Szerkesztő:Matthias Buchmeier/en-arb-p

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Pacific Ocean {prop} (the world's largest body of water) :: المحيط الهادئ {m} /al-muḥīṭ al-hādiʾ/
pacifier {n} (one who pacifies) :: صانع سلام {m} /ṣāniʿ salām/, صانعة سلام {f} /ṣāniʿat salām/, مصلح {m} /muṣliḥ/, مصلحة {f} /muṣliḥa/
pacifier {n} (for a baby) :: مصاصة {f} /maṣāṣa/, لهاية {f} /lahhāya/
pacifist {adj} (one who loves, supports, or favours peace) :: مسالم {m} /musālim/
pack {n} (bundle to be carried) :: حزمة {f} /ḥuzma/, عبوة {f} /ʿubuwwa/
package {n} (something which is packed) :: صرة {f} /ṣurra/
package store {n} (liquor store) SEE: liquor store ::
pack animal {n} (animal used to carry heavy items) SEE: beast of burden ::
packet {n} (small pack) :: حزمة {f} /ḥuzma/, ربطة {f} /rabṭa/, رزمة {f} /rizma/, صرة {f} /ṣurra/, علبة {f} /ʿulba/
packing needle {n} (large needle) :: مسلة {f} /misalla/, مئبر {m} /miʾbar/
pact {n} (an agreement; a league; a compact; a covenant) :: معاهدة {f} /muʿāhada/
pad {v} (to stuff) SEE: stuff ::
padawan {n} (any apprentice or student) SEE: apprentice ::
paddy {n} (wet land where rice grows) :: حقل الأرز {m} /ḥaql al-ʾaruzz/
paddy field {n} (field where rice is grown) SEE: paddy ::
padlock {n} (type of lock) :: كيلون {m} /kaylūn/, كالون {m} /kālūn/
pagan {adj} (relating to non main world religions) :: وثنية /waṯaniyya/
pagan {adj} (immoral, uncivilized, savage) :: وثني {m} /waṯaniyy/, وثنية {f} /waṯaniyya/, جاهل {m} /jāhil/, جاهلة {f} /jāhila/, وحشي {m} /waḥšiyy/, وحشية {f} /waḥšiyya/
pagan {n} (person not adhering to a main world religion) :: وثني {m} /waṯaniyy/, وثنية {f} /waṯaniyya/
paganism {n} (local religions practiced before the introduction of Christianity) :: وثنية {f} /waṯaniyya/
page {n} (boy child) SEE: boy ::
page {n} (one side of a leaf of a book) :: صفحة {f} /ṣafḥa/
page {n} (Internet: web page) SEE: web page ::
pageant {n} (beauty pageant) SEE: beauty pageant ::
pager {n} (device) :: بيجر {m} /beyjer/, بيجر {m} /peyjer/
pagoda {n} (a tiered tower with multiple eaves) :: باغود {f} /bāḡūdā/
pail {n} (bucket) SEE: bucket ::
pain {n} (ache or bodily suffering) :: ألم {m} /ʾalam/, وجع /wajaʿ/
painful {adj} (causing pain) :: أليم /ʾalīmun/, مؤلم /muʾlimun/
pain in the arse {n} (pain in the ass) SEE: pain in the ass ::
pain in the ass {n} (something that causes discomfort) :: ألم في المؤخرة /ʾalam fī l-muʾaḵḵara/
pain in the butt {n} (nuisance) SEE: pain in the ass ::
pain in the neck {n} (that which is annoying) SEE: pain in the ass ::
painkiller {n} (a drug that numbs the pain in the body) :: ضدالألم {m}
painless {adj} (without pain or trouble) :: غير مؤلم /ghyr mulim/
paint {n} (substance) :: دهان {m} /dihān/
paint {v} (apply paint to) :: لون /lawwana/
paint {v} (practise the art of painting pictures) :: لون /lawwana/
painted dog {n} (Lycaon pictus) SEE: African hunting dog ::
painted hunting dog {n} (Lycaon pictus) SEE: African hunting dog ::
painted wolf {n} (Lycaon pictus) SEE: African hunting dog ::
painter {n} (artist) :: رسام {m} /rassām/, فنان {m} /fannān/
painter {n} (one who paints surfaces using a paintbrush) :: دهان {m} /dahhān/
painting {n} (an illustration or artwork using paint) :: لوحة {f} /lawḥa/, صورة {f} /ṣūra/, لوحة فنية {f} /lawḥa fanniyya/
painting {n} (the action of applying paint) :: طلاء {m} /ṭilāʾ/, دهان {m} /dihān/
painting {n} (artistic application of paint) :: رسم فني {m} /rasm fanniyy/, فن تصوير زيتي {m} /fann taṣwīr zaytiyy/
pair {n} (number of things resembling one another, or belonging together) SEE: set ::
pair {n} (two similar or identical things) :: زوج {m} /zawj/
pair of binoculars {n} (binoculars) SEE: binoculars ::
pair of compasses {n} (tool used to draw circles) :: بركار {m} /birkār/, فرجار {m} /firjār/, دوارة {f} /dawwāra/
pair of eyeglasses {n} (spectacles) SEE: spectacles ::
pair of glasses {n} (spectacles) SEE: spectacles ::
pair of pincers {n} (pincers) SEE: pincers ::
pair of scissors {n} (scissors) SEE: scissors ::
pair of specs {n} (spectacles) SEE: spectacles ::
pair of spectacles {n} (spectacles) SEE: spectacles ::
pair of tongs {n} (tongs) SEE: tongs ::
pajamas {n} (clothes for wearing to bed and sleeping in) :: بجامة {f} /bijāma/
Pakistan {prop} (country in South Asia) :: باكستان {f} /bākistān/, الباكستان {f} /al-bākistān/
Pakistani {n} (A person from Pakistan or of Pakistani descent) :: باكستاني {m} /bākistāniyy/
Pakistani {adj} (Of, from, or pertaining to Pakistan, or its people) :: باكستاني {m} /bākistāniyy/
palace {n} (large, lavish residence) :: قصر {m} /qaṣr/
Palace of Westminster {prop} (building in London housing the House of Commons and House of Lords) :: قصر وستمنستر {m} /qaṣr wistminstar/
palanquin {n} (a covered type of litter) :: حمالة {f} /ḥammāla/, محفة {f} /miḥaffa/
palatal {adj} ((phonetics) articulated at the hard palate) :: غاري /ḡāriyy/
palate {n} (roof of the mouth) :: حنك {m} /ḥanak/
Palau {prop} (Republic of Palau) :: بالاو {m} /balāw/
pale {adj} (light in color) :: باهت /bāhit/
pale {n} (wooden stake) :: لوح {m} /lawḥ/
Palermo {prop} (city) :: بلرم /balarm/
Palestine {prop} (geographic region) :: فلسطين {f} /filasṭīn/
Palestine {prop} (West Bank and Gaza Strip collectively) :: فلسطين {m} /filasṭīn/
Palestine {prop} (historical: former British entity) :: فلسطين {f} /filasṭīn/
Palestine {prop} (historical: former British Mandate) :: فلسطين {f} /filasṭīn/
Palestinian {adj} (of, from, or pertaining to Palestine and/or the Palestinian people) :: فلسطيني /filasṭīniyy/, فلسطي /filasṭiyy/
Palestinian {adj} (of, from, or pertaining to Palestine) :: فلسطيني /filasṭīniyy/, فلسطي /filasṭiyy/
Palestinian {adj} (of, from, or pertaining to a Palestinian or Palestinians) :: فلسطيني /filasṭīniyy/, فلسطي /filasṭiyy/
Palestinian {n} (inhabitant of Palestine or Arab of Palestinian descent) :: فلسطيني {m} /filasṭīniyy/, فلسطينية {f} /filasṭīniyya/
Palestinian Arabic {prop} (Palestinian Arabic) :: لهجات فلسطنية {f-p} /lahjāt filasṭiniyya/
palindrome {n} (a sequence of units that reads the same forwards as backwards) :: قلب مستو {m} /qalb mustawin/
palladium {n} (chemical element) :: بلاديوم {m} /balādiyum/
Pallas {prop} :: باللاس {m} /bālās/
palm {n} (inner, concave part of hand) :: راحة {f} /rāḥa/, كف {m} /kaf/
palm {n} (palm tree) SEE: palm tree ::
palmier {n} (puff pastry) :: بالميي
palm oil {n} (edible plant oil) :: زيت النخل {m} /zayt an-naḵli/
palm tree {n} (tropical tree) :: نخلة {f} /naḵla/, نخل {m} /naḵl/
palm wine {n} (alcoholic beverage made from palm) :: لاقبي
Palmyra {prop} (ancient city) :: تدمر /tudmur/, تدمر /tadmur/
pamphlet {n} (booklet) SEE: booklet ::
Pamplona {prop} (city in Navarre of northern Spain) :: بنبلونة {f} /banbiluna/
pan {v} (to criticise severely) :: ينتقد بشدة
panacea {n} (remedy believed to cure all disease) :: ترياق {m} /tiryāq/
Panama {prop} (country) :: بنما {f} /banamā/
Panama Canal {prop} (Canal) :: قناة بنما {f} /qanāt banamā/
pan-Arabism {n} (movement) :: وحدة عربية /waḥda ʿarabiyya/
panarchism {n} :: فوضوية {f} /fawḍawiyya/
Panasonic {prop} (a multinational corporation in Japan) :: باناسونيك {m} /banasūnik/
pancake {n} (thin batter cake) :: فطيرة /faṭīra/
Pancake Day {prop} (Shrove Tuesday) SEE: Shrove Tuesday ::
Pancake Tuesday {prop} (Shrove Tuesday) SEE: Shrove Tuesday ::
Panchatantra {prop} (a collection of Sanskrit and Pali animal fables in verse and prose) :: كليلة ودمنة
pancreas {n} (gland near the stomach) :: بنكرياس {m} /bankiryās/, معثكلة {f} /muʿaṯkala/
panda {n} (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) :: بندة {f} /banda/, باندا {m} {f} /ba:n da:/
panda bear {n} (panda) SEE: panda ::
pandeism {n} (belief in a god both pantheistic and deistic) :: ربوبية كلية {f} /rubūbiyya(t) kulliyya/
pander {n} (pimp or procurer) SEE: pimp ::
panettone {n} (Christmas brioche with candied fruit) :: بانيتون {m} /bānīttūni/
Pangaea {prop} (supercontinent prior to Triassic) :: بانجيا {f} /banjiyā/
panic {n} (overpowering fright) :: ذعر {m} /ḏuʿr/, رعب {m} /ruʿb/, هلع {m} /halaʿ/, خوف {m} /ḵawf/
panna cotta {n} (Italian dessert made from double cream) :: باناكوتا {f} /pannakōtta/
panorama {n} (unbroken view of an entire surrounding area) :: بانوراما {f} /bānūrāmā/, بانوراما {f} /banuramā/
Pan-Slavism {n} (movement) :: قومية سلافية {f} /qawmiyya(t) silāfiyya/
pant {n} (a pair of pants) SEE: pants ::
pantheism {n} (belief that the universe is divine) :: وحدة الوجود {f} /waḥdat al-wujūd/
panther {n} (big cat with black fur) :: نمر أسود {m} /namir ʾaswad/, فهد {m} /fahd/
panther {n} (big cat of genus Panthera) :: نمر {m} /namir/, نمر {m} /nimr/, نمر أسود {m} /namir ʾaswad/, فهد {m} /fahd/
panties {n} (short underpants for women or girls) :: كيلوت {m} /kīlūt/, كيلوت {m} /kilot/
pants {n} (garment covering the body from the waist downwards) :: بنطال {m} /binṭāl/, سروال {m} /sirwāl/
pants {n} (undergarment covering the genitals) :: سروال السنة {m} /sirwāl as-suna/
Pan-Turkism {n} (political movement) :: قومية تركية {f} /qawmiyya turkiyya/
panty {n} (panties) SEE: panties ::
pap {n} (porridge) SEE: porridge ::
papa {n} (Father (familiar, conversational)) SEE: dad ::
paparazzi {n} (paparazzo) SEE: paparazzo ::
paparazzo {n} (freelance photographer of celebrities) :: باباراتزي {m} /bābārātzī/
papaya {n} (fruit) :: بابايا {f} /bābāyā/
paper {n} (sheet material) :: ورق {f} /waraq/, قرطاس {m} /qirṭās/, كاغد {m} /kāḡid/
paper {n} (written document shorter than a book) :: ورقة /waraqa/
paper {n} (academic paper) :: ورقة /waraqa/
paper {adj} (made of paper) :: ورقي /waraqiyy/
paper {n} (newspaper) SEE: newspaper ::
paper {n} (wallpaper) SEE: wallpaper ::
paper {v} (to document) SEE: document ::
paper clip {n} (paper clip) :: مشبك ورق {m} /mišbak waraq/
paper cup {n} (disposable cup) :: كوب ورقي {m} /kūb waraqiyy/
papermaker {n} (a person that makes paper) :: وراق /warrāq/
papilla {n} (anatomical structure) :: حليمة {f} /ḥulayma/
Papua New Guinea {prop} (country in Oceania) :: بابوا غينيا الجديدة {f} /bābwā ḡiniyyā l-jadīda/, بابوا نيو غينيا {f} /bābwā nyū ḡiniyyā/
papyrology {n} (the study of ancient texts written on papyrus) :: علم البرديات {m} /ʿilm al-burdayāt/
papyrus {n} (plant in the sedge family) :: بردي {m} /bardiyy/, كولان {m} /kūlān/, كولان {m} /kawlān/
papyrus {n} (material made from this plant) :: بردي {m} /bardiyy/, بردية {f} /bardiyya/
papyrus {n} (scroll or document written on this material) :: بردية {f} /bardiya/
parachute {n} (a device designed to control the fall of an object) :: براشوت {m} /barāšūt/, مظلة هبوط {f} /miẓallat hubūṭ/
parade {n} (organized procession) :: استعراض {m} /istiʿrāḍ/
paradigm {n} (example serving as a model or pattern) :: نموذج, مثال /miṯāl/, آية /ʾāya/
paradigm {n} (linguistics: all forms which contain a common element) :: قياس (علم الصرف)
paradise {n} (heaven) :: جنة {f} /janna/, سماوات {p} /samāwāt/, فردوس {m} {f} /firdaws/
Paradise {prop} (Heaven) :: الفردوس {f} /al-firdaws/
Paradise {prop} (the Garden of Eden) :: الفردوس {f} /al-firdaws/
paradisiac {adj} (of or like Paradise) :: فردوسى
paraffin {n} (kerosene) SEE: kerosene ::
paragraph {n} (passage in text) :: فقرة {f} /fiqra/
Paraguay {prop} (country in South America) :: باراجواي {f} /bārāguwāy/, باراغواي {f} /bārāḡuwāy/
parakeet {n} (various species of small parrots) :: باراكيت {m}
parallel {adj} (equally distant from one another at all points) :: [indefinite] مواز /muwāzin/, [definite] الموازي /al-muwāzī/
parallelogram {n} (convex quadrilateral in which each pair of opposite edges are parallel and of equal length) :: متوازي أضلاع /mutawāzī ʾaḍlāʿ/
Paralympic Games {prop} (international sports competition for people with physical disabilities, see also: Paralympics) :: ألعاب بارالمبية {f-p} /ʾalʿāb bārālimbiyya/
paralysis {n} (loss of muscle control) :: شلل {m} /šalal/
paralyzed {v} (paralyzed.) :: مشلول {m} /mašlūl/, مشلولة {f} /mašlūla/
Paramaribo {prop} (capital of Suriname) :: باراماريبو {m} /baramarībū/
parameter {n} (variable kept constant during an experiment, calculation or similar) :: وسيط {m} /wasīṭ/, بارامتر {m} /bārāmeter/
parameter {n} (name in a function or subroutine definition) :: معلم {m} /maʿlam/, وسيط {m} /wasīṭ/, بارامتر {m} /bārāmeter/
paramour {n} (illicit lover) :: خليل {m} /ḵalīl/, خليلة {f} /ḵalīla/; عشيق {m} /ʿašīq/, عشيقة {f} /ʿašīqa/
paranoia {n} (A psychotic disorder characterized by delusions of persecution) :: بارانويا {f} /baranūyā/, جنون الاضطهاد {p} /junūn al-iḍṭihād/
paranormal {adj} (can not be explained by scientific methods) :: خارق للطبيعة
paraphrase {v} (to compose a paraphrase) :: سرد /sarada/
parasite {n} (useless person who always relies on other people's work and gives nothing back) :: طفيلي {m} /ṭufayliyy/
parasite {n} ((generally undesirable) living organism that exists by stealing resources from another living organism) :: طفيل {m} /ṭufīl/
parasol {n} (umbrella used as protection from the sun) :: مظلة {f} /maẓalla/, شمسية {f} /šamsiyya/
parcel {n} (package wrapped for shipment) :: رزمة {f} /rizma/, رزمة {f} /ruzma/, طرد {m} /ṭard/
parchment {n} (material) :: رق {m} /raqq/
pardon {n} (forgiveness for an offence) :: إبراء {m} /ʾibrāʾ/, إعفاء {m} /ʾiʿfāʾ/
pardon {n} (releasing order) :: عفو {m} /ʿafw/, صفح {m} /ṣafḥ/
pardon {v} (to forgive) :: عفا /ʿafā/, غفر /ḡafara/
pardon {v} (to grant an official pardon) :: عفا /ʿafā/, عذر /ʿaḏara/
pardon {v} :: اذن
pardon {interj} (interjection, request to repeat) :: عفوا! /ʿafwan!/, [to a male] ماذا قلت؟ /māḏā qulta?/, [to a female] ماذا قلت؟ /māḏā qulti?/
pardon me {phrase} (sorry, as an apology) :: عفوا /ʿafwan/
parent {n} (person from whom one is descended) :: والد {m} /wālid/ [father], والدة {f} /wālida/ [mother], والدان {m-d} /wālidān/ [parents]
parenthesis {n} (either of a pair of brackets ( )) :: قوس {m} /qaws/ (plural: أقواس {m-p} /ʾaqwās/)
parents {n} (one's parents) :: والدان {m-d} /wālidāni/
pariah {n} (an outcast) :: منبوذ {m} /manbūḏ/, منبوذة {f} /manbūḏa/
Paris {prop} (capital of France) :: باريس {f} /bārīs/, [archaic] باريز {f} /bārīz/
Paris {prop} (cities in the U.S.) :: باريس {f} /bārīs/
Paris {prop} (Trojan prince) :: باريس {m} /bārīs/
Parisian {n} (someone from Paris) :: باريسي {m} /bārīsiyy/, باريسية {f} /bārīsiyya/
Parisian {adj} (of Paris) :: باريسي /bārīsiyy/
park {n} (ground for preservation of game, etc.) :: حديقة {f} /ḥadīqa/
