Szerkesztő:Matthias Buchmeier/en-arb-y

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yaa {n} (Arabic letter) :: ياء {m} /yāʾ/, ي /y/ [letter]
yacht {n} (slick and light ship) :: يخت {m} /yaḵt/, طراد
yah {adv} (yes) SEE: yes ::
Yahoo! {prop} (a popular web portal) :: ياهو! {m} /yāhū!/, ياهو {m} /yāhū/
Yahweh {prop} (personal name of God) :: يهوه {m} /yahwah/
Yahweh {prop} (Jehovah) SEE: Jehovah ::
Yakutia {prop} (region in North Asia) :: ياكوتيا {f} /Yakūtiyā/
Yakutsk {prop} (city in Russia) :: ياكوتسك {m} /yakūtsk/
yakuza {n} (Japanese organized crime gang) :: ياكوزا /yakūzā/
yakuza {n} (member of a Japanese organized crime gang) :: ياكوزا /yakūzā/
y'all {pron} (plural of you) :: أنتم {m} /ʾantum/
Yalta {prop} (city in Crimea) :: يالطا {f} /yalṭā/
yam {n} (potato) SEE: potato ::
yam {n} (any Dioscorea vine) :: يام {m} /yām/
yam {n} (taro) SEE: taro ::
yam {n} (sweet potato) SEE: sweet potato ::
Yamagata {prop} (Yamagata, Japan) :: ياماغاتا {f} /yamaḡātā/
Yamaguchi {prop} (Yamaguchi, Japan) :: ياماغوتشي {m} /yamaḡūtšī/
Yamal {prop} (a large peninsula in the Russian North) :: يامال {m} /yamāl/
Yamanashi {prop} (Yamanashi, Japan) :: ياماناشي {m} /yāmānāšī/
Yamoussoukro {prop} (official capital of Côte d'Ivoire) :: ياموسوكرو {m} /yamusukrū/
yandere {n} (character who fits the archetype of being genuinely kind, loving, or gentle, but suddenly switching to being aggressive or deranged) :: ياندري {f} /yāndirī/
Yandex {prop} (Yandex (in other scripts, the trademark may also be written in Roman letters)) :: ياندكس {m} /yāndiks/
Yangon {prop} (largest city in Myanmar) :: يانغون {m} /yānḡūn/, يانجون {m} /yānjūn/
Yangtze {prop} (river) :: يانغتسي {m} /yānḡtsī/, تشانغجيانغ {m} /tšānḡjyānḡ/
Yangzhou {prop} (a prefecture-level city in eastern China) :: يانغجو {m} /yanḡjū/, يانغتشو {m} /yanḡtšū/
Yankee {n} (native or inhabitant of the USA) :: يانكي {m} /yānkī/
Yantai {prop} (a city of China) :: يانتاي {m} /yantay/
Yanukovych {prop} (Ukrainian surname) :: يانكوفيتش /yanukūfitš/
Yaoundé {prop} (capital of Cameroon) :: ياوندي /yawndī/
yard {n} (land around a house) :: حديقة {f} /ḥadīqa/
yard {n} (three feet) :: ياردة {f} /yārda/, يارد {m} /yārd/
Yard {prop} (Jamaica) SEE: Jamaica ::
yarmulke {n} (skullcap worn by religious Jewish males) :: قبة {f} /qubba/, كبة {f} /kibba/
yarn {n} (fiber strand for knitting or weaving) :: خيط {m} /ḵayṭ/
Yaroslavl {prop} (city) :: ياروسلافل {m} /yaroslāfl/
yashmak {n} (a veil worn by Muslim women) :: خمار {m} /ḵimār/, نقاب {m} /niqāb/
Ya-Sin {prop} (36th sura of the Qur'an) :: سورة يس
yawn {v} (open the mouth and take a deep breath) :: تثاءب /taṯāʾaba/
yawn {n} (the action of yawning) :: تثاؤب {m} /taṯāʾub/
Yazdegerd {prop} (given name) :: يزدجرد /yazdajird/
year {n} (time it takes for the Earth to complete one revolution around the Sun) :: عام /ʿām/ (plural: أعوام {p} /ʾaʿwām/), سنة {f} /sana/ (plural: سنوات {p} /sanawāt/)
