/
rift {n} (shallow place in a stream) SEE: ford ::
right {adj} (straight, not bent) :: راست /râst/
right {adj} (perpendicular) :: درست /dorost/
right {adj} (of direction, opposite of left) :: راست /râst/
right {adv} (on the right side) :: راست /râst/, در سمت راست /dar semet râst/
right {interj} (yes, that is correct; I agree) :: درسته /doroste/
right {interj} (checking agreement) :: درست
right {n} (legal or moral entitlement) :: حق /haqq/, حقوق {p} /hoquq/
right {n} (right-wing politicians and parties) :: راستگرا /râstgerâ/, راست /râst/
right angle {n} (angle of 90 degrees) :: زاویه قائمه /zâviye-ye qâ'eme/
right-angled triangle {n} (right-angled triangle) SEE: right triangle ::
right away {adv} (very soon; immediately) :: فوراً /foran/, بلافاصله /belâfâsele/
righteous {adj} (free from sin or guilt) :: درستکار /dorostkâr/
rightist {n} (supporter of the political right) :: راست‌گرا /râst-garâ/
right now {adv} (immediately) SEE: immediately ::
right now {adv} (at this precise moment) :: الان /alân/, هم‌اکنون /ham-aknun/, در حال حاضر /dar hâl-e hâzer/
right triangle {n} (a triangle having a right angle as one of its interior angles) :: مثلث قائم الزاویه, سه‌گوش راست /segūš e rāst/
Rijeka {prop} (coastal city in Croatia) :: رییکا /riyekâ/
ring {n} (circumscribing object) :: حلقه /halqe/, چنبره /čambare/
ring {n} (round piece of (precious) metal worn around the finger) :: حلقه /halqe/, انگشتر /angoštar/
ring {n} (resonant sound of a bell, or a sound resembling it) :: زنگ /zang/
ring down the curtain {v} (stop) SEE: stop ::
ringlet {n} (lock, tress) :: مرغول /marğul/
ring up the curtain {v} (start) SEE: start ::
rinse {n} (hair dye) :: رنساژ /ransâž/
Rio de Janeiro {prop} (municipality) :: ریو دو ژانیرو /rio do žâniro/
riot {n} (tumultuous disturbance of public peace) :: آشوب /âšub/
rip {v} (to fart) SEE: fart ::
rip {n} (tear) SEE: tear ::
rip {v} (to mock) SEE: mock ::
rip {v} (to divide or separate the parts of) :: فتردن /fatardan/
ripe {adj} (intoxicated) SEE: intoxicated ::
rise {v} (to move upwards) :: برخیزیدن /barxizidan/, برخاستن /barxâstan/
rise {v} (to be resurrected) :: رستاخیز شدن /rastâxiz šodan/
rise {v} (of a quantity, etc: to increase) :: افزودن /afzudan/
rise {n} (action of moving upwards) :: خیزش /xizeŝ/
rise {n} (increase (in a quantity, price, etc)) :: افزایش /afzâyeŝ/
risk {n} (likelihood of a negative outcome) :: ریسک /risk/
risk {v} (to incur risk to something) :: به خطر انداختن /be xatar andâxtan/
risk {v} (to incur risk of something) :: خطر کردن /xatar kardan/, دل به دریا زدن /del be daryâ zadan/, ریسک کردن /risk kardan/
risk {v} (to incur risk by something) :: خطر کردن /xatar kardan/, دل به دریا زدن /del be daryâ zadan/, ریسک کردن /risk kardan/
rite {n} (ritual) :: آیین /âyin/
ritual {n} (rite) :: آیین /âyin/, مراسم /marâsem/
river {n} (large stream which drains a landmass) :: رود /rud/, رودخانه /rudxâne/, نهر /nahr/
river horse {n} (hippopotamus) SEE: hippopotamus ::
rivet {n} (cylindrical mechanical fastener) :: پرچ /parč/
Riyadh {prop} (capital of Saudi Arabia) :: ریاض /reyâz/
riyal {n} (currency) :: ریال /riyâl/
roach {n} (US: cockroach) SEE: cockroach ::