park {n} (ground for recreation) :: حديقة {f} /ḥadīqa/, متنزه {m} /mutanazzah/, بارك {m} /bark/
park {v} (bring to a halt) :: وقف /waqqafa/
parking {n} (space) :: موقف {m} /mawqif/, موقف سيارات {m} /mawqif sayyārāt/
parking lot {n} (open area, generally paved, where automobiles may be left when not in use) :: موقف سيارات {m} /mawqif sayyārāt/, موقف {m} /mawqif/
parking space {n} (space in which a vehicle can be parked) :: موقف {m} /mawqif/
Parkinson's disease {n} (Parkinson's disease) :: مرض باركنسون {m} /maraḍ barkinsun/
parliament {n} (institution with elected or appointed members) :: مجلس {m} /majlis/, برلمان {m} /barlamān/
Parliament {prop} (parliament) SEE: parliament ::
parlous {adj} (attended with peril) SEE: dangerous ::
parmesan {n} (hard, full-fat Italian cheese from Parma) :: بارميجيانو {m} /barmijyanū/
Parmesan {n} (parmesan) SEE: parmesan ::
paroemia {n} (proverb) SEE: proverb ::
parrot {n} (kind of bird) :: ببغاء {m} {f} /babbaḡāʾ/
parrot {n} (person who repeats what was said) :: ببغاء {m} {f} /babbaḡāʾ/
parsec {n} (parallax second) :: فرسخ {m} /farsakh/, فرسخ فلكي {m} /farsakh falakiyy/
parser {n} (computer program) :: تجزئة
parsley {n} (herb) :: مقدونس {m} /maqdūnis/, بقدونس {m} /baqdūnis/, معدونس {m} /maʿdūnis/
parsnip {n} (the plant Pastinaca sativa) :: جزر أبيض {m} /jazar ʾabyaḍ/
parsnip {n} (the edible root of Pastinaca sativa) :: جزر أبيض /jazar 'abyad/
part {n} (fraction of a whole ) :: جزء {m} /juzʾ/, جزء {m} /juzaʾ/, قسم {m} /qism/
part {n} (position or role ) :: دور {m} /dawr/
Parthenon {prop} (ancient temple to Athena) :: بارثينون
Parthia {prop} ((historical) region) :: فرثيا /Farathiya/
participant {n} (one who participates) :: مشارك {m} /mušārik/
participate {v} (to join in, to take part, to involve oneself) :: شارك /šāraka/, ساهم /sāhama/
participation {n} (act of participating) :: مساهمة {f} /musāhama/
participial {n} (participle) SEE: participle ::
participle {n} (verb form) :: اسم فاعل {m} /ism fāʿil/, اسم مفعول {m} /ism mafʿūl/
particle {n} (body with very small size) :: جسيم {m} /jusaym/
particle {n} (elementary particle or subatomic particle) :: جسيم {m} /jusaym/
particle {n} (word that does not obviously belong to any particular part of speech) :: أداة {f} /ʾadāh/, حرف {m} /ḥarf/
particle accelerator {n} (a device that accelerates electrically charged particles to extremely high speeds) :: معجل جسيمات {m} /muʿajjil jusaymāt/
particle physics {n} (particle physics) :: فيزياء الجسيمات
particular {adj} (known only to an individual person or group) SEE: confidential ::
partisan {n} (adherent to a party) :: حزبي {m} /ḥizbiyy/
partisan {adj} (adherent to a party or faction) :: حزبي /ḥizbiyy/
partisan {n} (member of a body of detached light troops) SEE: guerrilla ::
partitive {adj} (grammar: indicating a part) :: تبعيضي /tabʿīḍiyy/
partitive {n} (partitive case) :: تبعيض /tabʿīḍ/
partitive case {n} (case used to indicate that an object is affected only partially by the verb) SEE: partitive ::
partiture {n} (score (music)) SEE: score ::
partner {n} (someone who is associated with another in a common activity or interest) :: شريك {m} /šarīk/
part of speech {n} (the function a word or phrase performs) :: جزء الكلام {m} /juzʾ al-kalām/
partridge {n} (any bird of the genera Perdix or Alectoris) :: حجل {m} /ḥajal/
parturition {n} (act of giving birth) :: مخاض {m} /maḵāḍ/, وضع {m} /waḍʿ/, ولادة {f} /wilāda/
party {n} (social gathering) :: حفلة {f} /ḥafla/, احتفال {m} /iḥtifāl/
party {n} (political group) SEE: political party ::
Pasargadae {prop} (ancient city of Persia) :: باسارغاد
pasha {n} (title) :: باشا {m} /bāšā/
Pashto {n} (official language of Afghanistan) :: بشتوية {f} /buštuwiyya/
Pashtun {prop} (Pashto) SEE: Pashto ::
Pasir Ris {prop} (town in Singapore) :: بسير ريس /bāsīr rīs/
paska {n} (paskha) SEE: paskha ::
paskha {n} (Easter dessert) :: باسخا {f} /basḵā/, باسخا {f} /bāsḵā/
pass {v} (elapse) :: انقضى /inqaḍā/, مر /marra/
pass {v} (go from one person to another) :: مرر /marrara/, مر /marra/
pass {v} (advance through all the steps or stages necessary to validity or effectiveness) :: اجتاز
pass {v} (go through any inspection or test successfully) :: اجتاز
pass {v} (to be tolerated) :: تغاضى /taḡāḍā/
pass {v} (go through the intestines) :: مر /marra/
pass {v} (decline to play in one's turn) :: تخلى /taḵallā/
pass {v} (go by, over, etc) :: مر /marra/
pass {v} (go by without noticing) :: أهمل
pass {v} (transcend) :: تجاوز /tajāwaza/
pass {v} (go successfully through) :: اجتاز
pass {n} (opening, road, or track, available for passing) :: طريق {m}
pass {n} (permission or license to pass, or to go and come) :: جواز {m} /jawāz/
pass {n} (document granting permission to pass or to go and come) :: جواز {m} /jawāz/
pass {n} :: تمرير
pass {n} (password) SEE: password ::
passenger {n} (one who rides or travels in a vehicle) :: مسافر {m} /musāfir/, سافر {m} /sāfir/, راكب {m} /rākib/
passer-by {n} (a person who is passing by) :: مار {m} /mārr/
passion {n} (any great emotion) :: عاطفة {f} /ʿāṭifa/, شغف {m} /šaḡf/
passion {n} (fervor, determination) :: عزم {m} /ʿazm/
passion {n} (object of passionate love or strong interest) :: شغف {m} /šaḡaf/
passion fruit {n} (edible fruit) :: ثمرة زهرة الآلام {f} /ṯamarat zahrat al-ʾālām/, فاكهة زهرة الآلام {f} /fākihat zahrat al-ʾālām/, ماراكويا {f} /marakūyyā/
passive {n} (passive voice) SEE: passive voice ::
passive {adj} (grammar: being in the passive voice) :: مجهول /majhūl/
passive participle {n} (passive participle) :: اسم المفعول {m} /ismu l-mafʿūli/ (name of the thing that is done)
passive voice {n} (grammatical term) :: صيغة مجهول {f} /ṣīḡat majhūl/, مبني مجهول {m} /mabnī majhūl/
pass on {v} (To die) SEE: die ::
Passover {prop} (Jewish festival) :: عيد الفصح اليهودي {m} /ʿīd al-fiṣḥ al-yahūdiyy/, عيد الفصح {m} /ʿīd al-fiṣḥ/
passport {n} (official document) :: جواز سفر {m} /jawāz safar/, إجازة مرور {f} /ʾijāzat murūr/, باسبور {m} /bāspōr/
pass through {v} (to transit) :: اخترق /iḵtaraqa/, نفذ /nafaḏa/
password {n} (word used to gain admittance) :: كلمة المرور {f} /kalimatu l-murūr/, كلمة السر {f} /kalimatu s-sirr/
password {n} (computing: string of characters known only to a user) :: كلمة السر
past {adj} (ago) SEE: ago ::
past {n} (period of time that has already happened) :: [indefinite] ماض {m} /māḍin/, [definite] الماضي {m} /al-māḍī/
past {n} ((grammar) past tense) :: [indefinite] ماض {m} /māḍin/, [definite] الماضي {m} /al-māḍī/
past {adj} (having already happened; in the past) :: ماض /māḍin/
past {prep} (beyond in place) :: بعد /baʿda/
pasta e fagioli {n} (soup made with pasta and beans) :: باستا الحبوب {f} /bāstā l-ḥabūb/, باستا بالفاصوليا {f} /bāstā bi-l-fāṣūliyā/, معكرونة بالفاصوليا {f} /maʿkarūna(t) bi-l-fāṣūliyā/
paste {v} (to cause to stick, adhere) :: لصق /laṣaqa/
pastirma {n} (highly seasoned, air-dried cured beef) :: بسطرمة /basṭerma/
pastor {n} (shepherd) SEE: shepherd ::
past tense {n} (form of language) :: الماضي {m} /al-māḍī/, الفعل الماضي {m} /al-fiʿl al-māḍī/
pasture {n} (land on which cattle can be kept for feeding) :: مرعى {m} /marʿan/
patch {n} (figuratively: fit) SEE: fit ::
patch {n} (paltry fellow) SEE: fool ::
patella {n} (kneecap) SEE: kneecap ::
paterfamilias {n} (a man who is the head of a household) :: رب العائلة {m} /rabb al-ʿāʾila/
paternal {adj} (of or pertaining to one's father) :: أبوي /ʾabawiyy/
paternal aunt {n} (the sister of one's father) :: عمة {f} /ʿamma/
paternal uncle {n} (brother of one's father) :: عم {m} /ʿamm/
paternity {n} (fatherhood) SEE: fatherhood ::
paternoster {n} (a rosary) SEE: rosary ::
paternoster {n} (Lord's prayer) :: الصلاة الربية {f} /aṣ-ṣalā(t) ar-rabbiyya/
path {n} (a trail for the use of, or worn by, pedestrians) :: طريق {m} /ṭarīq/, صراط {m} /ṣirāṭ/
path {n} (a course taken) :: صراط {m} /ṣirāṭ/, مسار {m} /masār/
pathology {n} (branch of medicine) :: علم الأمراض {m} /ʿilm al-ʾamrāḍ/
patience {n} (quality of being patient) :: صبر {m} /ṣabr/
patient {adj} (not losing one's temper while waiting) :: صبور /ṣabūr/
patient {n} (someone who receives treatment from a doctor) :: مريض {m} /marīḍ/
Patil {prop} (surname) :: باتيل /batīl/
Patras {prop} (city of Greece) :: باتراي {m} /bātrāy/
patriarch {n} (male leader) :: شيخ {m} /šayḵ/, بطريرك {m} /baṭriyark/
patriarchate {n} (office or ecclesial jurisdiction) :: بطريركية {f} /baṭriyarkiyya/
patriarchy {n} (social system) :: أبوية {f} /ʾabawiyya/
patriarchy {n} (office of the patriarch) SEE: patriarchate ::
patriot {n} (person who loves, supports and defends their country) :: وطني {m} /waṭaniyy/
patriotism {n} (love of one's own country) :: وطنية {f} /waṭaniyya/, محبة الوطن {f} /maḥabbat al-waṭan/
patron saint {n} (exemplar) SEE: exemplar ::
pattern {n} (that from which a copy is made) :: نموذج {m} /numūḏaj/
pattern baldness {n} (gradual loss of hair) :: صلع /ṣálaʿ/
Paul {prop} (the Apostle) :: بولس /būlas/
Paul {prop} (male given name) :: بول {m} /bawl/
paunch {n} (large, protruding belly) :: كرش {f} /kariš/
pauper {n} (one who is extremely poor) :: فقير {m} /faqīr/
pausa {n} (The hiatus between prosodic units) :: وقف {m} /waqf/
pause {v} (to interrupt something) :: توقف /tawaqqafa/
pause {n} (temporary stop or rest) :: توقف {m} /tawaqquf/, وقف {m} /waqf/
pavement {n} (footpath) :: رصيف {m} /raṣīf/, طوار {m} /ṭawār/, طوار {m} /ṭuwār/
pavilion {n} (light roofed structure used as a shelter in a public place) :: جناح {m}
pavilion {n} (structure erected to house exhibits at a fair, etc) :: جناح {m}
pavilion {n} (cartiliginous part of the outer ear) SEE: pinna ::
paw {n} (soft foot of an animal) :: قدم {f} /qadam/
pawn {n} (chess piece) :: جندي /jundiyy/, بيدق /baydaq/
pawpaw {n} (fruit) :: ببو فاكهة
pay {v} (to give money in exchange for goods or services) :: دفع /dafaʿa/
pay {n} (money given in return for work) :: معاش {m}, أجر {m}
pay back {v} (to repay) :: جازى /jāzā/
payment {n} (the act of paying) :: دفع {m} /dafʿ/
PBUH {interj} (peace be upon him) :: صلعم /ṣ.l.ʿ.m./, , صلى الله عليه وسلم /ṣallā llāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam/
pea {n} (plant) :: بازلاء {f} /bāzillāʾ/
pea {n} (edible seed) :: بازلاء {f} /bāzillāʾ/
peace {n} (tranquility, quiet, harmony; absence of violence) :: سلام {m} /salām/, هدوء {m} /hudūʾ/, أمن {m} /ʾamn/
peace {n} (state of mind) :: هدوء {m} /hudūʾ/
peace {n} (harmony; lack of conflict in personal relations) :: سلام {m} /salām/
peace {n} (state of being free from war) :: سلام {m} /salām/, صلح {m} /ṣulḥ/, سلم {m} /silm/
peace be upon him {interj} (honorific phrase used by some Muslims) :: عليه السلام /ʿalayhi s-salām/
peaceful {adj} (not at war or disturbed by strife or turmoil) :: سلمي /silmiyy/
peaceful coexistence {n} (mutual non-interference) :: تعايش سلمي /taʿāyuš silmiyy/
peace of mind {n} (absence of mental stress) :: سكينة {f} /sakīna/, طمئنينة {f} /ṭumaʾnīna/
peacetime {n} (period of peace) :: وقت السلام {m} /waqt as-salāmi/, وقت السلم {m} /waqt as-silmi/, زمن السلام {m} /zaman as-salāmi/, زمن السلم {m} /zaman as-silmi/
peace treaty {n} (an agreement to end fighting or conflict) :: معاهدة سلام {f} /muʿāhadat salām/
peach {n} (fruit) :: خوخ {f-p} /ḵawḵ/ [collective], خوخة {f} /ḵawḵa/ [singular], دراق {m} /durrāq/, فرسك {m} /firsik/
peach blossom {n} (flower) :: زهرة خوخ {f} /zahra(t) ḵawḵ/
peachtree {n} (peach) SEE: peach ::
peacock {n} (pheasant of one of the genera Pavo and Afropavo) :: طاووس {m} /ṭāwūs/
peak {n} (mountain top) :: قمة {f} /qimma/
peak hour {n} (rush hour) SEE: rush hour ::
peanut {n} (a legume resembling a nut) :: فول سوداني {m} /fūl sūdāniyy/
peanut butter {n} (spread made from ground peanuts) :: زبدة فول سوداني {f} /zubdat fūl sūdāniyy/
pear {n} (fruit) :: كمثرى {f} /kummaṯrā/, إجاص {m} /ʾijjāṣ/
pear {n} (tree) :: كمثرى {f} /kummaṯrā/
pearl {n} (light-colored tern) SEE: tern ::
pearl {n} (mother-of-pearl) SEE: mother-of-pearl ::
pearl {n} (rounded shelly concretion produced by certain mollusks) :: لؤلؤة {f} /luʾluʾa/
pearl diver {n} (dishwasher) SEE: dishwasher ::
Pearl Harbor {prop} (a harbor on Oahu) :: بيرل هاربر {m} /birl harbar/
pearl millet {n} (Pennisetum glaucum) :: دخن {m} /duḵn/
pearl necklace {n} (necklace made of pearls) :: عقد لؤلؤ {m} /ʿuqd luʾluʾ/
peasant {n} (member of the agriculture low class) :: فلاح {m} /fallāḥ/, فلاحة {f} /fallāḥa/
pebble {n} (stone) :: حصاة {f} /ḥaṣāh/
peccary {n} (a family of mammals related to pigs and hippos) :: بيكارية {f} /pikarya/
peck {v} (to strike or pierce with the beak or similar) :: نقر /naqqara/, نقر /naqara/
pecker {n} (slang for penis) SEE: dick ::
pecker {n} (slang for woodpecker) SEE: woodpecker ::
pecker {n} (slang for courage) SEE: courage ::
peckerwood {n} (woodpecker) SEE: woodpecker ::
pectoral {adj} (of or pertaining to the breast or chest) :: صدري /ṣadriyy/
ped {n} (pedestrian) SEE: pedestrian ::
pedagogy {n} (activities of educating, teaching or instructing) :: مهنة التدريس, تعليم /taʿlīm/
pedal {adj} (of or relating to the foot) :: قدمي /qadamiyy/
peddler {n} (itinerant seller of small goods) :: بائع متجول /ba'a mutajawel/
pederast {n} (practitioner of pederasty) :: لوطي {m} /lūṭiyy/
pederasty {n} (archaic: homosexual anal sex) SEE: sodomy ::
pedestrian {n} (somebody walking rather than using a vehicle) :: راجل {m} /rājil/, ماش {m} /māšin/, مار {m} /mārr/
pediatrician {n} (physician who specialises in pediatrics) :: طبيب أطفال {m} /ṭabīb ʾaṭfāl/
pee {n} :: بول {m} /bawl/
pee {v} :: بول /bawwala/
pee {n} (name of the letter P, p) :: بيه {m} /bīh/, پي {m} /pī/ [rare, using a Persian letter], بي {m} /bī/ [same as bee]
peel {v} (to remove skin) :: قشر /qaššara/
peel {n} (skin of a fruit) :: قشرة {f} /qišra/
peeping tom {n} (person who secretly watches someone to gain sexual pleasure) :: متلصص {m} /mutalaṣṣiṣ/
pegasus {n} (winged horse) :: حصان مجنح /ḥiṣān mujanniḥ/, بيغاسوس /bīḡāsūs/
Pei-ching {prop} (Beijing) SEE: Beijing ::
pekan {n} (fisher) SEE: fisher ::
Peking {prop} (Beijing) SEE: Beijing ::
pelican {n} (any of various seabirds of the family Pelecanidae) :: بجع /bajaʿ/
Peloponnese {prop} (region of Greece) :: بيلوبونيز {m} /bīlūbūnīz/
pelvis {n} (bone) :: حوض {m} /ḥawḍ/
pen {n} (wing) SEE: wing ::
pen {n} (enclosure (enclosed area) for animals) :: زريبة {f} /zarība/, حظيرة {f} /ḥaẓīra/
pen {n} (writing tool) :: قلم {m} /qalam/, قلم حبر {m} /qalam ḥibr/