year {n} (a level or grade at school or college) :: صف {m} /ṣaff/
yearly {adj} (happening once every year) :: سنوي /sanawiyy/
yearly {adv} (once a year) :: سنويا /sanawiyyan/
yearn {v} (to have a strong desire; to long) :: اشتاق /ištāqa/
yearning {n} (wistful or melancholy longing) :: شوق {m} /šawq/
yeasayer {n} (who habitually agrees uncritically) :: إمعة {c} /ʾimmaʿa/
yeast {n} (fungus) :: خميرة {f} /ḵamīra/
yeast {n} (froth used in medicine, baking and brewing) :: خميرة {f} /ḵamīra/
yeast {n} (cake or dried granules used to make bread dough rise) :: خميرة {f} /ḵamīra/
yech {interj} (yuck) SEE: yuck ::
Yehuda {prop} (male given name) SEE: Judah ::
Yekaterinburg {prop} (city in Russia) :: ييكاتيرينبرغ {m} /yikatirinbūrgh/
Yelena {prop} (Russian female name) :: يلينا {f} /Yelēnā/
yell {v} (shout (verb)) :: صاح /ṣāḥa/
yellow {adj} (having yellow as its colour) :: أصفر {m} /ʾaṣfar/, صفراء {f} /ṣafrāʾ/, صفر {p} /ṣufr/
yellow {adj} (lacking courage) :: جبان {m} /jabān/
yellow {n} (colour) :: أصفر /ʾaṣfar/
yellow {v} (to become yellow or more yellow) :: اصفر /iṣfarra/
yellow {v} (to cause to become yellow or more yellow) :: صفر /ṣaffara/
yellow card {n} (card in sports) :: بطاقة صفراء {f} /biṭāqa(t) ṣafrāʾ/
yellow fever {n} (illness) :: حمى صفراء {f} /ḥammā ṣafrāʾ/
yellow jersey {n} (shirt worn by the leader in the Tour de France) :: قميص أصفر {m} /qamīṣ ʾaṣfar/
yellowness {n} (state or quality of being yellow) :: صفرة {f} /ṣufra/
yellow press {n} (newspapers which publish sensationalist articles) :: صحافة صفراء {f} /ṣiḥāfa ṣafrāʾ/
Yellow Sea {prop} (Asian sea) :: البحر الأصفر {m} /al-baḥr al-ʾaṣfar/
yellow-vented bulbul {n} (Pycnonotus goiavier) :: بلبل التمر
Yeltsin {prop} (Russian surname) :: يلتسين /yiltsīn/, يلتسين /yeltsin/
Yemen {prop} (Republic of Yemen) :: اليمن {m} {f} /al-yaman/
Yemeni {adj} (of, from, or pertaining to Yemen, or the Yemeni people) :: يمني /yamanī/
Yemeni {n} (a person from Yemen or of Yemeni descent) :: يمني {m} /yamaniyy/, يمنية {f} /yamaniyya/
yen {n} (unit of Japanese currency) :: ين {m} /yan/
Yenisei {prop} (river in Russia) :: ينسي {m} /yinisī/
yep {n} (informal "yes") :: أيوة /ʾaywa/ [Eastern Arabic], إية /ʾiyya/ [Western Arabic], آ /ʾā/ [Egyptian Arabic]
Yerevan {prop} (the capital and largest city of Armenia) :: يريفان {f} /yirīfān/
yermulke {n} (yarmulke) SEE: yarmulke ::
yes {particle} (word used to indicate agreement or acceptance) :: نعم /naʿam/, أجل /ʾajal/, إي /ʾī/
yes {particle} (word used to indicate disagreement or dissent in reply to a negative statement) :: بلى /balā/
yes {particle} :: أجل /ʾajal/
yes {n} (answer that shows agreement or acceptance) :: نعم {f} /naʿam/, نعمان {f-d} /naʿamāni/, نعمات {f-p} /naʿamāt/
yes and no {phrase} (indicating there is no simple "yes" or "no" answer) :: نعم ولا /naʿm walā/
yes man {n} (a person who always agrees with his employer or superior) :: إمعة /ʾimmaʿa/