road {n} (a way for travel) :: راه /râh/, جاده /jâde/
road {n} (a path in life) :: راه
roar {v} (to make loud, deep cry of emotion) :: خروشیدن /xorušidan/
roar {v} (of animals, to make a loud deep noise) :: غرش /ğorreš/
roar {n} (long, loud, deep shout) :: فریاد /faryâd/
roar {n} (cry of the lion) :: غرش /ğorreš/, نعره /na're/
roar {n} (deep cry of the bull) :: نعره /na're/
roast {v} (to cook food by heating in an oven or fire) :: برشتن /bereštan/, کباب کردن /kabâb kardan/
roast {v} (to cook by surrounding with hot embers, etc.) :: برشتن /bereštan/
roast {v} (to process by drying through heat-exposure) :: برشتن /bereštan/
roast {v} (to heat to excess; burn) :: برشتن /bereštan/
rob {v} (to steal from, using violence) :: ربودن /robudan/
rob {v} :: دزدیدن (dozdidan)
robber {n} (one who robs) :: راهزن /râhzan/
robbery {n} (act or practice of robbing) :: دستبرد /dastbord/, سرقت /serqat/
robe {n} (long, loose outer garment) :: ردا /radā/, تالشان /tālesšān/
Robert {prop} (given name) :: رابرت /râbert/
Robin Hood {prop} (legendary outlaw) :: رابین‌هود /Rābynhud/
robot {n} (intelligent mechanical being) :: روبات /rōbât/
robot {n} (traffic light) SEE: traffic light ::
roc {n} (enormous mythical bird in Eastern legend) :: رخ /roxx/
rock {n} (natural mineral aggregate) :: تخته سنگ /taxta(e)sang/
rock {n} (distaff) SEE: distaff ::
rock and roll {n} (style of music) :: راک اند رول /râk ând rol/
rock dove {n} (Columba livia) :: کبوتر چاهی /kabutar čâhi/
rocket {n} (a rocket engine) :: راکت /râket/
rocket {n} (non-guided missile) :: راکت /râket/
rocket {n} (a vehicle) :: راکت /râket/
rocket {n} (arugula) SEE: arugula ::
rockmelon {n} (melon) SEE: melon ::
rock music {n} (popular music genre) :: راک
rod {n} (slang: pistol) SEE: pistol ::
rodent {n} (mammal of the order Rodentia) :: جوندگان /javandgân/, جونده /javande/
roe {n} (roe deer) SEE: roe deer ::
roe {n} (eggs of fish) :: اشپل /ešpel/
roe deer {n} (small deer species, Capreolus capreolus) :: شوکا /šukâ/
role {n} (character or part) :: رل /rol/
role model {n} (a person who serves as an example) :: الگو /olgu/, اسوه /osve/, نمونه /nemune/, سرمشق /sar mashq/
roll {n} (shortened raised biscuit or bread) :: نان رول /nân-e rol/
roller {n} (hair roller) SEE: hair roller ::
rollercoaster {n} (amusement ride) :: رولرکستر /rolerkoster/, قطار هوایی /qatâr-e havâyi/
roller skate {n} (a boot having small wheels) :: رولر اسکیت /roler-e eskeyt/, اسکیت‌رولر /eskeyt-roler/
rolling pin {n} (food preparation utensil) :: وردنه /vardane/
rolling stone {n} (womanizer) SEE: womanizer ::
rollup {n} (food) :: نواله /navâle/
Rom {n} (a member of the Romani people) :: کولی /kouli/
romaji {n} (romanization of Japanese) :: روماجی /româji/
Roman {adj} (of or from Rome) :: رومی /rumi/
Roman {adj} (of or from the Roman Empire) :: رومی /rumi/
Roman {n} (a native or resident of Rome) :: رومی /rumi/
Roman {n} (a native or inhabitant of the Roman Empire) :: رومی /rumi/
Roman alphabet {n} (Latin alphabet) SEE: Latin alphabet ::
Roman Catholic Church {prop} (Catholic Church) :: کلیسای کاتولیک رومی /Kelisâi Kâtolik Rumi/
Roman Empire {prop} (ancient Latin empire) :: امپراتوری روم /emperâturi-ye Rum/
Romani {n} (member of the Roma people) SEE: Rom ::