Pen {prop} (68th sura of the Qur'an) :: سورة القلم
penalty {n} (punishment for violating rules of procedure) :: جزاء {m} /jazāʾ/
penalty {n} (penalty kick) SEE: penalty kick ::
penalty kick {n} ((soccer) a form of direct free kick) :: ركلة جزاء {f} /raklatu jazāʾ/
penalty shootout {n} (a series of penalty kicks) :: ركلات الترجيح {f} /rakalāt at-tarjīḥ/
pencil {n} (graphite writing-instrument) :: قلم {m} /qalam/, قلم رصاص {m} /qalam raṣāṣ/
pencil box {n} (container for stationery) SEE: pencil case ::
pencil case {n} (object purposed to contain stationery) :: مقلمة {f} /miqlama/
pencil sharpener {n} (device used to sharpen pencils) :: براية {f} /barrāya/, مبراة {f} /mibrāh/
pendulum {n} (body suspended from a fixed support) :: نواس
penetrate {v} (enter into) :: اخترق /iḵtaraqa/
penfriend {n} (person with whom one exchanges letters) SEE: pen pal ::
peng {n} (enormous bird of Chinese myth) SEE: roc ::
penguin {n} (flightless sea bird) :: بطريق {m} /biṭrīq/
penicillin {n} (penicillin) :: بنسلين {m} /binisilīn/
penile {adj} (having to do with the penis) :: قضيبي /qaḍībiyy/
peninsula {n} (piece of land projecting into water) :: شبه جزيرة {f} /šibh jazīra/
penis {n} :: قضيب {m} /qaḍīb/, ذكر {m} /ḏakar/, قضيب الذكر {m}, أير {m} /ʾayr/
penis {n} (penis) SEE: member ::
Pennsylvania {prop} (US state) :: بنسيلفانيا {f} /binsilfāniyā/
penny {n} (1/100 of a pound sterling or British pound) :: بنس {m} /bins/
penny {n} (one-cent coin in US and Canada) SEE: cent ::
pen pal {n} (friend with whom one communicates using letters) :: صديق بالمراسلة {m} /ṣadīq bi-l-murāsala/
pensioner {n} (someone who lives on a pension) :: متقاعد {m}
Pentateuch {prop} (first five books of the Bible) :: توراة {f} /tawrāh/
pentazole {n} (Chemical compound) :: پنتازول
penumbra {n} (partially shaded area around a shadow, especially an eclipse) :: شبه ظل /šibh ẓill/
Penza {prop} (a city in Russia) :: بينزا {f} /bīnzā/
peon {n} (peasant or serf) :: كادح {m} /kādiḥ/
people {n} (a body of human beings; a group of two or more persons) :: ناس {p} /nās/
people {n} (a group of persons forming or belonging to a particular nation etc.) :: شعب {m} /šaʿb/, ناس {p} /nās/, خلق {m} /ḵalq/
people {n} (a person's ancestors, relatives or family) :: أهل {m} /ʾahl/
People of the Book {n} (Non-Muslims who adhere to an Abrahamic religion) :: أهل الكتاب {m-p} /ʾahl al-kitābi/
People's Democratic Republic of Algeria {prop} (official name of Algeria) :: الجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبية {f} /al-jumhūriyya l-jazāʾiriyya d-dimuqrāṭiyya š-šaʿbiyya/
People's Democratic Republic of Yemen {prop} (South Yemen) :: جمهورية اليمن الديمقراطية الشعبية /jumhūriyyat al-yaman ad-dimuqrāṭiyya š-šaʿbiyya/
People's Liberation Army {prop} (army branch) :: جيش التحرير الشعبي الصيني
people's republic {n} (self-designation of states with Marxist-Leninist governments) :: الجمهورية الشعبية {m} /al-jumhūriyya š-šaʿbiyya/
People's Republic of Bangladesh {prop} (People's Republic of Bangladesh) :: جمهورية بنغلاديش الشعبية
People's Republic of China {prop} (official name of China) :: جمهورية الصين الشعبية {f} /jumhūriyyatu ṣ-ṣīni š-šaʿbiyyatu/
people who live in glass houses shouldn't throw stones {proverb} (one shouldn't criticize others for having the same fault) :: من كان بيته من زجاج لا يرمي الناس بالحجارة /man kāna baytuhu min zujāj lā yarmī n-nās bi-l-ḥajāra/
pepper {n} (plant) :: فلفل {m} /filfil/, فلفل {m} /fulful/
pepper {n} (spice) :: فلفل {m} /filfil/, فلفل {m} /fulful/
peppermint {n} (herb) :: نعناع فلفلي {m} /naʻnāʻ filfiliyy/
pepper spray {n} (non-lethal riot-control agent) :: رشاش الفلفل
Pepsi {prop} (the brand of drink) :: بيبسي {m} /bibsī/
per {prep} (for each) :: لكل /likull/
per {prep} (used in expressing ratios of units) :: في كل /fī kull/
per {prep} (via) :: بواسطة /bi-wāsiṭa/, ب /bi-/, عن طريق /ʿann ṭarīq/
per {prep} (in accordance with) :: بناء على /bināʾan ʿalā/, لأجل /liʾajl/
percent {n} (a part or other object per hundred) :: في المائة /fī-l-miʾa/, بالمائة /bi-l-miʾa/
percentage {n} (part of a whole) :: النسبة المئوية {f} /an-nisba l-miʾawiyya/
perception {n} (conscious understanding of something) :: ادراك حسي {m} /idraāk ḥassiyy/
peregrine falcon {n} (Falco peregrinus) :: شاهين /šāhīn/
perestroika {prop} (reform in the Soviet Union in 1980s) :: بيريسترويكا {f} /bīrīstrūykā/
perfect {adj} (fitting its definition precisely) :: كامل /kāmil/
perfect {adj} (having all of its parts in harmony with a common purpose) :: كامل /kāmil/
perfection {n} (being perfect) :: كمال {m} /kamāl/
perfectionism {n} (a dislike for anything less than perfection) :: كمالية {f} /kamāliyya/
perfectionist {adj} (inclined or related to perfectionism) :: كمالي /kamāliyy/
perfectionistic {adj} (perfectionist) SEE: perfectionist ::
perfectitude {n} (perfection) SEE: perfection ::
perform {v} (to do something) :: أدى /ʾaddā/
performance {n} (live show or concert) :: مسرحية {f} /masraḥiyya/
performance anxiety {n} (anxiety about performing in front of an audience) SEE: stage fright ::
perfume {n} (pleasant smell) :: أريج {m} /ʾarīj/, عبير {m} /ʿabīr/, شذا {m} /šaḏan/, عطر {m} /ʿiṭr/, شذى {m} /šaḏan/
perfume {n} (substance providing a pleasant smell) :: أريج {m} /ʾarīj/, شذا {m} /šaḏan/, عطر {m} /ʿiṭr/
perfume {v} (to apply perfume to) :: عطر /ʿaṭṭara/
perfumer {n} (person who makes or sells perfume) :: عطار /ʿaṭṭār/
perhaps {adv} (indicating a lack of certainty) :: ربما /rubbamā/, من الممكن /min al-mumkin/
pericardium {n} (serous membrane that surrounds the heart) :: شغاف /šaḡāf/, شغف /šaḡaf/
perigee {n} :: حضيض {m} /ḥaḍīḍ/
perigon {n} (round angle) SEE: round angle ::
perineum {n} (anatomical term) :: عجان {m} /ʿijān/
period {n} (history: period of time seen as coherent entity) :: مرحلة زمنية {f} /marḥala zamniyya/, مدة {f} /mudda/, حين {m} /ḥīn/, [length of time] فترة {f} /fatra/, عصر {m} /ʿaṣr/
period {n} (punctation mark “.”) :: نقطة {f} /nuqṭa/, علامة فصلية {f} /ʿalāma faṣliyya/
period {n} (length of time during which something repeats) :: حدث متكرر /ḥadaṯ mutakarrir/
period {n} (geology: subdivision of an era) :: عصر {m} /ʿaṣr/
period {n} (menstruation) SEE: menstruation ::
periodically {adv} (in a regular, periodic manner) :: بشكل دوري /bi-šakl dawriyy/
periodic table {n} (tabular chart of the chemical elements) :: جدول دوري {m} /jadwalun dawriyy/
periosteum {n} (membrane surrounding a bone) :: سمحاق {m} /simḥāq/
peri-urban {adj} (immediately adjoining an urban area) :: طريق فرعي /ṭarīq farʿiyy/
perjury {n} (deliberate giving of false or misleading testimony under oath) :: شهادة زور {f} /šahāda(t) zūr/
Perm {prop} (city in Russia) :: بيرم {m} /bīrm/
permanence {n} (the state of being permanent) :: دوام {m} /dawām/
permanent {adj} (without end) :: دائم /dāʾim/
permanent wave {n} (series of waves in the hair) SEE: permanent ::
permission {n} (authorisation) :: تصريح {m} /taṣrīḥ/, سماح {m} /samāḥ/, إجازة {f} /ʾijāza/, رخصة {f} /ruḵṣa/, رخصة {f} /ruḵuṣa/
permit {v} (allow (something) to happen) :: أذن /ʾaḏina/, سمح /samaḥa/
permutation {n} (ordering of a set of distinct elements) :: تبديل /tabdīl/
perpendicular {adj} (at or forming a right angle to) :: عمودي /ʿamūdiyy/, رأسي /raʾsiyy/
perpetuity {n} (the quality or state of being perpetual) :: خلد {m} /ḵuld/
Perpignan {prop} (city in Pyrénées-Orientales, France) :: بيربينيا {m} /bīrbīnyā/
persecution {n} (the act of persecuting) :: اضطهاد {m} /iḍṭihād/
Persepolis {prop} (ancient city of Persia) :: برسيبوليس /birsībūlīs/
Perseus {prop} (mythical Greek warrior) :: بيرسيوس {m} /birsiyus/
perseverance {n} (persistent determination to adhere to a course of action; insistence) :: مثابرة {f} /muṯābara/
Persia {prop} (Iran) SEE: Iran ::
Persia {prop} (region of ancient Iran) :: فارس {m} /fāris/
Persian {n} (the Persian language) :: فارسي {m} /fārisiyy/
Persian {n} (person from Persia) :: فارسي {m} /fārisiyy/
Persian {n} :: فارسي /fārisiyy/
Persian {adj} (of, from, or pertaining to Persia) :: فارسي /fārisiyy/
Persian Gulf {prop} (gulf between Iran and the Arabian peninsula) :: الخليج الفارسي {m} /al-ḵalīj al-fārisiyy/, الخليج العربي {m} /al-ḵalīj al-ʿarabiyy/
persimmon {n} (fruit) :: برسيمون {m} /birsimūn/, كاكا {f} /kākā/
persist {v} (continue to exist) :: ثابر /ṯābara/
person {n} (individual) :: شخص {m} /šaḵṣ/, مرء {m} /marʾ/, فرد {m} /fard/
person {n} (specifically a human being, see also: human; human being; man) :: إنسان {m} /insān/
person {n} (Christianity: any one of the three hypostases of the God) :: أقنوم {m} /ʾuqnūm/
person {n} (the physical body seen as distinct from the mind) :: فرد {m} /fard/
personal {adj} (of or pertaining to a particular person) :: شخصي /šaḵṣiyy/
personal computer {n} (small computer for use by one person at a time, see also: PC) :: كمبيوتر شخصي {m} /kambyūtar šaḵṣiyy/
personality {n} (set of qualities that make a person distinct from other people) :: شخصية {f} /šaḵṣiyya/
persona non grata {n} (a person who is not welcome) :: شخص غير مرغوب فيه
personification {n} (person, thing or name typifying a certain quality or idea) :: تجسيد {m}
perspective {n} (view, vista or outlook) :: منظور {m} /manẓūr/
perspicacious {adj} (showing keen insight) :: متبصر /mutabaṣṣir/
perspiration {n} (sweat) SEE: sweat ::
perspiration {n} (process of perspiring) :: عرق {m} /ʿaraq/
perspire {v} (sweat) SEE: sweat ::
persuade {v} (convince) :: أقنع /ʾaqnaʿa/
Perth {prop} (city in Scotland) :: بيرث {m} /birṯ/
Perth {prop} (city in Western Australia) :: بيرث {m} /birṯ/
pertussis {n} (whooping cough) SEE: whooping cough ::
Peru {prop} (country in South America) :: بيرو {f} /bērū/
pervert {n} (sexually perverted person) :: منحرف {m} /munḥarif/, منحرفة {f} /munḥarifa/
Pesach {prop} (Passover) SEE: Passover ::
Peshawar {prop} (capital of North West Frontier Province, Pakistan) :: بيشاور {m} /bišāwar/
peso {n} (currency) :: بيزو {m} /bīzū/
pessimism {n} (general belief that bad things will happen) :: تشاؤم {m} /tašāʾum/
pessimism {n} (doctrine that this world is the worst of all possible worlds) :: تشاؤم {m} /tašāʾum/
pessimistic {adj} (marked by pessimism and little hopefulness) :: متشائم /mutašāʾim/
pessimistic {adj} (always expecting the worst) :: متشائم /mutašāʾim/
pestle {n} (instrument used with a mortar to grind things) :: مدقة {f} /midaqqa/, يد {m} /yad/, دستج {m} /dastaj/
pesto {n} (an Italian sauce especially for pasta) :: بيستو /bīstū/
pet {n} (an animal kept as a companion) :: حيوان منزلي {m} /ḥayawān manzaliyy/
petabyte {n} (1,000,000,000,000,000 bytes) :: بيتابايت {m} /bitabayt/
petal {n} (one of the component parts of the corolla of a flower) :: بتلة {f} /batala/, تويجة {f} /tuwayja/, تويجية /tuwayjiyya/
Peter {prop} (male given name) :: بطرس {m} /buṭrus/ [cognate], بيتر {m} /bītar/ [transliteration]
Petrarch {prop} (the scholar and poet Petrarca) :: بتراركا {m}
petrol {n} (gasoline) SEE: gasoline ::
petroleum {n} (oil) SEE: oil ::
petrol station {n} (gas station) SEE: gas station ::
Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky {prop} (city in Russia) :: بيتروبافلوفسك-كامتشاتسكي {m} /bitrubāflufsk-kamtšātskī/
Petrosyan {prop} (surname) :: بتروسيان
Petrovich {prop} (Russian patronymic) :: بيتروفيش {m} /Bētrōfīš/
Petrozavodsk {prop} (city in Russia) :: بيتروزافودسك {m} /bitruzafūdsk/
Peugeot {prop} (French manufacturer of cars) :: بيجو {m} /bijū/
phalange {n} (phalanx) SEE: phalanx ::
phalanx {n} (finger or toe bone) :: سلامى {m} /sulāmā/, سلامية {f} /sulāmiyya/
phallic {adj} (having to do with the penis) SEE: penile ::
phallic {adj} (having to do with the penis) :: قضيبي /qaḍībiyy/
phallus {n} (penis) SEE: penis ::
phallus {n} (the penis or its representation) :: فالوس {m} /fālūs/, فالوس {m} /falus/
pharaoh {n} (supreme ruler of ancient Egypt) :: فرعون {m} /firʿawn/
pharmaceutics {n} (pharmacy) SEE: pharmacy ::
pharmacist {n} (professional who dispenses prescription drugs) :: صيدلي {m} /ṣaydaliyy/, صيدلاني /ṣaydalāniyy/
pharmacology {n} (science that studies the effects of chemical compounds on living animals) :: علم الصيدلة {m} /ʿilm aṣ-ṣaydala/
pharmacovigilance {n} (detection, assessment, understanding and prevention of adverse effects of medicines) :: صيدلة احتراسية
pharmacy {n} (a place where prescription drugs are dispensed) :: صيدلية {f} /ṣaydaliyya/, فارمسي {m} /fārmasī/
pharmacy {n} (science of medicinal substances) :: صيدلة {f} /ṣaydala/
pharyngeal {adj} (of or pertaining to the pharynx) :: بلعومي /bulʿūmiyy/
pharyngeal {adj} (of pharyngeal sounds) :: حلقي /ḥalqiyy/
pharynx {n} (part of alimentary canal) :: بلعوم {m} /bulʿūm/
phase {n} (distinguishable part of a sequence) :: مرحلة {f} /marḥala/
pheasant {n} (bird of family Phasianidae, often hunted for food) :: تدرج {m} /tadruj/
phenomenon {n} (observable fact or occurrence) :: ظاهرة {f} /ẓāhira/
phi {n} (Greek letter) :: فاي {m} /fay/
philander {n} (lover) SEE: lover ::
philanthropist {n} (very generous person) :: سخي {m} /saḵiyy/
philanthropy {n} (charity) SEE: charity ::
Philemon {prop} (book of the Bible) :: الرسالة إلى فليمون /ar-risāla(t) ʾilā filīmūn/
Philemon {prop} (male given name) :: فليمون /filīmūn/
philharmonic {n} (full-sized symphonic orchestra) SEE: symphony orchestra ::
philharmonic orchestra {n} (symphony orchestra) SEE: symphony orchestra ::
philia {n} (friendship) SEE: friendship ::
Philip {prop} (biblical persons) :: فيليب {m} /fīlīb/
Philip {prop} (male given name) :: فيليب {m} /fīlīb/, فيلبس /fīlibus/, فيليبوس /fīlībūs/
Philippine eagle {n} (species of eagle endemic to the Philippines) :: عقاب فيلبيني /ʿiqāb fīlibīniyy/
Philippines {prop} (Republic of the Philippines) :: الفلبين {f} /al-filibbīn/
philology {n} (historical linguistics) :: فقه اللغة {m}, علم فقه اللغة {m}
philosopher {n} (person devoted to studying philosophy) :: فيلسوف {m} /faylasūf/
philosopher's stone {n} (philosopher's stone) :: حجر الفلاسفة {m} /ḥajar al-falāsifa/
philosophical {adj} (of or pertaining to philosophy) :: فلسفي /falsafiyy/
philosophy {n} (academic discipline) :: فلسفة {f} /falsafa/
philosophy {n} (comprehensive system of belief) :: فلسفة {f} /falsafa/, مذهب {m} /maḏhab/
philosophy {n} (view regarding fundamental principles) :: مذهب {m} /maḏhab/, عقيدة {f} /ʿaqīda/
philosophy {n} (general principle) :: مبدأ {m} /mabdaʾ/, مذهب {m} /maḏhab/