yes-no {particle} (particle used to form yes-no questions) :: هل /hal/ [initial], أ /ʾa/ [initial]
yessir {interj} (used to express assent, especially to a superior) :: نعم سيدي /naʿam sayyidī/
yesterday {n} (day before today) :: أمس /ʾams/, أمس /ʾamsi/
yesterday {adv} (on the day before today) :: أمس /ʾams/, أمس /ʾamsi/
yesterday night {n} (last night) SEE: last night ::
yet {adv} (thus far) :: حتى الآن /ḥattā l-ʾān/
yet {adv} (even) SEE: even ::
yeti {n} (unidentified animal) :: يتي {m} /yatī/
yew {n} (Taxus baccata) :: زرنب {m} /zarnab/, طخش {m} /ṭaḵš/
Yiddish {prop} (language) :: يديشية {f} /yidīšiyya/, إيديش {m} /ʾīdīš/
Yiddish {adj} (Jewish) SEE: Jewish ::
yield {v} (to give as required) :: أجزأ /ʾajzaʾa/, أجزى /ʾajzā/, أدر /ʾadarra/, أغل /ʾaḡalla/, أكسب /ʾaksaba/, أمن /ʾammana/, حقق /ḥaqqaqa/, در /darra/, رجع ب /rajaʿa bi-/, سحب /saḥaba/, عاد ( عليه ) ب
yield {n} (quantity of something produced) :: إفادة /ʾifāda/, إفادة من /ʾifādatun min/, إنتاج /ʾintāj/, إيراد /ʾīrād/, استفادة /istifāda/, جداء /jadāʾ/, جدوى /jadwā/, جنى /janan/, حاصل /ḥāṣil/, حصد /ḥaṣad/, حصيدة /ḥaṣīda/, حصيلة /ḥaṣīla/, حمل /ḥaml/, خرج /ḵarj/, خير /ḵayr/, دخل /daḵl/, ربح /ribḥ/, ريع /rayʿ/, صلاح /ṣalāḥ/, صلوح /ṣulūḥ/, طائل /ṭāʾil/, عائد /ʿāʾid/, عائدة /ʿāʾida/, غلة /ḡalla/, فائدة /fāʾida/, كسب /kasb/, متحصل /mutaḥaṣṣil/, محصلة /muḥaṣṣala/, محصول /maḥṣūl/, مدخول /madḵūl/, مستغل /mustaḡall/, مصلحة /maṣlaḥa/, مغل /muḡall/, منتج /muntaj/, منتجات /muntajāt/, منتوج /mantūj/, منفعة /manfaʿa/, ناتج /nātij/, نتاج /nitāj/, نتيجة /natīja/, نفع /nafʿ/
Yinchuan {prop} (a city of China) :: ينتشوان {m} /yinchwān/, إينتشوان {m} /ʾinchwān/
yin-yang {n} (yin and yang) :: يين ويانغ /yīn wa-yanḡ/
yin-yang {n} (vagina) SEE: vagina ::
Yitzchak {prop} (given name) SEE: Isaac ::
Yoda {prop} (A wise old Jedi Master in the Star Wars films) :: يودا
yodel {n} (song) :: يودلية
yoga {n} (Hindu discipline) :: يوغا {f} /yūḡā/, يوجا {f} /yūjā/, يوجا {f} /yūgā/
yoghurt cheese {n} (labneh) SEE: labneh ::
yogurt {n} (a milk-based product thickened by a bacterium-aided curdling process) :: لبن {m} /laban/, لبن زبادي {m} /laban zabādiyy/, لبن رائب {m} /laban rāʾib/, روب {m} /rawb/, روبة {f} /rawba/
yoke {n} (wooden bar) :: نير {m} /nīr/ [most standard], مضمدة {f} /miḍmada/, مضمد {m} /miḍmad/ [West Yemen, and from there Al-Andalus, Morocco, Algeria], ويج {m} /wayj/ [now in all of Oman], أرعوة {f} /ʾurʿuwwa/ [now extinct in this form but used in spots in North Yemen as رعوة {f} /riʿwa/, رعوة {f} /raʿwa/ – compare the Ge'ez]; Saidi Arabic: كرب {m} /kaṛab/
yoke {n} (pair of animals) :: فدان {m} /faddān/
yoke {n} (a burden; something which represses or restrains a person) :: نير {m} /nīr/
Yokohama {prop} (a city of Japan) :: يوكوهاما {f} /yūkūhāmā/, يوكوهاما {f} /yokohamā/
yolk {n} (yellow of egg) :: صفار البيض /ṣafār al-bayḍ/, أصفر البيض {m} /ʾaṣfar al-bayḍ/, مح {m} /muḥḥ/