Romania {prop} (South-Eastern European country) :: رومانی /români/
Romanian {adj} (of or relating to Romania, its people, or language) :: رومانیایی /româniyâyi/
Romanian {n} (native of Romania) :: رومانیایی /româniyâyi/
Romanian {n} (official language of Romania) :: رومانیایی /româniyâyi/
Roman numeral {n} (numeral represented by letters) :: ارقام رومی /arqâm-e rumi/
Romans {prop} (book of the Bible) :: رومیان
romantic {adj} (fantastic, idealistic) :: رومانتیک /romântik/
romantic {adj} (powerfully sentimental, evocative) :: رومانتیک /romântik/
romantic {adj} (concerned with, or conducive to, romance and love) :: رومانتیک /romântik/
Rome {prop} (city) :: رم /rom/
Rome {prop} (empire) :: روم /rum/
Romeo {n} (boyfriend) SEE: boyfriend ::
Romney {n} (surname) :: رومنی /romni/, رامنی /râmni/
Ronald {prop} (male given name) :: رونالد /ronâld/
roof {n} (the cover at the top of a building) :: بام /bâm/
roof rack {n} (rack attached to the top of a car) :: باربند /bâr-band/
rook {n} (bird) :: زاغ /zâğ/
rook {n} (chesspiece) :: رخ /rox/
rook {n} :: رخ /rukh/
rookie {adj} (amateur) SEE: amateur ::
room {n} (space) :: جا /jâ/
room {n} (division in a building) :: اتاق /otâq/
roomy {adj} (spacious) :: راحت, جادار, گنجا
rooster {n} (flower) SEE: violet ::
rooster {n} (male chicken; male gallinaceous bird) :: خروس /xorus/
root {n} (part of a plant) :: ریشه /riše/
root {n} (of a tooth) :: ریشه /riše/
root {n} (part of a hair under the skin) :: ریشه /riše/, پیاز /piyâz/
root {n} (primary source) :: ریشه /riše/, سرچشمه /sarčašme/
root {n} (arithmetic: number or expression which when raised to a power gives the specified number or expression) :: ریشه /riše/
root {n} (philology: word from which another word or words are derived) :: ریشه /riše/
rope {n} (thick, strong string) :: طناب /tanâb/, رسن /rasan/, لافند /lâfand/ [dialectal], ارغمچین /arğamčin/
rosary {n} (Catholic prayer beads) :: تسبیح /tasbih/
rosary {n} (devotion) :: تسبیح /tasbih/
rosary {n} (non-Catholic prayer beads) SEE: prayer beads ::
rose {n} (flower) :: رز /roz/, گل سرخ /gol-e sorx/, ورد /vard/ [archaic]
rose {n} (colour) :: گلی /goli/
rose garden {n} (garden planted in roses) :: گلزار /golzâr/
rosemary {n} (shrub) :: رزماری /rozmâri/, اکلیل کوهی /eklil-e kuhi/
Rosetta Stone {prop} (large inscribed stone) :: سنگ رشید /sang-e rašid/
rosewater {n} (a liquid produced by steeping rose petals in water) :: گلاب /golâb/
rosin {n} (liquid resin) SEE: resin ::
roster {n} (schedule) SEE: schedule ::
rostrum {n} (zoology: beak) SEE: beak ::
rosy {adj} (optimistic) :: امیدبخش /omid-baxš/
rot {v} (to decay) :: پوسیدن /pusidan/, گندیدن /gandidan/
rotation {n} (act of turning around a centre) :: چرخش /čarxeš/
rote {n} (process of committing to memory) :: طوطی‌واری /tuti-vâri/
rotten {adj} (decayed, gone bad) :: پوسیده /puside/
rotula {n} (kneecap) SEE: kneecap ::
rotunda {n} (roundabout) SEE: roundabout ::
rouge {n} (blush) SEE: blush ::
rough {adj} (not smooth) :: زبر /zebr/, زمخت /zomoxt/, خشن /xašen/
roughly {adv} (approximately) SEE: approximately ::
roulette {n} (game of chance) :: رولت /rolet/
round {adj} (circular or cylindrical) :: گرد /gerd/, مدور /modavvar/