philtrum {n} (shallow groove running down the centre of the outer surface of the upper lip) :: نثرة {f} /naṯra/
phlegm {n} (mucus secreted in the bronchial passages) :: بلغم {m} /balḡam/, قشاعة {f} /qušāʿa/
phlegmon {n} (non collected inflammation of connective tissue) :: فلغمون {m} /falḡamūn/
phlox {n} (plant of genus Phlox) :: قبس {m} /qabas/
Phnom Penh {prop} (capital city of Cambodia) :: بنوم بنه {f} /bnūm binh/
phobia {n} (irrational or obsessive fear or anxiety) :: رهاب {m} /ruhāb/
Phoenicia {prop} (land of the Phoenicians) :: فينيقيا {f} /fīnīqiyā/
Phoenician {adj} (of, from, or related to the country or civilisation of Phoenicia) :: فينيقي /fīnīqiyy/
phoenix {n} (mythological bird) :: فينيكس {m} /fīnīks/, فقنس {m} /fuqnus/, عنقاء {f} /ʿanqāʾ/, فينيق /fīnīq/
phone {v} (to call (someone) on the telephone) :: تلفن /talfana/
phone {n} (telephone) SEE: telephone ::
phoneme {n} (indivisible unit of sound) :: فونيم {m} /fūnīm/, فونيم {m} /fonēm/
phone number {n} (telephone number) SEE: telephone number ::
phone sex {n} (erotic or sexual telephone conversation between two or more people) :: جنس عبر الهاتف {m}
phonetics {n} (study of speech sounds and their representation by written symbols) :: صوتيات {p} /ṣawtiyāt/
phonics {n} (phonetics) SEE: phonetics ::
phonograph {n} (archaic record player) SEE: gramophone ::
phonograph record {n} (record) SEE: record ::
phonology {n} (subfield of linguistics concerned with the way sounds function in languages) :: فونولوجيا {f} /funulujiyyā/, علم الأصوات اللغوية {m} /ʿilmu l-ʾaṣwāti l-luḡawiyyati/, نطقيات {f-p} /nuṭqiyyāt/, التصريف الصوتي {m} /at-taṣrīfu ṣ-ṣawtiyyu/
phony {adj} (fraudulent; fake) :: بهرج {m} /bahraj/, خراص {m} /ḵarrāṣ/
phosphorus {n} (element) :: فسفور {m} /fusfūr/
phosphorylation {n} (the process of transferring a phosphate group from a donor to an acceptor) :: فسفرة {f}
photo {n} (photograph) SEE: photograph ::
photocopier {n} (machine which reproduces documents by photographing the original over a glass plate and printing duplicates) :: ناسخة {f} /nāsiḵa/
photograph {n} (picture) :: صورة {f} /ṣūra/, صورة شمسية {f} /ṣūra šamsiyya)/
photograph {v} (to take a photograph) :: التقط صورة /iltaqaṭa ṣūra/
photographer {n} (one who takes photographs) :: مصور {m} /muṣawwir/
photography {n} (art and technology of producing images on photosensitive surfaces) :: تصوير {m} /taṣwīr/, فوتوغرافيا {f} /futuḡrafiyyā/
photon {n} (quantum of light) :: فوتون {m} /futūn/
photosynthesis {n} (biological process) :: تمثيل ضوئي {m} /tamṯīl ḍawʾiyy/, تركيب ضوئي {m} /tarkīb ḍawʾiyy/
phrase {n} (short written or spoken expression) :: جملة {f} /jumla/, تعبير {m} /taʿbīr/, عبارة {f} /ʿibāra/
phrase book {n} (book of everyday expressions and vocabulary) :: كتاب عبارة {m} /kitāb ʿibāra/
phrasebook {n} (book used to learn foreign language) SEE: phrase book ::
phraseology {n} (phrasebook) SEE: phrase book ::
Phrygian cap {n} (conical close-fitting cap with the top bent forward) :: قبعة فريجية {f} /qubbaʿa(t) frījiya/
Phuket {prop} (island) :: فوكيت {m} /fukīt/
Phuket {prop} (city) :: فوكيت {m} /fukīt/
physical {adj} (having to do with the body) :: بدني {m} /badaniyy/, جسمي {m} /jismiyy/
physical {adj} (having to do with the material world) :: مادي /māddiyy/
physical {adj} (having to do with physics) :: فيزيائي
physical culture {n} (bodybuilding) SEE: bodybuilding ::
physical quantity {n} (physical property) :: كمية فيزيائية /kammiyya(t) fīziyāʾiyya/
physician {n} (medical doctor) :: طبيب {m} /ṭabīb/, دكتور {m} /duktūr/
physics {n} (branch of science) :: فيزياء {f} /fīziyāʾ/, فيزيقا {f} /fīzīqā/
physiology {n} (branch of biology) :: فيزيولوجيا {f} /fizyulūjiyā/
pi {n} (letter of Greek alphabet) :: بي {m} /bī/, پي {m} /pī/
pia mater {n} (innermost of the meninges) :: الأم الحنون (al-umm al-ḥanūn)
piano {n} (a keyboard musical instrument) :: بيانو {m} /biyānō/, معزف {m} /miʿzaf/
piastre {n} (Ottoman or Middle Eastern currency) :: قرش {m} /qirš/
picaresque {n} (picaresque novel) :: رواية شطارية
pick {v} (to pick) SEE: choose ::
pickle {n} (cucumber preserved in brine or vinegar syrup) :: مخلل {m} /muḵallal/
pickle {n} :: مخلل
pickled {adj} (preserved by pickling) :: مخلل /muḵallal/, كبيس /kabīs/, طرشي /ṭuršiyy/
pick one's nose {v} (insert a finger into one's nostril) :: دخل إصبعه في أنفه /daḵḵala ʾiṣbaʿahu fī ʾanfihi/
pickpocket {n} (one who steals from the pocket of a passerby) :: نشال {m} /naššāl/
pick up {v} (to lift; to grasp and raise) :: قطف /qaṭafa/
picnic {n} (an easy or pleasant task) :: مهمة سهلة {f} /mahamma sahla/
picometer {n} (10-12 of a meter) :: كل زق
picometre {n} (picometer) SEE: picometer ::
picture {n} (representation of visible reality produced by drawing, etc) :: صورة {f} /ṣūra/, تصوير {m} /taṣwīr/, تصويرة {f} /taṣwīra/, رسم {m} /rasm/
picture {n} (photograph) :: صورة {f} /ṣūra/, صورة شمسية {f} /ṣūra(t) šamsiyya/
picture {n} (painting) SEE: painting ::
Pi Day {prop} (March 14th, an annual celebration of the mathematical constant π (pi)) :: يوم ط
pie {n} (type of pastry) :: فطيرة {f} /faṭīra/
pie {n} (pizza) SEE: pizza ::
piece {n} (part of a larger whole) :: قطعة {f} /qiṭʿa/
piece {n} (single item belonging to a class of similar items) :: قطعة {f} /qiṭʿatun/
piece {n} (object played in a board game) :: قطعة {f} /qiṭʿa/
piece of cake {n} (simple or easy job) :: بسيطة {f}, لقمة سائغة {f}
piece of clothing {n} (garment) SEE: garment ::
piece of meat {n} (penis) SEE: penis ::
piece of paper {n} (sheet or scrap of paper) :: ورقة {f} /waraqa/
Piedmont {prop} (region) :: بييمونتي
pie-eyed {adj} ((extremely) drunk or intoxicated) SEE: drunk ::
pier {n} (raised platform built from the shore out over water) :: رصيف {m} /raṣīf/
pierce {v} (to pierce) SEE: puncture ::
Pieria {prop} (Greek prefecture) :: بييريا
piety {n} (reverence and devotion to God) :: اسلام /islām/, تقوى /taqwā/
piety {n} (reverence to one's family) :: بر {m} /birr/
piety {n} (devout act or thought) :: تقى {m} /tuqan/
pig {n} (mammal of genus Sus) :: خنزير {m} /ḵinzīr/, حلوف {m} /ḥalūf/
pig {n} (piglet) SEE: piglet ::
pig {n} (pork) SEE: pork ::
pigeon {n} (bird of the dove and pigeon family Columbidae) :: حمامة {f} /ḥamāma/
pig in a poke {n} (something whose true value is concealed or unknown) :: سمك في ماء {p} /samak fī māʾ/ [fish in the water]
piglet {n} (young pig) :: خنوص {m} /ḵinnawṣ/
pigling {n} (piglet) SEE: piglet ::
pigpen {n} (pigsty) SEE: pigsty ::
pigsty {n} (enclosure where pigs are kept) :: زريبة خنازير {f} /zarībatu ḵanāzīr/
pigweed {n} (amaranth) SEE: amaranth ::
Pikachu {n} (Pokémon) :: بيكاتشو
pilaf {n} (dish) :: بيلاو {m} /bilāw/
pilaff {n} (pilaf) SEE: pilaf ::
Pilate {prop} (Pontius Pilate) :: بيلاطس {m} /bīlāṭus/
pilau {n} (pilaf) SEE: pilaf ::
pile {n} (nap of a cloth) SEE: nap ::
pile {n} (heap) :: كوم {m} /kawm/
pile {n} (hemorrhoid) SEE: hemorrhoid ::
pile {n} (obsolete: reverse of a coin) SEE: tails ::
pileous {adj} (hairy) SEE: hairy ::
pileous {adj} (of, pertaining to, or consisting of hair) :: شعري /šaʿriyy/
piles {n} (plural of pile) SEE: pile ::
piles {n} (haemorrhoids) SEE: haemorrhoids ::
pilgrim {n} (traveler, especially to religious sites) :: حاج {m} /ḥāj/
pilgrimage {n} (religious journey, or one to a sacred place) :: حج {m} /ḥajj/
Pilgrimage {prop} (22nd sura of the Qur'an) :: سورة الحج
pill {n} (small object for swallowing) :: حبة دواء {f} /ḥabbat dawāʾ/, قرص {m} /qurṣ/, حب /ḥabb/, حبة {f} /ḥabba/ [singulative]
pillage {n} (the act of pillaging) :: غزاوة {f} /ḡazāwa/
pillar {n} (large post, often used as supporting architecture) :: عمود
Pillars of Hercules {prop} (two promontories at the Strait of Gibraltar) :: أعمدة هرقل {m} /ʾaʿmida(t) hiraql/
pillow {n} (soft cushion used to support the head in bed) :: وسادة {f} /wisāda/, مخدة {f} /miḵadda/
pilot {n} (controller of aircraft) :: طيار {m} /ṭayyār/, [female] طيارة {f} /ṭayyāra/, قائد {m} /qāʾid/
pimento {n} (red sweet pepper) :: فلفل حلو {m-p} /fulful ḥulū/
pimp {n} (prostitution solicitor) :: قواد {m} /qawwād/
pimp {v} (to act as procurer of prostitutes) :: قاد /qāda/
pimping {n} (practise of procuring prostitutes) :: قوادة {f} /qiwāda/
pimple {n} (inflamed spot on the surface of the skin) :: بثرة {f} /baṯra/
pin {n} (needle without an eye, used for fastening) :: دبوس {m} /dabūs/
pin {n} (jewellery attached with a pin) SEE: brooch ::
pinata {n} (candy-filled container that is hit with a stick) :: پينياتا
pincers {n} (gripping tool) :: كلبتان /kalbatān/
pine {n} (tree of the genus Pinus) :: صنوبر {m} /ṣanawbar/
pineal gland {n} (small endocrine gland) :: غدة الصنوبرية {f} /ḡudda(t) aṣ-ṣanawbariyya/
pineapple {n} (plant) :: أناناس {m} /ʾanānās/
pineapple {n} (fruit) :: أناناس {m} /ʾanānās/
pinecone {n} (seed-bearing cone of a pine tree) :: كوز الصنوبر /kūz aṣ-ṣanawbar/
pine tree {n} (pine) SEE: pine ::
ping pong {n} (table tennis) SEE: table tennis ::
pink {n} (flower) :: قرنفل {m} /qaranful/
pink {n} (pale red colour) :: وردي /wardiyy/, بمبي /bambiyy/
pink {adj} (colored/coloured between red and white) :: زهري /zahriyy/, وردي /wardiyy/
pinkie {n} (little finger) SEE: little finger ::
pinky {n} (little finger) SEE: little finger ::
pinna {n} (visible part of the ear) :: صيوان الأذن {m} /ṣīwān al-ʾuḏn/
pinnacle {v} (put something on a pinnacle) :: يضع شيء على قمة عالية
Pinocchio {prop} (protagonist) :: بينوكيو {m} /bīnūkyū/
Pinyin {prop} (romanization of Mandarin Chinese) :: بينين {m} /binyīn/, بينين {m} /pinyīn/
pious {adj} (of or pertaining to piety) :: صالح /ṣāliḥ/, ورع /wariʿ/, متدين /mutadayyin/
pipe {n} (wind instrument) :: مزمار {m} /mizmār/
pipe {n} (rigid tube) :: ماسورة {f} /māsūra/
pipe {n} (smoking implement) SEE: tobacco pipe ::
piper {n} (musician who plays a pipe) :: زمار {m} /zammār/
piracy {n} (robbery at sea) :: قرصنة {f} /qarṣana/
piracy {n} (unauthorized duplication) :: تزوير {m} /tazwīr/
piranha {n} (South American fish) :: بيرانا {f} /bīrānā/
pirate {n} (one who plunders at sea) :: قرصان {m} /qurṣān/
Pisces {prop} (constellation) :: برج الحوت {m} /burj al-ḥūt/, الحوت {m} /al-ḥūt/
Pisces {prop} (astrological sign) :: برج الحوت {m} /burj al-ḥūt/, الحوت {m} /al-ḥūt/
pismire {n} (ant) SEE: ant ::
piss {n} (urine) :: شخاخ {m} /šuḵāḵ/, بول {m} /bawl/
piss {v} :: بول /bawwala/, شخ /šaḵḵa/
pisser {n} (toilet) SEE: toilet ::
piss off {v} (to annoy) :: ضايق /ḍāyaqa/, زعج /zaʿaja/
pistachio {n} (fruit) :: فستق {m} /fustuq/
pistil {n} (a discrete unit in the center of a flower which receives the pollen and produces a fruit) :: مدقة {f} /midaqqa/
pistol {n} (handgun) :: مسدس {m} /musaddas/
pit {n} (hole in the ground) :: حفرة {f} /ḥufra/
pit {n} (mine) SEE: mine ::
pit {n} (armpit) SEE: armpit ::
pita {n} (bread pouch used for making sandwiches) :: خبز عربي {m} /ḵubz ʿarabiyy/
pitaya {n} (dragon fruit) SEE: dragon fruit ::
Pitcairn Islands {prop} (British territory) :: جزر بيتكيرن {f-p} /juzur bitkirn/
pitch {n} (dark, extremely viscous material made by distilling tar) :: زفت /zift/
pitcher {n} (A wide-mouthed, deep vessel for holding liquids) :: إبريق {m} /ʾibrīq/, زير {m} /zīr/
pith {n} (spinal cord; marrow) SEE: spinal cord ::
pitta bread {n} (flat bread made from wheat flour) SEE: pita ::
pity {n} (feeling of sympathy) :: شفقة {f} /šafaqa/
pity {interj} (what a pity) SEE: what a pity ::
pixel {n} (one of the tiny dots that make up the representation of an image in a computer's memory) :: بكسل {m} /biksil/
pizza {n} (baked Italian dish) :: بيتزا {f} /bītzā/, پيتزا {f} /pītzā/
placate {v} (to calm) :: هدأ /haddaʾa/, استرضى /istarḍā/
place {n} (location, position) :: مكان {m} /makān/, محل {m} /maḥall/
place {n} (open space, courtyard, market square) :: ميدان {m} /maydān/
place {v} (to put in a specific location) :: وضع /waḍaʿa/
placenta {n} (anatomy: placenta) :: مشيمة {f} /mašīma/, خلاص {m} /ḵalāṣ/
place of worship {n} (place where people can practise their faith) :: معبد {m} /maʿbad/
plagiarism {n} (copying of someone's ideas) :: انتحال {m} /intiḥāl/
plague {n} (specific disease "the Plague") :: طاعون {m} /ṭāʿūn/
plague {n} :: طاعون {m}
plain {adj} (ordinary; lacking adornment or ornamentation) :: بسيط /basīṭ/
plain {n} (an expanse of land with relatively low relief) :: سهل {m} /sahl/
plaintiff {n} (party bringing a suit in civil law against a defendant) :: [indefinite] مدع {m} /muddaʿin/, [definite] المدعي /al-muddaʿī/
plait {n} (braid) SEE: braid ::
plait {v} (to interweave) SEE: braid ::
plan {n} (set of intended actions) :: خطة {f} /ḵiṭṭa/, خطة {f} /ḵuṭṭa/
plan {n} :: خطة {f} /ḵuṭṭa/
plan {v} (to create a plan for) :: خطط /ḵaṭṭaṭa/
Planck {n} (attributive use of surname) :: بلانك /blank/
Planck's constant {n} (constant) :: ثابت بلانك {m} /ṯābit bulank/
plane {n} (a tool) :: مسحاج {m} /misḥāj/, منجرة {f} /minjara/
plane {v} (to smooth with a plane) :: سحج /saḥaja/
plane {n} (airplane) :: طائرة {f} /ṭāʾira/, طيارة {f} /ṭayyāra/
plane {n} (deciduous tree) :: دلب {m} /dulb/, صنار {m} /ṣinār/
planet {n} (each of the seven major bodies which move relative to the fixed stars in the night sky) :: كوكب سيار {m} /kawkab sayyār/, كوكب {m} /kawkab/
planet {n} (rocky or gaseous spherical bodies orbiting the Sun) :: كوكب {m} /kawkab/
planet {n} (similar body in orbit around a star) :: كوكب {m} /kawkab/
planetary nebula {n} (nebulosity) :: سديم كوكبي /sadīm kawkabiyy/
planetree {n} (plane) SEE: plane ::
planetree {n} (sycamore) SEE: sycamore ::
plant {n} (organism capable of photosynthesis) :: نبات {m} /nabāt/
plant {v} (place in soil or other substrate in order that it may live and grow) :: زرع /zaraʿa/
plant {n} (factory) SEE: factory ::
plantain {n} (small plant) :: لسان الحمل {m} /lisān al-ḥamal/, لسان الخروف {m} /lisān al-ḵarūf/, ذنب الفأر {m} /ḏanab al-faʾr/
plantar fasciitis {n} (painful inflammation of the plantar fascia) :: التهاب اللفافة الأخمصية /iltihāb al-lifāfa l-ʾaḵmaṣiyya/
plantation {n} (large farm) :: مزرعة {f} /mazraʿa/
plasma {n} (high energy state of matter) :: بلازما {f} /blāzmā/, بلازما {f} /bilāzmā/
plasma membrane {n} (cell membrane) SEE: cell membrane ::
plastic {n} (synthetic thermoplastic polymer) :: بلاستيك {m}
plastic bag {n} (type of packaging) :: كيس نايلون {m} {f} /kīs nāylūn/
plastic surgery {n} (surgery involving the transfer of tissue) :: جراحة تجميل {f} /jirāḥat tajmīl/
plat {n} (a braid; a plait) SEE: braid ::
plat {v} (to braid, plait) SEE: braid ::