Yom Kippur {prop} (Day of Atonement) :: يوم الكفارة /yawm al-kaffāra/, يوم الغفران /yawm al-ḡufrān/, يوم كيفور /yawm kīfūr/
yonder {adv} (in a distant, indicated place) :: هناك /hunāk/, هنالك /hunālik/
York {prop} (city in North Yorkshire) :: يورك
Yorkshire {prop} (former large county) :: يوركشاير {m} /yurkšayr/
Yoshkar-Ola {prop} (city in Russia) :: يوشكار-أولا {f} /yuškār-ʾulā/
you {pron} (object pronoun: the group being addressed) :: كم {m-p} /-kum/, كن {f-p} /-kunna/, كما {c-d} /-kumā/, إياكم {m-p} /ʾiyyākum/, إياكن {f-p} /ʾiyyākunna/, إياكما {c-d} /ʾiyyākumā/
you {pron} (object pronoun: the person being addressed) :: ك {m} /-ka/, ك {f} /-ki/, إياك {m} /ʾiyyāka/, إياك {f} /ʾiyyāki/
you {pron} (subject pronoun: the group being addressed) :: [dual] أنتما {c-d} /ʾantumā/, [plural] أنتم {m-p} /ʾantum/, أنتن {f-p} /ʾantunna/, حضرتكم /ḥaḍratkum/ [formal]
you {pron} (subject pronoun: the person being addressed) :: أنت {m} /ʾanta/, أنت {f} /ʾanti/, حضرتك {m} /ḥaḍratak/ [formal], حضرتك {f} /ḥaḍratik/ [formal]
you {pron} (one) :: من /man/, المرء {m} /al-marʾ/
you {determiner} :: انت (’ínta) {m}, أنت {f} /ʾinti/
you and whose army {phrase} (you can't do all that on your own) :: أنت والذي الجيش؟ /ʾanta wāllaḏī l-jayš?/ [to masc sg], أنت والتي الجيش؟ /ʾanti wāllatī l-jayš?/ [to fem sg]
you are welcome {phrase} (you're welcome) SEE: you're welcome ::
you can't judge a book by its cover {proverb} (it is not possible to judge things by external appearances alone) :: لا يمكنك الحكم على كتاب من غلافه /lā yumkinuk al-ḥukmu ʿalā kitābi miin ḡilāfihi/
you have beautiful eyes {phrase} (you have beautiful eyes) :: لديك عينين جميلتين /ladayki ʿaynayn jamīlatayn/
you know {interj} (expression signifying a pause or hesitation) :: يعني /yaʿnī/
you-know-who {pron} (known and unmentioned person) :: تعرف من /taʿrifu man/ [said to m sg], تعرفين من /taʿrifīna man/ [said to f sg], تعرفان من /taʿrifāni man/ [said to c du], تعرفون من /taʿrifūna man/ [said to m pl], تعرفن من /taʿrifna man/ [said to f pl]
young {adj} (in the early part of life or growth) :: صغير {m} /ṣaḡīr/, حدث {m} /ḥadaṯ/, شاب {m} /šābb/, صغير السن /ṣaḡīr as-sinn/
young man {n} (youth) SEE: youth ::
your {determiner} (belonging to you (singular; one owner)) :: ك /-k/ [-ak, -uk(a), etc: pronunciation differs according to case and level of language formality]
your {determiner} (belonging to you (plural; more owners)) :: كم {m} /-kum/ [most common], كن {f} /-kunna/ [only used in very formal Arabic], كما {d} /-kumā/ [only used in very formal Arabic]
you're right {phrase} (you're right) :: أنت على حق /ʾanta ʿalā ḥaqq/, أنت على حق /ʾanti ʿalā ḥaqq/ [to a man / to a woman]
you're welcome {phrase} (reply to thanks) :: عفوا /ʿafwan/, العفو /al-ʿafw/, لا شكر على واجب /lā šukra ʿalā wājib/ (it's a duty), على الرحب والسعة /ʿalā r-ruḥbi wa-s-saʿa/
Your Highness {pron} (a title of respect used to address a prince or princess) :: سموك /sumuwwuka/ [to masc sg], سموك /sumuwwuki/ [to fem sg]