round {adj} (spherical) :: گرد /gerd/
round {n} (circular object) :: دایره /dâyire/, دور /dour/
round {prep} (around) SEE: around ::
round {adv} (around) SEE: around ::
roundabout {n} (road junction at which traffic streams circularly around a central island) :: فلکه /falake/
round bracket {n} (parenthesis, bracket) :: پرانتز /parântez/
roundhouse kick {n} :: لگد دورانی
round of applause {n} (outburst of clapping) :: یک کف محکم
router {n} (device that connects local area networks to form a larger internet) :: رهیاب, روتر
routine {n} (course of action to be followed regularly; a standard procedure) :: روتین /rutin/, روزمره /ruzmarre/, روال /ravâl/
row {n} (line of objects) :: ردیف /radif/
row {n} (in a table) :: رج /raj/
rowan {n} (Sorbus aucuparia) :: جیلان /jilân/, تیس /tis/, بارانک /bârânak/
rowanberry {n} (fruits of the rowan) :: شیلانه /šilâne/
rowboat {n} (small boat that is rowed) :: کرو /kerow/, زورق /zowraq/, قایق /qāyeq/
rowing boat {n} (rowboat) SEE: rowboat ::
Roxana {prop} (the wife of Alexander the Great) :: رکسانا /roksânâ/
Roxana {prop} (female given name) :: رکسانا /roksânâ/
Roxanne {prop} (female given name) SEE: Roxana ::
royal {adj} (of or relating to a monarch or their family) :: شایگان /šâygân/
royal {n} (old English gold coin) SEE: rial ::
royal family {n} (family of the ruling sovereign of a country or state) :: خانواده سلطنتی /xânevâde-ye saltanati/
Royal Road {prop} (ancient road in Persia) :: راه شاهی /râh-e šâhi/
rub {v} (to move one object while maintaining contact with another object over some area) :: مالیدن /mâlidan/
rubab {n} (musical instrument) :: رباب /robâb/
rubber {n} (pliable material derived from the sap of the rubber tree) :: ابریشمی, کائوچو /kâ'uču/
rubber {n} (condom) :: ابریشمی
rubber {n} (eraser) SEE: eraser ::
rubberneck {n} (tourist) SEE: tourist ::
rubbish {n} (garbage) SEE: garbage ::
rubbish bin {n} (garbage can) SEE: garbage can ::
rubeola {n} (measles) SEE: measles ::
Rubik's cube {n} (cubical mechanical puzzle) :: مکعب روبیک /moka'ab-e rubik/
ruble {n} (Russian monetary unit) :: روبل /rubl/
ruby {n} (type of gem) :: یاقوت /yâqut/, یاکند /yâkand/
ruby {n} (5½-point type) SEE: agate ::
Ruby {prop} (the female given name) :: روبی /rubi/
Ruby {prop} (the programming language) :: روبی /rubi/
Rudd {prop} (surname) :: راد /râd/
rudiment {n} (fundamental principle or skill) :: مبادی /mabâdi/
rudimentary {adj} (of or relating to rudiments) :: ابتدایی /ebtedâyi/
rudimentary {adj} (basic; minimal) :: مختصر /moxtasar/
Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer {prop} (the red-nosed reindeer) :: رودولف گوزن بینی قرمز /Rudolf gavazn bini qermez/, رودولف /Rudolf/
rue {n} (any of various perennial shrubs) :: سداب /sodâb/
ruff {n} (the bird Philomachus pugnax (syn. Calidris pugnax)) :: آبچلیک شکیل
rufous {adj} (colour) :: نارنجی سیر /Narenji sir/
rug {n} (wig) SEE: wig ::
rug {n} (partial floor covering) :: قالیچه /qâliče/
rugby {n} (a sport where players can hold or kick an ovoid ball) :: راگبی /râgbi/
rule {n} (regulation) :: قانون /qânun/, قاعده /qâ'ede/
rule {n} (straight-edge) SEE: ruler ::
ruler {n} (measuring or drawing device) :: خط‌کش /xatkeš/, خط کش /xat keš/