plate {n} (Cockney rhyming slang: foot) SEE: foot ::
plate {n} (flat dish) :: طبق {m} /ṭabaq/
plate {n} (prize given to the winner in a contest) SEE: prize ::
plateau {n} (level expanse) :: هضبة {f} /haḍba/
platform {n} (computing: particular type of operating system or environment) :: منصة {f} /manaṣṣa/
platform {n} (travel: raised structure for passengers) :: رصيف {m} /raṣīf/
platinum {n} (metal) :: بلاتين {m} /blātīn/
Plato {prop} (Greek philosopher) :: أفلاطون {m} /ʾaflāṭūn/
platonic {adj} (not sexual in nature) :: أفلاطوني /ʾaflāṭōniyy/
Platonic {adj} (related to Plato) :: أفلاطوني /ʾaflāṭūniyy/
platoon {n} (unit of 30-40 soldiers) :: فصيلة عسكرية {f} /faṣīla ʿaskariyya/, فصيلة {f} /faṣīla/
platypus {n} (Ornithorhynchus anatinus) :: خلد الماء {m} /ḵuld al-māʾ/
play {v} (act in a manner such that one has fun) :: لعب /laʿiba/
play {v} (produce music using a musical instrument (transitive sense), affecting a noun) :: عزف /ʿazafa/
play {v} (produce music using a musical instrument (intransitive sense, not affecting a noun)) :: عزف /ʿazafa/
play {v} (act in a performance) :: مثل /maṯṯala/
play {v} (participate in (a sport or game)) :: لعب /laʿiba/
play {v} (use a device to hear (a recording)) :: شغل /šaḡḡala/
play {v} :: عزف /ʿazafa/, يتمرن, يلعب
play {n} (playful activity) :: لعب {f} /laʿib/
play {n} (literary composition intended to be represented) :: مسرحية {f} /masraḥiyya/
play {n} (theatrical performance) :: مسرح {m} /masraḥ/, مسرحية {f} /masraḥiyya/
play {n} (action carried out when it is one's turn to play) :: دور /dawr/
playboy {n} (man who devotes himself to pleasure) :: مستهتر /mustahtar/
play down {v} (play down) SEE: downplay ::
player {n} (one who plays any game or sport) :: لاعب {m} /lāʿib/
player {n} (software application) :: مشغل {m} /mašḡal/
playhouse {n} (venue for performing plays) SEE: theater ::
playing card {n} (one of usually 52 rectangular pieces of card) :: ورقة لعب {f} /waraqat laʿb/, ورقة {f} /waraqa/
play with fire {v} (put oneself in a precarious situation) :: لعب بالنار /laʿiba bi-n-nār/
plaza {n} (a towns' public square) :: ميدان {m} /maydān/
plea {n} :: دعوى قضائية {f} /daʿwā qaḍāʾiyya/
pleasant {adj} (giving pleasure; pleasing in manner) :: سار /sārr/, لطيف /laṭīf/, ممتع /mumtiʿ/
please {v} (to make happy or satisfy) :: أرضى /ʾarḍā/, أعجب /ʾaʿjaba/
please {adv} (interjection to make a polite request) :: من فضلك /min faḍlik/, رجاء /rajāʾan/, لو سمحت /law samaḥt/, لطفا /luṭfan/, أرجوك /ʾarjūk/
pleased {adj} (happy, content) :: مسرور /masrūr/
pleased to meet you {phrase} (polite formula used when being introduced to somebody) :: تشرفنا /tašarrafnā/, فرصة سعيدة /furṣa saʿīda/
please repeat after me {phrase} (phrase) :: كرر بعدي من فضلك /karrir baʿdī min faḍlak/, كرر بعدي من فضلك /karrir baʿdī min faḍlik/
please sit down {phrase} (please sit down) :: إجلس من فضلك /ʾijlis min faḍlak/, إجلس من فضلك /ʾijlis min faḍlik/ (to a man / to a woman)
please speak more slowly {phrase} (please speak more slowly) :: [to a man] تكلم ببطء أكثر من فضلك /takallam bi-buṭʾ ʾakṯar min faḍlika/, [to a woman] تكلم ببطء أكثر من فضلك /takallam bi-buṭʾ ʾakṯar min faḍliki/
please turn left {phrase} (please turn left) :: [to a man] لف يسار، من فضلك /liff yasār, min faḍlika/, [to a woman] لف يسار، من فضلك /liff yasār, min faḍliki/
please turn right {phrase} (please turn right) :: [to a man] لف يمين، من فضلك /liff yamīn, min faḍlika/, [to a woman] لف يمين، من فضلك /liff yamīn, min faḍliki/
pleasing {adj} (giving pleasure) :: سار /sārr/
pleasure {n} (a state of being pleased) :: متعة {f} /mutʿa/, لذة {f} /laḏḏa/
pledge {v} (to make a solemn promise) :: تعهد
pledge {n} (solemn promise) :: ضمان {m} /ḍamān/
Pleiades {prop} (astronomy) :: الثريا {f} /aṯ-ṯurayyā/
plenty {n} (a more-than-adequate amount) :: كثير {m} /kaṯīr/
pliers {n} (gripping tool which multiplies the strength of the user's hand) :: زرادية {f} /zarrādiyya/
PLO {prop} (Palestine Liberation Organization) :: م.ت.ف /m.t.f./
plosive {n} (consonant) :: انفجاري {m} /infjārī/, صوت انفجاري {m} /ṣawt infijārī/
plot {n} (course of a story) :: حبكة {f} /ḥabka/
plough {n} (device pulled through the ground) :: محراث {m} /miḥrāṯ/
plough {v} (to use a plough on to prepare for planting) :: حرث /ḥaraṯa/
ploughing {n} :: حرث {m} /ħarθ/
plov {n} (pilaf) SEE: pilaf ::
plow {n} (plough) SEE: plough ::
plow {v} (plough) SEE: plough ::
pluck {v} (to pull something sharply; to pull something out) :: قطف /qaṭafa/
plug {n} (electric connecting device) :: قابس {m} /qābis/, فيشة {f} /fīša/
plug {n} (hole filler) :: بوجيه {m} /būjīh/, دسام {m} /disām/, سداد {m} /sidād/, سدادة {f} /sidāda/, سطام {m} /siṭām/, صمة {f} /ṣimma/
plum {n} (the fruit) :: برقوق {m} /barqūq/
plum {n} (raisin) SEE: raisin ::
plumber {n} (one who fits, etc, pipes for water, gas or drainage) :: سباك {m} /sabbāk/
plumb line {n} (plummet) SEE: plummet ::
plum blossom {n} (the blossom of the Prunus mume) :: زهرة برقوق {f} /zahra(t) barqūq/
plummet {n} (lead on a line, plumb bob, plummet line) :: مطمار {m} /miṭmār/, مطمر {m} /miṭmar/, شاقول {m} /šāqūl/, تر {m} /turr/
plump {adj} (Having a full and rounded shape, chubby) :: سمين
plum tree {n} (tree that bears plums) SEE: plum ::
plural {n} (the plural number) :: الجمع /al-jamʿ/
plural {n} (word in plural form) :: جمع /jamʿ/
plurale tantum {n} (a noun without a singular form) :: إسم جمع {m} /ʾism jamʿ/
pluralize {v} (To make plural) :: جمع /jamaʿa/
plus {prep} (arithmetic: sum) :: زائد /zāʾid/
plus {prep} (in addition to) :: بالإضافة إلى /bi-l-ʾiḍāfa ʾilā/
Pluto {prop} (Kuiper belt object - a dwarf planet) :: بلوتو {m} /blūtū/
plutocracy {n} (government by the wealthy) :: بلوتوقراطية {f} /blūtūqrāṭīya/
plutonium {n} (chemical element) :: بلوتونيوم {m} /blutūniyum/
Pluviôse {prop} (the fifth month of the French Republican Calendar) :: بلوفيوز {m} /blūfiyūz/
Plymouth {prop} (a city in Devon, England) :: بليموث /blīmūṯ/
PM {n} (after 12:00:00) :: م /m/, مساء /masāʾan/
PMO {n} (Project Management Office) :: مكتب إدارة المشاريع
pneumatic drill {n} (pneumatic drill) SEE: jackhammer ::
pneumonia {n} (inflammation of the lungs) :: ذات الرئة {m} /ḏāt ar-riʾa/
poached egg {n} (type of cooked egg) :: بيض مسلوق بدون قشر {m} /bayḍ maslūq bidūna qišr/
pocket {n} (bag stitched to an item of clothing) :: جيب {m} /jayb/
pocketbook {n} (notebook) SEE: notebook ::
podcast {n} (podcast) :: بودكاست {m} /budkast/
Podgorica {prop} (capital city of Montenegro) :: بودغوريتشا {f} /budḡūritšā/
poem {n} (literary piece written in verse) :: قصيدة {f} /qaṣīda/, شعر {m} /šiʿr/
poem {n} :: القصيدة {f} /al-qaṣīda/
poet {n} (person who writes poems) :: شاعر {m} /šāʿir/
poetess {n} (female poet) :: شاعرة {f} /šāʿira/
poetic licence {n} (departure from convention) :: ضرورة شعرية {f} /ḍarūra(t) šiʿriyya/
poetry {n} (literature composed in verse) :: شعر {m} /šiʿr/
Poets {prop} (26th sura of the Qur'an) :: سورة الشعراء
pogrom {n} (riot with the intent to massacre or terrorize a certain group, usually Jews) :: مذبحة {f} /maḏbaḥa/, بوجروم {m} /būjrūm/, بوغروم {m} /būḡrūm/
point {n} (opinion which adds to the discussion) :: نقطة {f} /nuqṭa/
point {n} (location or place) :: موقع {m} /mawqiʿ/
point {n} (geometry: zero-dimensional object) :: نقطة {f} /nuqṭa/
point {n} (full stop) :: نقطة {f} /nuqṭa/
point {n} (unit of scoring in a game or competition) :: نقطة {f} /nuqṭa/
pointer {n} (advice) SEE: advice ::
pointer {n} (computing: icon indicating mouse position) SEE: cursor ::
pointless {adj} (having no purpose) :: بدون جدوى
point of view {n} (position from which something is seen; outlook; standpoint) :: وجهة نظر {f} /wijhat naẓar/
point of view {n} (attitude, opinion, or set of beliefs) :: وجهة نظر {f} /wijhat naẓar/
poised {adj} (Ready,prepared) :: متأهب /mutaʾahhab/, مستعد /mustaʿidd/, جاهز /jāhiz/
poised {adj} (Balanced, in position, equilibrium) :: توازن /tawāzun/
poison {n} (substance harmful to a living organism) :: سم {m} /summ/
poison {v} (to use poison to kill or paralyse) :: سمم /sammama/, سم /samma/
poison hemlock {n} (poisonous plant) SEE: hemlock ::
poisoning {n} (administration of a poison) :: تسميم {m} /tasmīm/
poisoning {n} (state of being poisoned) :: تسمم {m} /tasammum/
poisonous {adj} (containing sufficient poison to be dangerous) :: سمي /sammiyy/
poker {n} (card game) :: بوكر {m} /būkar/, بوكر {m} /būkir/
Poland {prop} (European country) :: بولندا {f} /bulandā, bōlandā/
polao {n} (pilaf) SEE: pilaf ::
polar bear {n} (Ursus maritimus) :: دب أبيض {m} /dubb ʾabyaḍ/, دبة بيضاء {f} /dubba(t) bayḍāʾ/, دب قطبي {m} /dubb quṭbiyy/, دبة قطبية {f} /dubba(t) quṭbiyya/
Polaris {prop} (star) :: نجم الشمال /najm aš-šamāl/
pole {n} (long and slender object for construction or support) :: عمود {m} /ʿamūd/, قطب {m} /quṭb/
pole {n} (extreme of an axis) :: قطب {m} /quṭb/
Pole {n} (person from Poland) :: بولندي {m} /bulandiyy/, بولندي {m} /bōlandiyy/, بولندية {f} /bulandiyya/, بولندية {f} /bōlandiyya/
polecat {n} (weasel of the genus Mustela) :: نمس {m} /nims/
polecat {n} (Mustela putorius) :: نمس {m} /nims/
polecat {n} (skunk) SEE: skunk ::
police {n} (an organisation that enforces the law) :: شرطة {f} /šurṭa/, بوليس {m} /būlīs/
police dog {n} (trained dog for police work) :: كلب بوليسي {m} /kalb būlīsiyy/
policeman {n} (a member of a police force) :: شرطي {m} /šurṭiyy/, شرطي {m} /šuraṭiyy/
police officer {n} (an officer in a law enforcement agency) :: شرطي {m} /šurṭiyy/, شرطي {m} /šuraṭiyy/, ضابط شرطة {m} /ḍābiṭu šurṭatin/, ضابطة شرطة {f} /ḍābiṭatu šurṭatin/
police state {n} (nation whose government controls people by police) :: دولة بوليسية {f} /dawla būlīsiyya/, دولة شرطية {f} /dawla šurṭiyya/
police station {n} (building of police force) :: محطة الشرطة {f} /maḥaṭṭat aš-šurṭa/
policewoman {n} (a female police officer) :: شرطية {f} /šurṭiyya/
policy {n} (principle of conduct) :: سياسة {f} /siyāsa/
policy {n} (law: insurance document) :: سند تأمين {m} /sanad taʾmīn/
policy {n} :: سياسة {f} /siyāsa/
policy {n} (law: insurance) SEE: insurance ::
poliomyelitis {n} (infection by the poliovirus) :: شلل الأطفال {m} /šalal al-ʾaṭfāl/
polish {v} (make a surface smooth or shiny) :: لمع /lammaʿa/
Polish {adj} (of Poland or its language) :: بولندي /bulandiyy/, بولندي /bōlandiyy/
Polish {n} (the language of Poland) :: بولندية {f} /bōlandiyya/, بولندية {f} /bōlandiyya/
polite {adj} (well-mannered) :: مؤدب /muʾaddab/, مهذب /muhaḏḏab/
politeness {n} (act of being polite) :: أدب {m} /ʾadab/
political {adj} (concerning or relating to politics) :: سياسي /siyāsiyy/
political party {n} (political organization) :: حزب {m} /ḥizb/, حزب سياسي {m} /ḥizb siyāsiyy/
political prisoner {n} (person) :: سجين سياسي /sajīn siyāsiyy/
political science {n} (study of politics) :: العلوم السياسية {m-p} /al-ʿulūm as-siyāsiyya/
politician {n} (one engaged in politics) :: سياسي {m} /siyāsiyy/, سياسية {f} /siyāsiyya/
politics {v} (a methodology and activities associated with running a government) :: سياسة {f} /siyāsa/
politology {n} (political science) SEE: political science ::
pollen {n} (fine granular substance produced in flowers) :: حبوب اللقاح {m-p} /ḥubūb al-liqāḥ/
pollution {n} (the contamination of the environment by harmful substances) :: تلويث {m} /talwīṯ/, تلوث {m} /talawwuṯ/
polo {n} (ball game) :: بولو {m} /būlū/
polonium {n} (chemical element) :: بولونيوم {m} /bulunyum/
poltergeist {n} (a disruptive ghost) :: روح شريرة {f} /rūḥ šarīra/
poltroon {adj} (cowardly) SEE: cowardly ::
polyandry {n} (plurality of husbands at the same time) :: تعدد الأزواج {m} /taʿaddud al-ʾazwāj/
polyethene {n} (polyethylene) SEE: polyethylene ::
polyethylene {n} (polyethylene) :: بولي إثيلين {m}
polygamy {n} (the having of a plurality of socially bonded sexual partners at the same time) :: تعدد الأزواج {m} /taʿaddudu l-ʾazwāj/ [usually understood as “polygyny”, but may include “polyandry”, unlike تعدد الزوجات]
polygamy {n} (polygyny) SEE: polygyny ::
polyglot {n} (one who masters, notably speaks, several languages) :: مزيج من اللغات {m} /mazīj min al-luḡāt/, بوليجلوت {m}
polygon {n} (plane figure bounded by straight edges) :: مضلع {m} /muḍallaʿ/
polygonal {adj} (having many angles) :: مضلع /muḍallaʿ/
polygynous {adj} (plurality of wives at the same time) :: تعدد الزوجات {m} /taʿaddudu z-zawjāt/
polygyny {n} (plurality of wives at the same time) :: تعدد الزوجات {m} /taʿaddud az-zawjāt/
polymath {n} (person with extraordinarily broad and comprehensive knowledge) :: علامة /ʿallāma/
Polynesia {prop} (part of Oceania) :: بولينزيا {f} /bulinīzyā/
polyspast {n} (machine consisting of many pulleys) SEE: block and tackle ::
polytheism {n} (belief in the existence of many gods) :: شرك /širk/, تعدد الآلهة /taʿaddud al-ʾāliha/
polythene {n} (polyethylene) SEE: polyethylene ::
pomade {n} (greasy substance) :: مرهم {m} /marham/
pomegranate {n} (shrub/tree) :: رمان {m} /rummān/, جلنار {m} /jullanār/
pomegranate {n} (fruit) :: رمان {m} /rummān/
pomelo {n} (grapefruit) SEE: grapefruit ::
pomelo {n} (large fruit of the C. maxima or grandis) :: زنبوع {m} /zanbūʿ/, بوملي {m} /būmaliyy/
pomelo {n} (tree) :: زنبوع {m} /zanbūʿ/, بوملي {m} /būmaliyy/
Pompeii {prop} (a historical city) :: بومبي {m} /bumbī/
pond {n} (small lake) :: بركة {f} /birka/, غدير {m} /ḡadīr/
ponderous {adj} (heavy, massive, weighty) :: ثقيل
ponderous {adj} (dense) SEE: dense ::
pons {n} (Part of brain) :: جسر
pony {n} (small horse) :: فرس قزم {m} {f} /faras qazam/
ponytail {n} (hairstyle) :: ذيل الحصان {m} /ḏayl al-ḥiṣān/
poo {n} :: براز {m} /burāz/, كاكا {f} /kākā/, خراء {m} /ḵarāʾ/, خراء {m} /ḵirāʾ/
poo {v} :: برز /barraza/, تغوط /taḡawwaṭa/
pool {n} (body of water) :: بركة {f} /birka/
pool {n} (swimming pool) SEE: swimming pool ::
poop {v} (to poop) SEE: poo ::
poop {n} (feces) SEE: poo ::
poop {n} (stern) SEE: stern ::
poor {adj} (with little or no possessions or money) :: فقير /faqīr/
poor {adj} (used to express pity) :: مسكين /miskīn/
poor {n} (those with no possessions) :: فقراء {p} /fuqarāʾ/
poorly {adj} (ill) SEE: ill ::
pop {v} (to hit) SEE: hit ::
pop {n} (pop music) :: بوب {m} /būb/
pop {v} (to ejaculate) SEE: ejaculate ::
popcorn {n} (a snack food made from corn kernels popped by dry heating) :: فشار {m} /fišār/, فشار /fušār/
pope {n} (head of the Roman Catholic Church) :: بابا {m} /bābā/, حبر أعظم {m} /ḥabr ʾaʿẓam/, حبر {m} /ḥabr/