Your Honour {pron} (title used to address a judge or magistrate) :: فخامتك {m} /faḵāmatuka/, فخامتك {f} /faḵāmatuki/
Your Majesty {pron} (Title of respect) :: جلالتك /jalālatuka/ [to masc sg], جلالتك /jalālatuki/ [to fem sg]
your mother is a whore {phrase} (you are a person of poor character) :: مادر جنده
yours {pron} (possessive pronoun, singular) :: لك {m} /laka/, لك {f} /laki/ [belonging to one person]
yours {pron} (possessive pronoun, plural) :: لكما {m} {f} /lakumā/ [belonging to two persons], لكم {m} /lakum/, لكن {f} /lakun/ [belonging to many persons]
yourself {pron} ((reflexive) your own self) :: نفسك {m} /nafsuka/, نفسك {f} /nafsuki/
yourself {pron} :: نفسك /nafsuk/
yourselves {pron} (you (referring to the people being spoken to, previously mentioned)) :: أنفسكم /ʾanfusukum/
yours faithfully {adj} (a polite formula to end letters) :: تفضلوا بقبول فائق الاحترام
yours sincerely {adj} (a polite formula to end letters) :: المخلص /al-muḵliṣ/
youth {n} (quality or state of being young) :: شباب {m} /šabāb/
youth {n} (part of life following childhood) :: شباب {m} /šabāb/, صبا {m} /ṣibā/
youth {n} (young person) :: شاب {m} /šāb/
youth {n} (young man) :: شاب {m} /šābb/
youth {n} (young persons, collectively) :: شباب {m-p} /šabāb/
youth hostel {n} (an inexpensive supervised lodging place, primarily for young people) :: بيت الشباب {m} /bayt aš-šabāb/, نزل الشباب {m} /nuzul aš-šabāb/
YouTube {prop} (a video-sharing website) :: يوتيوب {m} /yūtyūb/
yowzah {adv} (yessir) SEE: yessir ::
yo-yo {n} (toy) :: يويو {m} /yūyū/
ytterbium {n} (chemical element) :: يتربيوم {m} /yitribyum/
yttrium {n} (chemical element) :: يتريوم {m} /yitriyum/
yuan {n} (basic unit of money in China) :: يوان {m} /yuwān/
Yuan Tan {prop} (Chinese New Year) SEE: Chinese New Year ::
Yucatán {prop} (a state in Mexico) :: ولاية يوكاتان
yuck {interj} (uttered to indicate disgust) :: يع /yaʿ/
Yugoslav {adj} (Yugoslavian) SEE: Yugoslavian ::
Yugoslav {n} (Yugoslavian) SEE: Yugoslavian ::
Yugoslavia {prop} (former country in the Balkans) :: يوغسلافيا {f} /yūḡoslāviyā/, يوجوسلافيا {f} /yūgoslāviyā/
Yugoslavian {adj} (of or relating to Yugoslavia) :: يوجوسلافي /yūgoslāviyy/
Yugoslavian {n} (a native of Yugoslavia) :: يوجوسلافي {m} /yūgoslāviyy/, يوجوسلافية {f} /yūgoslāviyya/
yukata {n} (a light kimono) :: يوكاتا {f} /yukātā/
Yukon {prop} (territory in northern Canada which has Whitehorse as its capital) :: يوكون {m} /yūkūn/
Yukon Territory {prop} (Yukon) SEE: Yukon ::
yummy {adj} (delicious) :: لذيذ /laḏīḏ/
Yunnan {prop} (a province in China) :: يونان {m} /yunān/, يوننان {m} /yunnān/
yup {interj} ((informal) yes) :: نعم /naʿam/, إي /ʾī/
yurt {n} (large, round tent with vertical walls and conical roof) :: يورت {m} /yūrt/
Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk {prop} (city in Russia) :: يوجنو-ساخالينسك {m} /yūjnu-saḵalīnsk/