ruler {n} (person who rules or governs) :: حاکم /hâkem/, حکمران /hokmrân/
ruling pen {n} (a drawing instrument) :: قلم رسم /qalam-e-rasm/
rum {n} (distilled spirit) :: رم /rom/
rumble {n} (low, heavy, continuous sound) :: غرنبه /qorombe/, کنور /konur/ [thunder]
rumen {n} (first stomach of ruminants) :: شکمبه /šekambe/, سیرابی /sirâbi/
ruminate {v} (to chew cud) :: ژاویدن /žāvidan/
rumination {n} (act of ruminating) :: نشخوار /nešxâr/
rump {n} (the hindquarters of an animal) :: سرین /sorin/, کپل /kapal/, لمبر /lombar/
rump {n} (a cut of meat from the rump) :: لمبر /lombar/
rump {n} (the buttocks) :: لمبر /lombar/, الست /alast/ [archaic]
run {v} (to move quickly on two feet) :: دویدن /davidan/
run {v} (to be in charge of) :: اداره کردن /edâre kardan/
run {n} (the act of running) :: دو /dow/
run away {v} (to flee by running) :: فرار کردن /farâr kardan/
run away {v} (to leave home) :: فرار کردن /farâr kardan/
runny nose {n} (condition of discharge of mucus from the nose) :: آب ریزش بینی
runoff {n} (second or further round of an indecisive election) :: دور دوم /dovr-e dovom/
run-up {n} ((UK) a period of time just before an important event) :: آستانه /âstâne/
rupee {n} (monetary currency) :: روپیه /rupiye/
rural {adj} (pertaining to non-urban areas) :: روستایی /rustâyi/
Rus {prop} (people) :: روس /rus/, ارس /oros/ [archaic]
ruse {n} (action intended to deceive, see also: trick) :: کید
rusk {n} (light, soft bread, often toasted or crisped in an oven) :: سوخاری /suxâri/
Russia {prop} (country in Asia and Europe) :: روسیه /rusiye/
Russian {n} (person from Russia) :: روس /rus/, روسی /rusi/
Russian {n} (ethnic Russian) :: روس /rus/
Russian {n} (Russian (language)) :: روسی /rusi/, زبان روسی /zabân-e rusi/
Russian {adj} (of or pertaining to Russia) :: روسی /rusi/
Russian doll {n} (wooden doll) :: ماتروشکا /mâtruškâ/
Russian Federation {prop} (alternative formal name of Russia) :: فدراسیون روسیه /federâsyun-e rusiye/
Russian olive {n} (oleaster) SEE: oleaster ::
Russian Orthodox Church {prop} (Russian Orthodox Church) :: کلیسای ارتدکس روسی /kelisâ-ye ortodoks-e rusi/
Russian roulette {prop} (deadly game with revolver and random spinning) :: رولت روسی /rulet rusi/
Russian salad {n} (Olivier salad) SEE: Olivier salad ::
Russophile {n} (person who loves the culture of Russia) :: روسوفیل /rusofil/
rust {n} (result of oxidation) :: زنگ /zang/, زنگار /zangâr/, ژنگ /žang/
rustic {adj} (country-styled) :: روستایی /rustâyi/
rustle {n} (soft crackling sound) :: شرفه /šarfe/
rut {n} (furrow, groove, or track worn in the ground) :: رد /rad/
Ruth {prop} (book of the Bible) :: کتاب روت /ketâb-e rut/
rutile {n} (the most frequent of the three polymorphs of titanium dioxide) :: روتیل /rutil/
Rwanda {prop} (country) :: رواندا /ruândâ/
Ryan {prop} (male given name) :: رایان
rye {n} (the grass Secale cereale or its grains as food) :: چاودار /čâvdâr/
rye {n} (ryegrass) SEE: ryegrass ::
ryegrass {n} :: زیوان /zivān/, رغید /rağid/, شیلم /šeylam/
Rzeczpospolita {prop} (Poland) SEE: Poland ::
Rzeczpospolita {prop} (republic) SEE: republic ::
Rzeczpospolita {prop} (Republic of Poland) SEE: Republic of Poland ::