pope {n} (Russian Orthodox priest) :: شنودة {m} /šnuda/
Popeye {prop} (tough cartoon sailor) :: باباي {m} /bābāy/
pop group {n} (musical group specializing in pop music) :: مجموعة بوب {f} /majmūʿat būb/
popinjay {n} (parrot) SEE: parrot ::
popinjay {n} (vain, gaudy person) :: سطحي {m} /saṭḥiyy/, سطحية {f} /saṭḥiyya/
poplar {n} (any of various deciduous trees of the genus Populus) :: حور {m} /ḥawr/
pop music {n} (music intended for or accepted by a wide audience) :: موسيقى البوب {f} /mūsīqā l-būb/, بوب {m} /būb/, بوب {m} /pop/
populace {n} (inhabitants of a nation) SEE: population ::
popular {adj} (of or pertaining to the common people) :: شعبي /šaʿbiyy/
popular {adj} (liked by many people) :: شعبي /šaʿbiyy/
popularity {n} (the quality or state of being popular) :: شعبية {f} /šaʿbiyya/
popular opinion {n} (public opinion) SEE: public opinion ::
population {n} (all people living within a political or geographical boundary) :: سكان {m-p} /sukkān/
population {n} (number of residents in a given area) :: سكانية {f} /sukkāniyya/
populism {n} (a political doctrine or philosophy) :: شعبوية {f} /šaʿbawiyya/
pop-up menu {n} (context menu) :: قائمة منبثقة {f} /qāʾima(t) munbaṯiqa/
porcelain {n} (hard white translucent ceramic) :: خزف {m} /ḵazaf/
porch {n} (a covered and enclosed entrance to a building) :: رواق {m} /riwāq/, رواق {m} /ruwāq/, شرفة {f} /šurfa/
porcupine {n} (large rodent) :: نيص {m} /nayṣ/
pore {n} (a tiny opening in the skin) :: مسام {f-p} /masām/
pork {n} (meat of a pig) :: لحم الخنزير {m} /laḥm al-ḵinzīr/
porn {n} (pornography) SEE: pornography ::
pornography {n} (depiction of sexual subject matter with prurient intent) :: إباحية {f} /ʾibāḥiyya/, بورنوجرافيا {f} /burnugrāfiyā/ [colloquial, Egypt]
porpoise {n} (cetacean) :: خنزير البحر {m} /ḵinzīr al-baḥr/
porridge {n} (breakfast cereal dish, see also: oatmeal) :: ثريد {m} /ṯarīd/, عصيدة {f} /ʿaṣīda/
Porsche {n} (car of this brand) :: بورش {m} /burš/
port {n} (dock or harbour) :: ميناء {m} /mīnāʾ/
port {n} (computing: logical or physical construct into and from which data are transferred) :: منفذ {m} /manfaḏ/
port {n} (entryway, portal) SEE: portal ::
portal {n} :: بوابة
porter {n} (person who carries luggage) :: حمال {m} /ḥammāl/
portion {n} (allocated amount) :: جزء {m} /juzuʾ/
Port Louis {prop} (The capital of Mauritius) :: بور لويس {m} /bur luys/
portmanteau {n} (case) :: حقيبة سفر
portmanteau {n} (portmanteau word) SEE: portmanteau word ::
portmanteau word {n} (word which combines the meaning of two words) :: لفظ منحوت {m} /lafẓi manḥūt/, مزاج {m} /mazāj/
Port Moresby {prop} (capital of Papua New Guinea) :: بورت مورسبي {m} /būrt mūrsbī/
Port of Spain {prop} (The capital of Trinidad and Tobago) :: بورت أوف سبين {m} /burt ʾuf sbayn/
Porto-Novo {prop} (the official capital of Benin) :: بورتو نوفو {m} /burtū nufū/
portrait {n} (painting of a person) :: صورة {f} /ṣūra/, بورترية {f} /burtriyya/
Port Said {prop} (city in Egypt) :: بورسعيد {f} /būrsaʿīd/
Portugal {prop} (country) :: البرتغال {f} /al-burtuḡāl/
Portuguese {adj} (of or relating to the region of Portugal) :: برتغالي /burtuḡāliyy/
Portuguese {n} (person native to Portugal) :: برتغالي {m} /burtuḡāliyy/, برتغالية {f} /burtuḡāliyya/
Portuguese {n} (the language) :: برتغالية {f} /burtuḡāliyya/, برتغالي {m} /burtuḡāliyy/
Portuguese Republic {prop} (official name of Portugal) :: الجمهورية البرتغالية /al-jumhūriyya(t) al-burtuḡāliyya/
port wine {n} (A type of fortified wine traditionally made in Portugal) :: ميناء النبيذ {m} /mīnāʾ an-nabīḏ/, نبيذ بورتو {m} /nabīḏ būrtū/
Poseidon {prop} (the god of the sea) :: بوسيدون {m} /busidun/, بوسيدون {m} /busaydun/
position {n} (place, location) :: موقف {m} /mawqif/, موقع {m} /mawqiʿ/
position {n} (status or rank) :: مكانة {f} /makāna/, رتبة {f} /rutba/
position {n} (post of employment) :: منصب {m} /manṣib/
position {n} (stand) :: رأي {m} /raʾy/, موقف {m} /mawqif/
position {n} (posture) :: جلسة {f} /jilsa/, وقفة {f} /waqfa/, وضعية {f} /waḍʿiyya/
positive {adj} (legal: formally laid down) :: إيجابي /ʾījābiyy/
positive {adj} (philosophy: actual, real, concrete) :: إيجابي /ʾījābiyy/
positive {adj} (physics: having more protons than electrons) :: موجب /mūjab/
positive {n} (photography: a positive image) :: صورة موجبة {f} /ṣūra mūjaba/
positron {n} (positron) :: بوزيترون {m} /buzitrūn/
possess {v} (to have; to have ownership of) :: ملك /malaka/, امتلك /imtalaka/, تملك /tamallaka/
possess {v} :: ملك /malaka/
possessor {n} (One who possesses) :: صاحب {m} /ṣāḥib/, صاحبة {f} /ṣāḥiba/, ذو {m} /ḏū/, ذات {f} /ḏāt/
possibility {n} (quality of being possible) :: إحتمال {m} /ʾiḥtimāl/
possible {adj} (able but not certain to happen) :: ممكن /mumkin/
possibly {adv} (adverb indicating that a proposition may be true or false) SEE: perhaps ::
possum {n} (opossum) SEE: opossum ::
post {n} (long dowel or plank protruding from the ground) :: عمود {m} /ʿamūd/
post {n} (method of delivering mail) :: بريد {m} /barīd/
postage stamp {n} (piece of paper indicating postage has been paid) :: طابع {m} /ṭābiʿ/, طابع بريدي {m} /ṭābiʿ barīdiyy/
postal code {n} (postcode) SEE: postcode ::
postalveolar {adj} (articulated with the tongue near or touching the back of the alveolar ridge) :: لثوي غاري /liṯawiyy ḡāriyy/
post box {n} (box in which post can be left to be picked up) SEE: mailbox ::
postcard {n} (rectangular piece of thick paper to be mailed without an envelope) :: كرت بريدي {m} /kart barīdiyy/
postcode {n} (sequence of letters and/or numbers added to a postal address) :: رمز بريدي {m} /ramz barīdiyy/
poster {n} (advertisement, see also: placard) :: ملصق {m} /mulṣaq/
post-it {n} (post-it note) SEE: post-it note ::
post-it note {n} (a small piece of paper with an adhesive strip on one side) :: ورقة لاصقة {f}
postman {n} (mailman) SEE: mailman ::
post office {n} (place) :: مكتب البريد {m} /maktab al-barīd/, بريد {m} /barīd/
post office {n} (organization) :: بريد {m} /barīd/
postpone {v} (to delay or put off an event) :: أجل /ʾajjala/
post-traumatic stress disorder {n} (condition that develops following some stressful situation) :: اضطراب الكرب التالي للصدمة النفسية
pot {n} (vessel for cooking or storing food etc.) :: قدر {m} /qidr/, إناء {m} /ʾināʾ/, طنجرة {f} /ṭanjara/
potassium {n} (the chemical element) :: بوتاسيوم {m} /butasyum/
potato {n} (plant tuber eaten as starchy vegetable) :: بطاطا {f} /baṭāṭā/, بطاطس {m} /baṭāṭis/
potato masher {n} (utensil for mashing potatoes) :: هراسة {f} /harrāsa/
pot calling the kettle black {n} :: ان كان بيتك من زجاج فلا ترم الناس بالحجارة (if your house is of glass, don't throw rocks at others)
Potsdam {prop} (city) :: بوتسدام {m} /butsdam/
potter {n} (one who makes pots and ceramic wares) :: خزاف {m} /ḵazzāf/
Potter {prop} (surname) :: بوتر /būtar/
pottery {n} (fired ceramic wares that contain clay when formed) :: فخار {m} /faḵḵār/, خزف {m} /ḵazaf/
pottery {n} (workshop where pottery is made) :: متجر الفخاريات {m} /matjar al-faḵḵāriyyāt/, محل الفخاريات {m} /maḥall al-faḵḵāriyyāt/, متجر الفخار {m} /matjar al-faḵḵār/, محل الفخار {m} /maḥall al-faḵḵār/
pottery {n} (practise or craft of making pottery) :: صناعة الفخار {f} /ṣināʿa(t) al-faḵḵār/
potty {n} (bathroom) SEE: bathroom ::
potty {n} (toilet) SEE: toilet ::
potty {adj} (insane) SEE: insane ::
potty {n} (chamber pot) SEE: chamber pot ::
potty-mouthed {adj} (foul-mouthed) SEE: foul-mouthed ::
poultry {n} (domestic fowl) :: دجاج {m} /dajāj/, دواجن {f-p} /dawājin/
pound {n} (unit of mass (16 ounces avoirdupois)) :: باوند {m} /bawnd/, رطل {m} /raṭl/
pound {n} (unit of currency) :: جنيه {m} /junayh/ [UK, Egyptian or Sudanese pound], ليرة {f} /līra/ or ليرة {f} /layra/ [Syrian or Lebanese pound]
pound {n} (US: symbol #) SEE: hash ::
pound sign {n} (symbol #) SEE: hash ::
pound sterling {n} (currency of the UK) :: جنيه {m} /junayh/, جنيه إسترليني {m} /junayh ʾistarlīniyy/
pour {v} (to cause to flow in a stream) :: صب /ṣabba/, سكب /sakaba/
pour gasoline on the fire {v} (add fuel to the fire) SEE: add fuel to the fire ::
Pouria {prop} (male given name) :: بوريا
Po valley {prop} (large plain in northern Italy) :: وادي بو {m} /wādī bū/
poverty {n} (quality or state of being poor) :: فقر {m} /faqr/
powder {n} (fine particles of any dry substance) :: مسحوق {m} /masḥūq/
powder {n} (gunpowder) SEE: gunpowder ::
power {n} (capability or influence) :: قوة {f} /quwwa/
power {n} (physical force or strength) :: قوة {f} /quwwa/, طاقة {f} /ṭāqa/
power {n} (electricity, electricity supply) :: طاقة كهربائية {f} /ṭāqa kahrabāʾiyya/
powerful {adj} (having or capable of exerting power, potency or influence) :: قوي /qawiyy/
power plant {n} (power station) SEE: power station ::
power station {n} (an industrial complex where electricity is produced) :: محطة طاقة {f} /muḥaṭṭat ṭāqa/
power supply {n} (part of apparatus) :: تغذية طاقة
pox {n} (syphilis) SEE: syphilis ::
Poznań {prop} (Poznan) SEE: Poznan ::
Poznan {prop} (city in Poland) :: بوزنان {m} /buznan/
practical {adj} (being likely to be effective and applicable to a real situation) :: عملي {m} /ʿamaliyy/
practice {n} (repetition of an activity to improve skill) :: تدريب {m} /tadrīb/
practician {n} (practitioner) SEE: practitioner ::
practitioner {n} (person who practices a profession or art) :: ممارس /mumāris/
Pradesh {n} (part of the name of a state of India) :: برديش {m} /bradīš/, برديش {m} /pradeš/
pragmatic {adj} (practical) :: براجماتي /baragmātiyy/, براجماتي /pragmātiyy/, عملي /ʿamaliyy/
Prague {prop} (capital of the Czech Republic) :: براغ {m} /brāḡ/
Praia {prop} (capital of Cape Verde) :: برايا {f} /brāyā/
Prairial {prop} (the ninth month of French Republican Calendar) :: بريريال {m} /brayriyāl/
praise {n} (worship) :: عبادة {f} /ʿibāda/, حمد {m} /ḥamd/
praise {v} (to give praise to) :: مدح /madaḥa/, أثنى /ʾaṯnā/, أطرى /ʾaṭrā/, حمد /ḥamida/
prank {n} (practical joke or mischievous trick) :: مقلب {m} /maqlab/
prank call {n} (practical joke made using the telephone) :: اتصال مقلب {m} /ittiṣāl maqlab/
praseodymium {n} (chemical element) :: براسوديميوم {m} /brasudimyum/
prattle {v} (to talk incessantly; to babble) :: بق /baqqa/
prawn {n} (large shrimp) :: جمبري {m} /jambarī/, روبيان {m} /rūbiyān/
pray {v} (to petition a higher being) :: صلى /ṣallā/, دعا /daʿā/
pray {v} (to talk to God) :: صلى /ṣallā/, دعا /daʿā/
prayer {n} (practice of communicating with one's God) :: صلاة {f} /ṣalāh/, دعاء {m} /duʿāʾ/
prayer {n} :: صلاة {f} /ṣalāh/
prayer {n} (one who prays) :: مصل {m} /muṣallin/, مصلية {f} /muṣalliya/
prayer beads {n} (string of beads, see also: rosary) :: مسبحة {f} /misbaḥa/, سبحة {f} /subḥa/
prayer mat {n} (prayer rug) SEE: prayer rug ::
prayer rug {n} (small rug on which Muslims kneel to pray) :: سجادة {f} /sajjāda/
praying mantis {n} (any of various predatory insects of the Mantidae family) :: فرس النبي {m} /faras an-nabiyy/
preach {v} (give a sermon) :: خطب /ḵaṭaba/
preach {v} (proclaim by public discourse) :: كرز /karaza/
preacher {n} (one who preaches) :: واعظ /wāʿiẓ/
precedent {n} (past act used as example) :: سابقة {f} /sābiqa/
precious {adv} (intensifier) SEE: very ::
precious {adj} (of high value or worth) :: ثمين /ṯamīn/
precious stone {n} (gem) :: جوهر {m} /jawhar/, جوهرة {f} /jawhara/ [singulative]
precipitation {n} (weather: water falling from the atmosphere) :: هطول {m} /huṭūl/
precipitation {n} (chemistry: chemical reaction forming solid in liquid) :: ترسب {m} /tarassub/
precipitation {n} (unwise or rash rapidity; sudden haste) :: عجلة {f} /ʿajala/
precise {adj} (exact) :: مضبوط /maḍbūṭ/, دقيق /daqīq/
preconception {n} (prejudice) SEE: prejudice ::
predator {n} (animal or organism that hunts) :: مفترس {m} /muftaris/
Père David's tit {n} (Poecile davidi) :: قرقف بير ديفيد
predicate {n} ((grammar) part of sentence that states something about its subject) :: خبر {m} /ḵabar/
predict {v} (to state, or make something known in advance) :: تنبأ /tanabbaʾa/
prediction {n} (a statement about the future) :: تنبؤ {m} /tanabbuʾ/
pre-ejaculate {n} (pre-ejaculate) :: مذي {m} /maḏy/
preempt {v} :: يستبق {m}
preemptive {adj} :: وقائي /wiqāʾiyy/
preface {n} (introduction before the main text) :: مقدمة {f} /muqaddima/
prefecture {n} (The office of a prefect) :: مبنى الولاية {m} /mabnā l-wilāya/
prefecture {n} (The district governed by a prefect) :: ولاية {f} /wilāya/
prefer {v} (to favor) :: فضل /faḍḍala/, آثر /ʾāṯara/
prefix {n} (morpheme at the beginning of a word) :: سابقة {f} /sābiqa/, بادئة {f} /bādiʾa/
pregnancy {n} (condition) :: حمل {m} /ḥaml/
pregnant {adj} (fertile) SEE: fertile ::
pregnant {adj} (carrying developing offspring within the body) :: حامل /ḥāmil/, حبلى /ḥublā/
prejudice {n} (adverse judgement formed beforehand) :: تحيز {m} /taḥayyuz/
premier {n} (prime minister of a country) SEE: prime minister ::
premiere {n} (first showing of a film, play or other form of entertainment) :: العرض الأول {m} /al-ʿarḍu l-ʾawwal/
première {n} (premiere) SEE: premiere ::
premium {adj} :: إصدار مكلف
premium {n} (something offered at a reduced price as an inducement to buy something else) :: فاخر
premolar {n} (tooth) :: ناجذ {m} /nājiḏ/, ضاحك {m} /ḍāḥik/
premonition {n} (clairvoyant or clairaudient experience) :: رؤية {f} /ruʾya/
premonition {n} (strong intuition) :: نبوءة {f} /nubūʾa/, حدس {m} /ḥads/
prep {n} (homework) SEE: homework ::
prep {n} (preparation) SEE: preparation ::
preparation {n} (act) :: تحضير {m} /taḥḍīr/, إعداد {m} /ʾiʿdād/, تجهيز {m} /tajhīz/
prepare {v} (to make ready for a specific future purpose) :: جهز /jahhaza/, حضر /ḥaḍḍara/
preposition {n} (grammar: a type of word like "of, from, for, by") :: جار {m} /jārr/, حرف جر {m} /ḥarf jarr/
prepuce {n} (foreskin of certain animals) SEE: sheath ::
prepuce {n} (foreskin) SEE: foreskin ::
prerogative {n} (right, generally) SEE: right ::
presbyopia {n} (inability of the eye, due to ageing, to focus on nearby objects) :: قصو البصر الشيخوخي {m} /quṣuwwu l-baṣari š-šayḵūḵiyy/
prescribe {v} (to order a drug or medical device) :: وصف
prescribe {v} (to specify as a required procedure or ritual) :: أمر
prescription {n} (written order for the administration of a medicine) :: وصفة طبية {f} /waṣfa ṭibbiyya/
presence {n} (fact or condition of being present) :: حضور {m} /ḥuḍūr/
present {n} (gift) SEE: gift ::
present {adj} (pertaining to the current time) :: حالي /ḥāliyy/, حاضر /ḥāḍir/
present {adj} (in the immediate vicinity) :: موجود /mawjūd/, حاضر /ḥāḍir/
present {n} (current time) :: الزمان {m} /az-zamān/
present {v} (bring into the presence of) :: قدم /qaddama/, طرح /ṭaraḥa/
presentation {n} (presenting to an audience) :: إهداء {m} /ʾihdāʾ/, منح {m} /manḥ/
preservation {n} (the act of preserving) :: محافظة {f} /muḥāfaẓa/
preserve {n} (sweet spread) :: مربى {m} /murabban/
preserve {v} (to protect) :: حافظ /ḥāfaẓa/
president {n} (the head of state of a republic) :: رئيس {m} /raʾīs/
presidential {adj} (pertaining to a president or presidency) :: رئاسي /riʾāsiyy/
presidential palace {n} (White House) SEE: White House ::
Presley {prop} (transliterations of the English name "Presley") :: بريسلي /brislī/, بريسلي /breslī/
press {v} (to press) SEE: bear ::
press {n} (printed media) :: صحافة {f} /ṣiḥāfa/, مطبوعات {f-p} /maṭbūʿāt/, صحف {f-p} /ṣuḥuf/
press {v} (to apply pressure) :: ضغط /ḍaḡaṭa/
press {n} (publisher) SEE: publisher ::
Pressburg {prop} (Bratislava) SEE: Bratislava ::
press conference {n} (question and answer session with members of television, print and other media) :: مؤتمر صحفي {m} /muʾtamarun ṣaḥafiyyun/
press release {n} (official written media statement) :: بيان صحفي {m} /bayān ṣaḥafiyy/
pressure {n} (physics: amount of force divided by area) :: ضغط {m} /ḍaḡṭ/
prestigious {adj} (of high prestige) :: ذو مقام /ḏū maqām/
presumably {adv} (able to be sensibly presumed) :: المفترض /-/ من /min al-muftaraḍ/
presumedly {adv} (presumably) SEE: presumably ::
presumptively {adv} (as is presumed to be the case) SEE: presumably ::
pretend {v} (to allege falsely) :: ادعى /iddaʿā/, زعم /zaʿama/
pretend {v} (to make oneself appear to do something) :: تظاهر /taẓāhara/
pretense {n} (false or hypocritical profession) :: ذريعة
pretentious {adj} (marked by an unwarranted claim to importance or distinction) :: مغرور /maḡrūr/
Pretoria {prop} (capital of South Africa) :: بريتوريا {f} /britūriyā/
pretty {adj} (especially of women and children: pleasant, attractive) :: جميل /jamīl/, لطيف /laṭīf/
prevail {v} (To be superior in strength, dominance, influence or frequency; to have or gain the advantage over others; to have the upper hand) :: يسود /yassod/
prevent {v} (to keep from happening) :: منع /manaʿa/
prevention {n} (The act of preventing or hindering) :: منع /manʿ/
prevention is better than cure {proverb} (It is better to prevent the creation of a problem than to have to deal with it afterwards.) :: الوقاية خير من العلاج /al-wiqāyatu ḵayrun mina l-ʿilāji/
previous {adj} (prior) :: سابق /sābiq/
previously {adv} (at an earlier time) :: قبلا /qablan/, قبل /qabl/
prey {n} (that which may be seized by animals) :: فريسة {f} /farīsa/
Prey Nokor {prop} (Ho Chi Minh City) SEE: Ho Chi Minh City ::
Prey Nokor {prop} (Saigon) SEE: Saigon ::
price {n} (cost required to gain possession of something) :: سعر {f} /siʿr/, ثمن {m} /ṯaman/, قيمة {f} /qīma/
price {n} (cost of an action or deed) :: تكلفة {m} /taklifa/
prick {n} ((slang) a penis) :: زب {m} /zubb/, زبر {m} /zubr/, أير {m} /ʾayr/
prickly pear {n} (any of various spiny cacti of the genus Opuntia) :: تين شوكي {m} /tīn šawkiyy/
pride {n} (quality or state of being proud; inordinate self-esteem; an unreasonable conceit of one's own superiority in talents, beauty, wealth, rank etc.) :: كبرياء {f} /kibriyāʾ/
pride {n} (sense of one's own worth, and abhorrence of what is beneath or unworthy of one) :: فخر {m} /faḵr/
priest {n} (clergyman (clergywoman, clergyperson)) :: قسيس {m} /qissīs/, كاهن {m} /kāhin/
primary {adj} (that which is placed ahead of others) :: أولي /ʾawwaliyy/
primary school {n} (first formal, obligatory school) :: مدرسة الابتدائية {f} /madrasa l-ibtidāʾiyya/
prime {adj} (first in excellence, quality, or value) :: ممتاز /mumtāz/, فاخر /fāḵir/
prime minister {n} (chief member of the cabinet and head of the government) :: رئيس الوزراء {m} /raʾīs al-wuzarāʾ/
prime number {n} (natural number) :: عدد أولي {m} /ʿadad ʾawwaliyy/
primer {n} (introductory textbook) :: كتاب تمهيدي {m} /kitāb tamhīdiyy/
Primorsky Krai {prop} (federal subject of Russia) :: بريمورسكي كراي {m} /brimūrskī kray/
prince {n} (male ruler or head of a principality) :: أمير {m} /ʾamīr/
prince {n} (son or male-line grandson of a reigning monarch) :: أمير {m} /ʾamīr/
Prince of Wales {prop} (royal title) :: أمير ويلز {m} /ʾamīr wīlz/
princess {n} (female member of royal family) :: أميرة {f} /ʾamīra/
principal {n} (essential point or rule) SEE: principle ::
principal {adj} (primary, main) :: رئيسي /raʾīsiyy/
principal {n} (chief administrator of a school) :: مدير {m} /mudīr/, مديرة {f} /mudīra/
principal {n} (legal: one on behalf of whom an agent or gestor acts) :: موكل {m} /muwakkil/
principle {n} (fundamental assumption) :: مبدأ {m} /mabdaʾ/, قاعدة {f} /qāʿida/
Pringle {n} (individual potato snack of the Pringles brand) :: برينجلز /brīnjalz/
print {v} (to produce a copy of a text or image on a surface, especially by machine) :: طبع /ṭabaʿa/
print {n} (fingerprint) SEE: fingerprint ::
print {n} (footprint) SEE: footprint ::
printer {n} (computing: device used to print text or images) :: طابعة /ṭābiʿa/
printing {n} (the process or business of producing printed material, see also: typography) :: طباعة {f} /ṭibāʿa/
prior {adj} (former) SEE: former ::
prior {adv} (previously) SEE: previously ::
priority {n} (item's relative importance) :: أولية {f} /ʾawwalaiyya/, أولوية {f} /ʾawlawiyya/
priority {n} (goal of a person or an organisation) :: أولية {f} /ʾawwalaiyya/, أولوية {f} /ʾawlawiyya/
prior to {prep} (before (formal)) :: قبل /qabl/
prise {n} (prize) SEE: prize ::
prison {n} (place of long-term confinement for those convicted of serious crimes) :: سجن {m} /sijn/
prison {v} (imprison) SEE: imprison ::
prisoner {n} (person incarcerated in a prison) :: سجين {m} /sajīn/, محبوس {m} /maḥbūs/
prisoner of war {n} (soldier or combatant captured by the enemy) :: أسير الحرب {m} /ʾasīr al-ḥarb/, أسير {m} /ʾasīr/
Pristina {prop} (city) :: برشتينا {f} /brīštīnā/
privacy {n} (state of being private) :: سرية {f} /sirriyya/, خلوة {f} /ḵalwa/
privacy policy {n} (statement detailing policies that an organization uses to collect information about users) :: سياسة الخصوصية
private {adj} (belonging to, concerning, or accessible only to an individual person or a specific group) :: خاص {m} /ḵāṣṣ/, شخصي /šaḵṣiyy/
private {adj} (not accessible by the public) :: خاص {m} /ḵāṣṣ/
private {adj} :: خاص {m} /ḵāṣṣ/
private international law {n} (law) :: قانون دولي خاص {m} /qānūn dawliyy ḵāṣṣ/
private parts {n} (genitals or sex organs) SEE: genitalia ::
private parts {n} (intimate parts of the human body) :: عضو حميم {m} /ʿuḍw ḥamīm/, أعضاء حميمة {p} /ʾaʿḍāʾ ḥamīma/
privet {interj} (hello) SEE: hello ::
privilege {n} (particular benefit, advantage, or favor) :: امتياز {m} /imtiyāz/
privy {n} (lavatory or toilet) SEE: toilet ::
privy {adj} :: خاص /ḵāṣ/, سري /sirriyy/
prize {n} (honor or reward striven for in a competitive contest) :: جائزة {f} /jāʾiza/
pro {prep} (in favor of) :: مع /maʿ/
proactive {adj} (acting in advance) :: وقائي /wiqāʾiyy/, استباق الأحداث
probably {adv} (in all likelihood) :: من المحتمل /min al-muḥtamal/, ربما /rubbamā/
probe {n} (sciences: electrode or other small device) :: مسبار {m} /misbār/
probe {n} (spacecraft) :: مسبار {m} /misbār/
problem {n} (difficulty) :: مشكلة {f} /muškila/
problem {n} (schoolwork exercise) :: مسألة {f} /masʾala/, مشكلة {f} /muškila/
procedure {n} (set of established forms or methods of an organized body) :: اجراء {m} /ijrāʾ/
proceed {v} (pass from one point to another) :: [من, from] انطلق /inṭalaqa/
process {n} (series of events to produce a result) :: عملية {f} /ʿamaliyya/
process {n} (path of succession of states through which a system passes) :: علمية {f} /ʿilmiyya/, معالجة {f} /muʿālaja/
process {v} (to perform a particular process) :: جهز /jahhaza/
processor {n} (microprocessor) :: معالج {m} /muʿālij/
proclitic {n} (clitic which joins with the following word) :: ملحق /mulḥaq/
procrastinate {v} (put off; to delay taking action) :: سوف /sawwafa/
procrastination {n} (act of postponing, delaying or putting off) :: تأجيل {m} /taʾjīl/
prodigal {n} (prodigal) SEE: spendthrift ::
produce {v} (to make or manufacture) :: أنتج /ʾantaja/
produce {n} (offspring) SEE: offspring ::
product {n} (commodity for sale) :: إنتاج {m} /ʾintāj/, سلعة {f} /silʿa/
product {n} (multiplication result) :: حاصل الضرب, جداء {m} /jadāʾ/
production {n} (the act of producing) :: إنتاج {m} /ʾintāj/
productivity {n} (state of being productive) :: إنتاجية {f} /ʼintājiyya/
profession {n} (occupation) :: مهنة {f} /mihna/, وظيفة {f} /waẓīfa/
professional {n} (person who earns their living from a specified activity) :: محترف {m} /muḥtarif/, محترفة {f} /muḥtarifa/
professor {n} (a higher ranking for a teacher or faculty member at a college or university) :: أستاذ {m} /ʾustāḏ/, [teacher] معلم {m} /muʿallim/
proficiency {n} (ability or skill) :: إمكان {m} /ʾimkān/
profile {n} (outermost shape) :: حدود خارجية /ḥudūd ḵārijiyya/
profile {n} (shape, view, or shadow of a person's head from the side) :: صورة جانبية /ṣūra jānibiyya/
profile {n} (summary or collection of information, especially about a person) :: سيرة {f} /sīra/
profile {n} (amount by which something protrudes) :: بروز {m} /burūz/
profile {n} (prominence; noticeability) :: شهرة {f} /šuhra/
profile {n} (reputation) SEE: reputation ::
profit {n} (benefit) :: ربح {m} /ribḥ/, مكسب {m} /maksab/, فائدة {f} /fāʾida/, نفع {m} /nafʿ/
profiteer {n} (one who makes an unreasonable profit not justified by their corresponding assumption of risk) :: إستغلالي {m} /ʾistiḡlāliyy/, انتهازي {m} /intihāziyy/
progenitor {n} (founder) SEE: founder ::
progeny {n} (offspring) :: نسل /nasl/, سليل {m} /salīl/, ذرية {f} /ḏurriyya/
prognosticate {v} (predict, foretell) :: أنذر /ʾanḏara/
program {n} (set of structured activities) :: برنامج {m} /barnāmaj/
program {n} (leaflet listing information about a play, game or other activity) :: برنامج {m} /barnāmaj/
program {n} (performance of a show or other broadcast on radio or television) :: برنامج {m} /barnāmaj/
program {n} (software application) :: برنامج {m} /barnāmaj/
program {v} (to enter a program or other instructions into a computer) :: برمج /barmaja/, وضع برنامجا /waḍaʿa barnāmajan/
program {v} (to write code) :: برمج /barmaja/
programmable logic controller {n} (programmable electronic device) :: جهاز تحكم منطقي قابل للبرمجة
programme {n} (programme) SEE: program ::
programmer {n} (one who writes computer programs) :: مبرمج {m} /mubarmij/, مبرمجة {f} /mubarmija/
programming {n} (act of writing a computer program) :: برمجة {f} /barmaja/
programming language {n} (code of reserved words and symbols) :: لغة برمجة {f} /luḡat barmaja/
progress {n} (advancement to a more developed state) :: تقدم {m} /taqaddum/
progress {n} (movement onwards or forwards) :: تقدم {m} /taqaddum/
prohibit {v} (to proscribe officially) :: منع /manaʿa/
prohibited {adj} (forbidden) SEE: forbidden ::
prohibition {n} (act of prohibiting) :: حظر {m} /ḥaẓr/, منع {m} /manʿ/
prohibition {n} (law that prohibits something) :: حظر {m} /ḥaẓr/
Prohibition {prop} (period) :: منع الكحول {m} /manʿ al-kuḥūl/
Prohibition {prop} (66th sura of the Qur'an) :: سورة التحريم
project {n} (planned endeavor) :: مشروع {m} /mašrūʿ/
project management {n} (discipline of organizing and managing project resources) :: إدارة المشاريع
prokaryote {n} (organism characterized by absence of nucleus) :: بدائيات النوى /bidāʾiyyāt an-nawā/
proletarian {adj} (relating to proletariat) :: بروليتاري /brulitāriyy/
proletariat {n} (working class or lower class) :: بروليتاريا {f} /brulitāriyā/
prolong {v} (to extend in space or length) :: أطال /ʾaṭāla/
prolong {v} (to lengthen in time; to extend the duration of; to draw out; to continue) :: أطال /ʾaṭāla/
prom {n} (a formal ball) :: حفلة موسيقية {f} /ḥafla(t) mūsīqiyya/
Prometheus {prop} (Greek mythological figure) :: بروميثيوس {m} /brumīṯyūs/
promethium {n} (chemical element) :: بروميثيوم {m} /brumiṯyum/
prominent {adj} (eminent, distinguished above others) :: شهير /šahīr/
promise {n} (vow) :: وعد {m} /waʿd/
promise {v} (to commit to something) :: وعد /waʿada/, تعهد /taʿahhada/, أوعد /ʾawʿada/
Promised Land {prop} (land promised by God) :: أرض الميعاد {f} /ʾarḍ al-mīʿād/
promontory {n} (a high point of land extending into a body of water, headland; cliff) :: (ras)
promote {v} (raise someone to a more important, responsible, or remunerative job or rank) :: رقى /raqqā/
promote {v} (advocate or urge on behalf of something) :: روج /rawwaja/
promote {v} :: زكى /zakkā/
prompt {adj} (on time) :: فورا
pronoun {n} (type of noun) :: ضمير {m} /ḍamīr/, ضمائر {m-p} /ḍamāʾiru/
pronounce {v} (to pronounce) SEE: say ::
pronounce {v} (to sound out (a word or phrase); to articulate) :: لفظ /lafaẓa/, نطق /naṭaqa/
pronunciation {n} (sound of a word) :: نطق {m} /nuṭq/, لفظ {m} /lafẓ/, تلفظ {m} /talaffuẓ/
pronunciation {n} (way in which words are pronounced) :: لفظ {m} /lafẓ/, نطق {m} /nuṭq/, تلفظ {m} /talaffuẓ/
proof {n} (any effort, process, or operation designed to establish or discover a fact or truth) :: برهان {m} /burhān/
Proof {prop} (98th sura of the Qur'an) :: سورة البينة
proofread {v} (to check for errors in spelling and grammar) :: نقح /naqqaḥ/
propaganda {n} (concerted set of messages) :: بروباجندا {f} /brubagandā/
propane {n} (aliphatic hydrocarbon: C3H8) :: بروبان {m} /brubān/
propeller {n} (mechanical device used to propel) :: مروحة {f} /mirwaḥa/
propelling pencil {n} (mechanical pencil) SEE: mechanical pencil ::
propensity {n} (tendency) :: ميل
proper {adj} :: مناسب /munāsib/
properly {adv} (in a proper manner) :: كما يجب /kamā yajib/, كما ينبغي /kamā yanbaḡī/
proper noun {n} (the name of a particular person, place, organization or other individual entity) :: اسم علم /ism ʿalam/
property {n} (something owned) :: ملك {m} /mulk/
property {n} (piece of real estate) :: ملكية /milkiyya/
property {n} (attribute or abstract quality associated with an object, individual or concept) :: خاصة {f} /ḵāṣṣa/
property {n} (an attribute characteristic of a class of objects) :: خاصية {?} /ḵāṣṣiyya/
prophecy {n} (prediction) :: نبوءة {f} /nubūʾa/, تنبؤ {m} /tanabbuʾ/
prophet {n} (one who speaks by divine inspiration) :: نبي {m} /nabiyy/
prophet {n} (one who foretells the future) :: متنبئ /mutanabbiʾ/
prophethood {n} (state or condition of being a prophet) :: نبوة {f} /nubuwwa/
Prophets {prop} (21st sura of the Qur'an) :: سورة الأنبياء
prophylaxis {n} (prevention of, or protective treatment for disease) :: وقاية {f} /wiqāya/
propolis {n} (glue-like substance) :: عكبر {m} /ʿukbur/, عكبر {m} /ʿikbar/
proponency {n} (advocacy) SEE: advocacy ::
proportion {n} (size) SEE: size ::
proposal {n} (that which is proposed) :: مقترح {m} /muqtaraḥ/, اقتراح {m} /iqtirāḥ/
propose {v} (to suggest a plan or course of action) :: اقترح /iqtaraḥa/
proposer {n} :: مقترح /muqtariḥ/
proposition {n} (idea or plan offered) :: اقتراح {m} /iqtirāḥ/, مقترح {m} /muqtaraḥ/
proprietously {adv} (properly) SEE: properly ::
pros and cons {n} (for and against) :: محاسن ومساوئ
prose {n} (written language not intended as poetry) :: نثر {m} /naṯr/
prosecutor {n} (a person instituting criminal prosecution) :: مدع {m} /muddaʿin/, المدعي {m} /al-muddaʿī/ [definite]
prospect {n} (position affording a fine view) SEE: lookout ::
prospect {n} (potential things that may come to pass, usually favorable) :: توقع, احتمال, أمل, إمكانية /ʾimkāniyya/
prosper {v} (to be successful) :: اززدهر
prostate {n} (prostate gland) :: بروستات {m} /brustāt/, بروستات {m} /barustāt/, بروستات {m} /brostāt/, موثة {f} /mūṯa/
prostate gland {n} (prostate) SEE: prostate ::
prostitute {n} (a person having sex for profit) :: داعرة {f} /dāʿira/, بغية {f} /baḡiyya/, عاهرة {f} /ʿāhira/, زانية {f} /zāniyya/, فاحشة {f} /fāḥiša/
prostitute {v} (to perform sexual activity for money) :: دعر /daʿira/, بغى /baḡā/
prostitute {n} (promiscuous person) SEE: whore ::
prostitution {n} (having sex for profit) :: بغاء /biḡāʾun/, دعارة /daʿāra/
prostrate {v} (to throw oneself down in submission) :: سجد /sajada/
Prostration {prop} (32nd sura of the Qur'an) :: سورة السجدة
protactinium {n} (chemical element) :: بروتكتنيوم {m} /brutaktinyum/
protect {v} (to keep safe) :: حمى /ḥamā/
protection {n} (process of keeping safe) :: حمى /ḥamā/
protege {n} (protégé) SEE: protégé ::
protein {n} (class of food) :: بروتين {m} /borotīn/
protest {v} (to make a strong objection) :: اعترض /iʿtaraḍa/
protest {n} (formal objection) :: اعتراض {m} /iʿtarāḍ/, احتجاج {m} /iḥtijāj/
Protestant {n} (someone who is a member of such a denomination) :: بروتستانتي {m} /burūtistāntiyy/
Protestant {adj} (pertaining to these denominatons) :: بروتستانتي /burūtistāntiyy/
Protestantism {n} (faith) :: بروتستانتية {f} /burūtistāntiyya/
protégé {n} (person who is guided and supported) :: ربيب, محمي /maḥmiyy/
proton {n} (positively charged nucleon) :: بروتون {m} /brutūn/
prototype {n} (original form or object which is a basis for other forms or objects) :: نموذج /namūḏaj/
protractor {n} (a circular or semicircular tool for measuring angles) :: منقلة
protrude {v} (to extend from) :: ينتأ- يبرز
proud {adj} (gratified, feeling honoured, feeling satisfied) :: فخور /faḵūr/
proud {adj} (having a too high opinion of oneself; arrogant, supercilious) :: مغرور /maḡrūr/, فخور /faḵūr/
proud {adj} :: فخور /faḵūr/
prove {v} (to demonstrate that something is true; to give proof for) :: أثبت /ʾaṯbata/
Provence {prop} (region in France) :: باروفنس {m} /bārūfins/
proverb {n} (phrase expressing a basic truth) :: مثل {m} /maṯal/, حكمة {f} /ḥikma/, مقال {m} /maqāl/
Proverbs {prop} (book of the Bible) :: الأمثال /al-ʾamṯāl/
provide {v} (to furnish (with)) :: زود /zawwada/
provided {conj} (only if) :: شريطة أن /šarīṭatan ʾan/, على شريطة /ʿalā šarīṭat/
province {n} (a subdivision of government usually one step below the national level) :: ولاية {f} /wilāya/
provocation {n} (act of provoking) :: إثارة {f} /ʾiṯāra/, استفزاز {m} /istifzāz/
provocative {adj} (tending to provoke strong negative feeling) :: مستفز /mustafiz/
provoke {v} (to cause to become angry) :: استفز /istafazza/
proxenetism {n} (procuring) SEE: pimping ::
proximately {adv} (approximately) SEE: approximately ::
proxy {n} (authority to act for another, especially when written) :: إنابة /ʾināba/, استنابة /istināba/, تفويض /tafwīḍ/, توكيل /tawkīl/
prudent {adj} (sagacious in adapting means to ends) :: حريص /ḥarīṣ/, حكيم /ḥakīm/
prudent {adj} (frugal; economical; not extravagant) :: حريص /ḥarīṣ/
prune {n} (plum) SEE: plum ::
prune {n} (dried plum) :: أجاص /ʾajāṣ/, عوينة {f} /ʿawīna/, عوينة مجففة {f} /ʿawīna(t) mujaffafa/, خوخ مجفف /ḵawḵ mujaffaf/
Prussia {prop} (geographical area) :: بروسيا {f} /brūsyā/
Prussia {prop} (former German province) :: بروسيا {f} /brūsyā/
PS {n} (addendum to a letter) :: ملاحظة {f} /mulāḥaẓa/
psalm {n} (sacred song) :: مزمور {m} /mazmūr/
Psalms {prop} (book of the Bible) :: المزامير, زبور {m} /zabūr/, الزبور {m}
psalter {n} (The Book of Psalms) :: زبور {m} /zabūr/
psalterium {n} (omasum) SEE: omasum ::
psaltery {n} (instrument) :: السنطور آلة موسيقية /alsuntur alat musiqia/
pseudo- {prefix} :: وهمي /wahmiyy/
psi {n} (Greek letter) :: پسي {m} /psī/, بسي {m} /bsī/
Pskov {prop} (a city in Russia) :: بسكوف {m} /pskūf/
psychiatric hospital {n} (mental hospital) SEE: mental hospital ::
psychiatrist {n} (doctor specializing in psychiatry) :: طبيب نفساني {m} /ṭabīb nafsāniyy/
psychiatry {n} (branch of medicine dealing with mental disorders) :: الطب النفسي /aṭ-ṭibb an-nafsiyy/
psychology {n} (study of the human mind) :: سيكولوجيا {f} /saykulūjiyyā/, علم النفس {m} /ʿilm an-nafs/
psychology {n} (the study of the human behavior) :: سيكولوجيا {f} /saykulūjiyyā/, علم النفس {m} /ʿilm an-nafs/
psyllium {n} (group of plants) :: بزرقطونا {f} /bazarqaṭūnā/, أسفيوس {m} /ʾasfiyūs/ [obsolete]
pâté {n} (finely-ground paste of meat, fish or vegetables) :: باتيه {m} /bātēh/
Ptolemy {prop} (name of Greek origin) :: بطليموس {m} /baṭulīmūs/
pub {n} (public house) :: حانة {f} /ḥāna/, خانة {f} /ḵāna/, خمارة {f} /ḵamāra/, مشرب {m} /mašrab/
puberty {n} (age at which a person is first capable of sexual reproduction) :: بلوغ {m} /bulūḡ/
pubic hair {n} (collectively) :: شعر العانة {m-p} /šaʿr al-ʿāna/
pubis {n} (the pubic bone) :: عانة {f} /ʿāna/
public {adj} (pertaining to people as a whole) :: عام /ʿāmm/, عمومي /ʿumūmiyy/, علني /ʿalaniyy/
public {adj} :: عمومي /ʿumūmiyy/
public {n} (people in general) :: جمهور /jumhūr/
public holiday {n} (national or regional holiday from work on a specific day) :: عطلة رسمية {f} /ʿuṭla rasmiyya/, إجازة عامة {f} /ʾijāza ʿāmma/
public house {n} (pub) SEE: pub ::
publicly {adv} (in an open and public manner) :: علانية /ʿalāniyatan/
public opinion {n} (opinion of the public) :: رأي عام {m} /raʾy ʿāmm/
public relations {n} (profession) :: علاقات عامة {f-p} /ʿalaqāt ʿāmma/, PR /PR/
public servant {n} (convict) SEE: convict ::
public servant {n} (civil servant) SEE: civil servant ::
public speaking {n} (art of public speaking) SEE: oratory ::
public transit {n} (public transport) SEE: public transport ::
public transport {n} (form of transport) :: مواصلات عامة {f-p} /muwāṣalāt ʿāmma/
public transportation {n} (public transport) SEE: public transport ::
publish {v} (to issue something (usually printed work) for sale and distribution) :: نشر /našara/, أصدر /ʾaṣdara/
publisher {n} (One who publishes, especially books) :: دار نشر {f} /dār našr/
publishing house {n} (company that produces books) :: دار نشر {f} /dār našr/, نشر {m} /našr/
puck {n} (hockey puck) SEE: hockey puck ::
pudding {n} (boiled or steamed cake or dessert) :: بودنغ {m} /budinḡ/
pudding {n} (any dessert) SEE: dessert ::
puddle {n} (a small pool of water) :: غدير {m} /ḡadīr/
puerperium {n} (period of time following childbirth) :: النفاس /an-nifās/
Puerto Rico {prop} (Caribbean Commonwealth) :: بورتو ريكو {m} /burtū rīkū/
puffer {n} (blowfish) SEE: blowfish ::
pufferfish {n} (blowfish) SEE: blowfish ::
puff pastry {n} (light, flaky pastry) :: عجينة منتفخة {f} /ʿajīna muntafikha/
pulao {n} (pilaf) SEE: pilaf ::
pull {v} (transitive: apply force to (something) so it comes towards one) :: جر /jarra/, سحب /saḥaba/
pull an all-nighter {v} (work throughout the night) :: سهر طول الليل
pullet {n} (spineless person) SEE: chicken ::
pullover {n} (sweater) :: معطف {m} /miʿṭaf/, كنزة {f} /kinza/, بلوفر {m} /bulōfar, bulōvar/, سترة {f} /sutra/
pulmonary {adj} (related to lungs) :: رئوي {m} /riʼawiyy/
pulpit {n} (raised platform in church) :: منبر {m} /minbar/
pulsar {n} (rotating neutron star) :: نباض
pulse {n} (regular beat caused by the heart) :: نبضة {f} /nabḍa/
puma {n} (Puma concolor) SEE: cougar ::
pumice {n} (pumice) :: خفاف {m} /ḵafāf/
pump {n} (trainer or sneaker) SEE: trainer ::
pump {n} (device for moving liquid or gas) :: مضخة {f} /miḍaḵḵa/
pump {n} (instance of the action of a pump; one stroke of a pump; any action similar to pumping) :: ضخ {m} /ḍaḵḵ/
pumpkin {n} (plant) :: قرع {m} /qarʿ/, يقطين /yaqṭīn/, دباء {f} /dubāʾ/
pumpkin {n} (fruit of this plant) :: قرع {m} /qarʿ/, يقطين /yaqṭīn/, دباء {f} /dubāʾ/
pumpkin pie {n} (pie made from the flesh of pumpkins) :: فطيرة يقطين {f} /faṭīra(t) yaqṭīnin/
pun {n} (joke or type of wordplay) :: لعبة الكلمات {f} /laʿbat al-kalimāt/, جناس {m} /jinās/
punch {n} (hit or strike with one's fist) :: لكمة {f} /lakma/
punch {v} (to strike something or someone with one's fist) :: لكم /lakama/
punch {n} (device for creating holes in thin material) :: خرامة {f} /ḵarrāma/
punch {n} (mechanism for punching holes in paper) :: خرامة {f} /ḵarrāma/
punch {v} (to herd cattle) SEE: herd ::
punctual {adj} (prompt) :: دقيق /daqīq/
punctuate {v} (emphasize, stress) SEE: emphasize ::
punctuation {n} (set of symbols) :: علامة ترقيم {f} /ʿalāmat tarqīm/, ترقيم {m} /tarqīm/
puncture {n} (hole, cut or tear) :: ثقب {m} /ṯuqb/
punish {v} (to cause to suffer for crime or misconduct) :: عاقب /ʿāqaba/
punishment {n} (the act of punishing) :: عقاب {m} /ʿiqāb/, مجازاة {f} /mujāzāh/, معاقبة {f} /muʿāqaba/
punishment {n} (penalty for wrongdoing) :: عقوبة {f} /ʿuqūba/, عقاب {m} /ʿiqāb/
Punjab {prop} (geographical region in South Asia) :: البنجاب {m} /al-banjāb/
Punjabi {n} (language spoken in the Punjab region, in Northern India and eastern Pakistan) :: بنجابية {f} /banjabiyya/
Punjabi {n} :: بنجابية {f} /banjabiyya/
punk {n} (prostitute) SEE: prostitute ::
punk {n} (petty criminal) :: بانك {m} /bank/, بانك {m} /pank/
punk {n} (punk social movement) :: بانك {m} /bank/, بانك {m} /pank/
punk rocker {n} (punk) SEE: punk ::
Puntland {prop} (region) :: أرض البنط
pupa {n} (insect) :: خادرة {f} /ḵādira/, شرنقة {f} /šarnaqa/
pupil {n} (learner) :: تلميذ {m} /tilmīḏ/, تلميذة {f} /tilmīḏa/
pupil {n} (the hole in the middle of the iris of the eye) :: حدقة {f} /ḥadaqa/, بؤبؤ {m} /buʾbuʾ/, إنسان العين {m} /ʾinsān al-ʿayn/
puppet {n} (movable model of a person or animal) :: دمية {f} /dumya/
puppet {n} (doll) SEE: doll ::
puppy {n} (young dog) :: جرو {m} /jarw/
purchase {n} (the act or process of seeking and obtaining something) :: شراء {m} /širāʾ/
purchase {v} (to obtain by paying money or its equivalent; to buy for a price) :: اشترى /ištarā/
pure {adj} (free of flaws or imperfections) :: [indefinite] صاف /ṣāfin/, [definite] الصافي /aṣ-ṣāfī/
pure {adj} (free of foreign material or pollutants) :: [indefinite] صاف /ṣāfin/, [definite] الصافي /aṣ-ṣāfī/
purgatory {n} (Purgatory) SEE: Purgatory ::
Purgatory {prop} (intermediate state after physical death) :: مطهر {m} /maṭhar/
purging {n} (vomiting) SEE: vomiting ::
purify {v} (cleanse something of impurities) :: صفى /ṣaffā/
purple {n} (colour) :: بنفسجي /banafsajiyy/, أرجواني /ʾorjuaani/
purple {adj} (colour) :: أرجواني /ʾurjuwāniyy/, بنفسجي /banafsajiyy/
purpose {n} (target) :: هدف {m} /hadaf/
purpose {n} (intention) :: نية {f} /niyya/
purpose {n} (reason for doing something) :: سبب {m} /sabab/
purposefully {adv} (on purpose) SEE: on purpose ::
purse {n} (small bag for carrying money) :: جزدان {m} /jizdān/, محفظة {f} /miḥfaẓa/
purslane {n} (Portulaca oleracea) SEE: common purslane ::
pursuant {adv} (accordingly, consequently) :: عملا ب /ʿamalan bi/
pursue {v} (to follow urgently) :: لاحق /lāḥaqa/
pursue {v} (to travel down a particular way or course of action) :: اتبع /ittabaʿa/
purulence {n} (pus) :: قيح {m}
pus {n} (fluid found in regions of infection) :: قيح {m} /qayḥ/, صديد {m} /ṣadīd/, مدة {f} /mida/
Pusan {prop} (Busan) SEE: Busan ::
push {v} (to apply a force to something so that it moves away) :: دفع /dafaʿa/
push {v} (to thrust the points of the horns against) SEE: gore ::
pushchair {n} (stroller) SEE: stroller ::
Pushkin {prop} (Russian surname) :: بوشكين {m} /būškin/
push scooter {n} (a child's foot-operated vehicle) SEE: scooter ::
Puss in Boots {prop} (fairy tale) :: القط ذو الحذاء /al-qiṭṭ ḏū l-ḥiḏāʾ/
pussy {n} (slang: female genitalia) :: كس {m} /kis/, كس {m} /kus/
put {v} (to place something somewhere) :: وضع /waḍaʿa/
put away {v} (to kill someone) SEE: kill ::
put away {v} (to send (someone) to prison) SEE: imprison ::
Putin {prop} (surname) :: بوتين {m} /būtīn/
put on {v} (to don clothing) :: لبس /labisa/, ارتدى /irtadā/
put on weight {v} (to become heavier) :: ازداد وزنا /izdāda waznan/
put out {v} (produce) :: أنتج /ʾantaja/
putsch {n} (a coup; an illegal effort to forcibly overthrow the current government) :: انقلاب {m} /inqilāb/
put to death {v} (to kill as punishment) SEE: execute ::
put to sleep {v} (to cause someone to sleep) :: نوم /nawwama/, أنام /ʾanāma/
put words in someone's mouth {v} (say or imply that someone has said a thing) :: قوله ما لم يقل /qawwalahu mā lam yaqul/
puzzle {n} (crossword puzzle) SEE: crossword ::
puzzle {n} (anything difficult to understand or make sense of) :: لغز {m} /luḡz/, أحجية {f} /ʾuḥjiyya/, معضلة {f} /muʿḍila/
puzzle {n} (game for one person) :: أحجية {f} /ʾuḥjiyya/, لغز {m} /luḡz/, بازل {m} /bāzl/
puzzle {n} (riddle) :: لغز {m} /luḡz/, أحجية {f} /ʾuḥjiyya/, معضلة {f} /muʿḍila/
Pyongyang {prop} (capital of North Korea) :: بيونيانغ {m} /byunyānḡ/
pyramid {n} (ancient construction) :: هرم {m} /haram/
pyramid {n} (construction) :: هرم {m} /haram/
pyramid {n} (in geometry, a solid with triangular lateral faces and a polygonal base) :: هرم {m} /haram/, [plural] أهرام {m-p} /ʾahrām/
pyrotechnics {n} (firework) SEE: firework ::
Pythagoras {prop} (Ancient Greek mathematician and philosopher) :: فيثاغورس /fīṯāḡūras/
Pythagorean theorem {prop} (mathematical theorem) :: مبرهنة فيثاغورس {f} /mubarhanat fīṯāḡūras/